Monthly Archives: June 2020

Quality child care chesapeake va: 500 Internal Server Error

Опубликовано: June 30, 2020 в 11:12 am

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Категории: Child

THE Top 10 Daycares in Chesapeake, VA | Affordable Prices

Daycares in Chesapeake, VA

Description:

If interested, please call 559-970-3696. My name is Laurie and I was a Licensed Home Daycare Provider in California before my family moved here in 2015 at which time, I worked at a Daycare Center. I realizedthat I wanted to go back to caring for children in my home so that they could receive the one-on-one that every child deserves. I received my Certification of Registration for Voluntarily Registered Family Day Home through the State of Virginia….

Description:

Hi, my name is Mrs. Joselyn Woodruff, I am an In-House Daycare Provider across from Chesapeake Regional Hospital. I care for children 3 weeks and up with reasonable rates $125-$185 per week. I’m availableMonday-Friday from 6am-6pm. Specializing in infant care. I am CPR and First Aid certified and provide a loving and warming environment. Se Habla Espanol. Backyard accessibility, fun games, early learning experiences and fun trips. With references available.
You may contact me at:
757-971-1645 or email me at [email protected] and can also follow me on Facebook at Joselyn Woodruff….

Description:

We provide a loving, kind and safe learning environment. 24-hour care, weekends, date nights, and children with special needs, childcare is available. Siblings are also welcomed!

Description:

If you are looking for just a daycare then look somewhere else. If you are looking for somewhere your child can receive a quality education Gates of Heaven Jubilee Christian Academy is the place for you. We area curriculum based education center we teach Reading, Math, Science and, STEM Activities. We have children as young as 3 reading, doing sight words and mental math. We also offer Reading and Math tutoring before and after school care. We accept children ages 23mos – 12Yrs…

Description:

Now accepting 2 months to 4 years.
A family home care that is safe, clean, fun-loving all of that in a energetic environment.
I am CPR and First aid certified and Licensed by state of Va Beach Va.
I havebeen in the childcare field for about 10 years so now want to do my own business love working with children.
I’m a Nurse Assistant and a Medication Aide.
I worked for Va Beach Public Schools, Day Support, Caregiver For the Elderly.
Hours of Operation 6:30 am – 6:pm Monday – Friday.
Provision: Breakfast, Lunch, and Snack.
Curriculum: Your child or children will benefit from a small & mixed age group that would stimulate and encourage development. It will includes age activities arts & crafts, math, story time, music & movement , cooking & science projects & field trips.
Please contact me for more information.
Danette Hall
In Business Since: 2019
Total Employees: 1
Please check directly with the business for information on Licensing and credentials.
Hours
Monday: 6:30 AM – 6:00 PM
Tuesday: 6:30 AM – 6:00 PM
Wednesday: 6:30 AM – 6:00 PM
Thursday: 6:30 AM – 6:00 PM
Friday: 6:30 AM – 6:00 PM
Saturday Closed
Sunday Closed
Program Capacity: 5
COST & AVAILABILITY
Costimate $160/week
Offerings
Full Time ( 5 days /wk)
Part Time ( 1-4 days/wk)
Extended Care ( Before School )
Extended Care ( After School )
Payment Options
Cash. ..

Tracie T

505 Plummer Drive, Chesapeake, VA 23323

Costimate: $139/day

Description:

I have been doing day care in my home for over 20 years. I am available Monday – Friday from 7 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. I offer affordable rates. I provide care for ages 6 weeks and up. I offer a safe, fun, kidfriendly environment. I have a non-smoking, pet free home. I also provide before and after school care for elementary and middle school zones. We are zoned for Deep Creek Elementary and middle school. I am a new grandma, my oldest daughter just had her first baby boy. My girls are now 23 and 20. I love welcoming new children to be a part of my family. During the school year I work with my preschool children on various learning activities. We work on learning about the weather, months of the year, days of the week, Pledge of Allegiance, colors, shapes, numbers, letters, phonics, sight words etc. I have fun arts and crafts we do each week to reinforce the skills we are working on that week. We have a wonderful fenced in backyard with a custom built wood play set, and other various toddler toys. I am looking forward to working with you and your child. I am conveniently located in Deep Creek Shores in the Deep Creek section of Chesapeake, just minutes from the interstate….

Mom Maw’s Day Care

641 Hoffman Avenue, Chesapeake, VA 23325

Costimate: $141/day

Description:

Licensed Family Day Home that provides tender loving care for your most precious possessions. Services include nutritious home cooked meals and snacks. We also provide before and after school services. Fun andexciting learning activities for children of all ages. Our hours of operations are from 5am-6pm. Military and children of all ages are welcome. Contact Melissa Woolard for an interview today at 757-420-4926 or by e-mail at [email protected]….

Mom Maw’s Day Care

641 Hoffman Avenue, Chesapeake, VA 23325

Costimate: $154/day

Description:

Happyland Day Care Center Inc. believes in children developing best in a loving and nurturing environment where active learning is encouraged. The program is play-based, developmental, and designed to createthe foundation for a lifetime of successful learning and relationships….

Description:

Ms. Denise Family Childcare in Chesapeake, Virginia seeks to provide a nurturing, high quality, safe and fun learning environment that is fit for the child’s overall growth and development. They are ahome-based Child Care provider that can accommodate a certain number of children….

Description:

In-home daycare accepting newborns-1year olds. Will care for them until preschool or Kindergarten. Christian, non-smoking home. Located in the Norfolk Highlands area of Chesapeake, off S.Military Hwy byGreenbrier Mall. I am a 51yo mother of 3 (4 , 6 & 10 ). I have been background checked and fingerprinted. Former foster parent for the City of Norfolk, live-in nanny, church nursery worker and infant/toddler teacher at Childtime Children’s Center in Chesapeake. Over 30+ years experience in the childcare field. FEEL FREE TO CHECK OUT MY DAYCARE PAGE ON FACEBOOK: @ShannonsInHomeDaycare…

Description:

Primrose is a Cognia accredited private preschool that provides a premier educational child care experience. The Leader in Educational Child Care, we partner with parents to help children build the rightfoundation for future learning and life. Our goal is to help children have fun while building Active Minds, Healthy Bodies and Happy Hearts.
Our Vision:
To deliver the best and most trusted early childhood education and child care services for families across America.
Our Values:
Integrity – Living with personal and professional honesty.
Fairness – Treating others with respect.
Social Responsibility – Giving without expecting.
Enthusiasm – Serving with passion.
The Primrose Experience and Its Four Distinct Elements:
1. Our People and Our Culture create a caring and nurturing environment and build trusted relationships.
* Vision.
* Values.
* Principles of Service.
2. Our Balanced Learning System supports children’s social-emotional, cognitive, creative and physical development.
* Balanced Learning Curriculum.
* Classroom equipment and materials.
* Multiple forms of assessment.
* Extensive training for teachers.
3. Our Standards of Excellence provide quality assurance and continuous improvement.
* Internal Service Excellence Assurance (SEA).
* External AdvancED Corporation Systems and School Accreditation.
4. Our Partnership with Parents establishes a strong connection for the benefit of the children entrusted to our care.
* Parent Orientation.
* Parent Communication.
* Parent Resources.
Primrose provides the right foundation for our children and peace of mind for our parents.
Come in or call to hear first hand about the Primrose Experience….

Pocket Size Preschool

3020 Battlefield Blvd S, Chesapeake, VA 23322

Starting at $225/day

Description:

Pocket Size Preschool is a new, in-home Preschool program for children 2. 5-4. Small class size and inviting home based environment provide quality, individualized learning opportunities! Walking distance toHickory Ridge Farm provides a weekly enriching trip to the farm to explore and learn. I follow the creative curriculum to create lessons for top Kindergarten readiness. For younger students we will focus on letter and number recognition; counting up and down to 12; recognizing and beginning to spell our name; introduction to math concepts; as well as social studies and science projects. Older Pre-k students will expand to more in-depth math concepts; spell and write their name; work with numbers up to 20; as well as dive in a little deeper on all topics and themes. Self-help skills will be developed such as hand washing; potty training where needed; putting on and taking off our shoes; and generally developing confidence to take care of our own needs. Pocket Size Preschool follows the Chesapeake Public School system for national holidays and breaks. Tuition is prorated for days the school is closed.

Description:

At Childtime, your child gets what he or she needs to develop their best mind, their love of learning, their personality, their bright future. Inspired by the Reggio Emilia approach, central to our educationalphilosophy is the belief that secure relationships with responsive and respectful adults provide the basis for all learning. Staff and teachers, and the relationships children develop with them, are vital for learning, for trust, and for independence. Our approach is designed to help them grow as students and people, in school, and in life beyond….

Description:

What matters to us at La Petite Academy is simple: Your child. Here, exceptionally strong, sound social and educational foundations are formed. Here, children learn to respect one another. Learn together. Learnto work together. Learn to have fun constructively. And discover how enjoyable learning can be. It all starts by design. The free-flowing, open concept design of our facilities inspires a nurturing, interactive, and collaborative environment in which your child can thrive. Our schools and classrooms are designed to give children room to grow, room to share and room to be themselves. At La Petite Academy, open spaces and open concepts promote open minds….

Description:

What matters to us at La Petite Academy is simple: Your child. Here, exceptionally strong, sound social and educational foundations are formed. Here, children learn to respect one another. Learn together. Learnto work together. Learn to have fun constructively. And discover how enjoyable learning can be. It all starts by design. The free-flowing, open concept design of our facilities inspires a nurturing, interactive, and collaborative environment in which your child can thrive. Our schools and classrooms are designed to give children room to grow, room to share and room to be themselves. At La Petite Academy, open spaces and open concepts promote open minds….

Description:

What matters to us at La Petite Academy is simple: Your child. Here, exceptionally strong, sound social and educational foundations are formed. Here, children learn to respect one another. Learn together. Learnto work together. Learn to have fun constructively. And discover how enjoyable learning can be. It all starts by design. The free-flowing, open concept design of our facilities inspires a nurturing, interactive, and collaborative environment in which your child can thrive. Our schools and classrooms are designed to give children room to grow, room to share and room to be themselves. At La Petite Academy, open spaces and open concepts promote open minds….

Description:

Get set for a thrill-filled summer! Our age-specific, kid-approved camps add up to a season of discovery and fun for preschool to school-age children. This year, our 12 weeks of camps fall into six greatthemes: Mighty Bodies, Bendy Brains; Awesome Art; Gravity Galore and More; The Wondrous World of Food; Wild about Water; and Featured Creatures.
We’re in session when your local public schools are on break and you’ll find our flexible scheduling works for your busy family. See why our summer (and winter and spring) break camps are the place to be when school’s out….

Description:

Get set for a thrill-filled summer! Our age-specific, kid-approved camps add up to a season of discovery and fun for preschool to school-age children. This year, our 12 weeks of camps fall into six greatthemes: Mighty Bodies, Bendy Brains; Awesome Art; Gravity Galore and More; The Wondrous World of Food; Wild about Water; and Featured Creatures.
We’re in session when your local public schools are on break and you’ll find our flexible scheduling works for your busy family. See why our summer (and winter and spring) break camps are the place to be when school’s out….

Description:

Perfect Harmonies Childcare & Development is a professional babysitting and daycare service assisting families throughout the Hampton Roads, VA area.
Our Provider network is experienced, have been backgroundchecked approved and have great references. PHC&D offers flexible and convenient services provided by experienced professionals who take pride in caring for children and families with extended hours to meet your needs.

Showing 1 – 20 of 318

FAQs for finding daycares in Chesapeake

In 2022 what type of daycare can I find near me in Chesapeake, VA?

There are a variety of daycares in Chesapeake, VA providing full time and part-time care. Some daycares are facility-based and some are in-home daycares operated out of a person’s home. They can also vary in the degree of education and curriculum they offer. Additionally, some daycares offer bilingual programs for parents that want to immerse their children in multiple languages.

How can I find a daycare near me in Chesapeake, VA?

If you are looking for daycare options near you, start several months in advance of when you need care for your child. Care.com has 745 in Chesapeake, VA as of September 2022 and you can filter daycares by distance from Chesapeake or your zip code. From there, you can then compare daycare rates, parent reviews, view their specific services, see their hours of operation and contact them through the website for further information or to request an appointment.

What questions should I ask a daycare provider before signing up?

As you visit daycare facilities in Chesapeake, VA, you should ask the providers what their hours are so you can be prepared to adjust your schedule for drop-off and pick-up. Ask what items you are responsible for bringing for your child and what items you may be required to provide that will be shared among other children or the daycare staff. Also, make sure to check directly with the business for information about their local licensing and credentials in Chesapeake, VA.

Childtime of Chesapeake in Chesapeake, VA | 1431 Eden Way North

Your School Childtime of Chesapeake, VA

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Childtime of Chesapeake, VA


Welcome to Our School

Welcome to Childtime Learning Center in Chesapeake, VA! I am proud of our wonderful educational child care center that is both licensed by the state of Virginia and nationally accredited by NECPA. We have a staff of seasoned teachers with more than 100 years of combined experience.

Our school offers Infant Care, Preschool, Pre-Kindergarten and other early education options, including a Before- and After-school program for your School-Age child! We are conveniently located near the Greenbrier Mall, but enjoy the security of being on the quiet, residential side of Eden Way near the fire station and library.

We’re committed to keeping you connected throughout the day while your child is in our care. Get access to live streaming video of your child’s classroom, plus other real-time updates, with our exclusive mobile app for families, SproutAbout.

Call or stop by today for a tour of our Childtime in Chesapeake, VA. We would be so excited to meet you and welcome you to our family!


Here’s what people have to say

5 out of 5 stars


Amy and her staff are tremendous. Our 3 kids look forward to school everyday and we feel confident that they receive an excellent education in a fun environment. Thank you for everything that you do!

Verified Shopper


Absolutely love this school! The teachers are amazing and engaged with my kids!

Verified Shopper


We feel completely comfortable with our daughter at Childtime. The WHOLE staff is always so friendly and show they truly care about her!!!

Verified Shopper


Could not be happier we chose this school. Everybody is incredibly kind and I can tell they care for my daughter. We love seeing her having fun throughout the day.

Verified Shopper


Overall, the school has been a pleasure. Our child’s development has advanced significantly since attending. Amy Parvez leads a well trained staff and is always available to listen to concerns.

Verified Shopper


Absolutely love how friendly and personable the staff is. They are also very patient with first time mothers and offer advice as well as empathy.

Verified Shopper


Great first impression. The administration and staff are very professional and excel at exceptional customer service.

Verified Shopper


I’ve had all three of my children attend Childtime throughout the years.They’re now 16, 9, and soon to be 4. The experience, the learning environment, and the staff has always been dedicated and promoted to their personal and academic development. Thank you Childtime for continuing to provide excellent quality education and care for my family.

Verified Shopper


Childtime has been the place of learning for all our children. We started with them 16 years ago with our now grown high schooler. Currently we have our son who will be turning 4 soon. The curriculum has taught them skills way beyond regular learning. Once they have entered school they are above average on basic skills, and I attribute that to the efforts of the teachers at childtime and their structured

curriculum. Childtime has been a great investment, not only as a childcare facility but into the initial education of my children.

Read More

Verified Shopper


We LOVE Childtime of Chespeake! The staff is stellar from administration, teachers and all those involved! It is such a warm and caring environment and they truly treat our daughter like their own! We are always greeted with a friendly smile and our daughter truly has grown and learned quite a bit since being there. The staff listens and communicates very well and we never hesitate to discuss any concerns

. ..

or ask any questions. We are greatful to everyone at Childtime, they go above and beyond!

Read More

Verified Shopper




Grow Your Connection

With SproutAbout, you won’t miss a thing when your child is at school with us. Take a peek at the engaging experience provided by our new app.


Learn About Electives

For an additional fee, go beyond regular classroom learning experiences with our enhanced series of fun, interactive enrichment programs exploring a variety of activities. We offer:

 

Soccer, Music, Yoga, Spanish, Phonics, Handwriting & Advanced Math


Proud to be Accredited!

We’ve been recognized as a high-quality early education program.




Open a window to your child’s day.

SproutAbout®, our exclusive family app, provides free live streaming video of your child’s classroom to your mobile device.

Learn More




Tech + Tinker™

21st Century Learning Experiences

In our Preschool and Pre-K classrooms your child will discover opportunities to be creative, engage their mind and body, collaborate with friends, and learn new things. Some enhancements in the classrooms include iPads with educational apps; flexible seating options so children can move as they learn; hands-on STEAM activities with robots for early coding.

In our School-Age classroom, your child will find an immersive educational environment that is the perfect setting for productive, engaging mornings and afternoons, as we help them to be thinkers, makers, and doers. Some enhancements in this classroom include:

  • iPads with keyboards and educational apps
  • Robots for coding challenges
  • Grow Fit-friendly video games that encourage collaboration and movement





Local School Phone Number: 757.436.1166757.436.1166


License #: ERO 2009-366





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Daycare in Chesapeake, VA for Ages 6 weeks to 12 years

KinderCare has partnered with Chesapeake families for more than 50 years to provide award-winning early education programs and high-quality childcare in Chesapeake, VA.

Whether you are looking for a preschool in Chesapeake, a trusted part-time or full-time daycare provider, or educational before- or after-school programs, KinderCare offers fun and learning at an affordable price.

  1. Western Branch KinderCare

    Phone:
    (757) 484-1965

    5700 Trucker St
    Portsmouth
    VA
    23703

    Distance from address: 5.92 miles

    Ages: 6 weeks to 12 years
    Open:

    Tuition & Openings

  2. Churchland KinderCare

    Phone:
    (757) 484-9377

    6025 Churchland Blvd
    Portsmouth
    VA
    23703

    Distance from address: 6. 34 miles

    Ages: 6 weeks to 12 years
    Open:

    Tuition & Openings

  3. Great Bridge KinderCare

    Phone:
    (757) 436-4747

    929 Cedar Rd
    Chesapeake
    VA
    23322

    Distance from address: 6.37 miles

    Ages: 6 weeks to 12 years
    Open:

    Tuition & Openings

  4. Greenbrier KinderCare

    Phone:
    (757) 436-4672

    725 Greenbrier Pkwy
    Chesapeake
    VA
    23320

    Distance from address: 6. 85 miles

    Ages: 6 weeks to 12 years
    Open:

    Tuition & Openings

  5. College Park KinderCare

    Phone:
    (757) 424-9261

    5925 Providence Rd
    Virginia Beach
    VA
    23464

    Distance from address: 7.71 miles

    Ages: 6 weeks to 12 years
    Open:

    Tuition & Openings

  6. Diamond Springs KinderCare

    Phone:
    (757) 671-7370

    990 Diamond Springs Rd
    Virginia Beach
    VA
    23455

    Distance from address: 10. 95 miles

    Ages: 6 weeks to 12 years
    Open:

    Tuition & Openings

  7. Kempsville KinderCare

    Phone:
    (757) 474-2450

    704 Hillingdon Ct
    Virginia Beach
    VA
    23462

    Distance from address: 11.03 miles

    Ages: 6 weeks to 12 years
    Open:

    Tuition & Openings

  8. Mt Trashmore KinderCare

    Phone:
    (757) 497-8323

    4300 Silverleaf Dr
    Virginia Beach
    VA
    23462

    Distance from address: 11. 78 miles

    Ages: 6 weeks to 12 years
    Open:

    Tuition & Openings

  9. Haygood KinderCare

    Phone:
    (757) 499-9343

    4621 Crossborough Rd
    Virginia Beach
    VA
    23455

    Distance from address: 11.85 miles

    Ages: 6 weeks to 12 years
    Open:

    Tuition & Openings

  10. South Independence KinderCare

    Phone:
    (757) 471-2221

    2032 S Independence Blvd
    Virginia Beach
    VA
    23453

    Distance from address: 12. 55 miles

    Ages: 6 weeks to 12 years
    Open:

    Tuition & Openings

  11. Rosemont KinderCare

    Phone:
    (757) 498-8522

    3704 Lampl Ave
    Virginia Beach
    VA
    23452

    Distance from address: 13.65 miles

    Ages: 6 weeks to 12 years
    Open:

    Tuition & Openings

Find Top In-Home Child Care Providers in Chesapeake, VA

Full-time, part-time, after school, hourly—find quality in-home child care providers near you.

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Available in-home child care providers in Chesapeake, VA

More child care providers in Chesapeake

More child care providers in Chesapeake 

Find the child care you need:

  • Full-time child care
  • Part-time child care
  • Hourly child care
  • Last-minute care
  • Overnight child care
  • Weekend child care
  • School-age child care
  • Infant care
  • Newborn care
  • Toddler care
  • In-home child care
  • Bilingual care
  • 24-hour child care
  • Daytime care
  • Evening care

School help

  • Before-school care in Chesapeake
  • After-school care in Chesapeake
  • Tutoring in Chesapeake
  • Hybrid learning assistance in Chesapeake
  • eLearning assistance in Chesapeake
  • Homeschool help in Chesapeake

More care options

  • Babysitters in Chesapeake
  • Nannies in Chesapeake
  • Special needs care in Chesapeake
  • Companion care in Chesapeake
  • Pet sitters in Chesapeake

Child Care FAQs

The national typical hourly rate in 2022 is $20. 00 per hour for nannies and $17.50 for babysitters. Rates can vary based on the child care provider’s experience, certifications, employment status, and travel expenses. When calculating the cost of child care, you should also account for the number of children they’ll care for and additional responsibilities like household tasks or homework help. Learn more about how to set competitive rates for attracting the best babysitters.

The best way to find child care near you is to post a job detailing your needs on Sittercity, which will be shared with our community of available babysitters and nannies. We’ll notify you when child care providers apply to your job, and from there you can proceed with interviews, background checks, and reference checks so you can find the perfect fit for your family.

You can find experienced and passionate child care providers near you to provide the best care for your child, either in-home or virtually. Child care providers can help families with managing strict schedules, transportation to activities, homework help, last-minute coverage, date nights, and more. Whether you’re looking for full-time, part-time, live-in, or temporary care, you can count on Sittercity for finding passionate and experienced child care providers.

Families find trustworthy child care providers on Sittercity who are passionate about providing safe and enriching care for their children. Many providers report they are First Aid and CPR certified to provide the best care for your family. Babysitters and nannies have the option to complete regular background checks, and you can easily request a recent background check if they don’t have one or it is not recent. Families can also request to see professional references!

Our dedicated team also champions safety across our platform every day. Child care providers go through an identity verification process Berbix when registering an account. Some additional safety measures include Family Watchdog screening, babysitter and nanny reviews, and secure messaging.

Nannies and babysitters share the same primary responsibility of providing safe and enriching care for your child, but there are a few differences between them. Nannies are more commonly associated with regular work, whether full or part-time, offering daily or consistent care to a particular family. There are also several different types of nannies, including au pairs, house managers, doulas, live-in, and overnight nannies.

Babysitters, on the other hand, are typically hired for irregular or occasional work, either full or part-time. If you’re looking for last-minute care for date night, or the occasional few hours after school, a babysitter is a great best option.

Identifying the type and frequency of child care you’ll need is the best way to decide whether a babysitter or nanny is a better fit for your family.

Child care providers on Sittercity love providing enriching experiences for your children, and sharing their passions with them. They’re happy to participate in outdoor activities like sports, or indoor activities like music, baking, tutoring help, and art. Wherever your child’s interests lie, child care providers on Sittercity can engage them in a nurturing way.

La Petite Academy of Chesapeake in Chesapeake, VA | 2453 Taylor Rd

Your School La Petite Academy of Chesapeake, VA

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La Petite Academy of Chesapeake, VA


Welcome to Our School

Welcome to La Petite Academy in Chesapeake, VA! My name is Millicent Gerni and I am the academy director. I come into this position with over 20 years of licensed child care management experience. I have a degree in Early Childhood Administration and am currently finishing up my PhD in Education. I am excited to get work with all of the families at La Petite Academy!

Our academy assistant director is Alycia Alvarez. She has a bachelor’s degree in Early Childhood Education and is working on her master’s degree in human development. She has six years of experience with the company.

For more than 25 years, our center has helped children grow and develop in a safe and inviting environment. In addition to providing superior local Infant Care, our Toddler through Pre-Kindergarten programs offer the best early education in the community. We also have a new Before- and After-School program focused on developing self-esteem and independence.

Most of our teachers have earned degrees in early childhood education and have been working in the field for many years. Each teacher is certified in CPR and First Aid. We are also nut-free in order to keep children with allergies safe while they are in our care.

We’re committed to keeping you connected throughout the day while your child is in our care. Get access to live streaming video of your child’s classroom, plus other real-time updates, with our exclusive mobile app for families, SproutAbout.

Schedule a tour of our fantastic La Petite Academy right here in Chesapeake, VA today! We look forward to meeting your family!


Here’s what people have to say

4.67 out of 5 stars


This has been a wonderful experience! My children are always excited to go and seem to have always had a fun and great day when I pick them up.

Verified Shopper


I was very nervous about my baby starting daycare but the infant room teachers do a great job and the atmosphere is very comfortable.

Verified Shopper


Our experience has been great. Our children are comfortable and happy at school. They have good connections with teachers and are always learning new things.

Verified Shopper


Overall la petite has been great. I see my child developing in more than one way which is the main reason for her attendance there.

Verified Shopper


Overall a good experience. Good communication and follow up in a timely manner. My child enjoys preschool.

Verified Shopper


I am so glad we picked la petite. Both of my daughters learn so much and love their teachers and classmates!

Verified Shopper




Grow Your Connection

With SproutAbout, you won’t miss a thing when your child is at school with us. Take a peek at the engaging experience provided by our new app.


Learn About Electives

For an additional fee, go beyond regular classroom learning experiences with our enhanced series of fun, interactive enrichment programs exploring a variety of activities. We offer:

Soccer, Music, Yoga, Spanish, Phonics, Handwriting & Advanced Math


Proud to be Accredited!

We’ve been recognized as a high-quality early education program.




Open a window to your child’s day.

SproutAbout®, our exclusive family app, provides free live streaming video of your child’s classroom to your mobile device.

Learn More


Meet Our Staff

Millicent Gerni, Director

Education: B. S. in Early Childhood Administration

As the academy director, I give plenty of focus to running this school effectively and making sure learning happens in every aspect of our day. Previously, I worked for owned and operated my own child care facility for 18 years. I am so excited to meet your family!

Meet Our Staff

Alycia Alvarez, Assistant Director

Education: BA in Early Childhood Education, MA in human development

Certifications: CPR, MAT

My name is Alycia Alvarez. I have a bachelor’s degree in Early Childhood Education and am working on my master’s degree in human development. I haves six years of experience with the company and am looking forward to working with all our families and children!




Local School Phone Number: 757.465.3893757.465.3893


License #: ERO 2008-454





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Child Care Aware® of America

Find out more about child care in your area. Click on the links below, or contact your local Child Care Resource and Referral (CCR&R) agency for one-on-one help.

Child Care and COVID-19

Your state’s hub for information, resources and guidance around child care and COVID-19

Website

Child Care Licensing

Your local child care regulatory office

Phone: 1(833) 778-0204

WebsiteFind Your Local Office

Provider Complaint Line: 1(833) 778-0204

Inspection Reports

Find out what programs in your area are in compliance with licensing regulations

Website

Child Care Fact Sheet

Basic facts about child care in your area

State Fact Sheets

Virginia Child Care Information

Information and resources for parents looking for child care in Virginia

Website

Child & Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)

Reimburses child care providers for healthy meals and snacks

Phone: 1(877) 618-7282

Website

Criminal Background Checks

Understanding criminal background checks requirements in your area

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90,000 10 best entertainment for children in Virginia – Family events (Virginia, USA)

861 place (sorting by popularity among travelers)

Clean all filters

  • 1. Virginia Beach Boardwalk

    Pierce and beach promenade

    2. Colonial Williamsburg

    563

    Historical attractions • Cultural objects and attractions

    3. Maymont

    Cultural objects and attractions • Farm

    Author: _H6294CF

    Very picturesque place! Great for visiting with good weather, it will be interesting for adults to get on . . .

    4. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts

    Museums of Arts

    Author: Maria_Z_A

    All enthusiastic reviews that you read about this museum, pure truth. What is not here! My predecessors…

  • 8. Battleship Wisconsin at Nauticus

    9. Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden

    10. Old Town

    Historic Sites • Neighborhoods

    Old Town

    11. Mill Mountain Star & Park

    Ponds • Trips by a picturesque area

    15. LURAY CAVERNS

    Canyons • Grottos and cave

    9000

    9000 9000 9000 9000 9000

    9001

    9001

    9001

    9001 Virginia Beach parks, the beach, rides, Dairy Queen ice cream (the best I’ve ever eaten), waves, sunshine. ..

    Children’s museums

    shows the results of 1-30 out of 861

    • Julia A

      5 Publications

      Review O: Virginia Beach Boardwalk

      Rest 2017

      Wonderful walk)) We rented a cycling -cigarette and back. stopped to take pictures of the statue of Neptune. good workout))

      Published September 21, 2017

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • sova2016

      Saint-Petersburg, Russia133 publications

      Review for: Colonial Williamsburg

      Worth seeing

      A beautifully executed idea of ​​recreating an 18th century colonial American town – you are promised a trip back in time and part time. At the information center at the entrance, be sure to take the program of the day – something is happening all the time in the city of Williamsburg – either the city court is working, or a bank is being robbed, or I am reading out the decree of the king. These small theatrical performances take place with a certain regularity every day, but since the territory of the city is quite large, without knowing where and what is happening it is easy to miss everything – and then it seems boring. The booklet promises 1,500 costumed, they are, but there are more contemporaries – visitors, so the colonists are a little lost against their background. But officers honestly prancing on the streets, carriages ride (you can ride them, additional payment), residents of the city in 18th century costumes go from the market to the market and in general go about their business. The most interesting thing is that you can enter into a dialogue with them! You don’t have to buy an entrance ticket (save $40), a walk through the streets and a visit to numerous souvenir shops will be enough. But still, I would advise you to take not a full ticket, but a ticket for $ 25 – with it you can visit two workshops of your choice, a residential building and a prison. Impressions will be quite enough. In front of each “object” you are met by a costumed character, after the group arrives with an excursion, you are taken inside, in another version depicting a baker, a hairdresser, etc. the character talks in his shop about his profession. You can interrupt it, ask questions, all the costumed ones are sure to enter into a lively dialogue with you. I highly recommend the hairdresser and the shoemaker, I liked these shops the most. The American version of Skansen (or Moomin Dola), made very talentedly and on a grand scale. Like it or not – it will depend only on your mood.

      Published June 4, 2016

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • Marina S

      5 publications

      Review of: Maymont

      Maymont

      Very picturesque place!0003

      Published October 15, 2019

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • Maria_Z_A

      St. Petersburg, Russia97 publications

      Review for: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts

      Extensive collection

      All the rave reviews you read about this museum are true. What is not here! My predecessors have already told about everything. Now you just have to see it

      Published November 7, 2019

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • Superfinkel

      Moscow, Russia46 contributions

      Review for: Historic Jamestowne

      Toy City. Unusual

      Wonderful town. A lovely red tram runs around the city. On weekends, all residents dress up in 19th-century clothes and live in this way. Carriages drive around the city, men chop wood, there is an instrument of torture (children play and tourists take pictures). They lead a measured life. It is very green and there is a flea market on Sunday. Toy City

      Published November 4, 2015

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • vkuklina

      Woodbridge, VA better. The road rises to the mountains to a height of about 1000 meters. from above, the view opens for tens of kilometers. In October, it is especially beautiful when the mountains in the distance are shrouded in a blue haze, and the neighboring hills are covered with the golden and red colors of the forest. Along the way, there are many platforms for panoramic views for motorists, as well as parking and camping places for fans of outdoor activities. Unfortunately, there are no trails for walking with a stroller. We spent about three hours there, but next time we will try to spend the whole day.

      Published October 18, 2014

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • Alexander M

      Barnaul, Russia184 publications

      Review for: Thomas Jefferson Monticello Manor

      at the source of the Declaration of Independence

      An amazing place – the home of the third president of the United States and the author of the Declaration of Independence. Surprised by the presence of a guide in Russian. The tour is in English, but with a guide it is clear what the story is about. The second amazing moment is that the house was designed by Jefferson himself from a scientific point of view. A laboratory turning into an office and a bedroom, so as not to waste a single minute. A vegetable garden with a full range of vegetables and herbs to manage with your supplies. Beautiful promenade and beautiful panorama

      Published January 30, 2016

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • Alex G

      Ashdod, Israel456 contributions

      Review for: Battleship Wisconsin at Nauticus

      The main part of the museum complex.

      The battleship is part of the museum complex, and it is strange that a separate review is dedicated to it. It is impossible to visit the battleship separately from the museum, at least I did not manage to observe visitors climbing on board along the anchor chains, bypassing the bridge from the museum building. When buying a ticket, it is proposed to choose a full or limited inspection of the ship. Full, of course, more expensive, in addition, it is recommended only to specialists. At least the girl at the box office dissuaded me from buying a ticket with the possibility of a full inspection.
      The ship is magnificent, in excellent condition. You feel the power, you understand that this battleship took part in real battles and was still in service quite recently. When visiting the ship, you can get into one of the gun turrets, inspect part of the living quarters and take a walk on some decks.

      Published August 4, 2017

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • Maiia T

      7 posts

      Reviewed by: Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden

      I’m not a big fan of flowers as a gift, but…

      … I absolutely love seeing them in nature or in botanical gardens) everything here is very well maintained, insanely beautiful, walking you get a lot of emotions from what you see) what to write, you have to go look)))

      Published on July 18, 2017

      This review reflects the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community, and not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC . Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • Andybar1052

      Yaroslavl, Russia280 publications

      Review for: Old Town

      Alexandria. Old city.

      Alexandria – a suburb of Washington. But this suburb is much older than the city itself.
      The Old Town is the buildings of the 18th and 19th centuries. Cozy quiet streets, beautiful buildings, a lot of restaurants and cafes of cuisines from almost all over the world – all this is old Alexandria.
      There is where to walk, there is something to see.
      Here you rest your soul.

      Published December 1, 2017

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • The only one

      Moscow, Russia165 publications

      Review for: Jamestown Settlement

      Incredible museum of historical events

      If you love US history, then you are here. A live interactive museum where you can walk along the ships of the 17th century, take pictures with people in historical costumes, go through a quest about signing a document on independence, and everywhere there are many souvenir shops with museum attributes. I really liked the Pacahontas monument! A real, not a Dineevskaya heroine. In general, if you are not far from this wonderful place, be sure to check it out. Both kids and adults will love it!

      Published June 19, 2018

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • Aleksandr M

      Barnaul, Russia184 publications

      Review for: Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park

      historical site

      fortunately for the country, it fought a little on its territory. Civil war is terrible. Such places should be kept in order to remind posterity

      Published November 29, 2015

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • Maxim D

      Moscow, Russia The viewpoints were covered with fog. We saw an infinite number of squirrels running across the road and a deer with her fawns. Of the pluses, it’s just free, probably they don’t charge in the off season. It is probably better to specially go on this road at another time of the year.

      Published January 11, 2018

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    • OldDog2

      Kyiv, Ukraine

      Visiting the cave only with a guide and, unfortunately, our knowledge of the language was not enough to enjoy his story to the full… But the cave itself is very impressive! Huge halls with an unusual shape of stalactites, all kinds of influxes and everything is very competently illuminated. Very comfortable paths and stairs, completely safe even for children, as well as for not young people, this walk will not be tiring! I recommend to visit. The ticket price is quite reasonable!

      Published June 3, 2018

      This review represents the subjective opinion of a member of the Tripadvisor community and is not the official position of Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor checks reviews.

    Norfolk, Virginia

    Norfolk (/ˈnɔːrzhʊk/ (Listen) NI-fuuk ) is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. At the 2010 Census, the population was 242,803; [5] in 2019 the population was estimated at 242742 people. [6] make it the third most populous city in Virginia after neighboring Virginia Beach and the Chesapeake, and the 91st largest city in the nation.

    Norfolk is located in the heart of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area, named after the large natural harbor of the city of the same name, located at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. It is one of nine cities and seven counties that make up the Hampton Roads metro area, officially known as Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Virginia, North Carolina, MSA. The city is bordered to the west by the Elizabeth River and to the north by Chesapeake Bay. It also borders the independent cities of Chesapeake to the south and Virginia Beach to the east. Norfolk is one of the oldest towns in the Hampton Roads and is considered the historical, urban, financial and cultural center of the region.

    The city has a long history as a military-strategic and transport point, from where many railway lines began. Norfolk was the terminus of the Atlantic and Danville Railway in 1890. [7] The largest naval base in the world, Naval Station Norfolk, is located in Norfolk along with one of NATO’s two Strategic Command Headquarters. [8] The city also has the headquarters of the Norfolk Southern Railroad, one of North America’s major Class I Railroads, however the company is currently relocating to Atlanta, Georgia. Norfolk is also home to Maersk Line, Limited, which operates the world’s largest fleet of US-flagged Suda. Because the city borders many bodies of water, Norfolk has many miles of waterfront and waterfront property, including beaches on the Chesapeake Bay. It is connected to its neighbors by an extensive network of interstate highways, bridges, tunnels, and three bridge-tunnel complexes, which are the only bridge-tunnels in the US.

    Content

    • 1 History
      • 1.1 Colonial years
      • 1.2 nineteenth century
      • 1.3 Century to present
    • 9000 2 Geography

        9000 2.1 City landscape 9000 2.2 Exposure

        9000 2.3 Climate 9000 2.3 Climate 9000 2.3 Climate 9000 2.3 Climate 9000 2

      • 3 Demographics
      • 4 Economy
        • 4.1 Top employers
      • 5 Arts and culture
      • 6 Sports
      • 7 Parks and recreation
      • 8 Government
      • 9 Education
        • 9.1 Public library Norfolk
      • 9000 12 Famous people

      • 13 Sister cities
      • 14 See also
      • 15 Notes
      • 16 References
      • 17 External links

      History

      Main articles: History of Norfolk, Virfinia and Chronology Norfolk, Virginia

      Colonial years

      In 1619, the Governor of the Virginia, Sir George Yerdley, included four jurisdictions called cities for the developed parts of the colony. They formed the basis of colonial representative government in the newly created House of Burgesses. What subsequently became Norfolk was placed under Elizabeth Sitty inclusion.

      In 1634 King Charles I reorganized the colony into the Shire system. The former Elizabeth City became Elizabeth City Shire. After persuading 105 people to settle in the colony, Adam Thorogood (who immigrated to Virginia in 1622 from King’s Lynn, Norfolk, England) was granted a large land grant through the head rights system along the Lynnhaven River in 1636.

      When South Hampton Roads part The county was split off, Thorogood offered the name of his homeland to the newly formed County of New Norfolk. A year later it was divided into two districts, Upper Norfolk and Lower Norfolk (the latter now included in the City of Norfolk), mainly on the recommendation of Thorugud. [9] This area of ​​Virginia has become known as a place of entrepreneurs, including the men of the Virginia Company in London.

      Norfolk developed in the late seventeenth century as Fort “Crescent” and was built on 50 acres (200,000 m 2 ) were purchased from local natives by the Powhatan Confederacy in exchange for 10,000 pounds of tobacco. The House of Burgesses established “Lower Norfolk County Borough” in 1680. [10] [11] In 1691, the final subdivision of the county occurred when Lower Norfolk County split into Norfolk County (included in the modern cities of Norfolk, Chesapeake, and parts of Portsmouth) and Princess Anne County (today’s Virginia Beach).

      Norfolk was incorporated in 1705. In 1730, there was a tobacco inspection station here. According to the Tobacco Inspection Act, the inspection was “In the city of Norfolk, in the grounds of the fort, in the county of Norfolk; and Kemp’s Landing at Princess Anne, under one inspection.” In 1736, George II granted him a royal charter as a town. [12] By 1775, Norfolk had become the most prosperous city in Virginia, according to modern observers. [ quote needed ] It was an important port for the export of goods to and from the British Isles. Due in part to its merchants’ many trade links with other parts of the British Empire, Norfolk served as a strong base for Loyalist support at the start of the American Revolution. After fleeing the colonial capital of Williamsburg, the Royal Governor of Virginia, John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, attempted to regain control of the colony from Norfolk. Dunmore won small victories at Norfolk, but was soon expelled by the Virginia militia under Colonel Woodford. His departure ended over 168 years of British colonial rule in Virginia. [13]

      Shot fired by Lord Dunmore’s troops during the Revolutionary War at St Paul’s Episcopal Church

      On New Year’s Day 1776, Lord Dunmore’s fleet of three ships bombarded the city of Norfolk for over eight hours. The fire, combined with fires started by the British and common patriots, destroyed over 800 buildings, nearly two-thirds of the city. The following month, Patriot forces destroyed the remaining buildings for strategic reasons. [14] Only the walls of St. Paul’s Episcopal Church survived the bombardment and subsequent fires. Cannonball from shelling (fired Liverpool ) remains in the wall of St Paul’s Cathedral. [15]

      Nineteenth century

      Norfolk, from Gosport, Virginia , New York Public Library

      After rebuilding from the Revolutionary War fire, Norfolk and its citizens struggled to rebuild. In 1804, another serious fire on the city’s waterfront destroyed about 300 buildings, and the city suffered a severe economic decline. In the 1820s, the agrarian communities of the American South experienced a long recession that caused many families to move to other areas. Many moved west into the Piedmont, or further into Kentucky and Tennessee. This migration also followed soil depletion due to tobacco cultivation in Tidewater, where it was the main cash crop for generations.

      Virginia made some attempts to abandon slavery and liberty increased in the two decades after the war. Thomas Jefferson Randolph secured the passage of an 1832 resolution for gradual abolition in the state. By then, however, increased demand from settlements in the lower states of the South had created a large domestic market for slavery. The invention of the cotton gin In the late eighteenth century, the cultivation of short-staple cotton in the uplands became profitable and was widely practical.

      Born and raised in Norfolk, Joseph Jenkins Roberts became the first President of Liberia.

      The American Colonization Society suggested “going home North Carolina set off from the port of Norfolk. Joseph Jenkins Roberts, a free man of color native of Norfolk, emigrated through the American Colonization Society and was later elected as the first President of Liberia, creating a strong family. [16]

      June 7, 1855 183-foot boat Benjamin Franklin delivered to Hampton Roads for refurbishment. She had just sailed from the West Indies, where there was an outbreak of yellow fever. The port health officer ordered the ship to be quarantined. Eleven days later, a second check found no problems, so she was allowed to dock. A few days later, the first cases of yellow fever were discovered in Norfolk, and on July 8, the machinist died of this disease. By August, several people were dying a day, and a third of the city’s population fled in hope of rescue. fleeing the epidemic. No one understood how the disease was transmitted. Since both Norfolk and Portsmouth were infected, New York banned all traffic from those sites. Neighboring towns also banned Norfolk residents. The epidemic has spread through the city due to mosquitoes and poor sanitation, affecting every family and causing widespread panic. The number of infected reached 5,000 in September, and by the second week, 1,500 had died in Norfolk and Portsmouth. [17] As the weather cooled, the outbreak began to subside, killing about 3,200 people. [18] The city took time to recover.

      Early in 1861, the electors of Norfolk instructed their delegate to vote for secession. Virginia voted to secede from the Union. In the spring of 1862, the Battle of the Hampton Roads took place off the northwest coast of the city of Sewell’s Point Peninsula, marking the first battle between two ironclads, the USS Monitor and CSS Virginia . The battle ended in a stalemate but turned the tide of naval warfare; Since then, warships have been reinforced with metal. [19]

      In May 1862 Norfolk Mayor William Lamb surrendered the city to Union General John E. Wool and his forces. They kept the city under martial law for the duration of the civil war. Thousands of slaves from this region fled to Union lines to gain their freedom; they quickly opened schools in Norfolk to begin teaching reading and writing years before the end of the war. [20]

      20th century to introduce

      1907 brought both the Virginia Railroad and the Jamestown Exposition to Sewell’s Point. Great Naval Survey The exposition demonstrated the favorable location of the peninsula and laid the foundation for the world’s largest naval base. Southern Democrats in Congress got their seat here. To commemorate the 300th anniversary of the founding of Jamestown, the exhibit was attended by many prominent figures, including President Theodore Roosevelt, members of Congress, and diplomats from twenty-one countries. K 19In 17, when the United States was ready to enter the First World War, the Hampton Road Naval Air Base was built on the territory of the former exposition. [21]

      In the first half of the twentieth century, the city of Norfolk expanded its borders through annexation. In 1906, the incorporated city of Berkeley was added to the city, forcing the city to cross the Elizabeth River. [22] In 1923, the town expanded to include Sewell’s Point, Willoughby Spit, the town of Campostella, and Ocean View Square. The city included a naval base and many miles of beaches overlooking Hampton Roads and Chesapeake Bay. [23] After a minor annexation in 1959 and a land exchange in 1988 by Virginia Beach, the city adopted its current boundaries. [24]

      With the dawn of the Interstate Highway System, new highways were built in the region after World War II. A series of bridges and tunnels built over fifteen years linked Norfolk to the Peninsula, Portsmouth, and Virginia Beach. In 1952 the City Center Tunnel opened to connect Norfolk with the City of Portsmouth. The highways also spurred the development of new residential suburbs, which led to the dispersal of the population. Additional bridges and tunnels included the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel at 1957, [25] then Midtown Tunnel in 1962, [26] and the Virginia Beach-Norfolk Expressway (Interstate 264 and State Route 44) in 1967. [27] In 1991, the new Downtown Tunnel/Berkeley Bridge complex opened a new system of multiple highway lanes and interchanges connecting downtown Norfolk and Interstate 464 to the Downtown Tunnel pipes. [28]

      In 1954 the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v Board of Education This segregated public school was unconstitutional because the public system was supported by all taxpayers. He ordered integration, but Virginia pursued a policy of “massive resistance”. (At the time, most black citizens were still disenfranchised under the state’s turn-of-the-century constitution and discriminatory practices related to voter registration and elections.) The Virginia General Assembly prohibited public funding of integrated public schools.

      In 1958, the US District Courts in Virginia ordered schools to open for the first time on a racial basis. In response, Governor J. Lindsey Almond ordered the schools to close. The Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals declared a state law to be in conflict with the state constitution and ordered all public schools to be funded, whether integrated or not. About ten days later, Almond capitulated and asked the General Assembly to repeal several “mass resistance” laws. [29] In September 1959, seventeen black children entered the six formerly segregated public schools in Norfolk. Virginia Pilot Editor Lenoir Chambers editorial against grassroots resistance and earned a Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing. [30]

      With new suburban developments alluring, many white middle-class residents moved out of the city along the new highways, and Norfolk’s population declined, a pattern repeated in many cities in the post-war era regardless of segregation issues. At the end of 19In the 1960s and early 1970s, the emergence of new suburban shopping malls along with highways meant the demise of the downtown state. Granby Street is a commercial corridor located just a few blocks from the seafront. The opening of malls and large malls has taken retail business away from Granby Street. [31]

      Norfolk city leaders have begun a long drive to revive their city core. While Granby Street fell into disrepair, Norfolk City officials focused on the waterfront and its collection of dilapidated piers and warehouses. Many obsolete shipping and storage facilities were demolished. In their place, planners have created a new boulevard, Waterside Drive, along which many of Norfolk’s high-rise buildings are located. skyline erected. At 1983 The City and the Rouse Company developed the Waterside Festival Market to draw people back to the waterfront and speed up further redevelopment of the city centre. [32] Waterside was renovated in 2017. In addition, the Nauticus Maritime Museum and the USS Wisconsin are located on the waterfront. Other facilities opened in later years, including Harbor Park Baseball Stadium, home of the Norfolk Tides Triple-A minor league baseball team. In 1995, the park was named Minor League Baseball’s Best Center. Baseball America . [33] Norfolk’s downtown revitalization efforts have been recognized in economic development and urban planning circles across the country. The growing fortunes of the city helped boost the city’s revenues and enabled the city to bring attention to other areas. [34]

      Geography

      Newport News, Hampton, Isle of Wight, Suffolk, Chesapeake, Portsmouth and Norfolk, Virginia from space, July 1996. Norfolk is located in the upper right quadrant, with east at the top.

      According to the US Census Bureau, the city has a total area of ​​96 square miles (250 km 2 ), of which 54 square miles (140 km 2 ) is land and 42 square miles (110 km 2 ) (43 .9%) – water. [35] Norfolk is located at 36°55’N. 76°12’W / 36.917°N 76.200°W / 36.917; -76.200 (36.8857°N, 76.2599°W)

      The city is located on the southeast corner of Virginia at the junction of the Elizabeth River and Chesapeake Bay. The Hampton Roads Metropolitan Statistical Area (officially known as the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News MSA) is the 37th largest in the United States, with an estimated population of 1,716,624 in 2014 . The area includes the Virginia cities of Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Poquoson, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Williamsburg, and the counties of Gloucester, the Isle of Wight, James City, Matthews, and York, as well as the counties of North Carolina Currituck and Gateway . The city of Norfolk is recognized as a central business district, and the oceanfront resort area of ​​Virginia Beach and Williamsburg are primarily centers of tourism. Virginia Beach is the most populous city in the MSA, although it functions more as a suburb. In addition, Norfolk is part of the Virginia Beach-Norfolk, Virginia, North Carolina region. A combined statistical area that includes Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA, Elizabeth City, Micropolitan, NC Statistical Area, and Kill Devil Hills, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area. The CSA is the 32nd largest in the country with an estimated population in 2013 of 1,810,266.

      In addition to extensive riverfront property, Norfolk has miles of bayfront resort property and beaches at Willoughby Spit and an oceanfront community.

      Norfolk is low-lying and largely surrounded by water, making it particularly vulnerable to rising sea levels. In addition, the land on which it is built is slowly sinking. Some areas already regularly flood at high tides, and in 2012 the city commissioned a study to figure out how to address this problem in the future: it reported that the cost to overcome a one-foot rise in sea level would be about $100,000,000. Since then, scientists at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science estimated in 2013 that if current trends continue, sea levels in Norfolk will rise by 5.5 feet or more by the end of this century. [36] [37]

      City skyline

      When Norfolk was first settled, the houses were made of wood and frame construction, similar to most medieval English-style houses. These houses had wide chimneys and thatched roofs. Several decades after the city was founded in 1682, the Georgian architectural style that was popular in the South at the time was used. Brick was considered a more solid structure; the patterns were made with brickwork and Flemish paper. This style has evolved to include projected central pavilions, Palladian windows, balustraded roof decks, and two-story porticos. By 1740, houses, warehouses, shops, workshops and taverns began to dot the streets of Norfolk.

      House near Ghent

      Norfolk was burnt down during the Revolutionary War. After the Revolution, Norfolk was rebuilt in the Confederate style based on Roman ideals. The federal-style houses retained Georgian symmetry, although they looked more ornate. New world at home. Federal houses had features such as narrow sidelights with giant porticoes enclosing the fanlight around the doorway, gable or flat roofs, and projecting niches in the outer walls. The rooms were oval, elliptical or octagonal. Few of these federal row houses remain standing today. Most of the buildings were wooden and had a simple structure.

      Taylor-Whittle House (c. 1790), currently occupied by the Norfolk-Virginia Beach Youth League and the Norfolk Historical Society. [38]

      At the beginning of the nineteenth century Neoclassical, architectural elements began to appear in Federal style row houses, such as Ionic columns in porticoes and classical motifs over door and window openings. Lots of Federal Style The row houses have been modernized with a Greek-style front porch. Greek and Roman elements were integrated into public buildings such as the old town hall, the old Norfolk Academy and the customs house.

      Greek-style houses gave way to the Gothic Revival in the 1830s, which emphasized pointed arches, steep roof gables, towers and trace windows. The Masonic Baptist Church and St. Mary’s Catholic Church are examples of the Gothic Revival. Italianized elements appeared in the 1840s, including domes, verandas, brickwork ornamentation, or corner quotation marks. Norfolk still had simple wooden structures among the more ornate buildings.

      Norfolk, Virginia – Skyline across the Elizabeth River in 2016

      Highrise Buildings were first built in the late nineteenth century when structures such as the current Commodore Maury Hotel and the Royster Building were built to form the original Norfolk skyline. Past styles were revived in the early years of the twentieth century. Bungalows and tenements became popular among the townspeople.

      As the Great Depression wore on, Art Deco emerged as a popular building style, as evidenced by the Post Office building in the city centre. Art Deco consisted of a streamlined concrete exterior with smooth stone or metal, with terracotta, and trim consisting of glass and colored tiles.

      Neighborhood

      See also: List of neighborhoods in Norfolk, Virginia

      Norfolk has many historic districts. Some areas, such as Berkeley, were formerly cities. Others, such as Willoughby Sleep and Ocean View, have a long history associated with Chesapeake Bay. Today, neighborhoods such as City Centre, Ghent and Fairmount Park have been transformed with the revival that the city has undergone.

      Climate

      Norfolk has a humid subtropical climate and its USDA Hardiness Zone is 8a. Spring arrives in March with mild days and cool nights, and by the end of May temperatures have risen significantly, heralding warm summer days. Summers are always warm and humid, but the nearby Atlantic Ocean often has a slight cooling effect on high daytime temperatures, but little warming effect on low nighttime temperatures (compared to areas farther inland). Thus, the temperature reaches 90 °F (32 °C) or higher on average 35 days a year. [39] and 100°F (37.8°C) occur infrequently, in less than one-third of all years. [40] On average, July is the warmest month with a normal average temperature of 79.6 °F (26.4 °C), [39] while August is the wettest month due to the still frequent summer thunderstorms combined with an increase (in August) of tropical activity (hurricanes and tropical storms) that can cause strong winds and heavy rainfall. They generally touch Norfolk and only occasionally make landfall in the area; the period of greatest risk is from mid-August to the end of September. Autumn is characterized by mild to warm days and cooler nights. Winters in Norfolk are generally mild, with average winter days with lows near or just above freezing and highs in the 40s to 50s (8 to 13 °C). On average, the coldest month of the year is January, with an average average temperature of 40.4 °F (4.7 °C), [39] Snow occurs sporadically, with a normal winter accumulation of 5. 8 inches (14.7 cm). [39] Norfolk’s record high was 105°F (41°C) on August 7, 1918 and July 24 and 25, 2010, and the record low was -3°F (-19°C) recorded on January 21, 1985 [39]

      1010

      52.1
      (11.2)
      Average minimum ° F (° C) 17.6
      (−8.0)
      21.2
      (−6.0)
      27.2
      (−2.7.7
      45.7
      (7.6)
      55.5
      (13.1)
      63.1
      (17.3)
      61.6
      (16.4)
      53.7
      (12.1)
      39.7
      (4.3)
      30.5
      (−0.8)
      21.7
      (−5.7)
      15.2
      (−9.3)
      Record low ° F (° C) −3
      (−19)
      2
      (−17)
      14
      (−10)
      23
      (−5) 36 (−5)
      45
      (7)
      54
      (12)
      49
      (9)
      40
      (4)
      27
      (−3)
      17
      (−8)
      5
      (−15 )
      −3
      (−19)
      Average precipitation inches (mm) 3. 40
      (86)
      3.12
      (7
      Source 2: Weather Atlas [43]

      Demography

      0 1920 1

      10

      1008 307.91.

      1010ARS1010

      9100.0100 9100 9100 910EA 9100) [2] [2] 2] 2]0974

      [2]

      [2]

      [2]

      915U age for Norfolk

      As of 2010 census [48] , there were 242,803 people, 86,210 households, and 51,898 families residing in the city. The population density was 4362.8 people per square mile (1684.4 / km 2 ). There were 94,416 housing units at an average density of 1,757.3 per square mile (678.5/km). 2 ). The racial makeup of the city was 47.1%. White, 43.1% African American, 0.5% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.2% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.6% of the population. Non-Hispanic whites made up 44. 3% of the population in 2010, [49] compared to 68.5% in 1970 [50]

      There were 86,210 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 18.8% were females with no husband present, and 39.8% did not families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.45 and the average family size is 3.07.

      The age distribution was 24.0% under the age of 18, 18.2% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64 and 10.9% aged 65 and over. The average age was 30 years. For every 100 women, there were 104.6 men. For every 100 women aged 18 and over, there were 104.8 men. This large gender imbalance is due to the military presence in the city, especially Naval Base Norfolk.

      The median income for a household in the city was $31,815, and the median income for a family was $36,891. Men had a median income of $25,848 compared to $21,907 for women. The per capita income for the city was $17,372. About 15.5% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9% of those under the age of 18 and 13.2% of those aged 65 and over.

      In 2007 Norfolk’s overall crime rate was 514.7 per 100,000 inhabitants. This was above the national average that year of 320.9. In 2007, there were 48 homicides in the city, with 21.1 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. Overall crime has decreased from 2000, when the city’s overall crime index was 546.3. Norfolk’s highest homicide rate in the 21st century was in 2005 when it was 24.5 per 100,000 inhabitants. In 2007, there were 21.1 murders per 100,000 inhabitants of Norfolk, 42.6 rapes, 399.3 robberies, 381.3 assaults, 743.3 burglaries and 450.6 auto thefts. [51] The Congressional Quarterly Press ‘2008 City Crime Rankings: Crime in Metropolitan America ranked Norfolk, Virginia as the 87th most dangerous city with a population of over 75,000. [52]

      Economics

      Main article: Economy of Norfolk, Virginia

      1888 Marketplace Advertisement A&P

      Because Norfolk serves as the commercial and cultural center of (and in) its independent geographical region, the Hampton Roads political cities , it can be difficult to separate the economic characteristics of Norfolk from those of the region as a whole.

      The waterways that almost completely surround the Hampton Roads region play an important role in the local economy. As a strategic location at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay, its sheltered deep water channels serve as a major trade artery for the import and export of goods from across the Mid-Atlantic, Midwest, and internationally. [53]

      In addition to commercial activities, Hampton Roads is a major military center, especially for the US Navy, while Norfolk is home to Naval Station Norfolk, the world’s largest naval installation. Located on the Sewells Point Peninsula, in the northwest corner of the city, the station is the headquarters of the US Fleet Forces Command (formerly known as the Atlantic Fleet), which has over 62,000 troops, 75 ships and 132 aircraft. The base also serves as the headquarters for NATO with the Allied Command Transformation. [54]

      The region also plays an important role in defense contracting, with a particular focus on shipbuilding and ship repair for the City of Norfolk. The main private shipyards located in Norfolk or the Hampton Roads area include: Huntington Ingalls Industries (formerly Northrop Grumman Newport News) in Newport News, BAE Systems Norfolk Shipyard, General Dynamics NASCO Norfolk and Colonna’s Shipyard Inc., and the US Navy Naval The Norfolk Naval Shipyard is directly across the City Center Tunnel in Portsmouth. Most of the contracts handled by these shipyards are handled by the navy, although private commercial repairs also take place. Over 35% of the gross regional product (which includes all of the Norfolk-Newport-News-Virginia Beach MSAs) comes from defense spending, and that 75% of all regional growth since 2001 has come from increases in defense spending. [55]

      View of Norfolk from Portsmouth

      After the military, the region’s cargo ports are the second largest and most important industry for Hampton Roads and Norfolk in terms of economic impact. The headquarters is in Norfolk. The Port of Virginia Authority (VPA) is a Commonwealth of Virginia own enterprise that in turn owns and operates three major port facilities on Hampton Roads for oversized cargo and containerized cargo. In Norfolk, Norfolk International Terminals (NIT) is one of these three businesses and is home to the largest and fastest container cranes in the world. [56] Together, VPA’s three terminals handled a combined total of over 2 million TEUs and 475,000 tons of liquid cargo in 2006, making it the second busiest port on the East Coast of North America in terms of total cargo volume, behind New York and New York. -Jersey. [57]

      In addition to NIT, Norfolk is home to Lambert’s Point Docks, the largest coal handling facility in the Northern Hemisphere, with an annual throughput of approximately 48 million tons. [58] Bituminous coal mainly comes from the Appalachian Mountains in West Virginia, West Virginia, and Kentucky. The coal is loaded onto trains and sent to the port, where it is offloaded onto large freighters bound for New England, Europe and Asia.

      Between 1925 and 2007 The Ford Motor Company operated Norfolk Assembly, a manufacturing plant located on the Elizabeth River that made Model-Ts, sedans and station wagons prior to the construction of the F-150 pickups. [59] The 2,800,000-square-foot (260,000 sq. m.) plant employed more than 2,600 people before it closed. 2 ) object. [59]

      Dominion Square, headquarters of Dominion Enterprises

      Most major shipping lines have a permanent presence in the region, with some combination of sales, distribution and/or logistics offices, many located in Norfolk. In addition, many of the largest international shipping companies have chosen Norfolk as their North American headquarters. These companies are either located in the Norfolk World Trade Center building or have built buildings in the Lake Wright Executive Center. office park. The French firm CMA CGM, the Israeli firm Zim Integrated Shipping Services, and Maersk Line Limited, a subsidiary of the world’s largest shipping line, the A.P. Moller-Maersk Group, are headquartered in Norfolk in North America. [60] [61] [62] Major companies headquartered in Norfolk include: Norfolk South, [63] Landmark Communications, [64] Dominion Enterprises, [65] FHC Health Systems (parent company of ValueOptions), [66] Portfolio Recovery Partners, [67] and BlackHawk Products Group. [68]

      Nauticus and USS Wisconsin

      Half Moone Cruise and Holiday Center in Norfolk, Virginia.

      While Virginia Beach and Williamsburg have traditionally been centers of tourism for the region, the revitalization of downtown Norfolk and the construction of a cruise ship pier at the foot of the Nauticus in downtown are making tourism an increasingly important part of the city’s economy. The number of cruise ship passengers visiting Norfolk increased from 50,000 in 2003 to 107,000 in 2004 and 2005. Also in April 2007, the city completed a $36 million state-of-the-art cruise ship terminal adjacent to the marina. [69] Due in part to this construction, passenger numbers dropped to 70,000 in 2006, but are expected to rise to 90,000 in 2007 and even more in subsequent years. Unlike most cruise ship terminals, which are located in industrial areas, Norfolk’s central location has received positive reviews from both tourists and cruise lines who enjoy being close to the city’s hotels, restaurants, shops and cultural sites. [70]

      Hampton Roads is home to four Fortune 500 companies. These four food, transportation, retail and shipbuilding companies are located in Smithfield, Norfolk, Chesapeake and Newport News.

      2013 Fortune 500 Corporation [71]
      • 213 Smithfield Foods
      • 7 Norfolk South

      • 346 dollar 380 Huntington INGALS ANDUSTRES

      2013 90,004 26% of the 130,000 people working in Norfolk live in the city, while 74% commute. 37% of them came from Virginia Beach and 20% came from Chesapeake. An additional 51,575 commute outdoors to work, with 35% traveling to Virginia Beach and 20% to the Chesapeake. [72]

      Top Employers

      USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) arriving at Norfolk Naval Station

      According to a report published by the Virginia Employment Commission, [73]

      Anthem, Inc.

      Historical population
      PE PRODUCRIPS.
      1790 2,959
      1800 6,926 134.1%
      1810 9,193 32.7%
      1820 8,478 −7.8%
      1830 9,814 15.8%
      1840 10,929 11.1010
      1870 19,229 31.5%
      1880 21,966 14. 2%
      1890 34,871 58.7%
      1900 46.624 33.7%
      1910 67.452 44.7% 115,777 71.6%
      1930 129,710 12.0%
      1940 144,335 11.3%
      1950 213,513 47.9%
      1960 305.872 43.3%
      1
      1980 266,979 −13.3%
      1990 261,229 −2.2%
      2000 234,403 −10.3%
      2010 242. 803 3.6%
      2019 (estimate) 242.742
      The ten -year -old census of the US population [44]
      1790–1960 [45] 1900–1990 [46]
      1990–2000
      [2]
      7 East Virginia School of Medicine
      8 Portfolio Recovery Association
      9
      10 US Navy Exchange

      Art and Culture

      Main article: Culture in Norfolka, Virginia

      Vlash MacArthur Statue

      Norfolk – Cultural Heart In addition to museums, Norfolk is the main home to several major theater companies. Norfolk is also host to many annual festivals and parades, mostly at Town Point Park in the city centre.

      The Chrysler Art Museum, located in the Ghent region, is the region’s largest art museum and is considered The New York Times to be the best in the state. [74] Of particular note is the extensive glass collection Glass Studio, [75] House of Moses Myers 1792, ca. 1794 Willoughby-Baylor House and American neoclassical marble sculptures. Since opening in 1933, the main building of the museum has been extended six times to have large glass galleries, as well as a large space for Impressionist and Baroque works and much more. Major renovations were completed in 2014 and today the museum has over 50 galleries, a restaurant and catering facilities. [76] [77]

      Nauticus, the National Maritime Center, opened on the downtown waterfront in 1994. It features hands-on exhibits, interactive theatres, an aquarium, high-definition digital films, and a wide range of educational programs. Since 2000, Nauticus has been home to the battleship. USS Wisconsin , the last battleship to be built in the US. He served briefly in World War II and later in the Korean and Gulf Wars. [78]

      The MacArthur Memorial, housed in the nineteenth century Norfolk Courthouse and Town Hall in the city centre, contains the tombs of the late General and his wife, a museum and an extensive research library, personal effects (including his famous corncob pipe ) and a short film about the life of the famous General of the Army. [79]

      People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is based in Norfolk. [80]

      The Hermitage Museum-Fund, located at the beginning of the 20th century. Tudor style house on 12 acres (49000 m 2 ) an estate in front of the River Lafayette, is an eclectic collection of Asian and Western art, including Chinese bronzes and ceramics, Persian carpets and ivory carvings. [81] Norfolk has many performing groups with regular seasons.

      Harrison Opera House

      Nauticus

      The Virginia Opera was founded in Norfolk in 1974. Artistic director since inception has been Peter Mark, [82] who conducted his 100th opera production for VOA in 2008. Although performances are staged throughout the state, the company’s main venue is the Harrison Opera House in the Ghent region. [83]

      Founded in 1968, The Virginia Stage Company is one of the nation’s leading regional theaters and produces a full season of stage productions. Wells Theater downtown. The company shares facilities with the Governor’s School of the Arts. [84]

      B The Virginia Symphony, founded in 1920 under the direction of Joanne Falletta, has been a regular fixture on the regional visual arts scene. Most performances in Norfolk take place at the Chrysler Hall in the Volume Complex in the city centre. The orchestra also provides musicians for many other performing arts organizations in the area. [85]

      Large-scale concerts take place at Norfolk Sphere Arena or the Ted Constant Convocation Center at ODU, while Norva provides a more intimate atmosphere for smaller groups. Other Norfolk cultural venues include the Attucks Theatre, the Jeanne and George Roper Center for the Performing Arts (formerly the Loew State Theatre) and the Naro Expanded Cinema.

      The revitalization of downtown Norfolk has helped improve the cultural life of Hampton Roads. In particular, the lower Granby Street area is now home to a large number of clubs representing a wide range of musical interests and sophistication. [86]

      Norfolk celebrates its rich ethnic diversity through sights, sounds, attractions and special events that pay homage to the city’s multicultural heritage. [87]

      Sports

      Harbor Park

      ECHL hockey Norfolk has two universities with Division I sports teams, the Old Dominion Monarchs and Norfolk State University Spartans, which provide a variety of sports including football, basketball and baseball. [88] [89] [90] [91] [92]

      the professional basketball company of the now defunct American Basketball Association (ABA). From 1970 to 1971, the Squires played their Norfolk home games at the Old Dominion University Fieldhouse. In November 1971, the Squires played their Norfolk home games at the new Norfolk Sphere arena until the ABA team and league folded on May 1976 years old. [93]

      In 1971, Norfolk built an entertainment and sports complex that houses Chrysler Hall and the 13,800-seat Norfolk Sphere indoor arena located in the northern part of downtown. The Norfolk Scope has served as the venue for major events including the 1974 American Basketball Association All-Star Game, [94] and the first and second NCAA Women’s Division I Basketball Championship (also known as Women’s Final Four) at 1982 and 1983 [95] [96]

      Norfolk is also home to the Norfolk Blues Rugby Football Club.

      National Wrestling Union, Jim Crockett Promotions, World Championship Wrestling, World Wrestling Entertainment has hosted many wrestling shows at the Norfolk Arena and Scope since the 1960s. Pay per view event. 6 time heavyweight wrestler World Champion Lou Thesz lived in Norfolk and opened the Virginia Wrestling Academy in the city center in 1988. [97] [98]

      Parks and Recreation

      Norfolk Botanic Garden Canal

      Town Point Park in the city center hosts a variety of annual events from early spring to late autumn. Harborfest, the region’s largest annual festival, celebrated its 30th anniversary in 2006. Held on the first weekend in June, it celebrates the proximity of the region and its attachment to water. A parade of sails (numerous tall sailing ships from all over the world line up and sail past the city center before mooring at the marina), music concerts, regional food and a big fireworks display highlight this three-day festival. [99] The Bayou Bugaloo and Cajun food festival, the festival of Cajun people and culture had a small beginning. This three-day festival in the third week of June has become one of the largest in the region and, in addition to serving Cajun cuisine, also features Cajun music. [99] Norfolk Fourth of July America’s Independence Celebration includes spectacular fireworks and a special Navy re-enlistment ceremony. [99] The Norfolk Jazz Festival, although smaller than some big city jazz festivals, still manages to attract some of the country’s finest jazz performers. Held in August. [99] The Town Point Virginia Wine Festival has become a showcase for wines made in Virginia and has become a growing success over the years. Virginia’s burgeoning wine industry has gained recognition both in the United States and internationally. The festival has grown along with the industry. The wines can be tasted and then purchased in bottles and/or cases directly from the winery’s stalls. This event takes place on the third weekend of October. The second weekend of May also hosts the Spring Wine Festival. [99] Museum ship USS Wisconsin (BB-64) and Wisconsin Square are nearby.

      On St. Patrick’s Day, the city’s annual Ocean View Parade celebrates Ocean View’s rich Irish heritage. [100]

      Virginia Zoo

      Norfolk has many parks [101] and open spaces in its city park system. The city has three beaches on the north shore in the ocean view area. Five additional parks have picnic areas and playgrounds for children. The city also has several public swimming pools open to city residents. [102]

      B The Norfolk Botanic Garden, opened in 1939, covers 155 acres. It is open all year round. [103]

      The Virginia Zoological Park, opened in 1900, is a 65-acre (260,000 m 2 ) zoo with hundreds of animals on display, including the endangered Siberian tiger and the endangered white rhinoceros. [104]

      The city is also known for its “Mermaids on Parade,” a public art program launched in 2002 to place statues of mermaids throughout the city. Tourists can take a walking tour of the city center and find 17 mermaids, while others can be found further away. [105]

      Government

      575 9669

      0

      0EALS1010

      18,429

      1904

      0

      Results of presidential elections [106]
      Year 9097 Republic3

      3 German 0667 71.0% 62,819 0.9% 813
      2004 37.4% 26,401 61.7% 43,518 0. 9% 651
      2000 35.4% 21,920 61.7% 38,221 2.9% 1,805
      1996 31.1% 18,693 62.6% 37,655 6.3% 3,776
      1992 32.4% 22,362 54.5% 37,602 13.1% 9,063
      1988 44.3% 30.538 54.8% 37.778
      48.2% 36,360 51.5% 38,913 0.3% 243
      1980 40.9% 27,506 52.3% 35,118 6.8% 4,576
      1976 39. 9% 28,099 55.8% 39,295 4.3% 3,008
      1972 58.0% 38,385 38.9% 25,737 3.2% 2,095
      1968 33.9% 22,302 43.3% 28,477 22.9% 15.050
      1964 620767 729
      1960 43.5% 17,174 55.8% 22,037 0.7% 262
      1956 54.0% 18,650 42.0670 0.2% 46
      1948 40.9% 7,556 50.8% 9,370 8.3% 1,534
      1944 29. 2% 4,958 70.7% 12,010 0.2% 28
      1940 24.4% 3,485 75.4% 10,783 0.3% 36
      1936 23.3% 3,229 76.3% 10,561 0.4% 59
      1932 32.7% 4,403 65.5% 8,814 1.9% 250
      1928 58.8% 8,392 41.2% 5,888
      1924 30.9% 2,447 63.9% 5,061 5.3% 416
      1920 28.4% 2,386 70.7% 5,953 0.9% 78
      1916 22. 4% 963 75.4% 3,234 2.2% 95
      1912 4.6% 195 83.7% 3,539 11.7% 494
      1908 30.1% 991 68.9% 2.271 0.9% 30
      667 83.1% 2,559 1.9% 60
      1900 36.8% 2,301 62.1% 3,883 0.9% 62
      1896 38.1% 1,995 58.6% 3,068 3.1% 166
      1892 28.5% 219 64.6% 495 6.7% 52
      1888 39. 7% 223 60.0% 337 0.1% 1
      1884 53.8% 2,795 46.1% 2,392 0.0% 0
      1880 40.7% 1,383 59.2% 2.012 0.0% 0

      Norfolk is an independent city with the districts and the city of Virginia, for example, the Social Services and the court system. Norfolk operates under a council manager form of government.

      The Government of the City of Norfolk consists of a City Council with representatives from seven districts serving in the legislative and oversight powers, as well as a popularly elected at-large mayor. The city manager serves as the head of the executive branch and oversees all city departments and the implementation of policies adopted by the Council. Citizens in each of the five districts elect one council representative each for a four-year term. There are two additional council members elected from two citywide “supervisors”. City Council meets at City Hall weekly [107] and as of May 2016 is composed of: Mayor Kenneth Cooper Alexander; Mamie Johnson Ward 3; Angelia Williams, Superward 7; Paul R. Riddick, Ward 4; Vice Mayor Dr. Teresa W. Whibley, Ward 2; Martin Thomas, Ward 1; Andria McClellan, Superward 6; Thomas R. Smigil, Jr. Ward 5. [107]

      List of Mayors of Norfolk, Virginia [108] [109]

      • Samuel Bush, 1736 (died in office) [110]
      • George Newton, 1736 etc.
      • John Hutchings, 1737 etc. [111]
      • John Taylor, 1739 etc.
      • Samuel Smith

      • Josiah Smith, 1741 etc.
      • John Fripp, 1744 etc.
      • Edward Pugh
      • Thomas Newton
      • John Tucker, 1748 etc.
      • Robert Tucker, 1749 etc.
      • Durham Hall
      • Wilson Newton, 1751 etc.
      • Christopher Perkins, 1752
      • George Abivon, 1754 et al.
      • Richard Kelsik
      • John Fripp
      • Paul Loyal, 1762 and others.
      • Archibald Campbell
      • Lewis Hanosphere
      • Maximilian Calvert, 1765 and other
      • James Taylor, 1766 etc.
      • Cornelius Calvert, 1768 etc.
      • Charles Thomas, 1770 etc.
      • Thomas Newton Jr., 1780 etc.
      • George Kelly, 1783 and 1788
      • Robert Taylor, 1784
      • Carey H. Hunsford
      • Benjamin Pollard, 1787
      • Robert Taylor, 1789 and 1793
      • John Bush
      • Kary H. Hansford
      • Thomas Newton Jr., 1792, etc.
      • John Ramzi
      • Setster
      • Samuel Mosley
      • George Loyal
      • Baylor Hill
      • John K. Reed
      • Seth Foster
      • John Cowper
      • William Vaughan
      • Thomas H. Parker
      • Miles King Sr. 1804 etc.
      • Luke Wheeler, 1805
      • Thomas H. Parker, 1806
      • Richard E. Lee, 1807
      • John E. Holt, 1808-1832, various non-consecutive years [112]
      • William Boswell Lamb, 1810, 1812, 1814, 1816 and 1823 [113]
      • John Tubb, 1818 etc.
      • Wright Southgate, 1819 etc.
      • George W. Camp
      • William A. Armistead
      • Issa00
      • S. Barro
      • George T. Cannon
      • Thomas Williamson
      • Giles B. Cooke
      • Miles King Jr. 1832
      • W. D. Delaney 1843
      • Simon C. Stubbs 1851 and others
      • 8530 Woodis , 1855 (died in office)

      • Ezra T. Summers
      • Finlay F. Ferguson
      • William Wilson Lamb, 1858-1863 [114]
      • William H. Brooks, 1863
      • James L. Belote, 1864
      • Thomas C. Tubb
      • John R. Ludlow, 1866, etc.
      • Francis DeCordy [115]
      • John B. Whitehead, 1870 etc.
      • John C. Tucker, 1876-1880
      • William Lamb, 1880-1886
      • Barton Myers, 1886-1888 [116]
      • Richard J. Banks, 1888-1890 [116]
      • E.M. Henry
      • Frank Morris
      • S. Marks
      • A.B. Cooke
      • Charles W. Pettit [117]
      • Wyndham R. Mayo, 1896-1898 and 1912-1918
      • C. Brooks Johnston, 1898-1901 [114]
      • Nathaniel Beeman, 1901. [114]
      • James Gregory Riddick, 1901-1912 [118]
      • Albert L. Roper, 1918-1924
      • S. Het Tyler, 1924-1932
      • E. Jeff Robertson
      • Philip H. Mason
      • S.L. Slover
      • W.R.L. Taylor, 1934-1938
      • John A. Gurkin
      • Joseph D. Wood, 1940-1944
      • James W. Reid
      • R. D. Cook
      • Pretlow Darden, 1949-1950
      • W. Fred Duckworth, 1950-1962 [119]
      • Roy Butler Martin Jr., 1962-1974
      • Irvin B. Hill, 1974-1976
      • Vincent J. Thomas, 1976-1984
      • Joseph A. Liaf
      • Mason Andrews, 1992-1994 [120]
      • Paul Fram, 1994-2016 [121]
      • Kenneth Cooper Alexander, 2016-

      City government has the infrastructure to build close working relationships with its citizens. Norfolk City Government provides services to the boroughs, including service centers and civic leagues that interact directly with City Council members. Such services include local history preservation, home recovery centers, relief programs, and a university that educates citizens on neighborhood cleanup, event planning, neighborhood leadership, and financial planning. [122] The Norfolk Police Department also supports neighborhood watch programs, including a citizen education academy, security system development, a youth police sports program, and business watch programs. [123]

      Norfolk also has a federal courthouse for the US District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. The Walter E. Hoffman United States Courthouse in Norfolk has four judges, four magistrates, and two bankruptcy judges. [124] In addition, Norfolk has its own borough general and county courts, which meet in the city centre. [125] Considered a Democratic stronghold.

      Norfolk is in Virginia’s 2nd congressional district served by US Representative Elaine Luria (Democrat) and in Virginia’s 3rd congressional district served by US Representative Robert S. Scott (Democrat).

      Education

      Main article: Education in Norfolk, Virginia

      Norfolk City Public Schools, the public school system, includes five high schools, eight high schools, 34 elementary schools, and nine specialty/preschools. In 2005 Norfolk Public Schools won $1 million. Broad Urban Education Award for demonstrating “the highest overall achievement and improvement in student achievement while narrowing the achievement gap for poor and minority students.” [126] The city was previously nominated in 2003 and 2004. There are also a number of private schools located in the city, the oldest of which, Norfolk Academy, was founded in 1728. Religious schools located in the city include St. Pius X Catholic School, Alliance Christian School, Christ the King School, Norfolk Christian Schools and Trinity Lutheran School. [127] The city is also home to the Governor’s School of the Arts which hosts performances and classes at the Wells Theatre.

      East Virginia School of Medicine Jones Institute of Reproductive Medicine

      Norfolk is home to three public universities and one private university. It also has a community college campus in the city center. Old Dominion University, founded as the Norfolk branch of the College of William and Mary in 1930, became an independent institution in 1962 and currently offers degrees in 68 undergraduate programs and 95 (60 masters / 35 doctoral) graduate programs. East Virginia School of Medicine, founded as a public medical school by neighboring jurisdictions in 1973, known for its research in the field of reproductive medicine [128] and is located in the largest medical complex in the region in the Ghent region. Norfolk State University Founded in 1935, is the largest HBCU in Virginia. Norfolk State offers degrees in a wide variety of liberal arts, social work, nursing, and engineering. [129] Virginia Wesleyan College is a small private liberal arts college and shares an eastern border with neighboring Virginia Beach. [130] Tidewater Community College offers two-year degrees and specialty programs and is located in the city center. In addition, several commercial schools operate in the city.

      Norfolk Public Library

      Norfolk Public Library, Virginia’s first public library, consists of one main library, two main libraries, nine branch libraries and a bookmobile. The library also has a local history and genealogy room, as well as 19th-century government documents. Libraries offer services such as computer labs, book reviews, tax forms, and online book clubs. [131]

      Media

      Norfolk Daily Virginia Pilot . His alternate papers include the (now defunct) Port Folio Weekly , the New Magazine and Manual , and the website AltDaily.com. Domestic Business serves the regional business community with local business news. [132]

      Local universities publish their own newspapers: Old Dominion University from Mace and Crown , Norfolk State University with Spartan Echo , and Virginia Wesleyan College with Marlin Chronicles . [132]

      Magazine Coastal Virginia is a bimonthly regional magazine for the Norfolk and Hampton Roads area. [133]

      Hampton Roads Times Online magazine for Norfolk and the Hampton Roads area.

      Norfolk is served by many radio stations on the AM and FM dials, with towers located around the Hampton Roads area. They cater to a wide variety of interests, including news, talking on the radio, and sports, as well as an eclectic mix of musical interests. [134]

      Norfolk is served by several television stations. Hampton Roads Designated Market Area (DMA) is the 42nd largest in the US with 712,790 homes (0.64% of the US total). [135] Major network TV channels WTKR 3 (CBS), WAVY-TV 10 (NBC), WVEC 13 (ABC), WGNT 27 (CW), WTVZ 33 (MyNetworkTV), WVBT 43 (Fox), and WPXV 49 ( Ionic TV). The Public Broadcasting Service station is WHRO-TV 15. Norfolk residents can also receive independent radio stations such as WSKY broadcast on channel 4 from the Outer Banks of North Carolina and WGBS-LD broadcast on channel 11 from the Hamptons.

      Several major motion pictures have been filmed in and around Norfolk, including Roller Coaster (filmed at the former Ocean View Amusement Park), Fur Seals , and Mission Impossible III (filmed in part at the Bridge Over Tunnel). Chesapeake Bay). [136]

      Central Radio controversy

      In 2010, the Norfolk Redevelopment and Housing Authority took ownership of Central Radio, a communications and engineering company, and other businesses and residential property through eminent domain and land ownership. Old Dominion University. Central Radio responded by putting up a 375-square-foot banner reading: “50 years on this street / 78 years in Norfolk / 100 workers / Threatened by eminent authorities!” The city authorities cited Central Radio for violating sign codes and ordered the banner to be removed.

      In 2013, the Virginia Supreme Court ruled that the city’s attempt to seize commercial property was illegal. [137] However, the US District Court ruled in favor of the city to remove the sign. In January 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit upheld the district court’s decision. In April 2015, the Institute of Justice asked the US Supreme Court to treat the case as a First Amendment free speech issue. [138]

      Infrastructure

      Transportation

      Main articles: Norfolk: Transportation and Hampton Roads Transit

      Hampton Roads Transit bus to Centara Hospital Norfolk

      Hampton Roads Bridge Tunnel

      Ferry to Portsmouth

      Norfolk is separated by its neighboring state highway network , bridges, tunnels, and bridge-tunnel complexes. Major east–west routes: Interstate 64, US Route 58 (Virginia Beach Boulevard), and US Route 60 (Ocean View Avenue). Major north-south routes: US Route 13 and US Route 460, also known as Granby Street. Other major roads in Norfolk include Newtown Road, Waterside Drive, Tidewater, and Military Highway. The Hampton Roads Beltway (I-64, I-264, I-464, and I-664) loops around Norfolk.

      Norfolk is primarily served by Norfolk International Airport (IATA: ORF , ICAO: CORF , FAA Cover: ORF ), currently the region’s largest commercial airport. The airport is located near the Chesapeake Bay, near the city limits crossing neighboring Virginia Beach. [139] Seven airlines provide non-stop flights to twenty-five destinations. ORF had 3,703,664 passengers who departed or landed at its facility and handled 68,778 through its facilities 934 pounds of cargo. [140] Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport also provides commercial air service for the Hampton Roads area. [141] NNWIA is also the only airport in the region with direct international flights as of February 2013. Chesapeake Regional Airport provides general aviation services and is located 5 miles (8. 0 km) from the city limits.

      Norfolk is served by Amtrak with its Northeast Regional Service via Norfolk Station, located in downtown Norfolk next to Harbor Park Stadium. The line runs west along the Norfolk South trail, paralleling the US Route 460 corridor to Petersburg, from there to Richmond and beyond. Richmond High-Speed ​​Rail The Northeast Corridor and the Southeast High-Speed ​​Rail Corridor are also under study. [142]

      Greyhound Line provides service from the central bus station in downtown Norfolk. [143]

      April 2007 saw the completion of a new $36 million Half Moone cruise terminal in the city center adjacent to the Nauticus Museum. the level of development is a permanent structure for various cruise lines and passengers wishing to depart from Norfolk. Previously, self-made structures were used for embarkation / disembarkation of passengers, cargo and crew. [69]

      The Inland Waterway runs through Norfolk. Norfolk also has extensive façades and port facilities on the navigable stretches of the river. Elizabeth River West and South Branches.

      Light rail, bus, ferry and paratransit services are provided by Hampton Roads Transit (HRT), a regional public transport system headquartered in the Hamptons. HRT buses operate on the Norfolk and South Hampton Roads, as well as on the peninsula all the way to Williamsburg. Other routes lead to Smithfield. The HRT ferry service connects the center of Norfolk with the Old Town of Portsmouth. [144] Additional services include the HOV express bus to Naval Station Norfolk, paratransit services, parking and driving areas, and the Norfolk Electric Cart which provides service to the city center. [145] V Light Rail Service started in August 2011. [146] Light Rail is the initial route running along southern Norfolk, starting at Newtown Road and passing through stations serving areas such as Norfolk State University and Harbor Park before passing through downtown Norfolk and stopping at the Hospital Centara Norfolk. [147] Hampton Roads Transportation, Inc. sends Norfolk Black and White Taxi, Norfolk Yellow Taxi and Norfolk Checker Cab.

      Utilities

      Water and sewer services are provided by the City Department of Housing. Norfolk receives its electricity from the Dominion Virginia Power which has local sources including the Chesapeake Energy Center (gas plant), coal-fired power plants in Chesapeake and Southampton County, and the Surry nuclear power plant. Norfolk-headquartered Virginia Natural Gas, a subsidiary of AGL Resources, distributes natural gas to the city from storage facilities in James City and Chesapeake County.

      Norfolk’s water quality has been ranked among the cleanest water systems in the United States and fourth best in the United States Men’s Health . [148] The city of Norfolk has a huge supply of clean fresh water. The city owns nine reservoirs: Whitehurst Lake, Little Creek Reservoir, Lawson Lake, Smith Lake, Wright Lake, Burnt Mills Lake, Western Branch Reservoir, Prince Lake, and Taylor Lake. [149] Tide water in Virginia has grown faster than fresh water. River water has always been salty and fresh groundwater is no longer available in most areas. Currently, water for the cities of Chesapeake and Virginia Beach is pumped from Lake Gaston (which crosses the border between Virginia and North Carolina) into the City of Norfolk’s reservoir system and then sent to the City of Chesapeake for treatment in the City of Chesapeake. Some of the Virginia Beach water is treated by the City of Norfolk at the Moores Bridges Water Treatment Plant and then piped to Virginia Beach. The pipeline is 76 miles (122 km) long and 60 inches (1500 mm) in diameter. In many ways, it follows the first right-of-way of an abandoned section of the Virginia Railroad. [150] It is capable of pumping 60 million gallons of water per day; Virginia Beach and Chesapeake are project partners. [151]

      The City provides wastewater treatment services to residents and transports wastewater to the Hampton Roads Regional Treatment Plant. [148]

      Public Health

      Norfolk Centara Hospital

      Due to its fame Portsmouth Naval Medical Center and Hampton VA Medical Center in Hampton, Norfolk, has played an important role in medicine. Norfolk is served by Centara Norfolk Hospital, Centara Lee Hospital, and Bon Secours DePaul Medical Center. The city is also home to the Children’s Hospital of the King’s Daughters and the Taylor Lake Respite Care Hospital. [152]

      Norfolk is home to the Eastern Virginia Medical School (EVMS), which is known for its expertise in diabetes, dermatology, and obstetrics. He gained international fame on March 1, 1980, when Dr. Georgina and Howard Jones opened the first [153] in vitro fertilization clinic in the US at EVMS. The country’s first in vitro test tube baby was born there in December 1981. [154]

      International Headquarters Operation Smile, a non-profit organization that specializes in the treatment of facial deformities in underprivileged children from around the world, is located in the city. [155]

      Physicians for Peace, [156] a non-profit organization dedicated to the education and training of medical professionals in developing countries, based in Norfolk.

      Notable people

      • Jimmy Archie, jazz trombonist of the 1920s-1960s.
      • Ella Josephine Baker, African American Civil and Human Rights Activist
      • Steve Bannon, Former Executive Chairman of Breitbart News and Former White House Chief Strategist for US President Donald Trump
      • Michael Basnight, NFL player
      • Zinn Beck, MLB infielder, run by Norfolk Tars in 1928
      • David S. Bill III, US Navy Rear Adm. blues singer
      • Elizabeth Jordan Carr, the first child in the United States conceived by in vitro fertilization, was born at Centara Norfolk Hospital in 1981.
      • William Harvey Carney soldier Medal of Honor recipient
      • Kam Chancellor, NFL security Seattle Seahawks
      • Clarence Clemons, saxophonist with Bruce Springsteen of the E Street Band
      • Michael Cuddier, professional baseball player
      • James Joseph Dresnok, American soldier who fled to North Korea after the Korean War.
      • Rob Estes, actor
      • Samuel Feis, inventor
      • Hap Farber, football player
      • Ryan Farish, musician, electronic producer
      • Florian-Ayala Fauna, artist, musician [157]
      • Joseph T. Fitzpatrick, Virginia State Senator
      • Stephen Furst, actor
      • Grant Gustin, actor, The Flash , Glee
      • Allan C. Hill, founder of the Great American Circus 07.9008 Jr., US Navy Chief of Chaplains
      • Jalyn Holmes, defensive round for the Minnesota Vikings. [158]
      • Louis Isaac Yaffe (1888–1950), magazine editor Virginia pilot , Pulitzer Prize winner
      • Nux James, second baseman in Negro League Baseball
      • Hester C. Jeffery, suffragette
      • Chris Jones, football player
      • Louise Venable Kyle, writer
      • Mary Lawson, All-American Women’s Professional Baseball League player
      • Luria Elaine
      • Member of the US House of Representatives from Virginia with the 2nd District, and former US Navy Commander.

      • Matt Mason, musician.
      • William Magee, plastic surgeon, founder of Operation Smile
      • Alex Marshall, journalist and author
      • Samuel Mason, Revolutionary War soldier and Outlaw American
      • James Michael McAdoo, basketball player at the University of North Carolina
      • John Mullan, Army officer and builder of Mullan Road
      • Lenda Murray, Professional bodybuilder IFBB
      • Barton Myers, Architect
      • Steven Newsom, arts and museum administrator [159]
      • Wayne Newton, singer and actor based in Las Vegas
      • Norfolk Four, four US Navy personnel stationed in Norfolk in 1997: Daniel Williams, Joseph J. Dick, Eric Wilson, and Derek Tice, and wrongfully convicted in 1999 and 2000 of rape/murder based on false confessions and sentenced to life imprisonment. They were released from prison in 2009 with a conditional pardon. The last sentences were overturned in 2016, and in 2017 the governor granted them a full pardon. Terry McAuliff. In December 2018, they received a settlement from the city and state.
      • Knotz, musician, hip-hop producer
      • Richard H. L. Page, one of the first African American delegates in Virginia
      • John Parker, abolitionist and inventor
      • Barbara Perry, actress
      • Huey Prince, composer and songwriter
      • Emmy Raver-Lampman, actress and singer
      • Leah Ray, singer and actress
      • Tim Reed, actor, WKRP in Cincinnati
      • Joseph Jenkins Roberts, first president of Liberia
      • American political scientist Larry Sabato
      • ED Schulz, American television and radio host
      • Ray Zikhorn, actress, Better call salt
      • Deborah Shelton, actress, Miss Virginia USA 1970, Miss USA 1970
      • John Wesley Shipp, actor, Flash 9000 9000
      • Bruce Smith, NFL defensive end for Buffalo Bills
      • Keely Smith, singer and musician
      • Joe Smith, former NBA basketball player
      • Joseph Sticky, Coast Guard VP
      • Margaret Sullavan, Oscar-nominated actress
      • Timbaland, musician, hip hop producer
      • Doris Eaton Travis, dancer and actress
      • Scott Travis, rock band drummer Racer X, Judas Priest, Wrestling and Thin Lizzy
      • Justin Upton, MLB outfielder for Detroit Tigers
      • Melvin Upton Jr. , MLB outfielder for Toronto Blue Jays

      • Gene Vincent, Rock and Roll Hall of Famer
      • Benjamin Watson, American Football hard end
      • Joe Weatherly, former NASCAR Driver
      • Pernell Whitaker, boxer, 1984 Olympic gold medalist, 4 division world champion.
      • Thomas Wilkins, symphony conductor
      • Patrick Wilson, Golden Globe and Emmy nominated
      • Harold G. Wren (1921-2016), dean of three law schools
      • David Wright, MLB third baseman for New York Mets
      • Jake E. Lee (1957), rock guitarist

      Twin Cities

      Norfolk has ten sister cities: [160]

      • Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan (1963)
      • Wilhelmshaven, Lower Saxony, Germany (1976) (largest military harbor and naval base in Germany)
      • (County) Norfolk (County, United Kingdom) 1986)
      • Toulon, France (1989) (largest military harbor in Europe)
      • Kaliningrad, Russia (1992)
      • Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (2006)
      • Cagayan de Oro, Philippines (2008) [161]
      • Tema, Ghana (2010)
      • Ningbo, Zhejiang, China (2012)
      • Kochi, Kerala, India (2010)

      See also

      • List of tallest buildings in Norfolk
      • List of famous people from Hampton Roads 07 (9H0008) Listings of Historic Places in Norfolk, Virginia
      • Norfolk Convention and Visitors Bureau
      • Norfolk Police Department
      • Geographic Portal
      • North America Portal
      • 9 Elson T. Elizaga Neglect of Our Ancient City Letter. Date of circulation 10: 2012

        External links

        • Official website
        • Norfolk Convention and Tourist Bureau
        • Historical Society Norfolka

        Norfolk, Viruzhinia – Norfolk, Virginia

        9000 listen ) NOR fuk ) an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. The 2020 census had a population of 238,005, making it the third most populous city in Virginia after neighboring Virginia Beach and Chesapeake and 94th largest city in the country. The city was founded in 1705 and is one of the oldest cities in the Hampton Roads metropolitan area and is considered the historical, urban, financial and cultural center of the region.

        Norfolk is in the center of the metropolitan area, surrounding a natural harbor at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. It is one of nine cities and seven counties that make up the Hampton Roads metro area, officially known as Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Virginia-NC MSA . The city is bordered to the west by the Elizabeth River and to the north by the Chesapeake Bay. It also shares land borders with the independent cities of Chesapeake to the south and Virginia Beach to the east.

        Because the city borders several bodies of water, Norfolk has many miles of waterfront and coastal property, including beaches in the Chesapeake Bay. Coastal zones are important for the economy. The largest naval base in the world, Naval Station Norfolk is located in Norfolk, along with one of the two headquarters of NATO Strategic Command. In addition, Norfolk is an important contributor to the Port of Virginia. It is home to Maersk Line, Limited, which operates the largest fleet of US-flagged ships in the world. However, this low-lying coastal infrastructure is also highly vulnerable to sea level rise, with water levels expected to rise by more than 5.5 feet by the end of the 21st century.

        The city has a long history as a military-strategic and transport hub, from where many railway lines started. It is connected with its neighbors by an extensive network of interstate highways, bridges, tunnels and three bridge-tunnel complexes.

        Contents

        • 1. History

          • 1.1 Colonial years
          • 1.2 nineteenth century
          • 1.3 20th century to present
        • 2 Geography

          • 2.1 Rise and fall of sea level
          • 2.2 Cityscape
          • 2.3 Surroundings
          • 2.4 Climate
        • 3 Demographics

          • 3.1 2020 Census
          • 3.2 2010 Census
        • 4 Economy

          • 4.1 Top employers
        • 5 Arts and culture
        • 6 sports
        • 7 Parks and recreation areas
        • 8 government
        • 9Education

          • 9.1 Norfolk Public Library
        • 10 media
        • 11 Infrastructure

          • 11.1 Transport
          • 11.2 Utilities
          • 11.3 Health care
        • 12 famous people
        • 13 sister cities
        • 14 See also
        • 15 notes
        • 16 links
        • 17 External links

        History

        Main articles: History of Norfolk, Virginia and Timeline of Norfolk, Virginia

        Colonial years

        In 1619, the governor of the colony of Virginia, Sir George Yeardley, included four jurisdictions, called cities, for the developed part of the colony. They formed the basis of colonial representative government in the newly created Citizens’ House. What would become Norfolk was placed under the administration of Elizabeth Chitty.

        In 1634 King Charles I reorganized the colony into a system of counties. The former Elizabeth Chitty became Elizabeth City Shire. After persuading 105 men to settle in the colony, Adam Thorogood (who had immigrated to Virginia in 1622 from King’s Lynn, Norfolk, England) received in 1636, through the system of chapter’s rights, a large allotment of land along the River Lynnhaven.

        When part of South Hampton Roads County was split off, Thorogood proposed his birthplace name for the newly formed New Norfolk County. A year later it was divided into two districts, Upper Norfolk and Lower Norfolk (the latter now incorporated into the city of Norfolk), largely on the recommendation of Thorugud. This area of ​​Virginia became known as a place of entrepreneurs, including people from the Virginia Company of London.

        Norfolk developed in the late seventeenth century when Fort Half Moon was built and 50 acres (200,000 m 2 ) were purchased from local natives of the Powhatan Confederacy in exchange for 10,000 pounds of tobacco. The House of Burgesses established the “City of the County of Lower Norfolk” in 1680. In 1691, the final subdivision of the county occurred when Lower Norfolk County split into Norfolk County (included in the modern cities of Norfolk, Chesapeake and part of Portsmouth). ) and Princess Anne County (present-day Virginia Beach).

        Norfolk was incorporated in 1705. In 1730, the Tobacco Inspectorate was located here. According to the Tobacco Products Inspection Law, the inspection was carried out on “in Norfolk Town, on the grounds of the fort, in the county of Norfolk; and at Kemps Landing, at Princess Anne, under one inspection.” In 1736 George II granted him a royal charter for the borough. By 1775, Norfolk had become the most prosperous city in Virginia, according to modern observers. It was an important port for the export of goods to the British Isles and beyond. Due in part to its merchants’ many trade links with other parts of the British Empire, Norfolk served as a strong base of Loyalist support at the start of the American Revolution. After fleeing the colonial capital of Williamsburg, Virginia’s royal governor John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore attempted to regain control of the colony from Norfolk. Dunmore won small victories in Norfolk but was soon driven out by the Virginia militia under Colonel Woodford. His departure ended over 168 years of British rule in Virginia.

        Cannonball lodged in the wall of St Paul’s Episcopal Church, fired by Lord Dunmore’s fleet during the Revolutionary War.

        On the first day of 1776, Lord Dunmore’s fleet of three ships bombarded the city of Norfolk for more than eight hours. The shooting, combined with fires started by the British and the common patriots, destroyed over 800 buildings, nearly two-thirds of the city. The following month, Patriot forces destroyed the remaining buildings for strategic reasons. Only the walls of St. Paul’s Episcopal Church survived the bombardment and subsequent fires. Cannonball from a bombardment (fired on “ Liverpool” ) remains in the wall of St. Paul’s Cathedral.

        Nineteenth century

        Norfolk, from Gosport, VA , New York Public Library.

        After rebuilding from the Revolutionary War fires, Norfolk and its people struggled to rebuild. In 1804, another serious fire on the city’s waterfront destroyed about 300 buildings, and the city suffered a severe economic decline. During the War of 1812 between America and Great Britain, Norfolk saw action between the American militia led by Richard Lawson and the British fleet. On July 13, 1813, a British landing force of 8 marines and 16 sailors landed on the beaches of Norfolk to build a well and draw water. Richard Lawson hid his militia company behind a harmless-looking sand hill. Richard Lawson and his militia set up an ambush, opening fire from their hiding place behind the Sandhills. The British landing force, which lost 3 Marines killed, surrendered. Richard Lawson, with no one killed, ordered his militia to destroy the British boat, take all the provisions, and take the copper cannon. The American militia under Lawson returned to the city with their prisoners. During the 1820s, agrarian communities in the American South experienced a protracted decline that caused many families to migrate to other areas. Many moved west to the Piedmont or further to Kentucky and Tennessee. This migration also followed soil depletion from growing tobacco in Tidewater, where it was the main cash crop for generations.

        Virginia made some attempts to phase out slavery, and in the two decades after the war, the number of people freed from slavery increased. Thomas Jefferson Randolph secured the passage of an 1832 resolution to gradually abolish the death penalty in the state. By then, however, increased demand from settlers from the lower Southern states had created a large domestic market for slavery. The invention of the cotton gin in the late eighteenth century made it profitable to grow short-staple cotton in the uplands, which was widely practiced.

        Joseph Jenkins Roberts, born and raised in Norfolk, became the first President of Liberia.

        The American Colonization Society offered to “repatriate” free blacks and freed slaves to Africa by founding the new colony of Liberia and paying for transportation. But most African Americans wanted to stay in their homeland, the United States, and achieve freedom and rights there. For a time, many emigrants to Liberia from Virginia and North Carolina departed from the port of Norfolk. Joseph Jenkins Roberts, a free colored native of Norfolk, emigrated through the American Colonization Society and was later elected Liberia’s first president, creating a powerful family.

        On June 7, 1855, the 183-foot ship Benjamin Franklin arrived at Hampton Roads for repairs. The ship had just sailed from the West Indies where there was an outbreak of yellow fever. The port health officer ordered the ship to be quarantined. Eleven days later, a second check revealed no problems, so he was allowed to moor. A few days later, the first cases of yellow fever were discovered in Norfolk, and on July 8, the engine driver died of the disease. By August, several people were dying a day, and a third of the city’s population fled in the hope of avoiding an epidemic. No one understood how the disease was transmitted. Since both Norfolk and Portsmouth were infected, New York banned all traffic from those sites. Neighboring towns have also banned Norfolk residents. The epidemic spread through the city through mosquitoes and poor sanitation, affecting every family and causing widespread panic. In September, the number of infected people reached 5,000, and by the second week, 1,500 people had died in Norfolk and Portsmouth. As the weather cooled, the outbreak began to subside, resulting in about 3,200 deaths. The city took some time to recover.

        In early 1861, the electors of Norfolk instructed their delegate to vote for secession. Virginia voted to secede from the Union. In the spring of 1862, the Battle of Hampton Roads took place off the northwest coast of the city’s Sewells Point peninsula, the first battle between two ironclads, USS Monitor and CSS Virginia . The battle ended in a stalemate but turned the tide of naval warfare; since then, warships have been reinforced with metal.

        In May 1862 Norfolk Mayor William Lamb surrendered the city to Union General John E. Wool and his troops. They kept the city under martial law for the duration of the Civil War. Thousands of slaves from this region fled to Union lines to gain their freedom; they quickly opened schools in Norfolk to begin learning to read and write, years before the end of the war.

        20th century to introduce

        1907 brought the Virginia Railroad and the Jamestown Exposition at Sewell’s Point. A large naval parade at the exhibition showcased the advantageous location of the peninsula and laid the foundation for the world’s largest naval base. Southern Democrats in Congress have settled here. To commemorate the tercentenary of the founding of Jamestown, the exhibit was attended by many prominent figures, including President Theodore Roosevelt, members of Congress and diplomats from twenty-one countries. K 1917, when the United States was preparing to enter the First World War, the Hampton Roads Naval Air Station was built on the territory of the former exhibition site.

        In the first half of the twentieth century, the city of Norfolk expanded its borders through annexation. In 1906, the city annexed the incorporated city of Berkeley, causing the city to cross the Elizabeth River. In 1923, the city expanded to include Sewell’s Point, Willoughby Spit, the city of Campostella, and the Ocean View area. The city included a naval base and miles of beach overlooking Hampton Roads and the Chesapeake Bay. After a small annexation in 1959 and a land swap with Virginia Beach in 1988, the city accepted its current boundaries.

        With the advent of the interstate highway system after World War II, new highways were built in the region. A series of bridges and tunnels built over the course of fifteen years linked Norfolk to the Peninsula, Portsmouth, and Virginia Beach. In 1952 a tunnel was opened in the city center which connected Norfolk with the city of Portsmouth. The highways also spurred the development of new residential suburbs, which led to the dispersal of the population. Additional bridges and tunnels included the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel at 1957, the Midtown Tunnel in 1962, and the Virginia Beach-Norfolk Expressway (Interstate 264 and State Route 44) in 1967. In 1991, a new downtown tunnel/Berkeley Bridge complex opened. a new system of multi-lane highways and interchanges connecting downtown Norfolk and Interstate 464 to downtown tunnel pipes.

        In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that segregated public schools were unconstitutional because the public system was supported by all taxpayers. He ordered integration, but Virginia pursued a policy of “mass resistance”. (At the time, most black citizens were still disenfranchised by the turn-of-the-century state constitution and discriminatory practices related to voter registration and elections.) The Virginia General Assembly banned public funding of integrated public schools.

        In 1958, the United States District Courts in Virginia first ordered the opening of schools based on racial integration. In response, Governor J. Lindsey Almond ordered the schools to close. The Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals declared the state law unconstitutional and ordered all public schools to be funded, whether integrated or not. About ten days later, Almond capitulated and asked the General Assembly to repeal several “mass resistance” laws. On September 1959, seventeen black children enrolled in six formerly segregated Norfolk Public Schools. Virginian-Pilot editor Lenoir Chambers spoke out against grassroots resistance and won the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing.

        With the emergence of new suburban developments, many white middle-class residents moved out of the city on the new highways, and Norfolk’s population declined, a pattern repeated in many cities in the post-war era, regardless of segregation problems. At the end of 19In the 1960s and early 1970s, the emergence of new suburban shopping malls, along with freeways, meant the collapse of the commercial corridor on Granby Street in the city center, located just a few blocks from the coast. The opening of malls and large malls has diverted retail business from Granby Street.

        Norfolk city leaders have begun the long journey of rebuilding their city core. While Granby Street fell into disrepair, Norfolk City officials focused on the waterfront and its collection of dilapidated piers and warehouses. Many obsolete shipping and storage facilities have been demolished. In their place, planners created a new boulevard, Waterside Drive, along which many of the high-rise buildings on the Norfolk skyline were erected. At 19In 1983, the City and The Rouse Company developed the Waterside Festival Market to draw people back to the waterfront and speed up further downtown redevelopment. Waterside was renovated in 2017. In addition, the Nauticus Maritime Museum and the USS Wisconsin are located in the coastal area. Other facilities opened in later years, including Harbor Park Baseball Stadium, home of the minor league Norfolk Tides Triple-A baseball team. 1995 Baseball America named the park the top facility in minor league baseball. Norfolk’s efforts to revitalize the city center have received recognition from economic circles and city planners across the country. The growth of downtown wealth has helped boost the city’s revenues and allowed the city to look to other areas.

        Geography

        Newport News, Hampton, Isle of Wight, Suffolk, Chesapeake, Portsmouth and Norfolk, from space, July 1996. Norfolk is located in the upper right quadrant; east is up.

        The city is located in the southeast corner of Virginia at the junction of the Elizabeth River and the Chesapeake Bay. The Hampton Roads Metropolitan Statistical Area (officially known as Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Virginia-North Carolina, MSA) is the 37th largest in the United States, with an estimated population of 1,716,624 in 2014. Area includes the Virginia cities of Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Poquoson, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Williamsburg and Gloucester Counties, Isle of Wight, James City, Matthews and York, and Carrituck and Gates Counties of North Carolina . The city of Norfolk is recognized as a central business district, and the coastal resort area of ​​Virginia Beach and Williamsburg are primarily centers of tourism. Virginia Beach is the most populous city in the MSA, although it functions more as a suburb. In addition, Norfolk is part of the Virginia-Beach-Norfolk, Virginia-North Carolina Combined Statistical Area, which includes the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Virginia-NC MSA, Elizabeth City, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area, and the Kill Hills -Devil. , North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area. The CSA is the 32nd largest in the country with an estimated population in 2013 of 1,810,266.

        In addition to extensive riverfront property, Norfolk has miles of bayfront resort property and beaches in communities
        Willoughby Sleep and Ocean View.

        Sea level rise and fall

        Population density and elevation in Virginia. Norfolk is particularly vulnerable to sea level rise.

        Being low-lying and largely surrounded by water, Norfolk is particularly vulnerable to climate change-driven sea level rise. In addition, the land on which it is built is slowly subsiding. Some areas already regularly flood at high tide, and in 2012 the city commissioned a study to figure out how to address this problem in the future: it reported that the cost of tackling a one-foot rise in sea levels would be about $1,000,000,000. Since then, scientists at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science estimated in 2013 that if current trends continue, sea levels in Norfolk will rise by 5 and 1/2 feet or more by the end of this century.

        Cityscape

        See also: List of tallest buildings in Norfolk, Virginia.

        Downtown Norfolk skyline overlooking the River Elizabeth

        When Norfolk was first settled, the houses were timber and frame, like most medieval English-style houses. These houses had wide chimneys and thatched roofs. A few decades after the city was first laid out in 1682, the Georgian architectural style popular at the time in the south was adopted. Brick was considered a more solid construction; the patterns were made by brickwork and Flemish bond. This style evolved to include projecting central pavilions, Palladian windows, rooftop balustrades, and two-story porticos. By 1740, houses, warehouses, shops, workshops and taverns began to line the streets of Norfolk.

        House near Ghent

        Norfolk was burnt down during the War of Independence. After the Revolution, Norfolk was rebuilt in the Federal style based on Roman ideals. Federal-style houses retained Georgian symmetry, although they had more ornate decoration to look like New World houses. Federal houses had features such as narrow side windows with a wide transom around the doorway, giant porticos, gable or flat roofs, and projecting niches in the outer walls. The rooms were oval, elliptical or octagonal. Few of these federal row houses survive today. Most of the buildings were wooden and of simple construction.

        Taylor-Whittle House (c. 1790), now occupied by the Norfolk-Virginia Beach Youth League and the Norfolk Historical Society.

        In the early nineteenth century, neoclassical architectural elements began to appear in Federal row houses, such as Ionic columns in porticoes and classical motifs over doorways and windows. Many Federal style row houses have been modernized with a Greek style front porch. Greek and Roman elements were integrated into public buildings such as the old town hall, the old Norfolk Academy and the customs house.

        Greek-style houses gave way to the Gothic Revival in the 1830s, which emphasized pointed arches, steep gable roofs, towers and traced windows. The Masonic Baptist Church and St. Mary’s Catholic Church are examples of the Gothic Revival. Italianate elements appeared in the 1840s, including domes, verandas, ornate brickwork or corner columns. Among the more ornate buildings in Norfolk, there were still simple wooden structures.

        Norfolk skyline across the Elizabeth River in 2021

        High-rise buildings were first built in the late nineteenth century when structures such as the current Commodore Maury Hotel and the Royster Building were built to form the original Norfolk skyline. Past styles were revived in the early years of the twentieth century. Bungalows and tenements became popular among the townspeople.

        As the Great Depression continued, Art Deco became a popular building style, as evidenced by the post office building in the city centre. Art Deco consisted of streamlined concrete clad in smooth stone or metal, terracotta, and glass and colored tile trim.

        Neighborhood

        See also: List of neighborhoods in Norfolk, Virginia

        Norfolk has many historic districts. Some areas, such as Berkeley, used to be cities and towns. Others such as Willoughby Spit and Ocean View have a long history associated with the Chesapeake Bay. Today, neighborhoods such as Downtown, Ghent and Fairmount Park have been transformed by the revitalization the city has undergone.

        Climate

        Description below is based on climate data for period 1991-2020 Norfolk has a humid subtropical climate and has a USDA hardiness zone of 8a. Spring arrives in March with warm days and cool nights, and by the end of May temperatures rise significantly, heralding warm summer days. Summers are consistently warm and humid, but the nearby Atlantic Ocean often has a small cooling effect during high daytime temperatures and a small warming effect during low nighttime temperatures (compared to areas farther inland). Thus, the temperature reaches 90 °F (32 °C) or higher averages 35 days per year, while 100 °F (37.8 °C) is rare, occurring in less than one-third of all years. On average, July is the warmest month, with an average normal temperature of 81.1 °F (27.3 °C). On average, July and August are the wettest months due to frequent summer thunderstorms. Rainfall remains high in August and September due to increased frequency of tropical activity (hurricanes and tropical storms) which can bring high winds and heavy rainfall. They usually hit Norfolk and only occasionally make landfall in the area; the period of greatest risk is from mid-August to the end of September. Autumn is characterized by mild to warm days and cooler nights. Winters in Norfolk are generally mild, with average winter days with lows near or slightly above freezing and highs in the 40s to mid-50s (8 to 13 °C). On average, the coldest month of the year is January, with a normal average temperature of 42.2 °F (5.7 °C). Snow falls sporadically, with an average winter accumulation of 6. 2 inches (15.7 cm). Norfolk’s record high was 105 °F (41 °C) on 7 August 19on 18 and 24 and 25 July 2010, and the record low was -3 °F (-19 °C) recorded on January 21, 1985.

        March

        Climate data for Norfolk International Airport, Virginia (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1874–present)

        Month Jan February Apr May June July Aug Sep October November December year
        Record high °F (°C) 84
        (29)
        82
        (28)
        92
        (33)
        97
        (36)
        100
        (38)
        102
        (39)
        105
        (41)
        105
        (41)
        100
        (38)
        95
        (35)
        86
        (30)
        82
        (28)
        105
        (41)
        Average maximum °F (°C) 72
        (22)
        74
        (23)
        81
        (27)
        87
        (31)
        92
        (33)
        96
        (36)
        98
        (37)
        95
        (35)
        92
        (33)
        86
        (30)
        79
        (26)
        73
        (23)
        99
        (37)
        Medium high °F (°C) 50. 7
        (10.4)
        53.4
        (11.9)
        60.1
        (15.6)
        70.0
        (21.1)
        77.4
        (25.2)
        85.2
        (29.6)
        89.4
        (31.9)
        86.9
        (30.5)
        81.4
        (27.4)
        72.3
        (22.4)
        62.1
        (16.7)
        54.7
        (12.6)
        70.3
        (21.3)
        Daily average °F (°C) 42.2
        (5.7)
        44.2
        (6.8)
        50.7
        (10.4)
        60.1
        (15.6)
        68.3
        (20.2)
        76.7
        (24.8)
        81.1
        (27.3)
        79.2
        (26.2)
        74.0
        (23.3)
        63.7
        (17.6)
        53.3
        (11.8)
        46.1
        (7.8)
        61.6
        (16.4)
        Medium low °F (°C) 33.6
        (0.9)
        35.1
        (1.7)
        41.3
        (5.2)
        50. 1
        (10.1)
        59.1
        (15.1)
        68.1
        (20.1)
        72.8
        (22.7)
        71.6
        (22.0)
        66.6
        (19.2)
        55.1
        (12.8)
        44.4
        (6.9)
        37.6
        (3.1)
        52.9
        (11.6)
        Average minimum °F (°C) 19
        (−7)
        22
        (−6)
        27
        (−3)
        37
        (3)
        47
        (8)
        56
        (13)
        65
        (18)
        64
        (18)
        56
        (13)
        40
        (4)
        30
        (−1)
        24
        (−4)
        17
        (−8)
        Record low °F (°C) −3
        (−19)
        2
        (−17)
        14
        (−10)
        23
        (−5)
        36
        (2)
        45
        (7)
        54
        (12)
        49
        (9)
        40
        (4)
        27
        (−3)
        17
        (−8)
        5
        (−15)
        −3
        (−19)
        Average precipitation in inches (mm) 3. 41
        (87)
        2.90
        (74)
        3.69
        (94)
        3.37
        (86)
        3.78
        (96)
        4.43
        (113)
        6.08
        (154)
        5.88
        (149)
        5.40
        (137)
        3.86
        (98)
        3.10
        (79)
        3.28
        (83)
        49.18
        (1249)
        Average snowfall in inches (cm) 3.2
        (8.1)
        1.5
        (3.8)
        0.4
        (1.0)
        0.0
        (0.0)
        0.0
        (0.0)
        0.0
        (0.0)
        0.0
        (0.0)
        0.0
        (0.0)
        0.0
        (0.0)
        0.0
        (0.0)
        0.0
        (0.0)
        1.1
        (2.8)
        6.2
        (16)
        Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.7 9.2 10.9 10.0 11.2 9.7 10. 6 10.2 9.4 7.7 8.9 9.9 118.4
        Average snow days (≥ 0.1 inches) 1.7 1.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 4.0
        Average relative humidity (%) 66.3 65.6 64.6 62.8 68.8 70.6 73.3 75.2 74.4 72.1 68.5 67.0 69.1
        Average dew point °F (°C) 27.9
        (-2.3)
        28.9
        (-1.7)
        35.8
        (2.1)
        43.2
        (6.2)
        54.5
        (12.5)
        63.1
        (17.3)
        68.2
        (20.1)
        68.0
        (20. 0)
        62.4
        (16.9)
        51.3
        (10.7)
        41.7
        (5.4)
        32.7
        (0.4)
        48.1
        (9.0)
        Average monthly hours of sunshine 171.5 175.2 229.3 252.8 271.7 280.1 278.3 260.4 231.4 208.3 175.7 160.4 2695.1
        Percentage of possible sunshine 56 58 62 64 62 64 62 62 62 60 57 53 61
        Average UV index 2 4 5 7 8 10 9 9 7 5 3 2 6
        Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity and sun, 1961-1990)
        .
        Source 2: Weather Atlas (UV).

        Demographics

        Historical population
        Census Pop. % ±
        1790 2959
        1800 6926 134.1%
        1810 9193 32.7%
        1820 8478 −7.8%
        1830 9814 15.8%
        1840 10 929 11.4%
        1850 14 326 31.1%
        1860 14 620 2.1%
        1870 19 229 31. 5%
        1880 21 966 14.2%
        1890 34 871 58.7%
        1900 46 624 33.7%
        1910 67 452 44.7%
        1920 115 777 71.6%
        1930 129 710 12.0%
        1940 144 335 11.3%
        1950 213 513 47.9%
        1960 305 872 43.3%
        1970 307 951 0.7%
        1980 266 979 −13.3%
        1990 261 229 −2.2%
        2000 234 403 −10. 3%
        2010 242 803 3.6%
        2020 238 005 −2.0%
        US Decennial Census
        1790-1960 1900-1990
        1990-2000
        [1] 2020

        2020 census

        City of Norfolk, Virginia – Demographic Profile
        ( NH = Non-Hispanic )
        Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
        White only (NH) 107 463 97 205 44.26% 40.84%
        Black or African American only (NH) 102 452 93 553 42.20% 39.31%
        Native American or Alaska Native (NH) only 935 832 0.39% 0.35%
        Asian only (NH) 7861 8828 3. 24% 3.71%
        Pacific Islander (NH) only 359 475 0.15% 0.20%
        Some other race only (NH) 471 1331 0.19% 0.56%
        Mixed Race / Multiracial (NH) 7118 12 651 2.93% 5.32%
        Hispanic or Latino (any race) 16 144 23 130 6.65% 9.72%
        General 242 803 238 005 100.00% 100.00%

        Note: The US Census lists Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Hispanics from racial categories and separates them into a separate category. Hispanic/Latino can be of any race.

        2010 Census

        Age distribution of Norfolk’s population

        As of the 2010 Census, there were 242,803 people, 86,210 households, and 51,898 families residing in the city. The population density was 90,671,4362.8,90,672 inhabitants per square mile (1,684.4 inhabitants per square kilometer). There were 94,416 housing units at an average density of 1,757.3 per square mile (678.5/km 2 ). The racial makeup of the city was 47.1% White, 43.1% African American, 0.5% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.2% from other races, and 3.6% % of two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.6% of the population. White non-Hispanics made up 44.3% of the population in 2010, up from 68.5% in 1970 year.

        There were 86,210 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female with no husband present, and 39.8% were not. families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 people and the average family size was 3.07 people.

        The age distribution was 24. 0% under the age of 18, 18.2% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The average age was 30 years. For every 100 women, there were 104.6 men. For every 100 women aged 18 and over, there were 104.8 men. This large gender imbalance is due to the military presence in the city, most notably Naval Station Norfolk.

        The median income for a household in the city was $31,815, and the median income for a family was $36,891. The median income for men was $25,848 versus $219$07 for women. The per capita income for the city was $17,372. About 15.5% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9% of those under the age of 18 and 13.2% of those aged 65 and over.

        In 2007 Norfolk had a total crime rate of 514.7 per 100,000 inhabitants. This was above the national average of 320.9 that year. In 2007, there were 48 homicides in the city, which is 21.1 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. Overall crime has decreased from 2000, when the city’s overall crime index was 546. 3. Norfolk’s highest homicide rate in the 21st century was in 2005, at 24.5 per 100,000 residents. In 2007, per 100,000 people in Norfolk, there were 21.1 murders, 42.6 rapes, 399.3 robberies, 381.3 assaults, 743.3 burglaries and 450.6 auto thefts. According to the 2008 Urban Crime Rankings by Congress Quarterly: Crime in Metropolitan America, Norfolk, Virginia was ranked the 87th most dangerous city with a population of over 75,000.

        Economy

        Main article: Economy of Norfolk, VA

        Norfolk, VA 2020 Product Treemap

        1888 A&P Market Place advertisement.

        Because Norfolk serves as the commercial and cultural center of the unusual geographic region of Hampton Roads (and in its political structure of independent cities), it can be difficult to separate the economic characteristics of Norfolk from those of the region as a whole.

        The waterways that almost completely surround the Hampton Roads area play an important role in the local economy. Due to its strategic location at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay, its sheltered deep water channels serve as a major trade artery for the import and export of goods from the Mid-Atlantic, Midwest and beyond.

        In addition to commercial activities, Hampton Roads is a major military center, especially for the US Navy, while Norfolk is home to Naval Station Norfolk, the world’s largest naval base. Located on the peninsula of Sewells Point, in the northwestern part of the city, the station is the headquarters of the US Naval Command (formerly known as the Atlantic Fleet), which has more than 62,000 troops, 75 ships and 132 aircraft. The base also serves as the headquarters for NATO Transformation Command.

        The region also plays an important role in defense contracts, especially in shipbuilding and ship repair for the City of Norfolk. Major private shipyards located in Norfolk or the Hampton Roads area include: Huntington Ingalls Industries (formerly Northrop Grumman Newport News) in Newport News, BAE Systems Norfolk Ship Repair, General Dynamics NASSCO Norfolk and Colonna’s Shipyard Inc. , and Norfolk Naval Navy USA. The shipyard is directly across from the Downtown Tunnel in Portsmouth. Most of the contracts performed by these shipyards are issued by the Navy, although private commercial repairs also take place. More than 35% of the gross regional product (which includes the entire Norfolk-Newport-News-Virginia Beach MSA) comes from defense spending, and that 75% of all regional growth since 2001 has come from increases in defense spending.

        View of Norfolk from Portsmouth.

        After the military industry, the region’s cargo ports are the second largest and most important industry for Hampton Roads and Norfolk in terms of economic impact. The headquarters of the Virginia Port Authority (VPA), headquartered in Norfolk, is owned by the Commonwealth of Virginia, which in turn owns and operates three major port facilities on Hampton Roads for bulk and container shipping. In Norfolk, Norfolk International Terminals (NIT) is one of these three facilities and is home to the largest and fastest container cranes in the world. Together, VPA’s three terminals handled a total of over 2 million TEUs and 475,000 tons of bulk cargo in 2006, making it the second busiest port on the East Coast of North America in terms of total cargo volume, behind the Port of New York and New York. Jersey.

        In addition to NIT, Norfolk is home to Lambert’s Point Docks, the largest coal handling facility in the Northern Hemisphere, with an annual throughput of approximately 48,000,000 tons. Bituminous coal is primarily mined in the Appalachians in West Virginia, West Virginia, and Kentucky. The coal is loaded onto trains and sent to the port, where it is offloaded onto large freighters and shipped to New England, Europe and Asia.

        Between 1925 and 2007, Ford Motor Company operated Norfolk Assembly, an Elizabeth River manufacturing facility that built Model-Ts, sedans and station wagons before making F-150 pickups. Before closing at the 2,800,000 sq. ft (260,000 m 2 )
        more than 2600 people worked.

        Dominion Square, headquarters of Dominion Enterprises.

        Most of the major shipping lines have a permanent presence in the region with some combination of sales, distribution and/or logistics offices, many of which are located in Norfolk. In addition, many major international shipping companies have chosen Norfolk as their North American headquarters. These companies are either located in the Norfolk World Trade Center building or have built buildings in the Lake Wright Executive Center office park. French firm CMA CGM, Israeli firm Zim Integrated Shipping Services and Maersk Line Limited, a subsidiary of the world’s largest shipping company AP Moller-Maersk Group, are headquartered in North America in Norfolk. Major companies headquartered in Norfolk include Norfolk Southern, Landmark Communications, Dominion Enterprises, FHC Health Systems (the parent company of ValueOptions), Portfolio Recovery Associates, and BlackHawk Products Group.

        Nauticus and USS Wisconsin

        Half Moone Cruise and Holiday Center

        Although Virginia Beach and Williamsburg have traditionally been centers of tourism in the region, the revival of downtown Norfolk and the construction of a cruise ship dock at the foot of the Nauticus in the city center has made tourism more and more an important part of the city’s economy. The number of cruise ship passengers visiting Norfolk increased from 50,000 in 2003 to 107,000 in 2004 and 2005. Also in April 2007, the city completed a $36 million state-of-the-art cruise ship terminal near the pier. Due in part to this construction, passenger numbers dropped to 70,000 in 2006 but are expected to rise to 90,000 in 2007 and higher in subsequent years. Unlike most cruise ship terminals, which are located in industrial areas, Norfolk’s downtown terminal has received positive reviews from both tourists and cruise lines, who enjoy its proximity to the city’s hotels, restaurants, shops and cultural institutions.

        Hampton Roads is home to four Fortune 500 companies. Representing food processing, transportation, retail and shipbuilding, these four companies are located in Smithfield, Norfolk, Chesapeake and Newport News.

        2013 Fortune 500 Corporation
        • 213 Smithfield Foods
        • 247 Norfolk South
        • 346 dollar tree
        • 380 Huntington Ingalls Industries

        Of the 130,000 people working in Norfolk, 26% live in the city and 74% commute. 37% of them come from Virginia Beach and 20% come from Chesapeake. Another 51,575 commute outdoors to work, with 35% going to Virginia Beach and 20% going to the Chesapeake.

        Top Employers

        USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) arrives at Naval Station Norfolk.

        According to a report released by the Virginia Employment Commission, the following are the top employers in Norfolk:

        # Employer
        1 US Department of Defense
        2 Centara Healthcare
        3 Norfolk City Public Schools
        4 City of Norfolk
        5 Old Dominion University
        6 Royal Daughters Children’s Hospital
        7 Eastern Virginia Medical School
        8 Portfolio recovery partners
        9 Anthem, OOO
        10 US Navy Exchange

        Arts & Culture

        Douglas MacArthur Statue

        Norfolk is the cultural center of the Hampton Roads region. In addition to museums, Norfolk is the main home to several major performing arts companies. Norfolk also hosts numerous annual festivals and parades, mostly at Town Point Park in the city centre.

        The Chrysler Art Museum, located in the Ghent area, is the main art museum in the region and is considered the 9th0767 New York Times best in the state. Of particular note is the extensive glass collection, Glass Studio, Moses Myers House 1792, c. 1794 Willoughby-Baylor House and American neoclassical marble sculptures. Since opening in 1933, the museum’s main building has been expanded six times to provide larger glass galleries, enough space for Impressionist and Baroque works, and more. Major improvements were completed in 2014 and today the museum has over 50 galleries, a restaurant and catering facilities.

        Nauticus (National Maritime Center)

        Nauticus, National Maritime Center, opened on the downtown waterfront in 1994. It features hands-on exhibits, interactive theatres, aquariums, high-definition digital films, and a wide range of educational programs. Since 2000, Nauticus has been home to the battleship USS Wisconsin , the last battleship built in the United States. He served briefly in World War II and later in the Korean and Gulf Wars.

        The MacArthur Memorial, located in the nineteenth century Norfolk Courthouse and City Hall in the city centre, contains the graves of General Douglas MacArthur and his wife, a museum and extensive research library, personal effects (including his famous corncob pipe) and a short film that guides chronicle of your life.

        People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is based in Norfolk.

        The Hermitage Foundation Museum, housed in an early 20th-century Tudor house on an area of ​​49000 m 2 , overlooking the Lafayette River, features an eclectic collection of Asian and Western art, including Chinese bronzes and ceramics, and Persian rugs. and ivory carving.

        Harrison Opera House

        Various bands perform regularly in Norfolk. The Virginia Opera was founded in Norfolk in 1974. Its artistic director since its inception has been Peter Mark, who conducted his 100th opera production for the 2008 Voice of America. Ghent region.

        The Virginia Stage Company, founded in 1968, is one of the country’s leading regional theaters and puts on a full season of performances at the Wells Theater in downtown. The company shares facilities with the Governor’s School of the Arts.

        The Virginia Symphony, founded in 1920 under the direction of Joanne Falletta, has been a regular fixture on the regional visual arts scene. Most performances in Norfolk take place at Chrysler Hall in the Scope complex in the city centre. The orchestra also provides musicians for many other performing arts organizations in the area.

        Large-scale concerts are held either at the Norfolk Scope or at the Ted Constant Meeting Center at ODU, while The Norva provides a more intimate atmosphere for smaller groups. Other cultural centers in Norfolk include the Attack Theatre, the Jeanne and George Roper Center for the Performing Arts (formerly Low State Theatre) and the Naro Expanded Cinema.

        The revival of downtown Norfolk has helped improve the cultural life of Hampton Roads. In particular, the lower part of Granby Street is home to a large number of clubs representing a wide range of musical interests and sophistication. The nearby Waterside Festival Market also continues to be a success as a nightclub and bar. Norfolk celebrates the rich ethnic diversity of its population with sights, sounds, sights and special events that pay tribute to the city’s longstanding multicultural heritage.

        Sports

        Harbor Park

        Main article: Sports in Norfolk, VA

        Norfolk is home to two of the highest level professional franchises in the state of Virginia: the Norfolk Tides play baseball in the International League and the Norfolk Admirals play ice hockey in ECHL.

        Norfolk has two universities with Division I sports teams, the Old Dominion Monarchs and the Norfolk State University Spartans, which play many sports including football, basketball and baseball.

        From 1970 to 1976, Norfolk served as the home ground (along with the Hamptons, Richmond, and Roanoke) for the now-defunct American Basketball Association (ABA) regional professional basketball team, the Virginia Squires. From 1970 to 1971, the Squires played their Norfolk home games at the Old Dominion University Fieldhouse. In November 1971, the Squires played their Norfolk home games at the new Norfolk Scope until the ABA team and league folded on May 1976 years old.

        In 1971, Norfolk built an entertainment and sports complex with Chrysler Hall and the 13,800-seat Norfolk Scope, located on the north side of downtown. The Norfolk Scope has served as the venue for major events including the 1974 American Basketball Association All-Star Game and the first and second NCAA Division I Women’s Basketball Championships (also known as the Women’s Final Four) in 1982 and 1983.

        Norfolk is also home to a football club
        Norfolk Blues Rugby.

        National Wrestling Alliance, Jim Crockett Promotions, World Championship Wrestling, and World Wrestling Entertainment have presented wrestling shows at the Norfolk Arena and Scope from the 1960s to the present day, with many of these being pay-per-view events. Six-time world heavyweight wrestling champion Lou Thesz lived in Norfolk and opened the Virginia Wrestling Academy in the city center in 1988.

        Parks and Recreation

        Norfolk Botanical Garden Canal

        Town Point Park in the city center hosts many annual events from early spring to late autumn. Harbourfest, the largest annual festival in the region, celebrated its 30th anniversary in 2006. Held on the first weekend in June, it celebrates the region’s proximity and attachment to water. A parade of sails (numerous tall sailing ships from all over the world line up and sail past the city center before mooring at the jetty), music concerts, regional cuisine and a large fireworks display light up this three-day festival. Bayou Boogaloo and the Cajun Food Festival, a celebration of Cajun people and culture, started small. Held in the third week of June, this three-day festival has become one of the largest in the region and, in addition to Cajun food, also features Cajun music. The Fourth of July US Independence Celebration in Norfolk includes spectacular fireworks and a special Navy re-enlistment ceremony. The Norfolk Jazz Festival, though smaller in comparison to some jazz festivals in the big cities, still attracts the country’s top jazz artists. It is held in August. The Town Point Virginia Wine Festival has been a showcase for wines made in Virginia and has been a growing success over the years. Virginia’s burgeoning wine industry became known both in the United States and internationally. The festival has grown along with the industry. Wines can be tasted and then purchased in bottles and/or cases directly from the winery’s kiosks. This event takes place on the third weekend of October. The second weekend of May also hosts the Spring Wine Festival. Nearby are the museum ship USS Wisconsin (BB-64) and Wisconsin Square.

        Ocean View’s annual St. Patrick’s Day Parade celebrates Ocean View’s rich Irish heritage.

        Virginia Zoo

        The Norfolk City Parks system has many parks and open spaces. The city has three beaches on the north shore in the Ocean View area. Five additional parks have picnic areas and playgrounds for children. The city also has several public swimming pools open to city residents.

        Norfolk Botanic Gardens, opened in 1939, is a 155-acre (0.6 km 2 ) botanical garden and arboretum located near Norfolk International Airport. It is open all year round.

        Opened in 1900, the Virginia Zoological Park is a 65-acre (260,000 m 2 ) zoo featuring hundreds of animals, including the critically endangered Siberian tiger and the critically endangered white rhinoceros.

        The city is also known for its “Mermaid Parade”, a public art program launched in 2002 to place mermaid statues throughout the city. Tourists can take a walking tour of the city center and spot 17 mermaids, and others can be found elsewhere.

        Government

        Presidential election results
        Year republican democratic Third parties
        2020 26. 1% 23,443 71.7% 64,440 2.2% 1998
        2016 25.9% 21,552 68.4% 57,023 5.8% 4810
        2012 26.6% 23,147 72.0% 62 687 1.4% 1,209
        2008 28.1% 24,814 71.0% 62 819 0.9% 813
        2004 37.4% 26,401 61.7% 43,518 0.9% 651
        2000 35.4% 21 920 61.7% 38,221 2.9% 1805
        1996 31.1% 18,693 62.6% 37,655 6.3% 3776
        1992 32. 4% 22,362 54.5% 37,602 13.1% 9063
        1988 44.3% 30,538 54.8% 37,778 0.8% 575
        1984 48.2% 36,360 51.5% 38,913 0.3% 243
        1980 40.9% 27,506 52.3% 35 118 6.8% 4,576
        1976 39.9% 28,099 55.8% 39,295 4.3% 3,008
        1972 58.0% 38,385 38.9% 25,737 3.2% 2095
        1968 33.9% 22,302 43.3% 28,477 22.9% 15,050
        1964 35. 8% 18,429 62.8% 32,388 1.4% 729
        1960 43.5% 17,174 55.8% 22,037 0.7% 262
        1956 54.0% 18650 42.2% 14,571 3.8% 1304
        1952 54.3% 14,166 45.5% 11,862 0.2% 46
        1948 40.9% 7556 50.8% 9,370 8.3% 1,534
        1944 29.2% 4958 70.7% 12,010 0.2% 28
        1940 24.4% 3,485 75.4% 10,783 0.3% 36
        1936 23. 3% 3,229 76.3% 10,561 0.4% 59
        1932 32.7% 4,403 65.5% 8,814 1.9% 250
        1928 58.8% 8,392 41.2% 5,888
        1924 30.9% 2447 63.9% 5061 5.3% 416
        1920 28.4% 2386 70.7% 5,953 0.9% 78
        1916 22.4% 963 75.4% 3 234 2.2% 95
        1912 4.6% 195 83.7% 3,539 11.7% 494
        1908 30. 1% 991 68.9% 2271 0.9% 30
        1904 27.2% 977 71.2% 2,559 1.7% 60
        1900 43.4% 3024 55.7% 3,883 0.9% 62
        1896 51.8% 3,475 45.7% 3068 2.5% 166
        1892 47.8% 2452 50.4% 2,587 1.8% 97
        1888 65.4% 3741 34.4% 1969 0.2% 23
        1884 54.9% 2913 45.1% 2392
        1880 50. 4% 2047 49.6% 2012

        Norfolk is an independent city with services provided by both counties and cities of Virginia, such as a sheriff, social services, and the judiciary. Norfolk has a council-manager form of government.

        The city government of Norfolk consists of a city council, which includes representatives from seven districts with legislative and supervisory functions, and a popularly elected mayor-at-large. The City Manager is the chief executive and oversees all city departments and the implementation of policies made by the Council. The citizens of each of the five districts elect one council representative for a four-year term. There are two other councilors elected from two citywide “supervisors”. The City Council meets weekly at City Hall and as of May 2016 consists of: Mayor Kenneth Cooper Alexander; Mamie Johnson, Ward 3; Angelia Williams, Superward 7; Paul R. Riddick, Ward 4; Vice Mayor Dr. Teresa W. Whibley, Ward 2; Martin Thomas, Ward 1; Andria McClellan, Superward 6; Thomas R. Smigel, Jr. Ward 5.

        List of mayors of Norfolk, Virginia

        • Samuel Bush, 1736 (died in office)
        • George Newton, 1736 etc.
        • John Hutchings, 1737 etc.
        • John Taylor, 1739 etc.
        • Samuel Smith
        • Josiah Smith, 1741 etc.
        • John Fripp, 1744 etc.
        • Edward Pugh
        • Thomas Newton
        • John Tucker, 1748 etc.
        • Robert Tucker, 1749etc.
        • Durham Hall
        • Wilson Newton, 1751 etc.
        • Christopher Perkins, 1752 etc.
        • George Abivon, 1754 etc.
        • Richard Kelsick
        • John Fripp
        • Paul Loyall, 1762 etc.
        • Archibald Campbell
        • Lewis Hansford
        • Maximilian Calvert, 1765 etc.
        • James Taylor, 1766 etc.
        • Cornelius Calvert, 1768 and others
        • Charles Thomas, 1770 etc.
        • Thomas Newton, Jr. , 1780 etc.
        • George Kelly, 1783 and 1788
        • Robert Taylor, 1784
        • Carey H. Hunsford
        • Benjamin Pollard, 1787
        • Robert Taylor, 1789 and 1793
        • John Bush
        • Carey H. Hunsford
        • Thomas Newton, Jr., 1792 etc.
        • John Ramsay
        • Seth Foster
        • Samuel Moseley
        • George Loyall
        • Baylor Hill
        • John C. Reid
        • Seth Foster
        • John Cooper
        • William Vaughan
        • Thomas H. Parker
        • Miles King Sr., 1804 etc.
        • Luke Wheeler, 1805
        • Thomas H. Parker, 1806
        • Richard E. Lee, 1807
        • John E. Holt, 1808–1832, various inconsistent years.
        • William Boswell Lamb, 1810, 1812, 1814, 1816 and 1823
        • John Tubb, 1818 etc.
        • Wright Southgate, 1819 etc.
        • George W. Camp
        • William A. Armistead
        • Isaac Talbot
        • Daniel S. Barro
        • George T. Cannon
        • Thomas Williamson
        • Giles B. Cook
        • Miles King Jr. 1832
        • W. D. Delany, 1843
        • Simon S. Stubbs, 1851 etc.
        • Hunter Woodis, 1853, 1855 (died in office)
        • Ezra T. Summers
        • Finley F. Ferguson
        • William Wilson Lamb, 1858-1863
        • William H. Brooks, 1863
        • James L. Belote, 1864
        • Thomas S. Tubb
        • John R. Ludlow, 1866 etc.
        • Francis DeCordy
        • John B. Whitehead, 1870 etc.
        • John S. Tucker, 1876-1880
        • William Lamb, 1880–1886
        • Barton Myers, 1886-1888
        • Richard G. Banks, 1888-1890
        • E. M. Henry
        • Frank Morris
        • S. Marks
        • E. B. Cook
        • Charles W. Pettit
        • Wyndham R. Mayo, 1896-1898 and 1912-1918
        • C. Brooks Johnston, 1898-1901
        • Nathaniel Beeman, 1901
        • James Gregory Riddick, 1901-1912
        • Albert L. Roper, 1918–1924
        • S. Het Tyler, 1924–1932
        • E. Jeff Robertson, 1932
        • Philip H. Mason, 1932–1933
        • S. L. Slover, 1933
        • WRL Taylor, 1934-1938
        • John A. Gurkin, 1938–1940.
        • Joseph D. Wood, 1940-1944.
        • James W. Reid, 1944-1946
        • R. D. Cook, 1946–1949
        • Pretlow Darden, 1949–1950
        • W. Fred Duckworth, 1950–1962
        • Roy Butler Martin, Jr. 1962–1974
        • Irvin B. Hill 1974-1976.
        • Vincent J. Thomas 1976-1984.
        • Joseph A. Leaf, 1984-1992
        • Mason Andrews, 1992–1994
        • Paul D. Fraim 1994-2016.
        • Kenneth Cooper Alexander, 2016-

        City government has the infrastructure to build close working relationships with citizens. Norfolk City Government provides services to the boroughs, including service centers and community leagues, which interact directly with City Council members. Such services include neighborhood history preservation, home rehabilitation centers, outreach programs, and a university that educates citizens on neighborhood cleanup, event planning, neighborhood leadership, and financial planning. The Norfolk Police Department also provides support to neighborhood watch programs including a citizen training academy, security systems development, a youth police sports program, and business watch programs.

        Norfolk also has a federal courthouse for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. The Walter E. Hoffman United States Courthouse in Norfolk has four judges, four justices of the peace, and two bankruptcy judges. In addition, Norfolk has its own county and county courts, which meet in the city centre. It is considered a Democratic stronghold.

        Norfolk is located in Virginia’s 2nd congressional district, served by US Representative Elaine Luria (Democrat), and in Virginia’s 3rd congressional district, served by US Representative Robert S. Scott (Democrat).

        Education

        Main article: Education in Norfolk, Virginia

        City of Norfolk Public Schools, the public school system, includes five high schools, eight high schools, 34 elementary schools, and nine specialty/preschools. In 2005, Norfolk Public Schools won the $1 million City Education Prize for demonstrating “greatest overall achievement and improvement in student achievement while closing the achievement gap for poor and minority students”. The city has previously been nominated in 2003 and 2004. The town is also home to a number of private schools, the oldest of which, Norfolk Academy, was founded in 1728. Religious schools located in the city include St. Pius X. Catholic School, Alliance Christian School, Christ the King School, Norfolk Christian Schools, and Trinity Lutheran School. The city is also home to the Governor’s School of the Arts, which hosts performances and classes at the Wells Theatre.

        Jones Institute of Reproductive Medicine at East Virginia School of Medicine

        Norfolk is home to three public universities and one private university. It also hosts a community college campus in the city center. Founded as the Norfolk Chapter of the College of William and Mary in 1930, Old Dominion University became an independent institution in 1962 and currently offers degrees in 68 undergraduate and 95 (60 masters/35 doctoral) graduate programs. East Virginia School of Medicine founded by neighboring jurisdictions in 1973 as a public medical school, known for its research in reproductive medicine and located in the region’s major medical complex in the Ghent region. Norfolk State University, founded in 1935, is the largest HBCU in Virginia. Norfolk State offers degrees in a wide variety of fields in the liberal arts, social work, nursing, and engineering. Virginia Wesleyan College is a small, private liberal arts college that borders the neighboring city of Virginia Beach to the east. Tidewater Community College offers two-year degree and specialized study programs and is located in the city center. In addition, several commercial schools operate in the city.

        Norfolk Public Library

        Norfolk Public Library, Virginia’s first public library, consists of one main library, two main libraries, nine branches and a book car. The library also has a local history and genealogy room, as well as government documents dating back to the 19th century. Libraries offer services such as computer labs, book reviews, tax forms, and online book clubs.

        media

        Norfolk daily called The Virginian-Pilot . His alternative papers include the (now defunct) Port Folio Weekly , New Journal and Guide and online AltDaily.com. Inside Business serves the regional business community with local business news.

        Local universities publish their own newspapers: Mace and Crown Old University –
        Dominion, The Spartan Echo Norfolk University and Marlin Chronicles Virginia Wesleyan College.

        Coastal Virginia Magazine is a bi-monthly regional magazine for Norfolk and the Hampton Roads area.

        Hampton Roads Times is the online magazine for Norfolk and the Hampton Roads area.

        Norfolk is served by many radio stations on the AM and FM bands and the towers are located in the Hampton Roads area. They cater to many different interests including news, talk radio and sports, as well as an eclectic mix of musical interests.

        Norfolk is served by several television stations. The Hampton Roads Special Market Area (DMA) is the 42nd largest in the US with 712,790 homes (0.64% of the total US area). Major network television affiliates include:

        Channel Call Sign Network(s) Website
        3 VTCR (CBS) http:wtkr.com/
        10 wavy (NBK) www.wavy.com
        13 VVEK (ABC) http:wvec.com/
        15 WHO (PBS) http:whro.org/
        27 RGNT (KV) https:wtkr.com/wgnt
        33 VTVZ (My TV network) http:mytvz. com
        43 VVBT (Fox) http:fox43tv.com
        49 WPXV-TV (ION Television) https:web.archive.org/web/20080215223141/http:ionline.tv

        Norfolk residents can also receive independent stations such as WSKY on channel 4 from the Outer Banks of North Carolina and WGBS-LD on channel 11 from the Hamptons. Norfolk is served by Cox Cable which provides LNC 5, the local 24/7 cable news network. DirecTV and Dish Network are also very popular as an alternative to cable television in Norfolk.

        Several major films have been filmed in and around Norfolk, including Rollercoaster (filmed at the former Ocean View amusement park), SEAL and Mission: Impossible III (partially filmed in the Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel).

        Infrastructure

        Transport

        Further information: Transport in Norfolk and Hampton Roads Transit.

        The city has a long history as a military-strategic and transport hub, from where many railway lines started. Norfolk was the terminus of the Atlantic and Danville Railroad in 1890 year. It is connected to its neighbors by an extensive network of interstate highways, bridges, tunnels, and three sets of tunnel bridges, which are the only bridge tunnels in the United States. The city was the headquarters of the Norfolk Southern Railway, one of the major Class I railroads in North America, before the company moved its headquarters to Atlanta, Georgia.

        Hampton Roads Transit Bus at Sentara Norfolk General Hospital

        Hampton Roads Bridge – Tunnel

        Ferry to Portsmouth

        Norfolk is connected to its neighbors by an extensive network of arterial and interstate highways, bridges, tunnels and bridge-tunnel complexes. The major east–west routes are Interstate 64, U.S. Route 58 (Virginia Beach Boulevard), and U.S. Route 60 (Ocean View Avenue). The main north-south routes are US Route 13 and US Route 460, also known as Granby Street. Other major roads in Norfolk include Newtown Road, Waterside Drive, Tidewater Drive and Military Highway. The Hampton Roads Beltway (I-64, I-264, I-464 and I-664) loops around Norfolk.

        Norfolk is primarily served by Norfolk International Airport (IATA: ORF , ICAO: KORF , FAA LID: ORF ), which is currently the region’s largest commercial airport. The airport is located near the Chesapeake Bay and also within the city limits bordering neighboring Virginia Beach. Seven airlines provide non-stop flights to twenty-five destinations. ORF had 3,703,664 passengers taking off or landing at its facility and 68,778 were handled through its facilities34 pounds of cargo. Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport also provides commercial air service to the Hampton Roads area. NNWIA is also the only airport in the region with direct international flights as of February 2013. Chesapeake Regional Airport provides general aviation services and is located 8.0 km from the city limits.

        Norfolk is served by Amtrak’s Northeast Regional Service via Norfolk Station located in downtown Norfolk adjacent to Harbor Park Stadium. The line runs west along Norfolk Southern, parallel to the US Route 460 corridor to Petersburg, from there to Richmond and beyond. High-speed rail links in Richmond to both the Northeast Corridor and the Southeast High-Speed ​​Rail Corridor are also being explored.

        Greyhound Lines operates from the central bus station in Norfolk city centre.

        April 2007 saw the completion of the new $36 million Half Moone Cruise Terminal in the city center adjacent to the Nauticus Museum, which provides a state of the art permanent structure for various cruise lines and passengers wishing to depart from Norfolk. Previously, makeshift facilities were used to pick up/drop off passengers, supplies, and crew.

        Coastal waterway runs through Norfolk. Norfolk also has extensive land and port facilities on the navigable sections of the western and southern arms of the Elizabeth River.

        Light rail, bus, ferry and paratransit services are provided by Hampton Roads Transit (HRT), a regional mass transit system headquartered in the Hamptons. HRT buses operate on the Norfolk and South Hampton roads, as well as across the peninsula all the way to Williamsburg. Other routes go to Smithfield. The HRT ferry service connects the center of Norfolk with the Old Town of Portsmouth. Additional services include the HOV Express Bus to Norfolk Naval Station, paratransit services, parking and ride parking, and a Norfolk electric trolley that serves downtown. The Tide light rail service began operations in August 2011. The Light Rail is the initial route running along southern Norfolk, starting at Newtown Road and passing through stations serving areas such as Norfolk State University and Harbor Park before passing through the heart of the city. downtown Norfolk and ends at Centara Norfolk General Hospital. Hampton Roads Transportation, Inc. sends black and white Norfolk taxis, yellow Norfolk taxis and Checker Norfolk taxis.

        Utilities

        Water and sewer services are provided by the City Department of Public Utilities. Norfolk receives electricity from Dominion Virginia Power, which has local sources including the Chesapeake Energy Center (gas-fired plant), coal-fired power plants in Chesapeake and Southampton County, and the Surry Nuclear Power Plant. Virginia Natural Gas, headquartered in Norfolk, a subsidiary of AGL Resources, supplies natural gas to the city from gas storage facilities in James City County and Chesapeake.

        Norfolk’s water quality has been rated as one of the cleanest water systems in the United States and ranked fourth in the United States by Men’s Health . The city of Norfolk has a huge supply of clean fresh water. The city owns nine reservoirs: Whitehurst Lake, Little Creek Reservoir, Lawson Lake, Smith Lake, Wright Lake, Burnt Mills Lake, Western Branch Reservoir, Prince Lake, and Taylor Lake. Virginia’s tidal water area has grown faster than local fresh water supplies. River water has always been salty, and fresh groundwater in most areas no longer exists. Currently, water for the cities of Chesapeake and Virginia Beach is pumped from Gaston Lake (which is on the Virginia-North Carolina border) to the City of Norfolk’s reservoir system and then sent to the City of Chesapeake for cleaning by the City of Chesapeake. Some of the Virginia Beach water is treated by the City of Norfolk at the Moores Bridges Water Treatment Plant and then piped to Virginia Beach. The pipeline is 76 miles (122 km) long and 60 inches (1500 mm) in diameter. Much of it follows the former right-of-way of an abandoned section of the Virginia Railroad. It is capable of pumping 60 million gallons of water per day; Virginia Beach and Chesapeake are project partners.

        The City provides wastewater treatment services to residents and transports wastewater to the Hampton Roads Sanitary District Regional Treatment Plant.

        Health

        Centara Norfolk General Hospital

        Due to the fame of Portsmouth Naval Medical Center and Virginia’s Hampton Medical Center in Hampton, Norfolk has played an important role in medicine. Norfolk is served by Centara Norfolk General Hospital, Centara Lee Hospital and Bon Secours DePaul Medical Center. The city is also home to the Royal Daughters Children’s Hospital and the Lake Taylor Transitional Care Hospital.

        Norfolk is home to the Eastern Virginia Medical School (EVMS), renowned for its expertise in diabetes, dermatology, and obstetrics. He gained international exposure on March 1, 1980 when Drs. Georgianna and Howard Jones opened the first in vitro fertilization clinic in the US at EVMS. Born here in December 1981
        the country’s first test-tube grown baby.

        The city is the international headquarters of the non-profit organization Operation Smile, which specializes in correcting facial deformities in underprivileged children around the world.

        Physicians for Peace, a non-profit organization that trains and educates health professionals in developing countries, is based in Norfolk.

        Famous people

        • Jimmy Archie, 1920s-1960s jazz trombonist.
        • Ella Josephine Baker, African American Civil and Human Rights Activist
        • Steve Bannon, former executive chairman of Breitbart News and former White House chief strategist under US President Donald Trump
        • Michael Busnight NFL Player
        • Zinn Beck, MLB infielder, ran the Norfolk Tars in 1928.
        • David S. Bill III, Rear Admiral, US Navy
        • Aline Elizabeth Black, African American Educator
        • Gary USA Bonds, R&B singer
        • Martha Haynes Butt (1833–1871), writer, suffragist
        • Elizabeth Jordan Carr, the first child in the United States conceived by in vitro fertilization, was born at Centara Norfolk General Hospital at 1981 year.
        • William Harvey Carney, soldier, Medal of Honor recipient
        • Cam Chancellor, Seattle Seahawks NFL guard
        • Clarence Clemons, saxophonist for Bruce Springsteen’s E Street Band
        • Matt Coleman III, Texas Longhorns College Basketball Player, NBA Player
        • Michael Cudder, professional baseball player
        • James Joseph Dresnok, American soldier who defected to North Korea after the Korean War.
        • Rob Estes, actor
        • Samuel Face, inventor of
        • Hap Farber, football player
        • Ryan Farish, musician, electronic producer
        • Florian-Ayala Fauna, artist, musician
        • Joseph T. Fitzpatrick, Virginia State Senator
        • Stephen Furst, actor
        • Grant Gustin, actor, The Flash , Glee
        • Blanche Hecht Consolvo Cariagi, singer, Italian countess
        • Allan S. Hill, founder of the Great American Circus
        • A. Byron Holderby, Jr., Chief of Chaplains, U.S. Navy
        • Jalyn Holmes, quarterback for Minnesota Vikings
        • Louis Isaac Jaffe (1888–1950), editorial page editor for Virginian-Pilot , Pulitzer Prize winner.
        • Nux James, second baseman in the Negro Baseball League
        • Hester S. Jeffrey, Suffragette
        • Chris Jones, football player
        • Louise Venable Kyle, Writer
        • Mary Lawson, All-American Women’s Professional Baseball League
        • Elaine Luria, Member of the United States House of Representatives from Virginia’s 2nd District and former Commander of the United States Navy.
        • Matt Mason, musician.
        • William Magee, plastic surgeon, founder of Operation Smile
        • Alex Marshall, journalist and writer
        • Robert E. Martinez, 8th Virginia Secretary of Transportation
        • Samuel Mason, Revolutionary War soldier and American outlaw
        • James Michael McAdoo, basketball player from the University of North Carolina
        • John Mullan, army officer and builder of the Mullan Road.
        • Lenda Murray, IFBB 9 Pro Bodybuilder0008

        • Turop Van Orman, film director
        • Barton Myers, Architect
        • Steven Newsome, Art Critic and Museum Administrator
        • Wayne Newton is a singer and actor based in Las Vegas.
        • Norfolk Four, four US Navy personnel stationed in Norfolk in 1997: Daniel Williams, Joseph J. Dick, Eric Wilson, and Derek Tice who were wrongfully convicted in 1999 and 2000 of rape/murder based on false confessions and sentenced to life. They were released from prison in 2009year under conditional pardon. The most recent convictions were overturned in 2016, and in 2017 they were granted a full pardon by Governor Terry McAuliffe. In December 2018, they received compensation from the city and state.
        • Knotz, musician, hip-hop producer
        • Richard G.L. Page, one of the first African-American delegates in Virginia.
        • John Parker, abolitionist and inventor
        • Barbara Perry, actress
        • Huey Prince, film composer and songwriter
        • Ray Platt, NASCAR
        • driver

        • Emmy Raver-Lampman, actress and singer
        • Leah Rae, singer and actress
        • Tim Reed, actor, WKRP in Cincinnati
        • Joseph Jenkins Roberts, first President of Liberia
        • Larry Sabato, American Political Scientist
        • Ed Schultz, American TV and radio host
        • Rhea Seehorn, actress, Better Call Saul
        • Deborah Shelton, actress, Miss Virginia USA 1970, Miss USA 1970
        • Lemuel S. Shepard, Jr. , General of the Marine Corps, Commandant of the Marine Corps, 1952-1955.
        • John Wesley Shipp, actor, The Flash
        • Bruce Smith, NFL quarterback for the Buffalo Bills
        • Keely Smith, singer and recording artist
        • Joe Smith, former NBA
        • basketball player

        • Joseph Sticka, Coast Guard Vice Admiral
        • Margaret Sullavan, Oscar-nominated actress.
        • Timbaland, musician, hip-hop producer
        • Doris Eaton Travis, dancer and actress
        • Scott Travis, drummer for rock bands Racer X, Judas Priest, Fight and Thin Lizzy
        • Justin Upton, MLB outfielder for the Detroit Tigers
        • Melvin Upton, Jr., Toronto Blue Jays Major League Baseball outfielder
        • Gene Vincent, member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
        • Benjamin Watson, American football tight end
        • Joe Weatherly, former NASCAR
        • driver

        • Pernell Whitaker, boxer, Olympic gold medalist 1984 years old, world champion in 4 weight categories.
        • Thomas Wilkins, symphony conductor
        • Patrick Wilson, Golden Globe and Emmy nominated actor
        • Harold G. Wren (1921-2016), dean of three law schools
        • David Wright, MLB third baseman for the New York Mets
        • Mark Williams, NBA player for the Charlotte Hornets, played college basketball for Duke University.
        • Jake E. Lee (1957), rock guitarist

        sister cities

        Norfolk’s Twin Cities:

        • Kitakyushu, Japan (1963)
        • Wilhelmshaven, Germany (1976)
        • Norfolk, England, UK (1986)
        • Toulon, France (1989)
        • Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (2006)
        • Cagayan de Oro, Philippines (2008)
        • Theme, Ghana (2010)
        • Kochi, India (2010)

        Former sister cities:

        • Kaliningrad, Russia (1992–2022)

        Wilhelmshaven is Germany’s largest military harbor and naval base, and Toulon is Europe’s largest military harbor.

        See also

        • Hunter House Victorian Museum
        • List of famous people from Hampton Roads (Norfolk)
        • List of tallest buildings in Norfolk
        • List of US cities with large black populations
        • National Register of Historic Places listings in Norfolk, Virginia
        • Norfolk Anti-Vaccination Riot of 1768
        • Norfolk Convention and Visitors Bureau
        • Norfolk Police Department
        • Norvell Heights

        Notes

        used literature

        external links

        • Official website
        • Norfolk Convention and Visitors Bureau
        • Norfolk Historical Society

        Portals :

        GeographyNorth AmericaUnited StatesVirginia

        Art. Frederick A. Praeger. 1961

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      • History of the United States of America. – New York: Ed. Frederick A. Praeger. 1961
      • http://vtoraya-literatura.com
      • en-RU
      • Nevins, Allan; Commager, Henry S.
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        xuS=oT1G].

    Kids r kids herrington: KIDS ‘R’ KIDS LEARNING ACADEMY OF LAWRENCEVILLE – 16 Photos & 11 Reviews – Preschools – 1122 Herrington Rd, Lawrenceville, GA – Phone Number

    Опубликовано: June 29, 2020 в 11:12 am

    Автор:

    Категории: Kid

    Kids ‘R’ Kids #36 | Preschool

    Kids ‘R’ Kids is a locally owned and operated franchise. We are very proud to provide the most innovative facilities and effective educational programs for children 6 weeks through 14 years of age.

    Our sincere love for children and strong belief that they should have a solid foundation, in combination with Kids ‘R’ Kids, the absolute leader in its industry, make the perfect choice for your family’s childcare needs. Our center consists of two buildings. Our preschool building is approximately 14,000 square feet with 11 classroom suites and a cafeteria. Our Activity Center for school age children has 3 classrooms, a cafeteria, an indoor gymnasium and a video arcade room. We have 6 large play areas separated for different age groups.

    At Kids ‘R’ Kids we share a common desire with parents, which is to provide the absolute best for the children. Our high quality teachers, creative and fun educational programs and of course our state of the art facility make us stand high above our competitors.

    Please read through our information, if you have any additional questions feel free to contact us.

    We love children and are dedicated to making our school a great success. Our door is always open for parents to come and discuss their needs, ask questions, give suggestions and comments. We encourage you to come take a tour and meet the staff. We are confident that you will agree with us that this is the best environment for your child!

    Services Provided: Accepts Subsidies, Transport to/from School, Summer Care, CACFP/SFSP


    Child Ages:
    6 weeks – 14 years
    Licenses & Accreditations:
    Georgia Department of Early Care and Learning
    Vouchers:
    This provider accepts vouchers
    Preschool:
    Yes
    Hours of Operation:
    Months of Operation: Year Round
    Days of Operation: M-F
    Hours of Operation: 6:15 AM – 6:30 PM

    Our theme based, age appropriate curriculum in combination with our uniquely designed learning centers enable your child to master Core Components needed for early development. The Kids R Kids curriculum provides teachers with themes and sample lesson plans. According to NAEYC (National Association for the Education of Young Children), a child has five core components of development: socio-emotional, language, cognitive, physical, and aesthetic.

    For the youngest children (infants and one-year-olds), the Active Learning Series, a well-known curriculum, has proven to be a successful learning tool. All activities are age appropriate and assist in achieving developmental milestones. Activities are carefully chosen to meet the needs of each child. In order for parents to extend learning in the home, daily activities are posted in the classroom for review. Sign language is introduced at this level to help children communicate their needs as they work toward developing their verbal skills. In our clean, child-centered environment, each child is given plenty of attention, thus promoting ultimate mental and physical growth.

    For our preschoolers, ages 2 – 4, Kids R Kids offers a core curriculum comprised of weekly units that support and extend monthly themes. Each unit is filled with activities designed to meet the needs of all types of learners. Daily group times and enrichments are designed to expand a childs vocabulary and knowledge of the world around them. Various activities at each learning station support the theme based lesson. Kids R Kids also enriches its curriculum through music, which is professionally written and recorded to reinforce concepts. In addition to the core units, supplemental units are provided on a quarterly basis. Weekly lesson plans are posted to keep parents informed about their childs learning experience at Kids R Kids.

    Children attending kindergarten through fifth grade benefit from a variety of curriculum materials written especially for after school hours, holiday breaks and summer camp. Each month, idea calendars, with relevant daily activities, are provided. These calendars encourage children to initiate activities with the support of the teacher. They are designed to be open-ended to inspire children to use their creativity while exploring the topic. During school breaks, weeklong, theme-based units are supplied. These include group time topics, art activities, and suggestions to enrich classroom zones. Time spent in the Nova, Media, Discovery, Construction, and Open Air Zones provide children with the opportunity to explore themes in a wide variety of ways. Each summer, campers participate in a ten-week super summer adventure. Children involved in the Kids R Kids Summer Program have the opportunity to take a virtual vacation to many fascinating places while learning fun facts and interesting information about our country and the world.

    By providing an educational environment, Kids R Kids is able to implement learning objectives supported by national teacher organizations. By creating a warm, loving atmosphere, Kids R Kids is able to support learning in a safe setting, inspiring children to become life-long learners.

    Kids R Kids 1122 Herrington Rd, Lawrenceville, GA 30044

    Kids R Kids 1122 Herrington Rd, Lawrenceville, GA 30044 – YP. com

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