Pineland early learning center: Pineland Early Learning Center Inc
Pineland Early Learning Center | Pineland TX
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About the Provider
Busy Bees Child Development Center – Chula Vista CA DAY CARE CENTER
Description: Pineland Early Learning Center is a Licensed Center – Child Care Program in Pineland TX, with a maximum capacity of 100 children. This child care center helps with children in the age range of Infant, Toddler, Pre-Kindergarten, School. The provider also participates in a subsidized child care program.
Additional Information: Initial License Date: 2/2/1994.
Program and Licensing Details
- License Number:
- Age Range:
Infant, Toddler, Pre-Kindergarten, School
- Enrolled in Subsidized Child Care Program:
- Type of Care:
Child Care Program
- Initial License Issue Date:
Feb 02, 1994
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430 most popular and their meaning (list)
Author Family Name Read 29 min Published
In Japan, the surname has always carried a special sacred meaning: it played and still plays an important role in the life of a Japanese, it helps to stand out from the crowd, even in writing the Japanese put the surname before the name, because they are proud of it. The hereditary family name is passed down from generation to generation through the male line.
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Officially in the Japanese Dictionary There are over 291,129 different surnames found in Japan.
The following is a ranking of Japanese surnames based on a survey by Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company.
The first 10 surnames on the list cover approximately 10% of the population, and the 100 surnames cover more than 33%.
- Sato (佐藤) – assistant + wisteria; dedicated to wisteria or under the auspices of wisteria.
- Suzuki (鈴木) is a bell tree, as of 2008 the second most common surname in Japan after Sato.
- Takahashi (高橋, also 高梁) is a high bridge.
- Tanaka (田中) – the center of the rice field, in the middle of the field.
- Watanabe (渡辺) – at the ferry, the older form means “ferrymen’s guild”.
- Itō (伊藤) — he, he + east.
- Nakamura (中村) is a middle village.
- Kobayashi (小林) is a small forest.
- Yamamoto (山本) is the base of the mountain.
- Kato (加藤) – add + wisteria.
- Yoshida (吉田) – happiness + rice field.
- Yamada (山田) is a mountain rice field.
- Sasaki (佐々木) – helpers + tree.
- Yamaguchi (山口) – mountain + entrance.
- Matsumoto (松本) – pine root.
- Inoue (井上) is a toponym, from the name of the locality.
- Kimura (木村) is a wooden village.
- Shimizu (清水) – pure water.
- Hayashi (林) – forest.
- Saito (斉藤) – cleansing (religious) + wisteria.
- Saito (斎藤) – another spelling in Japanese, translated means purification (religious) + wisteria.
- Yamasaki (山崎) – mountain + cape.
- Nakajima (中島) – middle + island or toponym, from the name of the area.
- Mori (森) is a forest, the name of two clans in Japan.
- Abe (阿部) – corner, shadow; sector.
- Ikeda, Ikeda (池田) – toponym or pond + rice field.
- Hashimoto, Hashimoto (橋本) – the base of the bridge, under the bridge or from the name of the city.
- Ishikawa (石川) is a toponym or stone river.
- Yamashita (山下) – under the mountain.
- Ogawa (小川) is a small river.
- Ishii (石井) is a stone well or toponym.
- Hasegawa (長谷川) is a long valley river.
- Goto (後藤) – toponym or behind, future + wisteria.
- Okada (岡田) – hill + rice field.
- Kondo (近藤) – near wisteria.
- Maeda (前田) – front rice field, previous rice field.
- Fujita (藤田) – wisteria + rice field.
- Endo (遠藤) – shows an attitude towards something internal.
- Aoki (青木) is a green tree.
- Sakamoto (坂本) slope + base.
- Murakami (村上) – village + top.
- Ohta or Ota (太田) – channel, river.
- Kaneko (金子) – gold + child.
- Fuji (藤井) – wisteria well.
- Fukuda (福田) – happiness, prosperity + rice field.
- Nishimura (西村) west + village.
- Miura (三浦) – three bays.
- Takeuchi (竹内) – inside the bamboo or warrior’s house.
- Nakagawa (中川) is the middle river.
- Okamoto (岡本) – hill + base.
- Matsuda (松田) – pine + rice field.
- Harada (原田) is a flat rice field.
- Nakano (中野) – toponym or middle + uncultivated field; plain.
- It (小野) is a large field or plain.
- Tamura (田村) – rice field + village.
- Fujiwara, Fujihara (藤原) is a wisteria field.
- Nakayama (中山) – middle + mountain.
- Ishida (石田) is a rocky rice field.
- Kojima, Ojima (小島) – a small island, an island.
- Wada (和田) – harmony + rice field.
- Morita (森田) – forest + rice field.
- Uchida, Uchida (内田) – inside + rice field.
- Shibata (柴田) – brushwood, rice field.
- Sakai (酒井) – a well or from the name of the area, a Japanese samurai clan is known.
- Hara (原) – the stomach or energy center of the body, the reservoir of vital energy.
- Takagi, Takaki (高木) is a tall tree.
- Yokoyama (横山) – side, side of the mountain.
- Ando (安藤) – calm + wisteria.
- Miyazaki, Miyasaki (宮崎) is a temple promontory.
- Ueda, Ueta, Ueda (上田) – top + rice field.
- Shimada, Shimada (島田) – Illuminated, island rice field.
- Kudo (工藤) – worker + wisteria.
- Ono (大野) – a large field or plain (there are two similar surnames, but different spellings).
- Miyamoto (宮本) – Founding of the temple.
- Sugiyama (杉山) – Japanese cedar + mountain.
- Imai (今井) – now + well.
- Maruyama (丸山) – round + mountain.
- Masuda (増田) – increase + rice field.
- Takada, Takata (高田) – high + rice field.
- Murata (村田) – village + rice field.
- Hirano (平野) – flat + uncultivated field; plain.
- Otsuka (大塚) is a large hill.
- Sugawara, Sugahara (菅原) – sedge field.
- Takeda, Takeda (武田) – military + rice field.
- Arai (新井) is a new well.
- Koyama, Oyama (小山) is a toponym or small mountain.
- Noguchi (野口) Field entrance.
- Sakurai (桜井) – cherry blossom well.
- Chiba, Chiba (千葉) – a thousand leaves.
- Iwasaki (岩崎) – rock + cape.
- Sano (佐野) – assistant + uncultivated field; plain.
- Taniguchi (谷口) – the mouth of the valley.
- Ueno (上野) – toponym or top + uncultivated field; plain.
- Matsui (松井) – pine + well.
- Kono (河野) – river + uncultivated field; plain.
- Ichikawa (市川) – city + river.
- Watanabe, Watabe (渡部) at the crossing.
- Nomura (野村) is a village in the field, a village in the wilderness.
- Kikuchi (菊地) – chrysanthemum + earth.
- Kinoshita (木下) – tree + under, bottom.
From the list it follows that the most common surnames in Japan were and remain: Sato; Suzuki; Takahashi; Ito; Kato; Watanabe; Yamamoto; Kobayashi; Nakamura.
However, this is more of a general picture. Each region may have its own list of the most popular surnames.
430 most beautiful Japanese surnames (in alphabetical order)
- Abiko – 安彦, 安子 or 我孫子
- Abe (阿部) – from the ancient word ape – to connect, mix or angular, shadow; sector
- Awaji – 淡路 – road to (province) Awa
- Agave – 阿川 – small river
- Agueda – Upper Rice Field
- Aizawa, Aisawa – 相沢
- Aikawa – 相川, 愛川, 愛河, 哀川, 會川 or 鮎川 – a thousand years or feelings
- Akamatsu – 赤松 – red pine
- Akiyama – 秋山 – autumn + mountain
- Akutagawa – 芥川
- Ando – 安藤 – calm + wisteria
- Aoki – 青木 – green, young + tree, green tree
- Arai – 新井 – new/wild well
- Arakawa – 荒川
- Araki – 荒木 – wild + tree
- Ariyoshi – 有吉
- Asakura – 朝倉 – morning warehouse or place name
- Asano – 浅野／淺野 – uncultivated field; plain
- Asayama – 朝山
- Ashihara – 芦原 – stone + plain, field; steppe
- Aso – 麻生
- Ahane – second + waves + roots
- Atsumi – 渥美
- Baba – 馬場 – horse + seat
- Betsumiya – 別宮 – betsu – “special, different” (on reading) + miya – “temple” (kun reading)
- Wada – 和田 – harmony + rice field
- Wakairo – 十八女 – written in characters “eighteen-year-old girl”, but read as 若色 “young + color”
- Watabe – 渡部
- Watanabe – 渡辺／渡邊/渡部 – to cross + surroundings; to cross + part; sector; at the ferry, older form means “ferrymen’s guild”
- Watari – 渡 – from watari (jap. 渡り crossing)
- Years – 郷田, 合田
- Goto – 後藤 – toponym or behind, future + wisteria
- Date – 伊達
- Yokota – 横田 – side + rice field
- Yokoyama – 横山 – side, side of the mountain
- Yoshida – 吉田 – happiness + rice field
- Yoshikawa – 吉川 – happiness + river
- Yoshimoto – 吉本
- Yoshimura – 吉村 – happiness + village
- Yoshioka – 吉岡 – happiness + hill
- Iwamoto – 岩本 – rock + base
- Iwasaki – 岩崎 – rock + cape
- Iwata – 岩田 – rock + rice field
- Igarashi – 五十嵐 – 50 storms
- Yendo – 遠藤 – distant + wisteria
- Iida – 飯田 – boiled rice, food + rice field
- Ikaava – 井川
- Ikeda – 池田 – toponym or pond + rice field
- Ikuta – 生田 – field of life
- Ikeda – 池田 – pond + rice field
- Imai – 今井 – now + well
- Ying – 因 – reason
- Inoue (井上) – toponym, from the name of the locality
- Inoe – 井上 – well + top
- Ishibashi – 石橋 – stone + bridge
- Ishida – 石田 – stone + rice field
- Ishii – 石井 – stone well or toponym
- Ishikawa – 石川 – stone + river
- Ishihara – 石原 – stone + plain, field; steppe
- Ichijo – 条家 – first street
- Ichikawa – 市川 – city + river
- Ito – 伊東 – one, he + east
- Ito – 伊藤 – and + wisteria, different spelling with previous surname in Japanese
- Kawaguchi – 川口 – river + mouth, entrance
- Kawakami – 川上 – river + top
- Kawamura – 川村 – river + village
- Kawasaki – 川崎 – river + cape
- Kagiyama – 鍵山
- Kakuta – 角田
- Kamata – 鎌田 – sickle, scythe + rice field
- Kameda – 亀田
- Kamei – 亀井
- Kang – 菅
- Kaneda – 金田
- Kaneko – 金子 – gold + child
- Kanehara – 金原
- Katayama – 片山 – piece + mountain
- Kato – 加藤 – add + wisteria
- Kiyomizu – 清水 – consists of the stem of the adjective 清い kiyoi – “pure” and the noun 水 mizu – “water”
- Kikuchi – 菊地 – chrysanthemum + earth/pond
- Kimura – 木村 – tree + village or wooden village
- Kinoshita – 木下 – tree + under, bottom
- Kirishima – 霧島 – misty island
- Kitazawa – 北澤 – northern swamp
- Kitamura – 北村 – north + village
- Kitano – 北野
- Kihara – 木原
- Kihira – 紀平
- Kobayashi, Kobayashi – 小林 – small forest
- Kojima, Ojima – 小島 – small + island
- Koike – 小池 – small + pond
- Komatsu – 小松 – small pine tree
- Komatsubara – 小松原
- Kondo – 近藤 – close + wisteria or near wisteria
- Konishi – 小西 – small + west
- Kono – 河野 – river + uncultivated field; plain
- Konoe – 近衛
- Kosunose – 楠瀬
- Kotani – 小谷
- Koyama, Oyama – 小山 – small mountain
- Kubo – 久保 – long + support or from the Japanese word kubo (Japanese 窪) – hole
- Kubota – 久保田 – long + maintain + rice field
- Kuwashima – 桑島
- Kudo – 工藤 – worker + wisteria
- Kumagai – 熊谷 – bear + valley
- Kumoro – 小室
- Kurihara – 栗原 – chestnut + plain, field; steppe
- Kuroda – 黒田 – black rice field
- Kuroki – Ebony
- Kurosawa – 黒沢 – black stream, black bog
- Mamura – 間村
- Maruyama – 丸山 – round + mountain
- Masuda – 増田 – increase + rice field
- Matsubara – 松原 – pine + plain, field; steppe
- Matsuda – 松田 – pine + rice field
- Matsui – 松井 – pine + well
- Matsumoto – 松本 – pine + base, consists of the nouns used in the language of matsu “pine” and moto “root” or pine root
- Matsumura – 松村 – pine + village
- Matsuo – 松尾 – pine + tail
- Matsuoka – 松岡 – pine + hill
- Matsushita – 松下 – pine + under, bottom
- Matsuura – 松浦 – pine + bay
- Matsuhashi, Matsuhashi – 松橋 – pine bridge
- Maeda – 前田 – front rice field, previous rice field
- Mizuno – 水野 – water and (uncultivated) field; plain
- Mizushima – 水島
- Mizuta – 水田
- Midorikawa – 緑川
- Mikami – 三上
- Minami – 南 – South
- Minegishi – 峯岸
- Miura – 三浦 – three bays
- Mifune – 三船
- Miyabe – 宮部
- Miyazaki, Miyasaki – 宮崎 – temple, palace + cape, lit. “temple cape” or resident of Miyazaki
- Miyake – 三宅 – three houses
- Miyamoto – 宮本 – temple, palace + base, foundation of the temple
- Miyata – 宮田 – temple, palace + rice field
- Miyahara – 宮原
- Mori – 森 – forest
- Morimoto – 森本 – forest + base
- Morimura – 森村 – forest village
- Morita – 森田 – forest + rice field
- Mochizuki – 望月 – full moon
- Mukai – 向井
- Murakami – 村上 – village + top
- Muramoto – 村元
- Murata – 村田 – village + rice field
- Muto – 武藤
- Nagai – 永井 – eternal well
- Nagashima – 長島
- Nagata – 永田 – Eternal Rice Field
- Naito – 内藤 – inside + wisteria
- Nakagawa – 中川 – middle + river, middle river
- Nakajima, Nakashima (中島) – middle + island or toponym, from the name of the area
- Nakamura – 中村 – middle + village, village center, middle village
- Nakanishi – 中西 – west + middle
- Nakano – 中野 – middle + (uncultivated) field; plain or toponym
- Nakane – 中根
- Nakata, Nakada – 中田 – middle + rice field
- Nakayama – 中山 – middle + mountain
- Nanjo – 南條
- Narazaki – 楢崎, also – 楢﨑
- Narita – 成田 – form + rice field
- Ninomae – surname denoted by the character 一 “one”, can be translated as 二の前 ni no mae “before the deuce”
- Nishida – 西田 – west + rice field
- Nishikawa – 西川 – west + river
- Nishimura – 西村 – west + village
- Nishiyama – 西山 – west + mountain
- Noguchi – 野口 – (uncultivated) field; plain + mouth, entrance
- Noguchi – 野口 – field entrance
- Noda – 野田 – uncultivated field; plain + rice field
- Nozawa – 野沢
- Nomura – 野村 – village in the field, village in the wilderness
- Obuchi – 小渕
- Ogawa – 小川 – small river
- Ogasawara – 小笠原
- Ogata – 尾形, also – 緒形, 緒方
- Oda – 小田 – small rice field
- Ozawa – 小沢／小澤 – small swamp
- Ozaki – 尾崎 – tail + cape
- Oigawa – 大井川 or 大堰川
- Oikawa – 及川
- Oka – 岡 – hill
- Okawa – 小川
- Okada – 岡田 – hill + rice field
- Okazaki – 岡崎 – hill + cape
- Okamoto – 岡本 – hill + base
- Okubo – 大久保
- Okumura – 奥村 – deep (hidden) + village
- Okuhara – 奥原
- Ono – 大野 – large field or plain (there are two similar surnames, but different in spelling)
- Ono – 小野 – large field or plain; above similar surname but different spelling in Japanese
- Ooishi – 大石 – large stone
- Ookubo – 大久保 – large + long + support
- Oomori – 大森 – big forest
- Oonishi – 大西 – big west
- Oono – 大野 – large + [uncultivated] field; plain
- Oosawa – 大沢／大澤 – large swamp
- Ooshima – 大島 – big island
- Oota – 太田 – large + rice field
- Ootani – 大谷 – big valley
- Oohashi – 大橋 – big bridge
- Ootsuka – 大塚 – large + hill
- Osako – 大迫
- Otomo – 大友
- Ohayashi – 小林
- Ohta or Ota (太田) – channel, river
- Otsuka – 大塚 – big hill
- Sawada – 沢田／澤田 – swamp + rice field
- Saito – 斉藤／齊藤 – equal + wisteria
- Saito – 斎藤／齋藤 – purification (religious) + wisteria, different spellings of surnames in Japanese
- Saito – 斉藤 – purification (religious) + wisteria
- Sakai – 酒井 – well or from the name of the area, the Japanese samurai clan is known
- Sakakibara – 榊原
- Sakamoto – 坂本 – slope + base
- Sakata – 坂田
- Sakurai – 桜井／櫻井 – sakura + well or well of cherry blossoms
- Sano – 佐野 – assistant + uncultivated field; plain
- Sasaki – 佐々木 – helpers + tree or from ancient Japanese sasa – small
- Sato – 佐藤 – assistant + wisteria; dedicated to or under the auspices of wisteria
- Shibata – 柴田 – brushwood + rice field
- Shimada – 島田 – island + rice field
- Shimizu – 清水 – pure water
- Shinohara – 篠原 – undersized bamboo + plain, field; steppe
- Xintani – 薪谷
- Shiozawa – 塩沢
- Shiraishi – 白石
- Shirakawa – 白川 – white river
- So – 索 – rope
- Sugawara, Sugahara – 菅原 – sedge + plain, field; steppe or sedge field
- Sugimoto – 杉本 – Japanese cedar + roots
- Sugiyama – 杉山 – Japanese cedar + mountain
- Suzuki – 鈴木 – bell (bell) + tree
- Suzuki – 鈴木 – bell tree, the second most common surname in Japan after Sato
- Suto / Sudo – 須藤 – certainly + wisteria
- Seki – 関／關 – outpost; barrier
- Sam – 瀬間
- Taguchi – 田口 – rice floor + mouth
- Takagi, Takaki – 高木 – tall tree
- Takada, Takata – 高田 – tall + rice field
- Takakura –
- Takamine – 高峰 – high cliff
- Takamoto – タカモト
- Takamura – 高村
- Takano – 高野 – high + (uncultivated) field; plain
- Takahashi – 高橋, also – 高梁 – high bridge
- Takayama – 高山 – high mountain
- Takeda, Takeda – 武田 – military + rice field
- Takeuchi – 竹内 – inside the bamboo or warrior’s house
- Takemiya – 竹宮, 武宮
- Takemoto – 武本
- Takeuchi – 竹内 – bamboo + inside
- Tamura – 田村 – rice field + village
- Tanabe – 田辺／田邊 – rice field + neighborhood
- Tanaka – 田中 – rice field + middle, center of the rice field, in the middle of the field
- Tanigawa – 谷川 – river in the valley
- Taniguchi – 谷口 – valley + mouth, entrance or mouth of the valley
- Tachibana – 立花, also – 橘, 立華
- Cho – 兆 – trillion
- Chiba – 千葉 – one thousand leaves
- Toyota, Toyoda – 豊田
- Toyota – トヨタ
- Tokita – 時田, 鴇田
- Tomabechi – 苫米地
- Tomita – 冨田
- Tohsaka – 遠坂 or 登坂 or 戸坂
- Ushijima – 牛島
- Uchida – 内田 – inside + rice field
- Uchimura – 内村
- Uchiyama – 内山 – inside + mountain
- Uchida, Uchida – 内田 – inside + rice field
- Ueda, Ueta, Ueda – 上田 – top + rice field
- Uemura – 上村
- Ueno – 上野 – toponym or top + uncultivated field; plain
- Fuji – 藤井 – wisteria well
- Fujiwara, Fujihara – 藤原 – wisteria + plain, field; steppe or wisteria field
- Fujii – 藤井 – wisteria + well
- Fujimoto – 藤本 – wisteria + base
- Fujita – 藤田 – wisteria + rice field
- Fukuda – 福田 – happiness, prosperity + rice field
- Fukui – 福井 – happiness, prosperity + well
- Fukumoto – 福本
- Fukushima – 福島 – happiness, prosperity + island
- Fukuyama – 福山
- Funya no
- Furukawa – 古川 – old river
- Hagiwara – 萩原 – bicolor lespedeza + plain, field; steppe
- Hakamada – 袴田
- Hamada – 浜田／濱田 – coast + rice field
- Hara – 原 – plain, field; steppe; according to another version, the stomach or the energy center of the body, the reservoir of vital energy
- Harada – 原田 – plain, field; steppe + paddy field or flat paddy field
- Hashimoto – 橋本 – bridge + base
- Hasegawa – 長谷川 – long + valley + river or river of a long valley
- Hata – 畑 – the word hata means “plantation, kitchen garden”
- Hattori – 服部 – clothes, subordinate + part; sector;
- Hashimoto, Hashimoto – 橋本 – base of the bridge, under the bridge or from the name of the city
- Hayakawa – 早川 – early + river
- Hayashi – 林 – forest
- Higashi – 東
- Higuchi – 樋口 – gutter; drain + mouth, input
- Hino – 日野
- Hirai – 平井 – smooth well
- Hirano – 平野 – flat + uncultivated field; plain
- Hirata – 平田 – flat + rice field
- Hirose – 広瀬／廣瀬 – wide fast current
- Hojo – 北条氏
- Hozumi – 穂積 – harvesting, sometimes written as 八月一日 (“first day of the eighth lunar month”) – this day in ancient times the harvest began
- Homma – 本間 – base + gap, room, luck
- Honda – 本田 – base (hon) + rice field
- Hori – 堀 – channel
- Horii – 堀井, 堀居
- Horikawa – 堀川
- Hoshi – 星, 保志
- Hoshino – 星野 – star + [uncultivated] field; plain
- Hosono – 細野
- Tsuburaya – 円谷
- Tsujii – 辻 – street
- Tsuchiya – 土屋 – land + house
- Chiba, Chiba – 千葉 – thousand leaves
- Shibata – 柴田 – brushwood, rice field
- Shimada, Shimada – 島田 – illuminated, island rice field
- Ebihara – 海老原
- Endo – 遠藤, 沿道, 淵東 – shows attitude towards something internal
- Yusa – 遊佐
- Yuyama – 湯山
- Yagami – 八神
- Yamaguchi – 山口 – mountain + entrance
- Yamada – 山田 – mountain + rice field or mountain rice field
- Yamazaki, Yamasaki – 山崎 – mountain + cape
- Yamaki – 山木
- Yamamoto – 山本 – mountain + base or base of the mountain
- Yamanaka – 山中 – mountain + middle
- Yamane – 山根
- Yamasaki – 山崎 – mountain + cape
- Yamashita – 山下 – mountain + under, down or under the mountain
- Yamauchi – 山内 – mountain + inside
- Yanagida – 柳田
- Yanagizawa – 柳沢
- Yano – 矢野 – arrow + (uncultivated) field; plain
- Yasuda – 安田 – calm + rice field
- Yatabe – 矢田部
- Yaegashi – 八重
On the principles of education
The countries of Asia have always stood apart in the world. Their culture, traditions and customs are so different from Western ones that sometimes it seems as if they live in a completely different world. And if most of the surnames in the culture of different countries were formed plus or minus according to the same principles, in Japan the traditions of forming these proper names are somewhat different.
Chinese surnames are considered the most ancient in the world. The appearance of the first of them was recorded more than 3,000 years ago, when in Europe they started talking about such a concept only in the 11th century.
Things are even worse with the neighbor of South Korea – there are only about 200 surnames, the most common of which are Kim, Li, Choi, Tszyu. They make up 50% of the total population.
The most popular and numerous are surnames, the type of which comes from toponyms. They make up about 70-80% of the total family volume. This includes:
- names of geographical objects;
- plant names;
- names of objects of inanimate nature.
Next are the surnames, the main part of which are hieroglyphs with the names of parts of the world and other spaces. The third group includes various adjectives.
And from all these “components” this or that surname is formed. The combinations can be endless, hence the inability to fix the exact number of proper names in Japan.
More often in Japanese, you can hear surnames formed from court officials (for example, Konoe, Dazai).
As for another common practice – the formation of surnames from the name of the father, in Japan this principle is practically not used. Fathers’ names are usually inherited by sons in given names rather than surnames.
History of the origin of Japanese surnames
Now that everything has been said about the uniqueness of Japanese surnames, we can talk about their history. Until the 19th century, in Japan, surnames were given only to aristocrats (or kuge – for locals) and samurai (or bushi). All other inhabitants of the country had to make do with nicknames and names.
The most notable are the following surnames (genus Fujiwara):
Some Japanese took the names of the towns and villages in which they lived as surnames, while others took the name of the shop where they worked. Especially creative were surnames from the names of plants, seasons, weather phenomena.
About modern surnames in Japan
The new generation of Japanese has been trying for a long time to expand the old and well-established list of nominal hieroglyphs (including family hieroglyphs). As a result, they achieved their goal, and completely new surnames with original sound and spelling appeared in language practice, unlike what was before.
However, it’s funny that rather “extravagant” hieroglyphs were included in the updated list, as well as signs with a strange nominal meaning: “beetle”, “frog”, “spider”, “turnip”.
The Japanese, who are extremely sensitive to such liberties in relation to children, quickly became indignant, and therefore the country’s Ministry of Justice urgently excluded from the updated list frank inappropriate hieroglyphs, for example, “buttock”, “curse”, “malice” and other.
In Japan, any adult can take a pseudonym, and after death he receives a new, posthumous name (kaimyo), which is carved on a wooden tablet (ihai). This is a kind of embodiment of the spirit of the deceased, because most Japanese believe in rebirth and try not to get attached to such trifles as, for example, a personal name and surname in one of their lives.
The most euphonious Japanese surnames
The peculiarity of Japanese surnames is that almost all of them are euphonious. Either the matter is in the principles of education, or in the phenomena from which proper names come, or in everything at once.
The most harmonious are the following surnames:
In Japan, as well as in America, for example, surnames are practically not tied to gender. Moreover, the wife is obliged to take her husband’s surname after marriage, since the family line is inherited exclusively through the male line.
However, there are still a few remarkable surnames that are more associated with the feminine:
The tradition of surname formation in Japan stands out against the background of traditions in other countries. This concerns not only linguistic principles, but also, for example, historical ones. Therefore, when it comes to Asian proper names, Japan should always be discussed separately. Many traditions that have developed millennia ago are still active in this country today.
Curator of the “Family Surname” project, specializes in the study of surnames since 2012 and genealogical research, higher professional education (2003 – 2008), advanced training courses.