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Albany schenectady troy ny: Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY | Data USA

Опубликовано: August 31, 2021 в 11:12 am


Категории: Miscellaneous

Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY | Data USA

Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)









Housing & Living


In 2020, Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY had a population of 881k people with a median age of 40.2 and a median household income of $72,810. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY grew from 880,736 to 880,766, a 0.00341% increase and its median household income grew from $71,285 to $72,810, a 2.14% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY are White (Non-Hispanic) (79%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (7.21%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.41%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.38%), and White (Hispanic) (2.67%).

None of the households in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.4% of the residents in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY are SUNY at Albany (5,189 degrees awarded in 2020), Excelsior College (5,022 degrees), and SUNY Empire State College (2,838 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY was $221,200, and the homeownership rate was 63.5%. Most people in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY was 2 cars per household.

Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY borders Amsterdam, NY, Bennington, VT, Glens Falls, NY, Gloversville, NY, Hudson, NY, Oneonta, NY, and Pittsfield, MA.

About the photo: Albany, NY

cameraPhoto by Paul Sableman

Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY is home to a population of 881k people, from which 96. 4% are citizens. As of 2020, 8.35% of Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY residents were born outside of the country (73.5k people).

In 2020, there were 11 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (696k people) in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 63.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 38.9k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

In 2020, there were 11 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (696k people) in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 63.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 38.9k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.36% of the people in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY are hispanic (47.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

As of 2020, 8. 35% of Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY residents (73.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY was 8.19%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY compared to that of it’s neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

In 2020, the median age of all people in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY was 40.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY residents was 40.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New York.

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 495,720 New York residents, followed by China with 408,272 and Jamaica with 227,326.

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As of 2020, 96.4% of Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY was 96.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY compared to that of it’s neighboring and parent geographies.

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Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.06 times greater than any other conflict.

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Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New York. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

Y-AxisDaily New CasesConfirmed CasesConfirmed Cases per CapitaDeathsDeaths per CapitaTestsHospitalizations

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New York, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

Y-AxisMonthly Employees (Non-Seasonally Adjusted)Monthly Growth (Year-over-Year)

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in New York. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New York.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New York across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Median household income in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY is $72,810. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY was Nassau County, NY with a value of $120,036, followed by Putnam County, NY and Suffolk County, NY, with respective values of $107,246 and $105,362.

Males in New York have an average income that is 1.28 times higher than the average income of females, which is $66,479. The income inequality in New York (measured using the Gini index) is 0.494, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY employs 449k people. The largest industries in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (68,824 people), Educational Services (52,185 people), and Retail Trade (46,331 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($78,834), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($76,773), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($73,043).

Median Household Income

Households in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY have a median annual income of $72,810, which is more than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $71,285 in 2019, which represents a 2.14% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New York.

In 2020, full-time male employees in New York made 1.28 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New York.

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.02 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in New York.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY is from New York.

In 2020, the income inequality in New York was 0.494 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.645% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/EthnicityTotalWhiteBlackNative AmericanAsianOtherTwo Or MoreWhite Non-HispanicHispanic

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY was Nassau County, NY with a value of $120,036, followed by Putnam County, NY and Suffolk County, NY, with respective values of $107,246 and $105,362.

The following map shows all of the counties in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

10.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY (85.7k out of 850k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 – 24, followed by Females 25 – 34 and then Males 18 – 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family’s total income is less than the family’s threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family’s total income is less than the family’s threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Employment by Occupations

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY declined at a rate of −0.148%, from 450k employees to 449k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (57,595 people), Management Occupations (46,575 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (41,012 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (57,595 people), Management Occupations (46,575 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (41,012 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.57 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.5 times), and Legal Occupations (1.44 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($84,617), Legal Occupations ($81,547), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($80,288).

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Employment by Industries

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY declined at a rate of −0. 148%, from 450k employees to 449k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (68,824 people), Educational Services (52,185 people), and Retail Trade (46,331 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY, though some of these residents may live in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (68,824 people), Educational Services (52,185 people), and Retail Trade (46,331 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2. 11 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.25 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.13 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($78,834), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($76,773), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($73,043).

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Domestic Production in DollarsDomestic Production in TonnageDomestic Consumption in DollarsDomestic Consumption in Tonnage

In 2020, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Misc. mfg. prods. with $140B, followed by Electronics ($74.5B) and Mixed freight ($67.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York.

Domestic Production in DollarsDomestic Production in TonnageDomestic Consumption in DollarsDomestic Consumption in Tonnage

In 2020, total outbound New York trade was $818B. This is expected to increase 98% to $1.62T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Domestic Production in DollarsDomestic Production in TonnageDomestic Consumption in DollarsDomestic Consumption in Tonnage

In 2020, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $67. 2B, followed by Pennsylvania with $49.9B and California and $31.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New York went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 60.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (37.5%), followed by Other (0.813%). The most partisan county was New York County, NY with 86% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing the state of New York. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New York is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote Over Time

Voting results are not available for Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY. Showing the available data for New York.

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New York went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 60.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (37.5%), followed by Other (0.813%).

The following chart shows the popular vote results in New York for each registered party from 1976 to 2020.

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Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of New York.

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in New York was New York County, NY with 86% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in New York colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from New York

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing New York.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New York over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New York

New York is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New York have changed over time starting in 2008.

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In 2020, universities in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY awarded 24,866 degrees. The student population of Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY is skewed towards women, with 41,917 male students and 50,508 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY are White (15,051 and 63.5%), followed by Black or African American (2,870 and 12.1%), Hispanic or Latino (2,447 and 10.3%), and Asian (1,318 and 5.56%).

The largest universities in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY by number of degrees awarded are SUNY at Albany (5,189 and 20.9%), Excelsior College (5,022 and 20.2%), and SUNY Empire State College (2,838 and 11.4%).

The most popular majors in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY are Registered Nursing (1,793 and 7.21%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,763 and 7.09%), and General Business Administration & Management (1,557 and 6.26%).

The median tuition costs in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY are $37,660 for private four year colleges, and $7,070 and $16,980 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.


1 to 2 Year Postsecondary CertificateAssociates Degree2 to 4 Year Postsecondary CertificateBachelors DegreePostbaccalaureate CertificateMasters DegreePost-Masters CertificateResearch DoctorateProfessional DoctorateOther Doctorate

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY was General Business Administration & Management with 774 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY according to their major.

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In 2020, the Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was SUNY at Albany with 5,189 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

In 2020, 10,674 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY, which is 0.752 times less than the 14,192 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the top 5 institutions in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY was White students. These 15,051 degrees mean that there were 5.24 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,870 degrees awarded.

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The median property value in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY was $221,200 in 2020, which is 0.963 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $213,600 to $221,200, a 3.56% increase. The homeownership rate in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY is 63.5%, which is lower than the national average of 64.4%. People in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY have an average commute time of 23.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Property Value

In 2020, the median property value in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY grew to to $221,200 from the previous year’s value of $213,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY compared to it’s parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k – $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

In 2020, the median household income of the 360k households in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY grew to $72,810 from the previous year’s value of $71,285.

The following chart displays the households in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k – $100k range.

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Property Taxes

This chart shows the households in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

In 2020, 63.5% of the housing units in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year’s rate of 63.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY compared it’s parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

Using averages, employees in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY have a shorter commute time (23. 3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.48% of the workforce in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY have “super commutes” in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY compares to that of it’s neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

In 2020, 77.7% of workers in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.78%) and those who worked at home (6.85%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Car Ownership

The following chart displays the households in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY have 2 cars, followed by false.

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96.7% of the population of Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY has health coverage, with 55.4% on employee plans, 15.3% on Medicaid, 13.2% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.14% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New York was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in New York see 1194 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.05% decrease from the previous year (1219 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1174 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 329 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Orleans County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.7%). Additionally, Chenango County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

Patient to Primary Care Physician RatioPatient to Dentist RatioPatient to Mental Health Provider RatioOther Primary Care Providers

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,194 patients per year. This represents a 2.05% decrease from the previous year (1,219 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

Adults With Major Depressive EpisodeAdults With Serious Mental IllnessOpioid Overdose Death RateSubstance Use Disorder Among Adolescents and Adults (Age 12+)Drug Overdose Death RateExcessive Drinking

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Adults Who Haven’t Seen a Doctor in the Past 12 Months Due to CostMental Health Service Use Among Adults With Mental Illness30-Day Hospital Readmission Rate Among Medicare PatientsAdult Hospice Patients Who Received Care Consistent With Their End-Of-Life Wishes

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven’t seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven’t seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY declined by 7.34% from 3.51% to 3.26%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

DiabetesAdult ObesityHIV DiagnosesSexually Transmitted InfectionsAdult SmokingAlcohol-Impaired Driving DeathsMotor Vehicle Crash DeathsHomicidesViolent Crimes

Orleans County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 15. 7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Keep Exploring

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Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Economy at a Glance



  • D.C.
  • IOWA
  • OHIO
  • UTAH

Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Data Series Back

Labor Force Data

Civilian Labor Force(1)

452.1 453.1 458.5 460.6 (p)459.2  


437. 1 441.0 446.2 447.1 (p)444.4  


15.0 12.1 12.3 13.5 (p)14.9 r.1.3 eag_ny_albany_msa.h.1.8″> 

Unemployment Rate(2)

3.3 2.7 2.7 2.9 (p)3.2  

Nonfarm Wage and Salary Employment

Total Nonfarm(3)

r.3 eag_ny_albany_msa.h.1.3″>450.3 454.9 458.4 460.5 454.5 (p)453.9

12-month % change

3.2 2.6 2.6 3.3 2. 7 (p)2.6

Mining, Logging, and Construction(3)

18.6 19.8 20.6 20.7 21.2 (p)20.7

12-month % change

3. 9 0.0 0.0 -1.0 -0.5 (p)-2.4


26.2 25.9 26.1 26.0 26.1 h.1.8″>(p)25.9

12-month % change

2.3 0.4 1.6 0.0 0.0 (p)-0.4

Trade, Transportation, and Utilities(3)

74.2 h.1.4″>73.5 73.8 75.1 74.5 (p)74.5

12-month % change

4.8 3.7 2.9 3.7 3.3 (p)2.6


7.4 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.6 (p)7.5

12-month % change

0.0 -1.3 -2.6 r.7.1 eag_ny_albany_msa.h.1.6″>1.3 0.0 (p)-1.3

Financial Activities(3)

26.2 26.7 27.3 27.4 27.2 (p)27.2

12-month % change


1.6 3.1 5.4 4.6 3.4 (p)3.8

Professional and Business Services(3)

56.0 57.5 58.8 59.9 r.9 eag_ny_albany_msa.h.1.7″>60.5 (p)60.9

12-month % change

0.9 1.6 2.3 4.2 3.8 (p)4.6

Education and Health Services(3)

r.10 eag_ny_albany_msa.h.1.3″>92.7 93.5 92.4 90.7 90.0 (p)89.2

12-month % change

1.1 1.0 1.9 4.4 1.7″>4.9 (p)5.2

Leisure and Hospitality(3)

34.2 35.5 36.8 38.4 38.1 (p)38.1

12-month % change

h.1.3″>23.9 17.9 12.9 10.3 5.0 (p)3.5

Other Services(3)

17.1 17.2 17.3 17.6 17.6 r.12 eag_ny_albany_msa.h.1.8″>(p)17.6

12-month % change

5.6 4.2 4.8 6.7 3.5 (p)4.1


97.7 h.1.4″>97.9 97.9 97.1 91.7 (p)92.3

12-month % change

-0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 (p)0.1

(1) Number of persons, in thousands, not seasonally adjusted.
(2) In percent, not seasonally adjusted.
(3) Number of jobs, in thousands, not seasonally adjusted. See About the data.
(p) Preliminary

Data extracted on:

September 22, 2022

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Note: More data series, including additional geographic areas, are available through the “Databases & Tables” tab at the top of this page.


Geographically based survey data available from BLS:

Employment & Unemployment
  • Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the CES survey (State and Area)
  • Local Area Unemployment Statistics
  • Create Customized Maps — Unemployment Rates
  • Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages
  • Occupational Employment Statistics
  • Geographic Profile
Prices & Living Conditions
  • Consumer Price Index
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey
Compensation & Working Conditions
  • National Compensation Survey
  • Employment Cost Index
  • Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities

Welcome to Empire State Development

The Capital Region is located in the eastern part of
mid-New York State, covering 5,199 square miles and includes
the Albany, Troy, Schenectady and Saratoga areas. The region
is comprised of eight counties and is known for its large
and vibrant economy with a particular focus in biotech life
sciences and nanotechnology.

The Capital Region possesses characteristics and a strategic
location that positions it well for economic growth in high
tech and knowledge-based industries. The confluence of the
Hudson and Mohawk Rivers, the transportation hub formed by
the intersection of two major interstate highways, excellent
proximity to the markets of the northeast and an engaging quality of life all combine to
endow the region with unparalleled economic development
potential. The region’s human capital – a population of 1.1
million and a workforce of 568,600 is arguably its most
significant asset.




General Overview

Area – 5,332. 97 square miles

Population (2009) – 1,065,402

By county:

    Albany – 298,284

    Columbia – 61,618

    Greene – 48,947

    Rensselaer – 155,541

    Saratoga – 220,069

    Schenectady – 152,169

    Warren – 66,021

    Washington –  62,753


2009 Average Annual Labor Force: 568,600

Per capita income: $28,644

In 2010, the Capital Region earned several accolades,


    “America’s Best Places To Raise A Family,”
    Albany-Schenectady-Troy, 9th (Forbes)


    “America’s Most Innovative Cities,” Albany,
    15th (Forbes)


    “Best Bang-for-the-Buck Cities,”
    Albany-Schenectady-Troy, 30th (Forbes)


    “Best Cities for College Students,” Albany,
    14th (American Institute for Economic


    “Best Cities for Job Growth Medium Cities,”
    Albany-Schenectady-Troy, 17th (New Geography)



Market Access


The New York State Thruway connects the region with New York
City, the Massachusetts Turnpike (I-90) and western New York
State. The Northway (I-87) links the area with major
destinations to the north and to the Canadian highway system
at Montreal. Interstate-88 provides the region access to the
southern tier of the state and to the Pennsylvania markets.

Air Service

As the major air center for the Capital Region, Northeastern
New York and Western New England, the Albany International
Airport offers a wide-range of facilities and services. A
multi-million dollar capital redevelopment project completed
in 2000 included a new 230,000 square foot terminal, parking
garage, Air Traffic Control Tower and cargo facility.
Passenger service is provided by Air Canada, American Eagle,
Continental Connection, Continental Express, Delta Airlines,
Northwest Airlines, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, US
Airways and US Airways Express.

Rail Service

The Albany Port Railroad Corp. provides service under the
supervision of CSX and CP Rail systems. Amtrak, CSX and CP
rail systems provide the region with both passenger and
intermodal freight facilities, servicing the Northeast,
Mid-Atlantic states and Canada with connections nationwide.

Port Services

Ocean-going vessels dock at the deep-water port of
Albany Rensselaer, located 124 nautical miles north of New
York City on the Hudson River. A 32-foot channel makes the
port accessible from the sea year-round. Ships up to 750
feet long and 50,000 deadweight tons are serviced by the
port. The New York State Canal System connects the area with
the Great Lakes ports of Buffalo and Oswego.



Notable hospitals in the Capital region:
Albany Medical Center
Albany Memorial Hospital

St. Peter’s
VA Medical Center


Principal Industries

Biotech Life Sciences


Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing Semiconductor

Forest Products

Travel and Tourism

Chemical Manufacturing

Clean Tech


Colleges and Universities

The Capital Region is home to 25 colleges and universities
offering over 740 degree programs from the associate to the
doctoral level.
Rensselaer Polytechnic
Institute (RPI)
University at Albany, SUNY
Union College
The Sage Colleges
Siena College
Skidmore College
The College of Saint Rose
College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

The region also has an outstanding selection of community
Hudson Valley CC
Schenectady CC
Fulton-Montgomery CC
Columbia-Greene CC


Local Utilities
National Grid

Offers negotiated flexible electric rates for many types of
new businesses, negotiable gas transportation rates and
fixed rate gas discounts.

Central Hudson Gas &
Electric Corp.

Offers fixed rate electric discounts for many types of new
businesses and market based gas pricing.

New York State Electric &
Gas Corp.

Offers negotiated flexible electric and fixed rate electric
discounts for many types of new businesses and negotiable
firm gas transportation service.

Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Employment

Date Value
July 31, 2022


June 30, 2022


May 31, 2022


April 30, 2022


March 31, 2022

437132. 0

February 28, 2022


January 31, 2022


December 31, 2021


November 30, 2021


October 31, 2021

432971. 0

September 30, 2021


August 31, 2021


July 31, 2021


June 30, 2021


May 31, 2021

428381. 0

April 30, 2021


March 31, 2021


February 28, 2021


January 31, 2021


December 31, 2020

424703. 0

November 30, 2020


October 31, 2020


September 30, 2020


August 31, 2020


July 31, 2020

421991. 0

Date Value
June 30, 2020


May 31, 2020


April 30, 2020


March 31, 2020

439013. 0

February 29, 2020


January 31, 2020


December 31, 2019


November 30, 2019


October 31, 2019

435353. 0

September 30, 2019


August 31, 2019


July 31, 2019


June 30, 2019


May 31, 2019

431488. 0

April 30, 2019


March 31, 2019


February 28, 2019


January 31, 2019


December 31, 2018

428744. 0

November 30, 2018


October 31, 2018


September 30, 2018


August 31, 2018


July 31, 2018

437905. 0

June 30, 2018


Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY


Address field – enter an address, city, state, place name, postal code or any other name for a location into this field and then click the find button to retrieve its latitude-longitude coordinate pair. Your result will be displayed in the box either under or to the right of the find button (depending on the width of the device you’re viewing this on).

Latitude and Longitude fields – enter the latitude and longitude of the place you’re trying to locate then click the find button. Again, your result will be displayed in the box either under or to the right of the find button.

Load Location

To center the map on a latitude-longitude coordinate pair enter the coordinates into the LAT (latitude) and LNG (longitude) fields and then click the locate map


To find the latitude and longitude of a location enter its human readable form (i.e. an address, placename or postal/zip code, etc.) into the LOC field and then click the load button

(the return key will also submit). The latitude, longitude and address of the location will be displayed in the “Selected Location” box, if the attempt was successful.



buttons are only available when the input fields have content.

To find an address from a latitude and longitude coordinate pair enter the coordinates into their corresponding fields (LAT for latitude and LNG for longitude). The coordinates fields accept degrees decimal, degrees minutes decimal or degrees minutes and seconds decimal. Click

or type return/enter to submit. Again, results will display in the “Selected Location” box.

Click the clear button,

, to clear the input fields.

Map Coordinates

displays the latitude and longitude coordinates in degrees, minutes, seconds decimal, degrees minutes decimal and degrees decimal of the currently selected map location.

Selected Location

displays the reverse geocoded location of the current latitude and longitude (approximation only). See also find address from latitude and longitude.

Cursor Coordinates

displays the latitude and longitude in degrees, minutes, seconds decimal, degrees minutes decimal and degrees decimal of the current mouse location. While dragging the map it displays the Map Center‘s coordinates. (See convert GPS coordinates to convert latitude-longitude coordinate pairs.)

Map Parameters

This controls current parameters of the map via menu selection.

Map type selects the base layer of the map and thus controls the map’s general appearance.

The overlays menu is a multi-select. Select the checkbox(es) of the layer(s) you wish to overlay base layer. Use each overlay’s slider to control its transparency/opacity.

The zoom menu controls the map’s zoom level (you can also use the +/- map control). Its range is affected by layer selections.

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Reset the map to its default values and size by clicking the

reset map button.

Clicking the

button will load your location into the map.


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Living Wage Calculator – Living Wage Calculation for Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY

The living wage shown is the hourly rate that an individual in a household must earn to
support his or herself and their family. The assumption is the sole provider is working
full-time (2080 hours per year). The tool provides information for individuals, and households
with one or two working adults and zero to three children. In the case of households with
two working adults, all values are per working adult, single or in a family unless otherwise noted.

The state minimum wage is the same for all individuals, regardless of how many dependents
they may have. Data are updated annually, in the first quarter of the new year. State
minimum wages are determined based on the posted value of the minimum wage as of January
one of the coming year (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2019). The poverty rate
reflects a person’s gross annual income. We have converted it to an hourly wage for the
sake of comparison.

For further detail, please reference the
technical documentation here.





0 Children 1 Child 2 Children 3 Children 0 Children 1 Child 2 Children 3 Children 0 Children 1 Child 2 Children 3 Children
Living Wage $17.52 $35. 31 $45.57 $60.44 $26.62 $31.97 $37.90 $40.78 $12.94 $19.37 $25.84 $30.59
Poverty Wage $6.19 $8.38 $10.56 $12.74 $8.38 $10.56 $12.74 $14.92 $4.19 $5. 28 $6.37 $7.46
Minimum Wage $13.20 $13.20 $13.20 $13.20 $13.20 $13.20 $13.20 $13.20 $13.20 $13.20 $13.20 $13.20

Typical Expenses

These figures show the individual expenses that went into the living
wage estimate. Their values vary by family size, composition, and
the current location.





0 Children 1 Child 2 Children 3 Children 0 Children 1 Child 2 Children 3 Children 0 Children 1 Child 2 Children 3 Children
Food $3,891 $5,734 $8,613 $11,425 $7,133 $8,878 $11,446 $13,934 $7,133 $8,878 $11,446 $13,934
Child Care $0 $11,280 $22,561 $33,841 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $11,280 $22,561 $33,841
Medical $2,741 $7,718 $7,505 $7,815 $5,591 $7,505 $7,815 $7,604 $5,591 $7,505 $7,815 $7,604
Housing $9,708 $13,404 $13,404 $16,668 $10,944 $13,404 $13,404 $16,668 $9,708 $13,404 $13,404 $16,668
Transportation $4,244 $7,531 $9,791 $11,565 $7,531 $9,791 $11,565 $12,560 $7,531 $9,791 $11,565 $12,560
Civic $3,207 $5,149 $6,361 $8,307 $5,149 $6,361 $8,307 $6,603 $5,149 $6,361 $8,307 $6,603
Other $5,275 $7,867 $7,197 $10,471 $7,867 $7,197 $10,471 $10,128 $7,867 $7,197 $10,471 $10,128
Required annual income after taxes $29,189 $58,806 $75,556 $100,215 $44,339 $53,259 $63,130 $67,620 $43,103 $64,539 $85,691 $101,461
Annual taxes $7,261 $14,628 $19,221 $25,494 $11,029 $13,248 $15,704 $17,202 $10,722 $16,054 $21,799 $25,811
Required annual income before taxes $36,450 $73,434 $94,777 $125,708 $55,368 $66,507 $78,834 $84,821 $53,825 $80,594 $107,490 $127,272

Typical Annual Salaries

These are the typical annual salaries for various professions in this location.

Occupational Area Typical Annual Salary
Management $117,015
Business & Financial Operations $74,568
Computer & Mathematical $84,744
Architecture & Engineering $91,699
Life, Physical, & Social Science $65,473
Community & Social Service $54,912
Legal $95,690
Education, Training, & Library $60,498
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media $56,945
Healthcare Practitioners & Technical $72,610
Healthcare Support $33,705
Protective Service $56,657
Food Preparation & Serving Related $29,960
Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance $32,774
Personal Care & Service $32,111
Sales & Related $34,272
Office & Administrative Support $44,705
Farming, Fishing, & Forestry $37,857
Construction & Extraction $59,471
Installation, Maintenance, & Repair $53,928
Production $46,898
Transportation & Material Moving $39,825

Albany, USA – travel map

Photo from panoramio. com

Albany is a city in the northeastern United States, the capital of the state of New York and Albany County. Albany is closely connected with the neighboring cities of Troy, Schenectady and Saratoga Springs, with which it forms the capital district, which is one of the historical regions of the United States.


Colonial History

Albany is one of the oldest surviving European settlements in the thirteen colonies and the oldest continuously inhabited city in the United States. Prior to the arrival of the whites, the area was inhabited by Indian tribes of the Algonquian group. The first European settlement on the site of Albany was a small wooden fortress built by French traders in 1540 on an island in the Hudson River. It was destroyed by a flood shortly after construction was completed.

A permanent European presence in the territory began when the Englishman Henry Hudson, who was looking for new lands for the Dutch East India Company on the ship Halve Maen, landed here in 1609, declaring the territory the property of the United Provinces. In 1614 Hendrik Christiansen rebuilt the old French fort as Fort Nassau, the first Dutch fur trading post in the area. The beginning of the fur trade provoked hostility from the French colony in Canada and among the natives, and the French and Indians themselves wanted to control the trade. In 1618 a flood again destroyed the fortress on the island, but it was rebuilt in 1624 as Fort Orange.

When New Netherland was invaded by the English in 1664, the name was changed to Albany, in honor of James II, Duke of Albany. The Dutch briefly regained control of the city in August 1673 and renamed it Willemstadt, but in 1674 the Treaty of Westminster finally gave the territory to the British. On November 1, 1683, the province of New York was divided into counties, the largest of which was Albany County. At that time, the county included all of what is now New York State north of Dutchess and Ulster counties, as well as present-day Bennington County, Vermont, theoretically extending as far west as the Pacific Ocean. Albany was officially recognized as a city by Provincial Governor Thomas Dungan on July 22, 1686. Dungan’s charter was virtually identical in content to New York City’s charter, which Dungan had approved three months earlier. The population of Albany at that time was about 500 people.

In 1754, representatives from the seven British colonies met at the city hall at the Albany Congress, where Benjamin Franklin first proposed a plan to unite the colonies. Although the plan was not passed by the convention, it was an important step towards the United States Constitution. After the defeat of the French in the Seven Years’ War and the occupation of New France by the British, the military threat to Albany disappeared, which accelerated the development of the city. During the Revolutionary War, Albany was one of the rear bases of the Separatists, the city housed a prisoner of war camp.

During and after the war, the city experienced a significant influx of refugees, attracted both by the absence of hostilities and by Albany’s advantageous geographic location. At the first national census in 1790, the number of citizens was 3,498, an increase of almost 700% since the approval of the city charter. In 1797, the state capital was moved to Albany from New York (due to fears of an English landing on the coast). Albany is the second oldest state capital after Santa Fe.

19th and first half of the 20th century

Albany Steamboat Departs from City Wharf, 1900

Albany has been an important transportation hub for much of its history. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, toll roads were actively built in New York State, and by 1815 Albany was the center of their network. Combined with a deep water canal for ships and the construction of railroads, this made the city a transit hub for the flow of settlers moving from New York to Buffalo and on to Michigan Territory in the early to mid-19th century.

In 1807, Robert Fulton launched a steamboat line from New York to Albany, the first successful venture of its kind in the United States. By 1810, with 10,763 inhabitants, Albany was the 10th largest city in the country. In 1825, the Erie Canal was completed, creating an uninterrupted waterway from the Great Lakes to New York. Albany ranked ninth in the nation in terms of population in the 1830 and 1840 censuses, then dropped back to tenth in 1850. This was the last time the city was in the top ten in the US.

The history of the city is also closely connected with rail transport. Albany for many years housed the headquarters of two major railroad companies: the Delaware and Hudson Railway and the New York Central Railroad.

Excellent infrastructure contributed to the rapid economic development of the city and the influx of new immigrants.

In 1908, Albany opened the first public airport in the United States (it was also one of the first commercial airports in the world).

Recent history and modernity

The history of the city in the second half of the twentieth century is inextricably linked with the name of one person. Erastus Corning 2nd, perhaps Albany’s most famous mayor (and the former mayor’s great-grandson and namesake), was elected in 1941. Although he served as mayor longer than any other mayor in United States history (from 1942 until his death in 1983), many historians describe Corning’s tenure as a “long stagnation”, alluding to his opposition to any major change in city life. At the same time, residents give Corning credit for preserving, albeit somewhat unintentionally, much of Albany’s historic architecture.

During the 1950s and 1960s, a time when federal aid for urban renewal was generously provided by Washington, almost no new roads, skyscrapers, or shopping malls were built in Albany. The city lost more than 20% of its population during the Corning years, and most businesses moved from the center to the suburbs. However, the mayor’s supporters (and he was invariably supported by the majority of citizens) reasonably objected to critics that similar processes were taking place in all major US cities.

After the death of Erastus Corning in 1983, Thomas Whalen became his successor (he was subsequently re-elected twice). Albany has received a significant influx of federal funds earmarked for the restoration of historic buildings. What Corning had saved from destruction was repaired under Whalen. Many new buildings were also erected in the city, and the infrastructure was significantly improved.

View of the city from the roof of the Capitol, 1906.

Geography and climate

Geographic information

Albany is located about 240 km (150 miles) north of New York City, just south of where the Mohawk River meets the Hudson River. Located on the west bank of the Hudson, which has a large port (English) Russian .. The Hudson was deepened so that the port could receive ships. The territory of the city is quite hilly, the highest point (in the northwest) is 99 meters above sea level, the lowest is the average level of the Hudson River (average, since the tide reaches Albany and affects the level of the river) is only 0. 6 meters.

Schenectady, New York

Schenectady (/skəˈпɛkтəдя/ [3] [4] ) is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. As of the 2010 Census, 66,135 people lived in the city. The name “Schenectady” comes from the Iroquois word Skahnéhtati , meaning “beyond the pines”. [5] [6] Schenectady was founded on the south side of the Mohawk River by 17th century Dutch colonists, many of whom came from the Albany area. The Dutch passed on the name “Skahnéhtati”, which is actually the Mohawk name for the city of Albany, New York. These Dutch were banned from the fur trade by the Albany monopoly, which retained its control after the English takeover in 1664. The inhabitants of the new village built farms on plots of land along the river.

Connected to the west via the Mohawk River and the Erie Canal Schenectady developed rapidly in the 19th century as part of the Mohawk Valley trade, manufacturing and transportation corridor. By 1824, more people were employed in manufacturing than in agriculture or trade, and the town had a cotton mill processing cotton from the Deep South. Many factories in New York had such ties to the South. During the 19th century, nationally influential companies and industries developed in Schenectady, including General Electric and the American Locomotive Company (ALCO), who were powers in the mid-20th century. Schenectady has been part of the new technology, GE has collaborated on nuclear submarines, and in the 21st century has been working on other forms of renewable energy.

Schenectady is located in eastern New York, near the confluence of the Iroquois and Hudson Rivers. It is in the same city area as the state capital, Albany, which is about 15 miles (24 km) to the southeast. [7] In December 2014, the state announced that the city was one of three locations selected for the development of off-reserve gambling under a 2013 state constitutional amendment. The project would redesign the ALMC Brownfield site in the city along the waterfront, with hotels, lodging and a marina in addition to a casino. [8]


  • 1 History
    • 1.1 New Republic
    • 1.2 century to present
    • 2 Geography
    • 3 Economics
    • 4 Demography
    • 4.1 5 Rail transport
    • 6 Attractions
    • 7 Education
    • 8 Representation in popular culture
      • 8.1 Fiction
      • 8.2 Film and television
      • 8.3 Music
      • 9 Famous people
      • 10 City-Water
      • 11 See also
      • 12 Recommendations
      • 13 Further reading
      • 14 External link

      History 9000

      Potion for the first territory of the Mohawk Nation, one of the five nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Haudenosaunee. They have occupied territory in the region since at least 1100 AD. Beginning in the early 1600s, the Mohawks moved their settlements closer to the river, and by 1629In the same year, they also took over territories on the west bank of the Hudson River that had previously belonged to the Algonquian-speaking Mahican people. [9]

      Schenectady perspective map from 1882.

      In the 1640s, the Mohawks had three major villages, all on the south side of the Mohawk River. The easternmost was Ossernenon, located about 9 miles west of present-day Aurisville, New York. When Dutch settlers became Fort Orange (present-day Albany, New York) in the Hudson Valley beginning in 1614, the Mohawks called their settlement skahnéhtati, means “beyond the pines,” referring to the large area of ​​pine barrens that lay between the Mohawk settlements and the Hudson River. About 3,200 acres of this unique ecosystem is now protected as the Albany Pine Bush. [10] Over time, this word entered the lexicon of the Dutch settlers. Settlers at Fort Orange used Skahnéhtati to refer to the new Mohawk Flats village (see below), which became known as Schenectady (with various spellings). [11] [12]

      In 1661 Arendt van Korlaer (later Van Kerler), a Dutch immigrant, bought a large piece of land on the south side of the Mohawk River. Other colonists were given land grants by the colonial government in this part of the flat, fertile river valley as part of New Netherland. [ citation needed ] The settlers acknowledged that these lowlands had been farmed by the Mohawks for centuries to grow corn. [13] Van Kerler took the largest piece of land; the remainder was subdivided into lots of 50 acres for the rest of the first fourteen owners; Alexander Lindsey Glen, Philip Hendrix Brouwer, Simon Volkerze Wieder, Peter Adrianne van Voggllum, Theunis Cornelis Swart, Bastia De Winter for Katalin De Vos, Gerrit Banker, William Teller, Peter Jacobs Borsboom, Peter Daniel Van Olinda (Le Barent), Jacques Cornelisse Van Slick, Maarten Cornelisse Van Esselstyn and Harmen Alberze Vedder. Since most of the early colonists were from the Fort Orange area, they may have expected to work as fur traders, but Beverwijck (later Albany) fur traders retained a monopoly of legal control. The settlers here took up farming. Their 50-acre plots were unique to the colony, “spread out in strips along the Mohawk River”, with narrow edges overlooking the river, in a French colonial style. [14] They relied on raising livestock and wheat. [14] The owners and their descendants from generation to generation controlled all the land of the city, [13] [14] essentially acted as a government until the end of the war of independence, when a representative government was established.

      From the first days of interaction, the first Dutch traders in the valley formed alliances with Mohawk women, if not always formally. Their children grew up in the Iroquois community, which had a maternal kinship system, allowing for children born into the maternal clan. Even in Mohawk society, biological fathers played secondary roles.

      Some mixed-race descendants, such as Jacques Cornelissen Van Slick and his sister Hilleti van Olinda, who were Dutch, French, and Iroquois, became translators and intermarried with Dutch colonists. They also received land in the Schenectady settlement. [15] They were among the few mestizo who seemed to have crossed over from the Mohawk into Dutch society, as they were called “ex-Indians”, although this was not always easy for them. [16] In 1661, Jacques inherited what became known as Van Slick’s Island from his brother Marten, who was given it by the Mohawks. Descendants of the Van Slick family maintained the property throughout the 19th century. [17]

      Due to a labor shortage in the colony, some Dutch settlers brought African slaves to the region. In Schenectady they used them as farm laborers. The English also imported slaves and continued to farm in the river valley. Traders in Albany retained control of the fur trade after being taken over by the British.

      In 1664 the English took over the Dutch colony in New Netherland and renamed it. New York. They confirmed Albany’s monopoly on the fur trade and issued orders to ban the Schenectady trade until 1670 and beyond. [18] Settlers bought additional land from the Mohawks in 1670 and 1672. (Jacques and Hillety Van Slick received plots of land under the 1672 Mohawk Treaty for Schenectady.) [19] Twenty years later (1684) Governor Thomas Dongan granted Schenectady letters patent to five more trustees. [20]

      February 8, 1690 King William’s War, French troops and their Indian allies, mostly Ojibwe and Algonquin warriors, suddenly attacked Schenectady, killing 62 people, 11 of them African slaves. [21] American history records this as the Schenectady Massacre. A total of 27 people were captured, including five African slaves; the raiders took their captives overland some 200 miles to Montreal and its associated Mohawk mission village. Kahnawake. [21] Usually younger captives were adopted by Iroquois families to replace those who died. [22] In the early 18th century, during raids between Quebec and the northern British colonies, some prisoners were ransomed by their communities. Colonial governments were only involved for high-ranking officers or other officials. [22] In 1748, during King George’s War, the French and Indians again attacked Schenectady, killing 70 inhabitants.

      In 1765, Schenectady was made into an urban district. During the American Revolutionary War a local militia, the 2nd Regiment of the Albany County Militia, fought in the Battle of Saratoga and against Loyalist troops. Much of the fighting in the Mohawk Valley took place further west, on the frontier, in the areas of the German Palatine Settlement west of Little Falls. Due to their close business and other relationships with the British, some of the settlers from the city were Loyalists and moved to Canada in the later stages of the Revolution. The Crown granted them land in what became known as Upper Canada and later Ontario.

      New Republic

      Only after the War of Independence were the villagers able to weaken the power of the descendants of the original trustees and receive a representative government. The settlement was formalized as a city in 1798. Long interested in supporting higher education and morality, members of the city’s three oldest churches—the Dutch First Reformed Church, St. George’s Episcopal Church, and the First Presbyterian Church—formed an “union” and founded Union College in 1795 under a charter from the state. The school began in 1785 as Schenectady Academy. This foundation was part of the expansion of higher education in upstate New York in the postwar years.

      During this period, migrants poured into upstate and western New York from New England, but there were also new immigrants from England and Europe. Many traveled west along the Mohawk River, settling in the western part of the state, where they developed more agriculture on former Iroquois lands. The dairy industry developed in the central part of the state. The new settlers were predominantly of English and Scotch-Irish descent. In 1819, Schenectady was hit by a fire that destroyed over 170 buildings and much of its historic original Dutch-style architecture. [23]

      In 1799 New York City passed a law for the gradual abolition of slavery. [24] but in 1824 there were still 102 slaves in Schenectady County, almost half of whom lived in the city. That year, the city of Schenectady had a population of 3,939, including 240 free blacks, 47 slaves, and 91 foreigners. [25]

      In the 19th century, with the completion of the Erie Canal in 1825, Schenectady became an important transportation, manufacturing and commercial center. By 1824, more of its population worked in manufacturing than in agriculture or commerce. [25] Among the industries was a cotton mill, [25] which processed cotton from the Deep South. It was one of many upstate factories whose products were part of New York’s exports. The city and state had many economic ties to the south, while some residents became active in the abolitionist movement.

      Schenectady has benefited from increased traffic connecting the Hudson River with the Mohawk Valley and the Great Lakes to the west and New York to the south. The Albany and Schenectady Turnpike (now State Street) was built in 1797 to connect Albany with the settlements in the Mohawk Valley. The Iroquois and Hudson Railroad began operations in 1831 as one of the first railroad lines in the United States, connecting the city and Albany with a route through the pine barrens between them. Schenectady developers quickly established the Utica & Schenectady Railroad, founded in 1833; Schenectady & Susquehanna Railroad, chartered 5 May 1836; and the Schenectady & Troy Railroad, chartered in 1836, making Schenectady “America’s railway hub at the time” and rivaling the Erie Canal. [26] Goods from the Great Lakes region and commercial goods were shipped east and to New York via the Mohawk Valley and Schenectady.

      The last slaves in New York and Schenectady were freed in 1827 under the State’s Gradual Abolition Act. The law first gave freedom to children born to slave mothers, but they were handed over to the mother’s master for up to 20 years. Union College founded a school for black children in 1805, but closed it two years later. The Methodists helped educate the children for a time, but the public schools did not accept them. [27]

      In the 1830s The abolitionist movement grew up in Schenectady. In 1836, Isaac Groot Duryea (also spelled Duryea) in 1837 co-founded the interracial Anti-Slavery Society at Union College and the Schenectady Anti-Slavery Society. Underground Railroad A route that ran through this area, going west and north to Canada, where slavery was abolished. [28]

      In 1837 Durje, along with other free people of color, co-founded the First Schenectady Free Church (now Durje Memorial Church AME Zion). He also founded a school for colored students. The abolitionist Theodore S. Wright, an African-American minister from New York, spoke at the dedication of the church and praised the school. [27] [29]

      In the late 19th century, new river-powered industries were established in the Mohawk Valley. Industrial jobs attracted many new immigrants, first from Ireland and later in the century from Italy and Poland. In 1887 Thomas Edison moved his Edison Machine Works to Schenectady. In 1892, Schenectady became the headquarters of the General Electric Company. This business developed into a major industrial and economic force and helped establish the city and region as a national manufacturing hub. [ citation needed ] GE has become nationally important as a creative company that has expanded into many different areas. The American Locomotive Company here also developed from the Schenectady company and merged several smaller companies in 1901; it was second in the United States in the production of steam locomotives prior to the development of diesel technology.

      20th century to introduce

      Like other industrial cities in the Mohawk Valley, Schenectady attracted many new immigrants from eastern and southern Europe in the early 20th century as they could fill many of the new industrial jobs. It also attracted African Americans as part of the Great Migration from the rural South to Northern cities for work. [30] General Electric and the American Locomotive Company (ALCO) were industrial centers that influenced innovation in various fields throughout the country.

      Schenectady is home to WGY, the second commercial radio station in the US (after WBZ in Springfield, Massachusetts, which was named after Westinghouse WGY was named after its owner, General Electric (letter G), and the city of Schenectady (letter Y). [31] General Electric produced the first regular television broadcasts in the United States in 1928 when experimental station W2XB began regular Thursday and Friday afternoon broadcasts.This television channel is now WRGB; for many years it was the NBC metropolitan area affiliate, but been a CBS affiliate since 1981 years old.

      The city reached its peak in 1930. The Great Depression led to the loss of jobs and population. In the post-war period following World War II, some residents moved to new housing in the suburbs outside the city. In addition, General Electric opened several high-tech businesses in the nearby city of Niskayuna, which contributed to the county’s continued population growth. In the second half of the 20th century, Schenectady suffered from massive industrial and corporate restructuring that affected much of the US, including the railroads. It has lost many jobs and population elsewhere, including offshore. Since the end of the 20th century, it has been shaping a new economy based in part on renewable energy. Its population increased from 2000 to 2010.


      According to the US Census Bureau, the city has a total area of ​​11.0 square miles (28.49 km2). 2 ), of which 10.9 square miles (28.23 km 2 ) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km 2 ) of it (1.27%) is water.

      This is part of the Capital District, a metropolitan area surrounding Albany, the capital of the State of New York. Together with Albany and Troy, it is one of the region’s three main population and industrial centers.

      Interstate 890 passes through Schenectady and the New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) is nearby. Amtrak has a station in Schenectady. Nearest airport Schenectady County Airport; the nearest commercial airport is Albany International Airport.

      Schenectady is sometimes used as an example of a city when a postal code is given. [ citation needed ] since zip code 12345 belongs to Schenectady.


      Former GE 9 headquarters building0003

      Schenectady was a manufacturing center known as “The City That Lights and Moves the World” – a reference to the city’s two prominent businesses, the Edison Electric Company (now known as General Electric) and the American Locomotive Company (ALCO).

      GE maintains its steam turbine manufacturing facility in Schenectady and a global research center nearby. Niskayuna. Thousands of manufacturing jobs were transferred from Schenectady to the Sunbelt and overseas. The corporate headquarters is now in Boston. [32]

      ALCO has been manufacturing steam locomotives for the railroads for years. He later became known for his “Superpower” line of high pressure locomotives, for example for the Union Pacific Railroad in the 1930s and 1940s. During World War II, it was converted to support the war by producing tanks for the US Army. When diesel locomotives began to be made, ALCO teamed up with GE to develop diesel locomotives to compete with GM. EMD division. But corporate restructuring to cope with the changing locomotive purchasing environment has led to ALCO’s slow decline. His activities failed after the end of 19In the 1960s, it went through acquisitions and restructuring. His Schenectady factory closed in 1969.

      In the late 20th century, industrial restructuring saw the city lose many jobs and endure hard financial times, like many former manufacturing cities in upstate New York. Job loss caused the population of Schenectady to drop by almost a third from 1950 until the end of the 20th century. As a result of the first productions, many sites were contaminated with hazardous waste. Such ecological Brownfields required technical approaches for redevelopment.

      Schenectady has begun a renaissance in the 21st century. GE has set up a renewable energy center that has attracted hundreds of employees to the area. The city is part of a metropolitan area with improved economic health and a number of buildings have been renovated for new uses. Numerous small businesses, retail stores, and restaurants have sprung up on State Street downtown. [33]

      Price Chopper Supermarkets and the New York Lottery are based in Schenectady. In December 2014, the state announced that Schenectady was one of three sites selected to develop Class III casino gambling under a state constitutional amendment passed by voters in 2013 that allows such games on off-reserve sites. (Several federally recognized Indian nations in New York play on their reservations.) [8]

      The Schenectady project, to be called The Rivers Casino and Resort at Mohawk Harbor, will renovate the American Locomotive Company’s (ALCO) old site, a derelict site along the waterfront. In addition to the casino, the multifunctional project will include a hotel and residential complex, a marina. [8] This will help create multiple use cases and a 24/7 community.


      907 903 904 904 904 904 904 1 1


      Historical population
      Census Pop.
      1800 5,289
      1810 5,903 11.6%
      1820 3,939 −33.3%
      1830 4.268 8.4%
      1840 6,784 59.0%
      1850 8,921 31.5%
      1860 9,579 7. 4%
      1870 11,026 15.1%
      1880 13.655 23.8%
      1890 0325
      1900 31,682 59.2%
      1910 72,826 129.9%
      1920 88,723 21.8%
      1930 95.692 7.9%
      1940 87.549 −8.5% 91,785 4.8%
      1960 81,070 −11.7%
      1970 77,958 −3.8%
      1980 67,972 −12.8%
      1990 65,566 −3. 5%
      2000 61,821 −5.7% 99.9 / km 2 ). There were 30,272 (2000 data) housing units with an average density of 2,790.6 per square mile (1,077.2/km). 2 ). The racial makeup of the city was 59.38% (52.31% non-Hispanic) (7.07 White Hispanic) White, 24.19% African American, 14.47% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 8.24% from other races, 5.74% from two or more races, 2.62% Asian American, 0.69% Native American, and 0.14% Pacific Islander. There is a growing Guyanese population in the area. The highest ancestries identified by people in the census are Italian (13.6%), Guyanese (12.3%), Irish (12.1%), Puerto Rican (10.1%), German (8.7%) , English (6.0%), Polish (5.4%), French (4.4%). They reflect historical immigration from the early 20th century as well as immigration since the late 20th century. [35]

      The Schenectady City school district is very diverse; (71% – 2011) (80% -2013) District students receive a free or reduced lunch. The school district’s student population is a minority majority: 35% black (48% graduate), 32% white (71% graduate), 18% Hispanic (51% graduate), 15% Asian (68% graduate). As of 2016, the high school graduation rate was 56%. [36]

      According to 2010 data, there were 28,264 households, of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18, 28.0% were married couples living together, 24.7% were women living without husbands, and 45.5% do not have a family. 38.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.23 and the average family size is 2.98.

      In the city, the 2010 population was spread out: 26.3% under the age of 18, 13.6% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 under 64 and 7.2% at the age of 65. age or older. The average age was 32 years. For every 100 women, there were 92.5 men. For every 100 women aged 18 and over, there were 88.4 men.

      The median income for an urban household in 2000 was $29,378 (2010: $37,436), and the median household income was $41,158. For men, the average income was 32 9$29 vs $26,856 for women. The per capita income for the city was $17,076. About 20.2% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.5% of those under the age of 18 and 5.6% of those aged 65 and over.


      The largest religious organization is the Catholic Church with 44,000 followers, followed by Islam with 6,000 followers. The third largest religious organization is the Reformed Church in America with 3,600 members. The fourth is the United Methodist denomination with 2,800 members. [37]

      Notable congregations are First Presbyterian Church (Schenectady, NY) which is affiliated with the PCA, RCA First Reformed Church, formed in the 17th century, one of the city’s oldest churches. St. George’s Episcopal Church dates back to 1735; he lived with the Presbyterians for over 30 years. [38]


      Schenectady Station, rebuilt in 2018

      Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides scheduled service to Schenectady from Schenectady Station at 322 Erie Boulevard. Trains include Ethan Allen, Adirondack, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf, and Empire Service . Schenectady also has freight rail service from the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Norfolk Southern Railway.

      In the early twentieth century, Schenectady had an extensive tram system providing both local and intercity passenger service. The Schenectady Railway Co. there were local and intercity lines serving Albany, Ballston Spa, Saratoga Springs, and Troy. There was also a line from Gloversville, Johnstown, Amsterdam, and Scotland to Schenectady City Center operated by the Foundation, Johnstown and Gloversville Railway. Nearly 200 leather and glove companies (178) in the Gloversville area generated significant traffic for the line. Sales representatives carrying crates of product samples would start their sales campaigns throughout the rest of the country as far as Schenectady. New York Central Station, from where they got trains to New York, Chicago and points in between.

      Bright orange FJ&G buses were scheduled to meet every New York Central daytime train that stopped in Schenectady. During the 1900s and into the early 1930s, the line was quite prosperous. In 1932, FJ&G purchased five lightweight “bullet cars” (#125–129) from the J. G. Brill Company. These interbahns represented a level of design development: the “bullet” description refers to the unusual front roof, which was designed to slope towards the windshield in an aerodynamically smooth way. FJ&G bought the cars believing that the thriving glove and leather industry would continue to have a strong passenger business as well as the legacy tourist flow to Sakandaga Lake north of Gloversville. Instead, roads were improved, cars became cheaper and more widely bought, tourists traveled long distances in cars, and the Great Depression reduced business overall.

      FJ&G passenger numbers continued to decline, and in 1938 New York State condemned the construction of a bridge over the Mohawk River at Schenectady. This bridge was once used by automobiles, pedestrians, and interurbans, but ice flow damage in 1928 prompted the state to limit its use to interurbans only. When the state banned the bridge for intercity use in 1938, the line ceased passenger service and the bullet cars were sold. Freight traffic was also important to FJ&G, and it continued across the perilous bridge at Schenectady for several more years.


      Proctor’s Theater

      A concertina-playing guide greets visitors to a restored Dutch house in Schenectady Stockade.

      Schenectady Town Hall

      Schenectady Fire Engine

      • The Proctors Theater is an arts center. Built in 1926 as a vaudeville/movie theater, it has been refurbished for the 21st century. It houses the Goldie, the organ of the Wurlitzer Theatre. Proctor’s was also the site of one of the first public demonstrations of television, projecting an image from a studio at a GE plant 1 mile away. Its 2007 renovation added two theaters: Proctors is home to three theaters, including the historic Mainstage, GE Theater and 440 Upstairs.
      • Stockade Historic District Showcasing dozens of Dutch and English colonial houses from the 18th and 19th centuries. It is the first historic district in New York State to be designated by the Department of the Interior in 1965 and named after the historic stockade that originally surrounded the colonial settlement. [39]
      • The Schenectady County Historical Society has the Grems-Dolittle Historical Museum and Research Library. They are located at 32 Washington Avenue in the Stockade District. He adapted a house originally built in 189Year 5 for the Jackson family. It was used by the Women’s Club of GE from 1915 until 1957 when it was given to the Historical Society. The History Museum tells about the history of Schenectady, the Yeats Dollhouse, the Erie Canal, the Glen Sanders Collection, and more. The Research Library has many collections of documents, photographs, and books. He welcomes people involved in local and genealogical research.
      • B The General Electric Realty site, located near Union College, was one of the first planned residential communities in the United States and was designed to attract General Electric executives in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is an eclectic collection of stately homes in a variety of architectural styles including Tudor, Dutch Colonial, Queen Anne and Spanish Colonial. This lot contains the first all-electric home in the United States. The site hosts an annual tour of the house and garden.
      • Union College, adjacent to the GE Realty Plot site, is the oldest planned college campus in the United States. The Union campus features the unique 16-sided Knott Memorial Building, built in 1875, and the Jackson Garden, eight acres (32,000 m 2 ) formal gardens and woodlands.
      • Central Park is the gem of the Schenectady parks. It occupies the highest point of the city. The Common Council voted in 1913 to purchase the land for the current site of the park. The park has a famous rose garden and Iroquois Lake. Its tennis court stadium was the former home of the New York Buzz of the World Tennis League team (as of 2008). Central Park is named after New York Central Park [ citation needed ] .
      • The Schenectady Museum features exhibits on the development of science and technology. It houses the Suits-Bueche planetarium.
      • Schenectady Town Hall is the focal point for government in the city. Designed by McKim, Mead and White, it was built in 1933 during the Great Depression.
      • Schenectady Municipal Golf Course is an 18-hole championship course nestled among oaks and pines. Designed in 1935 by Jim Thompson under the WPA, the course was rated Golf Digest was among the “Best Playgrounds of 2004” and received a three-star rating.
      • Jay Street, located between Proctor and City Hall, is a short street partially closed to vehicular traffic. It has several small, independent businesses and eateries and is a popular destination. Just past the pedestrianized portion of J Street is Schenectady’s Little Italy on North J Street.
      • Schenectady Light Opera Company (SLOC) community theater on Franklin Street in downtown Schenectady.
      • The Edison Technology Center showcases and promotes the physical development of engineering and technology from Schenectady and beyond. It provides interactive and local displays that promote the study of electricity and its applications in technology. [40]
      • The Upper Union Street Business Improvement District, near the border with Niskayuna, is home to almost 100 independent businesses, including many restaurants, upscale retail, specialty stores, salons, and services.
      • Valais Cemetery, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, includes more than 30,000 graves of famous and ordinary residents of the city. It includes the Historic African American Burial Site, where the city’s residents annually celebrate the anniversaries of June and Emancipation.


      The city is served by the Schenectady City School District, which operates 16 elementary schools, three middle schools, and a primary high school Schenectady High School. Brown School is a private kindergarten – 8th grade school with no religious affiliation. Catholic schools are run by the Diocese of Albany.

      Wildwood School is a special education school for all ages. [41]

      Institutions of Higher Education Schenectady Union College, a private liberal arts college, and Schenectady County Community College, a community college. [42] [43]

      Popular culture representation

      Due to its early importance in national history and economy, Schenectady has featured in popular culture.


      • The author Henry James gave his main character Daisy Miller in his 1878 tale of the same name, origin in Schenectady.
      • Schenectady is mentioned in or is the setting for several of Kurt Vonnegut’s books, especially Hocus pocus and The Piano Player .
      • Doctor Octopus, a Marvel Comics supervillain, was born in Schenectady.
      • Joseph S. Pulver, Sr. Lovecraft serial killer novel, The Nightmare’s Apprentice (Chaosium, 1999) is set in Schenectady.
      • Science fiction writer Harlan Ellison stated that every time a fan or interviewer asked him “Where do you get your ideas from?” he would reply “Schenectady”. [44] Science fiction writer Barry Longyear later titled a collection of his short stories It Came From Schenectady . [45]

      Film and television

      • To Target, Burma! (1945) Lieutenant Sid Jacobs (William Prince) tells reporter Mark Williams (Henry Hull) about his home on Crane Street in Schenectady. Before the war, he taught at the Pleasant Valley School.
      • In the 1950s television series The Newlyweds Trixie’s mother was from Schenectady.
      • The Who We Were (1973) was filmed on location in Schenectady at Union College, and at nearby Ballston Spa. It starred Barbra Streisand and Robert Redford.
      • 1980s film Heart Like a Wheel starring Bonnie Bedelia as female racing driver Shirley Muldowney, mostly set in Schenectady.
      • Made-for-TV movie 1996 Unabomber: A True Story Robert Hayes starring as David Kaczynski, brother of the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski, is in Schenectady, where David and his wife were living when his brother’s involvement in the bombings was discovered.
      • Star Trek: Enterprise (2001), Starfleet Captain Jonathan Archer Born in Schenectady in 2112.
      • Time Machine (2002), a remake featuring Guy Pearce, features Schenectady Central Park in the skating scenes, replacing New York’s Central Park.
      • Synecdoche, NY (2008) is a film set partly in Schenectady where some scenes were filmed. He plays on the auditory similarity between the name of the city and the way of speech. synecdoche.
      • In the ABC-TV series Unattractive Betty , Mark St. James (played by Michael Urie) is said to be from Schenectady.
      • Winter of Ice Dreams (2009) was filmed entirely in Schenectady County, but is set in Wisconsin, where the historical events took place. It features Schenectady, the City of Rotterdam, and the village of Scotia, all in New York City. Movie stars Thora Burch as Barbara Hoffman, the historical Wisconsin killer, and Kate Carradine as the detective determined to catch her.
      • The Place Beyond the Pines (2013), starring Bradley Cooper and Ryan Gosling, was filmed on location in 2011 near Schenectady Police Headquarters and other parts of Schenectady.
      • In the NBC sitcom Will & Grace , Schenectady is the hometown of the characters Grace Adler (Performed by Debra Messing).


      • The music video for Mariah Carey’s “Hero” was filmed at the Proctors’ Theater in Schenectady. [46]
      • The song “Someone to Love” by Wayne’s Fountains refers to the fictional character Seth Shapiro, who moved from Schenectady in 1993 to Brooklyn.
      • The song “Join the Circus”, the last major number in the Cy Coleman musical Barnum, mentions the city in its lyrics.

      Notable people

      • Stephen Alexander (1806–1883), astronomer, mathematician and educator. [47]
      • Horatio Allen (1802–1889), railway engineer and inventor [47]
      • Ralph Alpher (1921–2007), cosmologist, won National Medal of Science for seminal work on The Big Bang Theory
      • Chester Arthur (1829–1886), US President, lived in Schenectady while attending Union College
      • Kumar Barve (1958 b. ), majority leader and first Indian-American legislator in Maryland House of Delegates
      • Suzanne Basso, assassin
      • Andy Bloom (b. 1973), Olympic shooter
      • Jim Barbieri (b. 1941), MLB outfielder who played for Schenectady 1954 Little League World Series championship team
      • Maria Brink (born 1977), lead singer of the band At This Moment, born in Schenectady
      • Pat Cadigan (born 1953), science fiction writer, born in Schenectady
      • Greg Capullo (born 1962), comic book artist, was born in Schenectady.
      • Bruce W. Carter (1950-1969), USMC, Medal of Honor recipient, born in Schenectady.
      • Jimmy Carter (born 1924), President of the United States, briefly attended Union College
      • Billy Connors (1941–2018), MLB pitcher, coach and executive who played for Schenectady. 1954 Little League World Series championship team
      • Jackie Craven, writer-architect
      • Dexter Curtis (1828–1898), Wisconsin MP, was born in Schenectady. [48]
      • Mary Daly (1928–2010), feminist theologian
      • Ann B. Davis (1926–2014), actress (Schulzi on The Bob Cummings Show and Alice Nelson on The Brady Bunch 90), born 60 90 Schenectady
      • Antonio Delgado (born 1977), U.S. Representative
      • Amir Derakh (born 1963), guitarist in the rock band Orgia, born in Schenectady
      • Paul “Legs” DiCocco (1924–1989), player and racketeer
      • John Owen Dominis (1832–1891), Prince Consort Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii
      • Jamie Dukes (born 1964), football player, born in Schenectady
      • Harry J. Flynn (1933–2019), Roman Catholic Archbishop of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, born in Schenectady
      • Henry Glen (1739–1814), Continental Army officer, U.S. Representative
      • Harold Gould (1923–2010), actor ( Golden Girls , Sting ), born Schenectady
      • Harold J. Green (1959–2014), U.S. Army General [49]
      • Kevin Green (born 1962), football linebacker, coach
      • Joseph E. Grosberg (1883–1970), supermarket and wholesale food pioneer.
      • John E. Hart (1824–1863), Union Navy officer
      • Gilbert Hyatt (c. 1761–1823), loyalist, founder of Sherbrooke, Quebec
      • Fred Isabella (1917–2007), dentist, businessman and politician
      • Patricia Calember (born 1957), actress, born in Schenectady
      • Steve Katz (born 1945), guitarist (Blood, sweat and tears)
      • Barry Kramer (born 1942), basketball player, lawyer
      • Irving Langmuir (1881–1957), 1932 Nobel laureate in chemistry
      • Wayne Lapierre (born 1949), CEO of the NRA
      • Arnold Lobel (1933–1987), author and illustrator of children’s books, was born in Los Angeles and raised in Schenectady
      • George R. Lunn, (1873–1948), mayor, U.S. representative, lieutenant governor
      • Ranald MacDougall (1915–1973), screenwriter and director
      • Sir Charles Mackerras (1925–2010), Australian conductor, was born in Schenectady.
      • John Van Antwerp MacMurray (1881–1960), U. S. China expert
      • Donald Martiny (born 1953), artist
      • Tom Moulton (born 1940), record producer
      • Shirley Muldowney (born 1940), auto racer in International Motorsports Hall of Fame, born and raised in Schenectady
      • Ray Nelson (born 1931), science-fiction author and cartoonist, born in Schenectady
      • Sterling Newberry , inventor, worked at General Electric in Schenectady
      • Eliphalet Nott (1773–1866), president of Union College
      • Jean-Hervé Peron (born 1949), Germany rock musician, lived in Schenectady in 1967–1968 as exchange student
      • Jacob Van Vechten Platto (1822–1898), Wisconsin state assemblyman
      • Joseph S. Pulver (born 1955), novelist, poet, editor, born in Schenectady executive and hall of fame coach, was born in Rome, NY, lived in Schenectady
      • Don Rittner, author and historian, lived in Schenectady
      • Ron Rivest (born 1947), cryptographer, co-inventor of South Africa cryptography
      • Lewis C. Rockefeller (1875–1948), U.S. representative born in Schenectady
      • Al Romano (born 1954), football player
      • Margaret Rotundo (born 1949), Maine legislator
      • Mickey Rourke (born 1952), Academy Award-nominated actor, born in Schenectady
      • R. Tom Sawyer (1901–1986 ), engineer, writer and inventor of the first successful gas turbine locomotive, born in Schenectady [50]
      • John Sayles (born 1950), film director and Academy Award-nominated screenwriter, born and raised in Schenectady
      • Vincent J .Schaefer (1906–1993), chemist, meteorologist
      • Amalie Schoppe (1791–1858), German writer
      • Michael H. Schill (born 1958), president of the University of Oregon
      • Ben Schwartz (born 1981), actor, (Jean- Ralphio Saperstein at Parks and Recreation ), graduated from Union College in 2003
      • William H. Seward (1801–1872), Abolitionist Republican Governor of New York, U.S. Senator, U.S. Secretary of State during and after the Civil War
      • Nehemiah Shumway (1761–1843), teacher and musical composer, lived in Schenectady
      • Kenneth Schermerhorn (1929–2005), conductor of Nashville Symphony, born in Schenectady
      • Simon J. Schermerhorn (1827–1901), U.S. Representative
      • Gerald Stano (1951–1998), serial killer
      • Charles Proteus Steinmetz (1865–1923), mathematician, electrical engineer, developer of alternating current [51]
      • Brian U. Stratton (born 1957), mayor , director of the New York State Canal Corporation
      • Samuel S. Stratton (1916–1990), mayor, U.S. representative, father of Brian Stratton
      • Frank Taberski (1889–1941), billiards champion; born in Schenectady
      • Lynne Talley (born 1954), oceanographer, born in Schenectady
      • Marybeth Tinning (born 1942), serial killer
      • John Tudor (born 1954), MLB pitcher
      • Deborah Van Valkenburgh (born 1952), actress ( Warriors ), was born in Schenectady
      • Charles H. Veeder (1796–1871), Schenectady native, founder of Minden, Louisiana
      • Kurt Vonnegut (1922–2007), author, lived in Schenectady while working for GE in early 1950s
      • Lee Wallard (1910–1963), race car driver
      • George H. Wells (1833–1905), Confederate officer, attorney and member of the Louisiana State Senate
      • Casper Wells (born 1984), MLB outfielder
      • George Westinghouse (1846–1914), engineer and inventor, grew up in Schenectady [51]
      • Andrew Yang (born 1975), entrepreneur and 2020 Democratic presidential candidate
      • Charles Yeats (1808–1870), Union Army chief brigadier in time for the American Civil War; nephew Joseph Christopher Yates 9Horatio Gates Spafford, LL.D. A Gazetteer of the State of New-York , Embracing an Ample Survey and Description of Its Counties, Towns, Cities, Villages, Canals, Mountains, Lakes, Rivers, Creeks and Natural Topography. Arranged in One Series, Alphabetically: With an Appendix… (1824), at Schenectady Digital History Archives, selected extracts, accessed 28 December 2014 9 a b Great Inventors of New York’s Capital District.
      • further reading

        • The Fonda, Johnstown, and Gloversville RR: The Sacandaga Route to the Adirondacks . Randy Decker, Arcadia Publishing.
        • Our Railroad: The Fonda, Johnstown, and Gloversville RR 1867 to 1893 . Paul Larner, St. Albans, VT.
        • The Steam Locomotive in America . Alfred W. Bruce, 1952, Bonanza Books division of Crown Publishers, Inc., New York, NY.
        • Morse, J. (1797). “Skenectady”. American gazetteer . Boston, MA: S. Hall, Thomas and Andrews. PR 23272543M.
        • Yates, Austin A. Schenectady County, New York: Its History to the End of the Nineteenth Century , New York: New York History Company, 1902, full scanned text online at Allen Public Library, at Internet Archive.

        external link

        • City of Schenectady (official website)
        • Schenectady County Chamber of Commerce

        Albany County, New York

        For the City of Albany, New York, see Albany, New York.

        Albany County (/ˈɔːлбəпя/ (Listen) SHILO-bə-née ) is a state county of New York, in the United States. Its northern boundary forms the Mohawk River, at its confluence with the Hudson River to the east. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 304,204. [1] The county seat and largest city of Albany, [2] is the capital of the State of New York. As originally established by the English government during the colonial era, Albany County had an indeterminate amount of land, but its area was 530 square miles (1,400 km2). 2 ) from 3 March 1888. The county is named after the Duke of York and Albany, who became James II of England (James VII of Scotland).

        Albany County is the central core of the New York State Capital District, which includes the Albany-Schenectady-Troy, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area.


        • 1 History
          • 1.1 Colonial
          • 1.2 Formation of cities
          • 1.3 Chronology of borders
        • 2 Geography
          • 2.1 Climate
          • 3 Architecture
          • 3.2 Parks
          • 3. 3 Festivals
          • 3.4 Entertainment
        • 4 Culture and contemporary life
          • 4.1 Museums 91 [3] The county’s act of creation vaguely defined its territory “to contain the towns of Albany, Colony Rensselaerwick, Schonecteda, and all the villages, quarters, and Christian plantations on the east side of the Hudson River from Rolef Creek and on the western side of Sawyer Creek at Sarragtoga.” [4] The confirmation promulgated in 1691 was similar, but did not include the town of Albany, changed “Mannor Ranselervik” to “Colloni Rensselervik” and said “to the very end of Sarragtoga” , not just “Sarragtoga” Livingston Manor was annexed to Albany County from Dutchess County in 1717. [4]

            Albany’s boundaries were more precisely defined as state statutes added land to a county or, more commonly, subtracted land to form new counties. [5] In 1772, with the creation of Try and Charlotte counties, Albany received its final boundaries and included what are now Albany, Columbia, Rensselaer, Saratoga, and Schenectady counties; large parts of Green and Washington counties; and the disputed southwest corner of Vermont. [6]

            City of Albany was the first municipality in this large county, [5] is founded as the village (dorp in Dutch) of Beverwyck by the CEO of New Amsterdam, Peter Stuyvesant, who also established the first court in Albany. [7] Albany was founded as a city in 1686 by Governor Dongan through the Dongan Charter after the British took over the colony. [5] Schenectady west received a patent with some municipal rights in 1684 and became a borough in 1765. [6]

            The Rensselaerswick Manor was created as a county within the county in 1772 and then split into two counties, one on each side of the Hudson River in 1779year. The western county included everything that is now Albany County, except for the lands that were in the city of Albany at the time. [8] Although Rensselaerswick Manor was the only area (along with the City of Albany) in what is now Albany County, it was not the only area in what was then Albany County. Pittstown in 1761 and Duanesburgh in 1764 were established as parishes. But when the counties were created in 1772, these townships were incorporated into the new counties, Pittstown to Shachtikok and Duanesburg to the United Counties of Duanesburg and Shohari. [6] Schenectady also changed from a borough to a district in 1772. [9] Other counties, founded in 1772, were Hoosick, Coxsackie, Cambridge, Saratoga, Month, Kinderhook, Kings, Claverack, Great Imbogt, and Livingston Manor.

            According to the 1697 census, Albany County had a population of 1,452; two years later this would be considered 2016 at the start of King William’s War. By the end of the war in 1698, the population had fallen to 1,482, but quickly recovered and by 1703 stood at 2,273. By 1723 it had increased to 6501 and in 1731 to 8573, slightly less than the city’s population. New York in the same year. In 1737 there were 17 more residents of Albany County than New York County. In 1774, Albany County, with a population of 42,706, was the largest county in colonial New York. According to the first federal census 1790, Albany County reached 75,921 residents and was still the largest county in the state. [10]

            Formation of cities

            On March 7, 1788, New York State divided the entire state into cities, eliminating counties as administrative divisions, by passing the New York Laws of 1788, chapters 63 and 64. [11]

            Timeline of boundary changes

            Albany County in 1777

            Albany County was one of the original twelve counties created by the Province of New York on November 1, 1683. [12] At that time it included all of New York State north of Dutchess and Ulster County, all of what is now Bennington County to Vermont and theoretically west to the Pacific Ocean. [13]

            On May 27, 1717, Albany County was changed to receive an indefinite amount of land from Dutchess County and other lands not belonging to the county. [14]

            On October 7, 1763, King George III, as part of his Proclamation of 1763, created the new province of Quebec, implicitly setting New York’s northern boundary at 45 degrees north from Atlantic-St. The Laurentian watershed west to the St. Lawrence River, implicitly marking the northern boundary of Albany County, but it has never been mapped. [15]

            On July 20, 1764, King George III established the boundary between New Hampshire and New York along the west bank of the Connecticut River, north of Massachusetts and south of parallel 45 degrees north latitude. Albany County unconditionally received modern Vermont. Although disputes occasionally erupted later, this line became the boundary between New Hampshire and Vermont and has remained unchanged to the present day. When New York City refused to recognize land ownership through the New Hampshire Grants (cities previously created by New Hampshire in what is now Vermont), disgruntled colonists organized opposition, leading to the creation of an independent Vermont in 1777. [16]

            On July 3, 1766, Cumberland County was split from Albany County to cover all of the territory up to the northern and eastern borders of the colony, including Windsor County, most of Windham County, and parts of Bennington and Rutland County in what is now Vermont. [17]

            On June 26, 1767, the County of Albany regained all of Cumberland County. [18]

            On March 19, 1768, Albany County was re-partitioned and Cumberland County restored. [19]

            On March 16, 1770, Albany County was divided again. Gloucester County was created to include all Orange, Caledonia, and Essex counties, most of Washington County, and parts of Orleans, Lamoille, Addison, and Chittenden counties in present-day Vermont. [20]

            On March 12, 1772, Albany County was again divided, this time into the Albany Counties. Try (now Montgomery), and Charlotte (now Washington). This defined a designated area for Albany County at 5,470 square miles (14,200 km 2 ). [21]

            On March 24, 1772, Albany County was again subdivided into an additional 50 square miles (130 km). 2 ) transferred to Cumberland County. [22]

            On March 9, 1774, Albany County was again divided, this time to 1,090 square miles (2,800 km). 2 ) to Ulster County. [23]

            On April 1, 1775, Albany was divided again, this time ceding 60 square miles (160 km. 2 ) to Charlotte County, who then traded the land for a similar lot in Cumberland County. [24]

            On January 15, 1777, Albany County was divided again, this time by Vermont’s independence from New York, reducing Albany County by an additional 300 square miles (780 km 2 ). [25]

            On June 26, 1781, Bennington County, Vermont, attempted to annex part of Albany County, which today includes parts of Washington and Rensselaer counties, to form what they called the “Western Union.” [26] The Young United States – under the Articles of Confederation – considered this annexation and condemned it, causing Vermont to end the annexation on February 23, 1782. [27]

            on April 4, 1786. miles (1700 km 2 ) of Albany County land. [28]

            On March 7, 1788, New York, refusing to recognize Vermont’s independence, and the concomitant elimination of Cumberland County, attempted to correct the line separating Cumberland from Albany County in present-day Vermont, but to no avail. [29]

            On February 7, 1791, Albany County was divided again, this time to form Rensselaer and Saratoga County. Rensselaer received 660 square miles (1700 km 2 ), while Saratoga received 850 square miles (2200 km 2 ). Also, the city of Cambridge was transferred to Washington County. A total of 1,680 square miles (4,400 km 2 ) has changed hands. [30]

            On June 1, 1795, Albany County was divided again, this time for the loss of 460 square miles (1,200 km). 2 ) to Shohari County. [31]

            On April 5, 1798, there was another division of 90 square miles (230 km 2 ) passing to Ulster County. [32]

            On March 25, 1800, Albany County was again subdivided into 360 square miles (930 km). 2 ) is used to create Green County. [33]

            On April 3, 1801, all counties of New York were revised and Albany County received 10 square miles (26 km). 2 ). [34]

            On March 7, 1809, Schenectady County was created from 230 square miles (600 km 2 ) of Albany County land, [35] reducing Albany County to its current size. [13]

            On March 3, 1888, Albany County ceded Le Havre Island to Saratoga County. [36]


            View of the cities of Guilderland and Nova Scotia and the city of Albany from Thacher Park

            According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of ​​533 square miles (1380 km0055 2 ), of which 523 square miles (1350 km 2 ) is land and 10 square miles (26 km 2 ) (2.0%) is water. [37]

            Albany County is located in East Central New York, extending south and west from the point where the Mohawk River joins the Hudson River. Its eastern border is the Hudson; part of its northern border is the Mohawk.

            The county’s terrain varies from flat around the Hudson and Mogok rivers to high and rolling in the southwest, the Helderberg Escarpment and the Helderberg Mountains. The highest point is one of several peaks next to Henry Hill approximately 2,160 feet (658 m) above sea level; The lowest point is 62 feet (19 m) above sea level on the southernmost part of the Hudson River in the county.


            The metropolitan area has a humid continental climate, with cold, snowy winters and hot, humid summers. Albany receives about 36.2 inches (920 mm) of rain per year, with 135 days receiving at least 0.01 inches (0.25 mm) of precipitation. Snowfall is significant, amounting to about 63 inches (1600 mm) per year, [39] but with less accumulation than lake effect areas to the north and west, being quite far from Lake Ontario. Albany County, however, is close enough to the coast to receive heavy snowfall. Nor’easters, and the region receives most of its annual snowfall from these types of storms. The county also occasionally receives Alberta Clippers. Winters are often very cold with changeable conditions, and temperatures often drop below 0 °F (-18 °C) at night. Albany can experience periods of extreme heat and humidity during the summer, with temperatures in excess of 90 °F (32 °C) and a dew point of around 70. Severe thunderstorms are common, but tornadoes are rare. Albany receives an average of 69 sunny days, 111 partly cloudy days, and 185 cloudy days; [40] and average less than four hours of sunshine per day throughout the year and just over 2.5 hours per day during the winter. [41] There is a 53% chance of sunshine during daylight hours, with the highest percentage of sunshine in July (64%) and the lowest month in November (37%). [39]

            Neighboring Counties

            Albany County borders six counties. Listed clockwise, they are:

            • Schenectady County-NW
            • Saratoga County-North
            • Rensselaer County-East
            • DC-SW
            • Green County-South
            • 82



            Albany County has many different architectural styles that have evolved over the centuries. [42] Only the City of Albany has a Dutch Colonial Quackenbush House), French Revival (New York State Capitol), Federal Style (original Albany Academy in Academy Park), Romanesque Revival (Albany City Hall), Art Deco (Alfred Building Smith) and modern (Empire State Plaza). The cities of Albany, Cohus, and Watervliet, as well as the village of Green Island, are more urban in architecture; while the cities of Colony, Guilderland, Nova Scotia and Bethlehem are more suburban and the rest of the Hilltowns (Bern, Knox, Westerlo and Rensselaerville) are very rural.


            Albany County is home to the Emma Treadwell Thatcher Nature Center, which opened in July 2001 and is located near the shores of Lake Thompson between two state parks that are in Albany County. Thompson Lake State Park and John Boyd Thatcher State Park. There are also state nature reserves with interactive educational programs, such as the Five Rivers Environmental Education Center and Albany Pine Bush. The cities, towns, and villages of Albany County have many municipal parks, playgrounds, and protected green spaces. Washington Park in Albany and Crossing in Colony are the two largest. There are many small walking and biking trails, as well as longer biking trails such as the Mohawk-Hudson Bicycle Trail which runs from the city of Albany north to Cohus and then west along the Mohawk River to Schenectady County.


            One of the biggest events in Albany County, the Tulip Fest is held in the city of Albany every spring in Washington Park. The tradition stems from when Mayor Erastus Corning 2nd passed a city ordinance declaring the tulip the official flower of Albany on July 1, 1948. [43] The African American Pinksterfest tradition, whose origins date back to Dutch holidays, was later incorporated into the Tulip Festival. Albany LatinFest is held from 1996 and in 2008 drew 10,000 people to Washington Park. [44] PolishFest is a three-day celebration of Polish culture in the capital region, which has been held in Kolony for the past eight years. [45]


            Albany, Counties & Major City

            Albany County has two malls classified as super-regional malls (malls over 800,000 sq. ft.), [46] Crossgates Mall to Guilderland and the Colonial Center at The Colony with over one million square feet of leasable space each. Hack Finn Amusement Park – a children’s amusement park open in the summer, which began operations in the summer of 2015 – after buying rides at the former Hoffman amusement park in Newtonville, which has been operating since 1951 years until autumn 2014. During the winter, the ski resort has over 18 miles (29 km) of official snowshoe trails. Albany Pine Bush Preserve in the city of Albany and the cities of Colony and Guilderland. [47]

            Culture and modern life

            Albany is often derided as “Smallbany” (also spelled Smallbany) due to its perceived lack of culture and backwater in tourist circles. [48] even though it consistently ranks high on lists of best cities/metropolitan areas for culture, e. g. 23rd in book Ranked and ranked cities . [49] For local residents, the name Smallbany refers to the perceived notion that residents are interconnected and somehow know each other. Albany is home to some of New York State and the United States’ oldest museums, historic sites, and places of worship; Some of the finest collections of historical artifacts and art can be found in Albany County.


            Albany County has a variety of historical sites and museums covering a wide range of topics and time periods. The Albany Institute of History and Art founded in 1791 year and is one of the oldest museums in the US, [50] and the State Museum of New York is the oldest and largest public museum in the country. [51] Many of the museums are historical sites in their own right, such as Cherry Hill, the Ten Brock Mansion, and the Schuyler Mansion in Albany and the Pruyn House in Colony. The Quackenbush House is the second oldest house in the city of Albany and is part of the Albany Visitor Center, which includes a planetarium. The Albany Pine Bush Discovery Center in Albany includes hands-on activities to learn about the unique Heath Pine Bush of Albany and the cities of Guilderland and the Colony. The history of pharmacy can be seen at the Throop Pharmacy Museum at Albany College of Pharmacy. USS Slater, DE-766 is a World War II destroyer escort, the last floating escort escort owned by the Escort Escort Historical Museum, moored from spring to autumn at the foot of the Quay on the Hudson River. The ship is open for tours every week and contains an excellent and well-maintained collection of US naval artifacts from World War II.

            There are several art museums in Albany County; including the Albany Center Gallery in downtown Albany, which exhibits the work of local artists within a 100-mile (160 km) radius of that city; [52] the University Art Museum, at the University of Albany, SUNY; and Opalka Gallery, Sage College of Albany. The Empire State Plaza in Albany houses one of the most important public collections of contemporary art in the United States. [53]

            Performing arts

            Albany County owns the largest performing arts venue in the county. the Times Union Center, which was originally built as the Knickerbocker Arena; it opened on January 30, 1990 with a performance by Frank Sinatra. [54] In 1996, the Grateful Dead released a live album from performances in March 1990 called Dozin in Nick . [55]


            Many athletes and coaches in major sports began their careers in Albany County. Phil Jackson, former NBA head coach Chicago Bulls and Los Angeles Lakers won his first championship ring as a coach while guiding the Albany Patruns to the CBA 19 championship84 years old. Three years later, the Patroons finished the regular season 50–6, including winning all 28 of their home games; during this time, Sacramento Kings head coach George Karl was the head coach of the Patroons. Future NBA stars Mario Elie and Vincent Askew were part of that season’s team. Mike Tyson received his early training in the Capital District and had his first professional fight in Albany in 1985, with Tyson’s first televised fight in Troy in 1986. He fought professionally four times in Albany and twice in Troy and Glens Falls between 1985 and 1986.

            Since 1988, the Siena College men’s basketball team (Siena Saints) have appeared in six NCAA tournaments (1989, 1999, 2002, 2008, 2009, and 2010).

            Religious life

            Albany County was originally settled by Protestants from Northern Europe: the Netherlands, the British Isles and Germany. In the 19th century, many Catholic immigrants came here, first from Ireland, fleeing the Great Famine, and later from southern Germany, central and southern Europe. Among the late 19 immigrants- the beginning of the 20th century were Jews from Eastern Europe. Apart from other Jewish communities, the county has one of the few Karaite Jewish communities outside of Israel. [56] This community is active and has its own synagogue. Pop.

      1790 75.980
      1800 34,043 −55. 2%
      1810 34,661 1.8%
      1820 38,116 10.0%
      1830 53.520 40.4%
      1840 68.593 28.2% % % 93,279 36.0%
      1860 113,917 22.1%
      1870 133,052 16.8%
      1880 154,890 16.ly0322 0.6%
      1910 173,666 4.9%
      1920 186,106 7.2%
      1930 211,953 13.9%
      1940 221.315 4. 4%
      1950 239.386 8.2%








      %60 272,926 14.0%
      1970 286,742 5.1%
      1980 285,909 −0.3%
      1990 292.594 2.3%
      200054 294.565 0.7%

      055 2

      ). There were 134,072 housing units at an average density of 248 per square mile (96/km 2). The racial makeup of the county was 78.2% White, 12.7% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. . 4.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.2% were Irish, 16.0% Italian, 11.0% German, 6.1% English and 5.1% Polish according to the 2000 Census. [64] 90.4% spoke English, 2.7% Spanish and 1.0% Italian as their first language.

      There were 124,682 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.1% did not had families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.32 and the average family size is 2.99.

      In the county, the age distribution of the population shows: 22.6% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64 years and 14.5% are aged 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 women, there were 91.7 men. For every 100 women aged 18 and over, there were 87.8 men.

      The median household income in the county was $42,935 and the median household income was $56,724. For men, the average income was 39$838 versus $30,127 for women. The per capita income for the county was $23,345. About 7.2% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under the age of 18 and 6.3% of those aged 65 and over.


      Tech Valley

      Main article: Tech Valley

      Since the 2000s, the economy of Albany County and its adjacent metropolitan area has been redirected towards high technology. Tech Valley is the marketing name for eastern New York, including Albany County, the Capital District, and the Hudson Valley. [65] Created in 1998 to promote the Greater Albany region as a high-tech competitor to regions such as Silicon Valley and Boston, it has since grown to represent counties in the Capital District and has expanded to IBM with Westchester County plants to the south and to the Canada-US border to the north. The area’s high-tech ecosystem is supported by technology-driven academic institutions including Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the State University of New York Polytechnic Institute. [66] Tech Valley includes 19 counties located on both sides of the Adirondack Northway and New York Thruway, [65] and with a heavy state taxpayer subsidy, the computer hardware side of the high-tech industry has grown significantly, with great strides in the nanotechnology sector digital electronics design, dependent on water and electricity integrated circuit manufacturing. [67]

      Government and politics

      For much of its history, Albany County has predominantly supported Democratic presidential candidates. Only in three elections since 19’24, the Republican candidate won the district’s presidential election, the last of which was an election. Richard Nixon in 1972. The dominance of the Democratic Party has become more pronounced in recent years, with George H.W. hive in 1988, the most recent Republican nominee received even forty percent of the county’s vote.

      Albany County Office Building on State Street in Albany


      903.9% 28.376%

      2 2.376%0060

      Presidential election results [68]
      34. 4% 50,586 63.8% 93,937 1.9% 2,743
      2004 37.3% 54,872 60.7% 89,323 2.0% 3.004
      2000 33.5% 47,624 60.3% 85.644 6.2% 6.2% 9006% 6.2%0304

      1996 28.2% 39,785 61.0% 85,993 10.8% 15,213
      1992 31.8% 49,452 51.9% 80,641 16.% 1,363
      1984 49.5% 74,542 50.1% 75,447 0.4% 603
      1980 36.3% 52,354 51.6% 74.429 12.2% 17. 581
      48.9% 69.592

      71,616 0.8% 1,201
      1972 54.8% 81,848 45.0% 67,297 0.2% 330
      1968 38.0% 52.948 57.9% 80.724 4.1% 5,679
      1964 21.0322 78.0% 114,827 0.1% 101
      1960 40.1% 61,600 59.8% 91,973 0.1% 119
      1956 56.6% 86.202 43.4% 65,982 0.0% 0
      1953 19003 1

      52 1952 9003 1

      9 19003 1

      19003 19003 1

      19003 19003 1

      19003 19003 1

      19003 19003 1

      19003 19003 19003 19003 19003 19003 19003 19003 19003 19003 19003 19003 19003 19003 19003A0054 79,871

      47. 5% 72,633 0.2% 266
      1948 42.6% 59,965 53.6% 75,419 3.8% 5,350
      1944 45.9% 60.543 53.9% 71,128 0.2% 289 43.3% 58,912 56.6% 77,052 0.2% 210
      1936 41.5% 52,962 56.2% 71,631 2.3% 2.918
      1932 38.3% 46,244 60.6% 73.194

      1.1% 9006.0322 1928 43.0% 48,762 55.0% 62,380 2.0% 2,295
      1924 52. 0% 48,253 41.7% 38,671 6.3% 5,848
      1920 61.7% 48.750
      1916 58.0% 26,628 41.0% 18,799 1.1% 485
      1912 47.5% 20,418 40.1 % 17,235 12.5% ​​ 5,362
      1908 55.9% 24.763 42.3% 9006.0325

      1.8% 782
      1904 56.1% 24,964 42.2% 18,768 1.7% 746
      1900 55.0% 23.495 43.9% 18.752 1.2% 505
      1896 54. 5% 22.22.22 22.22.22 22.22ALA0059 17,818 1.8% 753
      1892 47.5% 18,398 49.0% 18,994 3.6% 1,376
      1888 47.4 % 19.362 51.5% 21,037 1.1% 454
      1884 47.4% 9003% 9003% 9003% 9003% 9003% 9003% 900.4% 9003% 9003% 9003% 900.4%Albany County was governed by a Board of Supervisors until 1968. [69] The board consisted of the city wardens of each city in the county, as well as the county overseers elected from the parishes of each city in the county. [70] In its later years, the board used a weighted voting system to comply with recently enacted federal and state proportional display requirements. [71] On January 1, 1976, the Albany County government was amended with a new charter establishing elected-at-large county administration, in addition to a 39-seat county legislature. [72] Each of the 39 legislators is elected from a single-member constituency. As of 2015, there are 29 Democrats, 9 Republicans, and 1 conservative on the county council who caucus with the Republicans.

      District Executive – Daniel P. McCoy (D). Other officials elected throughout the county include Sheriff Craig Apple, District Attorney. David Soares, Clerk Bruce A. Headley and Comptroller Michael F. Conners.

      Republican January 1, 1992 – December 31, 1994
      Michael Breslin Democratic January 1, 1995 – December 31, 2011
      Danil P. Macca Democratic January 1, 2012-present


      State Assembly

      • Christopher Tage Republican, 102nd district
      • John MacDonald, Democratic, 108th District
      • Pat Fahey, Democratic, 109th District
      • Phillip Stack, Democratic, 110th District
      • Angelo Santabarbara, Democratic, 111th District

      State Senate

        9007 State Senate
        • George Amedor, Republican, 46th District

        US House of Representatives

        • Paul Tonko, Democratic, 20th District


        • Albany College of Pharmacy

          C The Capital District Transportation Committee (CDTC) is the City Planning Organization (MPO) for the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Every metropolitan area in the United States with a population of over 50,000 must have an MPO in order to receive any federal funding for transportation. The US Department of Transportation (USDOT) uses the MPO to make decisions about which projects are most important to a municipal area in terms of immediate or long-term funding. USDOT will not approve federal funds for transportation projects unless they are on the MPO list. [75]

          Interstate and other major highways

          Albany County is located at a major intersection in the Northeast United States, first formed by the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers. Even before the Interstate Highway System and the US Highway System, Albany County was the center of many arterial roads and boardwalks that connected the region as well as the Erie Canal to the Great Lakes.

          Today, Interstate 87 and Interstate 90 meet in Albany County. The Thomas E. Dewey New York State Thruway is a toll road that from Exit 24 in Albany goes I-87 and goes south to connect the county with down New York State. West of exit 24 of I-90 connects the county to Schenectady, Utica, Syracuse, Rochester, and Buffalo.

          North of exit 24, I-87 is the Adirondack Northway and connects the city and Albany County with their suburbs in Saratoga County and provides long distance travel to Montreal. East of Exit 24, I-90 travels along the northern city limits of Albany and exits the county at the Patrun Island Bridge in Rensselaer County for access to Albany’s eastern suburbs. Interstate 787 connects Thruway (I-87) to Downtown Albany, Menands, Watervliet, and Cohoes. Route 9The US enters the county on the Dunn Memorial Bridge and travels north through the city of Albany, connecting it to suburbs in the Colony and Saratoga County. U.S. Route 20 also enters the county at the Dunn Memorial Bridge and travels west through Albany (city) and the city of Guilderland. New York State Route 5 and New York State Route 7 are two important highways that bisect the county and are developing as important shopping streets.

          Public Transportation

          Albany County is served by the Capital District Transportation Authority, a four-county bus service that also serves Rensselaer, Schenectady, and Saratoga counties. Greyhound Lines, Trails, and Peter Pan All Bonanza buses serve a terminal in the city center. A Chinatown Bus service departs from Central Avenue and provides service from Chinatown to Manhattan.


          Albany International Airport is the only commercial airport in the county. Flight destinations from Albany include: Atlanta; Las Vegas; Chicago; Charlotte, North Carolina; and Orlando, Florida, among many others.


          Since 1968, when Union Station in Albany was abandoned for a new station across the Hudson in Rensselaer, Albany County has not had a railroad station. Amtrak has several routes serving Albany-Rensselaer Station. To Adirondacks (north to Montreal, Quebec and south to New York City), Empire Service (west to Buffalo and Niagara Falls, south to New York), Ethan Allen Express (northeast to Rutland, Vermont and south to New York), Maple Leaf (west to Toronto and south to New York), and Lake Shore Limited (at Albany-Rensselaer, separate routes from Boston and New York merge into one train west to Chicago , on the east track, one train splits into two, one east to Boston and the other south to New York).


          Map of towns and villages in Albany County

          See also: Timeline of city creation in the New York metropolitan area

          Albany County is made up of three cities and 10 towns.


          • Olbani (District)
          • COHOES
          • WATERVLIT


          • BERN
          • BEFLEEM
          • GRONOLIA OSRIE
          • GOLOLIA OS “Capital District Transportation Committee.” Metropolitan Transportation Committee. Retrieved 2009-04-23.
          • further reading

            • Pearson, Jonathan; Arnold Johan Ferdinand Van Laer (translator and editor) (1869). Early Records of the City and County of Albany and the Colony of Rensselaerswick (1656–1675) . Joel Mansell. OCLC 5

              37. (Full text via Google Books.)

            external link

            • Albany County 9 official website0082
            • Albany County at Curley
            • A Brief Summary of the Early History of Albany County, NY
            • Early History of Albany County Towns
            • Albany Hilltowns is a one-stop study of the history of the Albany County Highlands of Bern, Knox, Westerlo, and Rensselaerville, and the families who lived there.
            • Hudson Valley Directory , announcements related to Albany County, NY

            Coordinates: 42°36′N 73°58’W / 42.600°N 73.967°W / 42.600; -73.967

            Albany (New York) –

            For articles of the same name, see Albany.

            Albany (/ɔl. bə. ni/) is a city in the state of New York, United States. It is located 233 km north of New York, about ten kilometers downstream from the confluence of the Mohawk River with the Hudson. In addition, it is about forty kilometers from the borders of Vermont and Massachusetts. It had a population of 97,856 in the 2010 census and 9 in 20178,251 people.

            Albany maintains close ties with the cities of Troy and Schenectady, forming a group called Metropolitan Area with a population of 870,716. Albany is also the seat of Albany County.


            • 1 story

              • 1. 1 Dutch colonization
              • 1.2 English diet
            • 2 Policy
            • 3 Demographics
            • 4 monuments
            • 5 Education
            • 6 Transport
            • 7 personalities associated with the city of
            • 8 Twinning
            • 9 Notes and references
            • 10 See also

              • 10.1 Related Article
              • 10.2 External links


            Albany is the oldest surviving European installation from the Thirteen Colonies.

            Dutch colonization

            In 1540 the French (perhaps the first Europeans to discover the site) would have built a primitive fort on an island near the current location of Albany, but it would have quickly collapsed after or even during construction.

            Albany’s colonial history really began when the Englishman Henry Hudson, who was conducting reconnaissance for the Dutch West India Company on his ship Halve Maen (Crescent Moon), arrived in the area in 1609. In the 1610s, several companies established a fur trade there, and the first trading post, Fort Nassau, was established on the island opposite present-day Albany. In 1624, the first military facility of the colony of New Netherland was built in this region ( Nieuw-Nederland ) – Fort Orange, named after the princes of Orange. Nearby, the village of Beverwijk was founded in 1652.

            English diet

            When the English took control of the area in 1664 we renamed Beverwijk to Albany, and Fort Orange was renamed Albany in honor of the Duke of York and Albany, who later became King Jacques II of England 3.

            From 1398 the title of Duke of Albany was originally usually given to the youngest son of the King of Scots. The name comes from Alba , the Gaelic name for Scotland.

            In 1673 the Dutch took back the former colony and the city was renamed Willemstadt . When it was returned to the British the following year by the Treaty of Westminster, Willemstadt became Albany again.

            Albany received a charter and became a municipality at when the Dongan charter went into effect. At that time it was known for its fur fair.

            In 1754, representatives of the seven British colonies in North America met at Congress to Albany . Benjamin Franklin, originally from Pennsylvania, introduced Albany Union Plan , the first official proposal to unite the colonies.

            In 1797 the state capital of New York was moved from Kingston to Albany.


            List of successive mayors since 1926
            Period Personality Label Quality
            Missing data must be completed.
            1926 1940 John Boyd Thatcher II (ru) Democrat
            1940 1941 Herman F. Hugkamp plays a role
            Erastus Corning 2nd (ru) Democrat
            1983 Thomas Michael Whalen III (ru) Democrat
            Gerald Jennings (ru) Democrat
            In progress Cathy Sheehan Democrat First lady


            Census history
            Anya. Pop. % ±
            1790 3 498

            1800 5 349 + 52.92%
            1810 10 762 + 101.2%
            1820 12 630 + 17.36%
            1830 24 209 + 91.68%
            1840 33 721 + 39. 29%
            1850 50 763 + 50.54%
            1860 62 367 + 22.86%
            1870 69 422 + 11.31%
            1880 90 758 + 30.73%
            1890 94 923 + 4.59%
            1900 94 151 −0. 81%
            1910 101 253 + 7.54%
            1920 113 344 + 11.94%
            1930 127 412 + 12.41%
            1940 130 577 + 2.48%
            1950 134 995 + 3.38%
            1960 129 726 −3. 9%
            1970 115 781 −10.75%
            1980 101 727 −12.14%
            1990 101 082 −0.63%
            2000 95 658 −5.37%
            2010 97 856 + 2.3%
            Sources: 1790–1950, > 1960–1980, 1990–2000.
            Composition of population in % (2010)
            Group Albany New York United States
            White 57.0 66.8 72.4
            black people 30.8 15.9 12.6
            Asians 5.0 7.3 4.8
            Metis 3.7 3.0 2.9
            Other 3.2 7.5 6.4
            Native Americans 0.3 0.6 0.9
            General 100 100 100
            Hispanics 8. 6 17.6 16.7

            According to the American Community Survey for the period 2010-2014, 84.41% of the population over the age of 5 say they speak English at home, 5.47% say they speak Spanish. 1.51% speak Chinese, 0.67 Arabic, 0.62% Italian, 0.61% French, and 6.71% another language.

            Between 2012 and 2016, per capita income averaged $26,335 per year, well below the New York State ($34,212) and US ($29,829) averages. In addition, 25.6% of Albany residents lived below the poverty line (compared to 14.7% statewide and 12.7% nationally).


            • New York State Capitol;
            • Albany City Hall;
            • Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception (1852, Neo-Gothic), listed in National Register of Historic Places in 1976;
            • St. Mary’s Church ( 19th – th century Romanesque Revival Italian), listed National Register of Historic Places in 1977;
            • Alfred Smith Building, Art Deco skyscraper, 1930s.
            • Panorama.

            • Fire station.

            Click thumbnail to enlarge.


            • State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany)
            • College of Pharmacy and Health Albany
            • Saint Rose College (en)


            Albany serves an international airport located about ten kilometers north of the city center.

            Albany – Rensselaer station, located across the Hudson from downtown, is served by several Amtrak lines.

            The Livingston Avenue Bridge was built in 1866.

            Personalities associated with the city


            • Ghent (Belgium)
            • Nassau (Bahamas)
            • Nijmegen (Netherlands)
            • Quebec (Canada)
            • Verona ( Italy )
            • Viterbo ( Italy )
            • Tula (Russia) since 1991

            Notes and links

            1. ↑ American English pronunciation is transcribed phonemically according to the API standard.
            2. (in) Albany Chronicles: The history of the city in chronological order, from the oldest settlements to the present day; Illustrated with many historical rare images and reproductions from the collection of Albany Mayors Robert S. Pruyn, owned by the Albany Institute and Historical and Artistic Society Company J. B. Lyon Printing House
            3. ↑ Fernand Braudel, Material Civilization, Economics and Capitalism , Volume 3: Le temps du monde, Paris, Armand Colin, LGF-Le Livre de Poche, (ISBN 2-253-06457-2) , 1993, pp. 485.
            4. (in) Census 1950; Volume 1: Characteristics of the Population”, U. S. Census Bureau, (Accessed September 6, 2010) , pp. 32-8 (64 in PDF file)
            5. Census 1980; Volume 1: Population Characteristics , US Census Bureau (read online) , pp. 34-10
            6. (in) US Census Website “, US Census Bureau (accessed January 31, 2008)
            7. (in) Albany, NY Population – Census 2010 and 2000 ” at (accessed March 13, 2016) .
            8. (in) New York Population – 2010 and 2000 Census ” From censusviewer. com (accessed March 4, 2016) .
            9. (in) Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for population 5 and over ” at
            10. (c) U.S. Census Bureau, “ City of Albany, NY; NY; UNITED STATES ” at

            See also

            Related Article

            • List of Bishops of Albany

            External Links

            Municipalities and Communities of Albany County (NY)

            City district
            • Albany
            Cities Albany Cohoose Watervliet
            Cities Bern · Bethlehem · Coymans · Colony · Green Island · Guilderland · Knox · Nova Scotia · Rensselaerville · Westerlo
            Villages Altamon Colony Green Island Menands Ravenna Voorheesville

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            New York County Cities

            Albany Albion Auburn Ballston Spa Batavia Bath Belmont Binghamton Buffalo Canandaigua Canton Carmel Catskill Cooperstown Cortland Delhi Elizabethtown Elmira Fonda Fort Edward Geneseo Goshen Herkimer Hudson Ithaca Johnstown Kingston Lake Pleasant Little Valley Lockport Loville Lyon Malone Mineola Mayville Monticello New City New York Norwich Oswego Ovid Ovego Penn Jan Plattsburgh Poughkeepsie Queensbury Riverhead Rochester Schenectady Shoharie Syracuse Troy Utica Wampsville Warsaw Waterloo Watertown Watkins Glen White Plains

            Addresses, phone numbers, and fax numbers of New State Sheriffs York SCOC

            Addresses, phone numbers, and fax numbers of New York State Sheriffs

            Albany / Allegany / Bronx County / Broome / Cattaraugus / Cayuga / Chatoqua / Chemung / Chenango / Clinton / Columbia / Cortland / Delaware / Dutchess / Erie / Essex / Franklin / Fulton / Genesee / Greene / Hamilton / Herkimer / Jefferson / Kings County / Lewis / Livingston / Madison / Monroe / Montgomery / Nassau / New York County / Niagara / Oneida / Onondaga / Ontario / Orange / Orleans / Oswego / Otsego / Putnam / Queens County / Rensselaer / Richmond County / Rockland / St. Lawrence / Saratoga / Schenectady / Shohari / Schuyler / Seneca / Steuben / Suffolk / Sullivan / Tioga / Tompkins / Ulster / Warren / Washington / Wayne / Wyoming / Yeats

            Albany County Sheriff’s Department

            Craig Apple Sheriff
            Albany County Courthouse
            16 Eagle Street
            Albany, NY 12207
            Phone: (518) 487-5440
            Fax: (518) 487-5037

            Allegany County Sheriff’s Department
            Ricky Whitney Sheriff
            4884 State Route 19
            Belmont, NY 14813
            Phone: (585) 268-9200
            Fax: (585) 268-9475

            New York City Sheriff’s Office/Bronx County Division
            Anthony Miranda, Sheriff
            Bronx Customer Service Center
            3030 Third Avenue, 2nd Floor
            Bronx, NY 10455
            Phone: (718) 993-3880
            Fax: 9 (718) 993 -3116

            Broome County Sheriff’s Office
            David E. Harder, Sheriff
            155 Lt. Van Winkle Drive
            Binghamton, NY 13905
            Phone: (607) 778-1911
            Fax: (607) 778-2100

            Cattaraugus County Sheriff’s Department

            Timothy Whitcomb Sheriff
            301 Court Street
            Little Valley, NY 14755
            Phone: (716) 938-9191
            Fax: (716) 938-6552

            Cayuga County Sheriff’s Department
            Brian Schenk, Sheriff
            7445 County House Road
            Auburn, NY 13021
            Phone: (315) 253-1222
            Fax: (315) 253-4575

            Chatauqua County Sheriff’s Office

            James B. Quattron, Sheriff
            15 Chatauqua Street East
            PO Box 128
            Mayville, NY 14757-0128
            Phone: (716) 753-4900
            Fax: (716) 695

            Chemung County Sheriff’s Department
            William Schrom, Acting Sheriff
            203 William Street
            PO Box 588
            Elmira, NY 14902-0588
            Phone: (607) 737-2987
            Fax: (607-3913)

            Chenango County Sheriff’s Department
            Ernest Cutting Sheriff
            279 Country Road 46
            Norwich, NY 13815-1698
            Phone: (607) 337-1857
            Fax: (607) 336-1568

            Clinton County Sheriff’s Department
            David Favreau Sheriff
            25 McCarthy Drive
            Plattsburgh, NY 12901
            Phone: (518) 565-4330
            Fax: (518) 565-4333

            D. C. Sheriff’s Department
            Donald Krapf, Sheriff
            85 Industrial Road
            Hudson, NY 12534
            Phone: (518) 828-0601
            Fax: (518) 828-9088

            Cortland County Sheriff’s Department
            Mark E. Helms Sheriff
            54 Greenbush Street
            Cortland, NY 13045
            Phone: (607) 758-5599
            Fax: (607) 753-6649

            Delaware County Sheriff’s Office
            Craig Dumond, Sheriff
            280 Phoebe Lane – Suite 1
            Delhi, NY 13753
            Phone: (607) 746-2336
            Fax: (607) 746-2632

            Dutchess County Sheriff’s Office
            Kirk Empire, Acting Sheriff
            150 North Hamilton Street
            Poughkeepsie, NY 12601
            Phone: (845) 486-3800
            Fax: (845) 486-3927

            Erie County Sheriff’s Office
            John Garcia Sheriff
            10 Delaware Ave
            Buffalo, NY 14202-3999
            Phone: (716) 858-7608
            Fax: (716) 858-7680

            Essex County Sheriff’s Department
            David Reynolds Sheriff
            702 Stowersville Road
            PO Box 68
            Lewis, NY 12950
            Phone: (518) 873-6321
            Fax: (513-4073)

            Franklin County Sheriff’s Department
            Kevin Mulverhill Sheriff
            45 Bare Hill Road
            Malone, NY 12953
            Phone: (518) 483-6795
            Fax: (518) 483-3205

            Fulton County Sheriff’s Department
            Richard S. Giardino Sheriff
            2712 State Highway 29
            Johnstown, NY 12095-2499
            Phone: (518) 736-2100
            Fax: (518) 736-2126

            Genesee County Sheriff’s Department
            William A. Sheron, Jr. Sheriff
            14 West Main Street
            Batavia, NY 14021-0151
            Phone: (585) 345-3000
            Fax: (585) 344-3102

            Green County Sheriff’s Office
            Peter Kusminsky Sheriff
            80 Bridge Street
            Catskill, NY 12414
            Phone: (518) 943-3300
            Fax: (518) 943-6832

            Hamilton County Sheriff’s Department
            Carl Abrams, Sheriff
            PO Box 210
            South Shore Road
            Lake Pleasant, NY 12108
            Phone: (518) 548-3113
            Fax: (518-7) 44

            Herkimer County Sheriff’s Department
            Scott Scherer, Sheriff
            320 North Main Street
            Herkimer, NY 13350-2922
            Phone: (315) 867-1167
            Fax: (315) 867-1354

            Jefferson County Sheriff’s Department

            Colleen O’Neill Sheriff
            753 Waterman Drive
            Watertown, NY 13601
            Phone: (315) 786-2660
            Fax: (315) 786-2684

            New York City Sheriff’s Office/Kings County Sheriff’s Department
            Anthony Miranda Sheriff
            345 Adams Street 5th Floor
            Brooklyn, NY 11201
            Phone: (718) 488-2300
            Fax: (718) 488-3501

            Lewis County Sheriff’s Department
            Mike Carpinelli Sheriff

            Outer Stowe Street PO Box 233
            Lowville, NY 13367-0233
            Phone: (315) 376-3511
            Fax: (365) 323

            Livingston County Sheriff’s Department

            Thomas Dougherty Sheriff
            4 Court Street
            Geneseo, NY 14454
            Phone: (585) 243-7100
            Fax: (585) 243-7926

            Madison County Sheriff’s Department
            Todd Hood, Sheriff
            PO Box 16
            Wampsville, NY 13163
            Phone: (315) 366-2300
            Fax: (315) 366-2286

            Monroe County Sheriff’s Department
            Todd Baxter, Sheriff
            130 Plymouth Avenue
            Rochester, NY 14614
            Phone: (585) 753-4522
            Fax: (585) 753-4524

            Montgomery County Sheriff’s Department

            Jeff Smith, Sheriff
            PO Box 432
            200 Clark Drive
            Fultonville, NY 12072-0432
            Phone: (518) 853-5500
            Fax: (518) 953-496

            Nassau County Sheriff’s Department
            Anthony LaRocco, Acting Sheriff
            100 Carmen Avenue
            East Meadow, NY 11554
            Phone: (516) 572-4100
            Fax: (516) 572-4300

            New York City Sheriff’s Office/New York County Sheriff’s Department
            Anthony Miranda, Sheriff
            66 John Street, 13th Floor
            New York, NY 10038
            Telephone: (212) 487-9734
            Fax: (212) 487- 5567

            Niagara County Sheriff’s Department
            Michael Filichetto, Acting Sheriff
            5526 Niagara Street Extension
            Lockport, NY 14095-0496
            Phone: (716) 438-3370
            Fax: (716) 438-3357

            Oneida County Sheriff’s Department
            Robert Maciol, Sheriff
            Judd Road
            Oriskany, NY 13424
            Phone: (315) 765-2200
            Fax: (315) 765-2205

            Onondaga County Sheriff’s Department
            Eugene J. Conway Sheriff
            407 South State Street
            Syracuse, NY 13202
            Phone: (315) 435-3044
            Fax: (315) 435-2942

            Ontario County Sheriff’s Office
            Philip Povero, Sheriff
            3045 County Complex Drive
            Canandaigua, NY 14424
            Phone: (585) 396-4560
            Fax: (716) 396-4844

            Orange County Sheriff’s Department
            Carl DuBois Sheriff
            110 Wells Farm Road
            Goshen, NY 10924
            Phone: (845) 291-2728
            Fax: (845) 294-1590

            Orleans County Sheriff’s Department
            Christopher Burke Sheriff
            13295 State Route 31
            Albion, NY 14411-1490
            Phone: (585) 590-4135
            Fax: (585) 590-4178

            Oswego County Sheriff’s Department
            Don Hilton Sheriff
            39 Churchill Road
            Oswego, NY 13126-6613
            Phone: (315) 349-3307
            Fax: (315) 349-3483

            Otsego County Sheriff’s Department
            Richard Devlin Jr. Sheriff
            172 County Highway 33 West
            Cooperstown, NY 13326
            Phone: (607) 547-4271
            Fax: (607) 547-6413

            Putnam County Sheriff’s Department
            Kevin McConville Sheriff
            3 County Center
            Carmel, NY 10512
            Phone: (845) 225-4300
            Fax: (845) 225-4581

            New York City Sheriff’s Office/Queens County Sheriff’s Department
            Anthony Miranda, Sheriff
            30-10 Starr Avenue
            Long Island City, NY 11101
            Phone: (718) 707-2170
            Fax: (718) ) 707-2191

            Rensselaer County Sheriff’s Department

            Patrick A. Russo Sheriff
            4000 Main Street
            Troy, NY 12180
            Phone: (518) 270-5448
            Fax: (518) 270-5447

            New York City Sheriff’s Office/Richmond County Sheriff’s Department
            Anthony Miranda, Sheriff
            Staten Island Business Center
            350 St. Marks Avenue Room 409
            Staten Island, NY 10301
            Phone: (718) 815-8407
            Fax: (718) 815-8416

            Rockland County Sheriff’s Department
            Louis Falco Sheriff
            55 New Hempstead Road
            New City, NY 10956
            Phone: (845) 638-5400
            Fax: (845) 638-5035

            St. Lawrence County Sheriff’s Department
            Brooks Bigwarf Sheriff
            48 Court Street
            Canton, NY 13617
            Phone: (315) 379-2430
            Fax: (315) 379-0335

            Saratoga County Sheriff’s Department
            Michael Zurlo, Sheriff
            6010 County Farm Road
            Ballston Spa, NY 12020
            Phone: (518) 885-2450
            Fax: (518) 885-2453

            Schenectady County Sheriff’s Department

            Dominic Dagostino Sheriff
            320 Veeder Avenue
            Schenectady, NY 12307
            Phone: (518) 388-4300
            Fax: (518) 388-4593

            Shoharie County Sheriff’s Department

            Ronald Stevens, Sheriff
            157 Stedman Way
            PO Box 159,
            Cave House, NY 12092
            Phone: (518) 295-2266
            Fax: (518) 295-7094

            Schuyler County Sheriff’s Department
            Kevin Ramsey Sheriff
            106 10th Street
            Watkins Glen, NY 14891
            Phone: (607) 535-8222
            Fax: (607) 535-8216

            Seneca County Sheriff’s Department
            W. Timothy Luce Sheriff
            6150 State Route 96
            Romulus, NY 14551
            Phone: (315) 539-9241
            Fax: (315) 220-3478

            Steuben County Sheriff’s Department
            James Allard Sheriff
            7007 Ramsey Street Extension
            Bath, NY 14810
            Phone: (607) 776-4406
            Fax: (607) 776-7671

            Suffolk County Sheriff’s Department
            Errol Toulon Sheriff
            100 Center Drive
            Riverhead, NY 11901-3389
            Phone: (631) 852-2200
            Fax: (631) 852-1898

            Sullivan County Sheriff’s Department
            Michael A. Schiff, Sheriff
            58 Old Route 17
            Monticello, NY 12701
            Phone: (845) 794-7100
            Fax: (845) 794-0810

            Tioga County Sheriff’s Department
            Gary W. Howard Sheriff
            Tioga County Public Safety Building
            103 Corporate Drive
            Owego, NY 13827
            Phone: (607) 687-8463
            Fax: (6067) 587-587

            Tompkins County Sheriff’s Department
            Derek Osborne Sheriff
            779 Warren Road
            Ithaca, NY 14850
            Phone: (607) 257-1345
            Fax: (607) 266-5436

            Ulster County Sheriff’s Office
            Juan Figueroa Sheriff
            Ulster County Law Enforcement
            380 Blvd.

            Warren County Sheriff’s Department
            Jim Lafarr Sheriff
            1400 State Route 9
            Lake George, NY 12845
            Phone: (518) 743-2518
            Fax: (518) 743-2519

            Washington County Sheriff’s Department

            Jeff Murphy, Sheriff
            399 Broadway
            Fort Edward, NY 12865
            Phone: (518) 746-2475
            Fax: (518) 746-2398

            Wayne County Sheriff’s Office
            Robert Milby Sheriff
            7368 Route 31
            Lyons, NY 14489
            Phone: (315) 946-9711
            Fax: (315) 946-5811

            Wyoming County Sheriff’s Office
            Gregory J. Rudolph Sheriff
            151 North Main Street
            Warsaw, NY 14569-1196
            Phone: (585) 786-8989
            Fax: (585) 786-8961

            Yeats County Sheriff’s Office
            Ronald G. Spike Sheriff
            227 Main Street
            Penn Jan, NY 14527
            Phone: (315) 536-5172
            Fax: (315) 536-5191

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            Orenburg , September 23, 2022

            From 09/26/2022 due to the dismantling of the contact network on the street. On March 8, as part of the Clear Sky project, trolleybus route No. 10 Volgogradskaya-Karachi will be switched to large-class buses. Route No. 7K “24 microdistrict – central market” is being liquidated.
            Routes No. 4 “Khabarovsk – 24 microdistrict” and No. 12 “Rodimtseva – Jalil” are shortened to the stop “4 mountains. hospital “and will walk along the routes” Khabarovsk – 4 mountains. Hospital “and” Rodimtsev – 4 mountains. hospital”, respectively, through the street. Rybakovskaya.
            Thus, without trolleybus traffic remain:
            The entire southern district of the city (the entire Asian part of Orenburg; namely, Donguzskaya st., Europe-Asia bridge, Belyaevskaya st. , Amurskaya st., Zarechnaya st., Karachinskaya st.), st. Burzyantseva, st. Kirov, st. Chicherina, st. Musa Jalil, st. March 8, st. Leninskaya, st. Chkalov, Gagarin Ave., st. Mira, st. Turkestanskaya, st. Karaganda, st. Vostochnaya, Znamensky pr-d, st. Zhukov, st. Red Banner,
            st. Berezka, Dzerzhinsky Ave., Salmyshskaya St., Volgogradskaya St.
            Also, there will be no more trolleybuses at the Karachi terminal, the 24 microdistrict terminal, the Central Market terminal, the Volgogradskaya terminal, the M. Jalil terminal.
            This can be considered the largest trolleybus pogrom in recent years, if not in the entire history of the Orenburg trolleybus.
            After 09/26/2022, only 2 trolleybus routes No. 4 Khabarovsk – 4 city hospital and No. 12 Rodimtseva – 4 city hospital remain on the streets of Orenburg with the release of supposedly 6-8 cars for each route.

            Rennes , September 20, 2022

            Automatic metro line b opened.
  …48.html (in French)

            Minsk , September 19, 2022

            Minsk trolleybus celebrates its 70th anniversary!

            Tver , September 13, 2022

            Start of work on the dismantling of tram tracks on the New Volzhsky Bridge.

            Cochabamba 9KT, 71-623, as well as service TK-28, 71-608K, GS-4.
            The exhibition will run from 14.00 to 18.00.

            Petrozavodsk , September 9, 2022

            The first two BKM-321 trolleybuses arrived A total of 5 cars are expected.

            Krasnoturyinsk , September 8, 2022

            Car No. 54, transferred from Nizhny Tagil, has arrived in the city.

            Praha , September 7, 2022

            Taganrog , September 4, 2022

            Tram lines 4 and 9i have been reopened after reconstruction.

            Khabarovsk , September 4, 2022

            A new UTTZ-6241.01 “City” trolleybus has arrived in Khabarovsk for testing for a period of 60 days.

            Riga , September 1, 2022

            Belgrade , September 1, 2022

            BKM-333 trolleybuses will no longer operate.

            View records: main all

            Latest posts on Forum

            ELECTRIC BUS – its own design option for ordinary cities
            Electrical equipment.
            The selection of traction and auxiliary electrical equipment is made either from the available mass-produced nomenclature, or from machines / units of secondary use (the latter will speed up and reduce the cost of assembly).
            The main indicator is the operating voltage of the TEC, which is selected based on a number of factors.
            First of all, it should be understood that for trackless passenger electric transport, especially operating in adverse conditions, the “classic” trolleybus voltage of 550-600V remains too high, primarily from the point of view of: safety for passengers and personnel; insulating properties of traction electrical equipment; operation of the TAB or other current source.
            It is preferable to use a lower rated voltage of 200-220V. These values ​​are non-standard for PS GET, therefore, it may be necessary to make changes to a number of electrical machines and electrical equipment.
            In order to minimize the cost of such changes, you will have to bring its value to 275-300V. This will allow using a traction drive scheme with two (tram) TEDs and an electric differential.
            As a control system, standard versions of the KTEO of the city electric transport are used – TrISU, TISU, or even KESU, with the parameters of power elements, in relation to the selected rated voltage.

            Changes on the site    watchmaker   21.09.2022 17:10 MSK

            But it was more convenient for me to look at the opposite chronologically, that is, first old photos.
            I’m just the opposite – I don’t understand sorting from the oldest, it’s always customary for me to see the newest at the top and go back in time. Although it’s not just that, even in file managers, sorting by dates is always implemented in both directions.

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            Best apps toddlers free: Top Free Apps For Toddlers / 2022 Update

            Опубликовано: August 30, 2021 в 11:12 am


            Категории: Miscellaneous

            Top Free Apps For Toddlers / 2022 Update

            Our team of savvy moms and teachers have searched, reviewed and recommended the best apps for toddlers. Here are some fun and educational apps for toddlers that we guarantee you (and your kids) will absolutely love.

            There are so many apps out there for children, but finding ones suitable for toddlers can be challenging. Take a look at these fun and educational apps geared towards keeping toddlers entertained while they are learning. Here are some of the best!

            Music Sparkles

            Price: Free with in-app purchases

            iOS App Store

            Bring the world of music to your toddler’s fingertips. They can play a variety of instruments with a tap of their fingers. This app offers 14 amazing instruments to explore, as well as 5 musical loops. There’s even a vocal component so kids can begin to learn about do, re, mi.

            This app is free to download, but 9 of the 14 instruments require in-app purchase of $1. 99. There’s also an option to unlock all of the instruments for $3.99.

            SoundTouch Lite

            Price: Free with in-app purchases

            iOS App Store / Google Play Store

            This app helps your child learn animals, music, and everyday household words. The app shows category pictures, and once these are chosen, kids can pick specific items within the category. There are over 400 pictures and matching sounds in this lite version of the app. The pictures are brilliant and sharp photographs, and the sounds are variations on the real thing.

            This app is free to download. You can subscribe via in-app purchases to get new content weekly.

            YouTube Kids

            Price: Free

            iOS App Store / Google Play Store

            YouTube makes it easy for little ones to get entertained with their apps designed just for youngsters. The app offers a self-contained environment where all of the videos are family friendly. Parents can limit screen time, see what the kids have been watching, and select an age category from “Preschool,” “younger,” or “older.”

            The app is free to download and use. Be sure to access and set the parental controls so your child is protected and able to access only content that you have approved.

            PBS KIDS Video

            iOS App Store / Google Play Store

            Watch your favorite PBS Kids t.v. shows at any time. It is a safe, child-friendly viewing experience for all. This live-stream app carries all of their favorites in real time. You can get new episodes every week. They can also catch up on missed episodes with ease.

            This app is completely free to download and use. There is no subscription or log in required.

            I Hear Ewe

            Price: Free

            iOS App Store

            This is a fun game for toddlers that teaches them sounds of animals and vehicles while helping to develop their motor skills. With 24 authentic animal sounds and 12 vehicle sounds, there’s a lot to learn! And after baby has mastered this app, there is a companion on the App Store called “I See Ewe.” 

            This app is free to download and use. Parental controls allow you to change the language or turn off the identifying words if you wish.

            Talking Ben the Dog

            Price: Free with in-app purchases

            iOS App Store / Google Play Store

            Entertain your child for long periods of time with this adorable dog. Do chemistry experiments together, tickle him, and have fun conversations with him. This highly engaging interactive app will encourage your child to take a role in entertaining himself or herself. You can even record videos of the action on the screen!

            This app is free to download and use. In-app purchases of additional test tubes for the chemistry lab range from ninety-nine cents to $2.99.

            Toca Kitchen Monsters

            Price: Free

            iOS App Store

            Kids can play with their food and cook up meals for two hungry monsters. They can watch the monsters reaction to see what they like, learning about emotions. 8 different ingredients will keep things hopping in this kitchen, too.

            The app is free to download and play. Best of all, it’s from Toca Boca, leading app developers for children.

            Shapes! Kids Games, Baby Boys Learning Free

            Price: Free

            iOS App Store

            This brightly-colored offering will teach your little one about shapes and colors in a fun way. It includes three different games that start out very easy and gradually become more complex. Kids will develop logic skills, fine motor coordination, and attention span.

            The app is free to download and play. It’s recommended for children from age 2.

            Fish School- 123 ABC for Kids

            Price: Free

            iOS App Store / Google Play Store

            This app offers 8 educational activities covering shapes, colors, letters, numbers and more. Kids can learn about matching and sorting, too. The app includes several versions of the classic ABC song for them to listen to and sing along with.

            This award-winning app is free from Duck Duck Moose, a leader in educational apps for young children. It’s recommended for kids ages 2-5 years.

            Peek-a-Zoo by Duck Duck Moose

            Price: Free

            iOS App Store

            This interactive app helps kids learn not only animal names, but also understand emotions, learn about actions, discover positions, and identify sounds. The animals at the zoo wear sunglasses, sing, dance, and more.

            This app is free to download and use. It’s a great offering for children ages 2-5 from Duck Duck Moose.

            Little Stars- Toddler Games

            iOS App Store

            Little children will learn shapes, colors, beginning counting, ABCs and more with this app. It’s recommended for children ages 2-5 years. The parent control center allows you to turn specific topics on and off, so you can help your child focus on just the right levels. It’s even got a 2-player mode so you can play with baby right on your device!

            This app is free to download and use. Parents can record their own responses if they wish so little ones can hear mom or dad’s voice.

            Toddler Kids Game – Preschool Learning Games Free

            Price: Free

            iOS App Store

            Numbers, patterns, letters, counting, shadows, matching, differences and more are all included in this comprehensive toddler/preschooler app. It’s got 14 different activities that will help your child stay productively occupied for hours. The app is bright and colorful and designed to engage and challenge toddlers and preschoolers.

            It’s completely free to download and use, and who can say no to the enthusiastic monkey guide???


            iOS App Store

            This app is both a toy and a soother that will please everyone from babies on up to adults. Toss and throw the paint balls around the screen by dragging, tapping, and tilting. Each time they collide with other balls or the sides, they make a pleasant wind chime noise. They leave colorful trails across the screen as they move which are absolutely mesmerizing.

            The app is completely free to download and use. There is a hidden settings menu that gives you complete control over volume, trails, brightness, color, musical scales, and much more.

            Breathe, Think, Do

            Price: Free

            iOS App Store / Google Play Store

            This app is great for early lessons about how to solve problems and learn self-control. It also teaches persistence and planning. It’s from the makers of Sesame Street, and very well-done. There are five interactive and kid-friendly challenges, like bubble popping, that will keep your children engaged.

            This app is part of the Sesame Street Little Children Big Challenges initiative, which aims to help children develop the skills they need to face life’s everyday challenges.

            Baby Games: Piano, Baby Phone

            Price: Free

            iOS App Store / Google Play Store

            This collection of mini-games will help your young child learn first words, discover musical instruments, and more. It’s a great way to keep your youngster entertained during those difficult times when you are out and about and waiting unexpectedly. The interface is designed to be friendly for children from 6 to 12 months.

            The app includes nursery rhymes, songs, a balloon-popping game, fireworks that the child can control, and more. It makes a great diversion anytime and anywhere.

            Piano Kids Music and Songs

            Price: Free with in-app purchases

            Google Play Store

            This app will transition from a music box that will attract a young baby to an exploration of seven different musical instruments all the way up to beginning instruction in how to play them. There are four modes to help you choose just the right activities for your particular child.

            The app has a colorful, easy to use interface that children will find delar ightful. There is a selection of 30 songs to hear and learn, and even a sound-matching game. Some users have noted that there is no lock-screen function, which may mean you’ll have to supervise your child while playing. In-app purchases are listed at $2.99 per item.

            KidloLand ABC Baby Games

            Price: Free with in-app subscription purchases

            iOS App Store / Google Play Store

            KidloLand is an award-winner that offers thousands of songs, games, and learning activities for children ages 1 to 8. There are over 130 nursery rhymes, 435 songs to learn and teach, and hundreds of games covering diverse topics such as prereading and math skills as well as coding.

            Over 100 of the games and activities are completely free, and the rest are available as in-app purchases. A monthly subscription costs $6.99 and an annual one is available for $59.99 per year.

            Toddler Preschool Activities

            Price: Free with in-app purchases

            Google Play Store

            This app is designed for children from 2 to 5 years of age, and includes over 70 educational games and activities. The skills covered include colors, shapes, ABCs, numbers, same and different, matching, and more. Kids will also have a chance to learn names of common items.

            The games flow right from one to the next, so no need for helping your child switch between them. There are companion apps that cover kindergarten and grade 1 skills when your child is ready, too. In-app purchases, including subscription options, range from ninety-nine cents to $9.99 per item.


            Best Free Educational Apps for Toddlers, Preschoolers & Kids

            Educational apps are a great and fun way to keep your kids learning outside of the classroom, but the cost of all those apps can add up fast. Luckily, there are plenty of free apps for kids that are both educational and fun but won’t break the bank.

            More: 40 Educational Shows for Kids You Can Stream Now

            The learning apps for kids on our list are engaging with options for kids of all ages. Kids can learn at their own pace, and better yet, they do so efficiently in ways that prevent the need for too much screen time. The best learning apps inspire curiosity, educate, and bring the fun with many of them being used in the classroom by elementary school educators.

            Check out our choices for the best educational apps for kids below!

            1. Thinkrolls Play & Code

            In today’s digital world, teaching your kids pre-coding and problem-solving skills will set them up for success early! Created by the educational app experts at Avokiddo, Thinkrolls Play & Code is an award-winning educational entertainment app for kids ages 3-8.

            Thinkrolls Play & Code allows young kids to solve puzzles, work through complex challenges, and create their own adventures with a wealth of pre-coding concepts baked into every move! Young ones will build their critical thinking and creative problem-solving skills by playing their way through over 1000 Arcade Logic Puzzles and maze courses. Kids will work out solutions to math and physics challenges as they roll and bounce their way through different mazes.  

            The app also offers a collection of Brain Games that will entertain your child while building their reasoning skills, memory, and fine motor skills. Brain Games include options like “Find the Odd One Out,” “Sort A Lot,” and many more games designed to help kids recognize patterns and shapes.   

            Thinkrolls Play & Code encourages kids to never give up and think a few steps ahead as they guide different creatures through obstacles and challenges. If at first, your kiddo doesn’t succeed at a puzzle, Thinkrolls lets them experiment with multiple opportunities to try out different solutions until one fits!

            Beyond the countless games and logic puzzles to experiment with, Thinkrolls Play & Code also lets kids bring their own puzzle ideas to life. Players can build their own Thinkrolls with an easy-to-use drag and drop interface, and customize their creations with accessories they earn during gameplay.  

            Kids will learn spatial awareness, discover the importance of planning multiple steps ahead, and be well on their way to becoming coders all while immersed in a bright, captivating cartoon world. Unlike other basic educational apps, Thinkrolls Play & Code includes collaborative play options that let them safely share the puzzles they make with others in the community. Your child will gain confidence and feel like a real-life inventor by challenging others to try out their puzzle!  

            Unleash your child’s coding and creative potential today with Thinkrolls Play & Code! 

            2. Fact Monster

            Fact Monster is an excellent option for educational games. Learning games and videos range in topics, from science to language arts to math and so much more! Fact Monster also combines essential reference materials, flashcards, fun facts, and homework help for kids. Kids 5 years old and up will love how Fact Monster makes learning fun. Check out Fact Monster to learn more.  

            3. Poptropica

            This free story-based game allows kids to customize their own characters, complete quests and play with friends in a safe environment. Kids love creating their avatars and finishing quests for prizes. This app is best for ages 6 to 12, and it is for Android and iOS.

            4. Coolmath Games

            Coolmath Games features math activities and games for anyone ages 13 to 100. Coolmath Games is a brain-training app, where logic & thinking meet fun and games. These games have no violence, no empty action, just a lot of challenges that will make you forget you’re getting a mental workout! Escaping pigs, flying zombies, a bear who loves riding scooters, and much more! This app is for iOS and Android.

            5. Khan Academy Kids

            Khan Academy Kids is one of the most popular math apps providing a free, fun educational program for children ages two to eight. It was developed in collaboration with learning experts at Stanford and aligned with the Head Start Early Learning Outcomes Framework and Common Core Standards. It also focuses on the whole child and incorporates social emotional learning skills. Learn more about Khan Academy Kids here. You can find it in the Apple App Store, on Google Play, and in the Amazon Appstore.

            6. Fish School

            Fish School exposes your preschooler to important concepts like letters, numbers, shapes, colors, matching, and more. Brightly colored schools of fish form letters, shapes, and the numbers 1–20, and your child can make the fish swim and do funny things with a simple touch and drag. Fish School is the winner of a Parents’ Choice Gold Award and a Children’s Technology Review Editor’s Choice Award. This app is best for ages 2 and up, and it is for Android and iOS.

            7. PBS Kids Games

            PBS has created hundreds of games based on their popular children’s shows. The games for each show fit in with their learning theme. Learn math with Peg + Cat. Explore creature powers with the Kratt Brothers. Or go on a space adventure with the kids from Ready, Jet Go! If your child loves PBS shows, they’re going to love learning with their favorite characters. This app is best for ages 2 and up, and it is for Android and iOS.

            8. Pizza Fractions 1

            Does your elementary-aged kid need some extra help with fractions? What more delicious way to illustrate the concept than with pizza? Pizza Fractions 1 gives your child a visual approach to fractions with denominators 1–12 (excluding sevenths and elevenths), and adjustable difficulty levels let beginners start with the basics and progress as they learn. Math has never been so tasty! This app is best for ages 6 and up, and it is for iOS.

            9. Science360

            The National Science Foundation’s Science360 app (for tablets only) brings cutting-edge science and engineering news, images, and video right to your child’s fingertips. All content is either produced by the NSF or gathered from scientists and universities around the world, so you can be assured that your child is receiving the best quality information out there, and new content is added every week. Your kid will love the cool 360-degree view that lets him explore images from every angle. This app is best for ages 12 and up, and it is for Android and iOS.

            10. NASA Visualization Explorer

            NASA Visualization Explorer, or NASA Viz, is the coolest way to explore the latest news and stories about the Earth, the sun, and the universe. The app features stunning images and video from space and animations that can make challenging concepts easier to understand. Older kids will love diving into everything this app has to offer on their own, and your younger ones can begin learning about the planets and stars with your help. This app is best for ages 7 and up, and it is for iOS.

            11. Toca Kitchen Monsters

            Toca Kitchen Monsters is the free version of the popular Toca Kitchen app. Cook up food for two hungry monsters using eight different ingredients combined in various ways. But be careful not to season the food too much, or the monsters just might spit it back at you! Like other Toca Boca games, the emphasis is on free, open play, where your child’s imagination can run wild. Note that while Toca Kitchen Monsters is available on iOS only. Toca Kitchen 1 and 2 are available for free on Android devices. This app is best for ages 3 and up.

            12. Vocabulary Spelling City

            Spelling tests can be stressful at any grade level, but Vocabulary Spelling City makes learning vocabulary and spelling fun with games like Word Unscramble and HangMouse. Students of all ages can use the free app to play nine games with 10 of the app’s most popular word lists. You can even upload a customized word list to Vocabulary Spelling City’s website for your child to use in the app. For families who want a more expansive experience, a premium version of the app with five student accounts is available for a yearly subscription. This app is best for ages 6 and up, and it is for Android and iOS.

            13. Todo Math

            Designed for kids in pre-K through second grade, Todo Math takes your child on a daily math adventure. There is a 10–15 minute practice drill available each day, a Mission Mode for tackling early word problems, and a Free Play mode. The app has won multiple awards, including a Parents’ Choice Gold Award and a five-star rating on Common Sense Media. The free app contains a basic version of every game, and the full version is available on a subscription basis. This app is best for ages 5 and up, and it is for Android and iOS.

            14. Scratch Jr.

            Scratch Jr. teaches children as young as five the basics of coding. Designed by researchers at Tufts University and MIT, the app was inspired by the Scratch programming language, redesigned for a younger audience. Your child can make the app’s adorable characters move, jump, and even dance and sing by snapping together different programming blocks. In addition to learning how to code, he’ll also be learning problem solving, design, and how to create his own story. This app is best for ages 5 and up, and it is for Android and iOS.

            15. Endless Numbers

            A follow-up to the popular Endless Alphabet, Endless Numbers helps preschoolers learn number recognition, patterns, sequences, and more with the help of adorable monsters. Five numbers are included in the free app, and you can purchase additional number packs for numbers up to 100 ($6.99 for numbers 1–25 and $11.99 for 26–100, or $14.99 for all numbers 1–100). This app is best for ages 3 and up, and it is for Android and iOS.

            16. Pet Bingo by Duck Duck Moose

            Pet Bingo is a fun and cute way for your kids to develop math skills through play. The problems slant toward an older audience, with bingo games designed to test math skills through primary school (e.g. 4-digit addition and subtraction). There is a free and premium version for this app. This app is best for ages 4 and up, and it is for Android and iOS.

            17. Endless Reader

            Endless Reader, by the makers of Endless Numbers, uses nifty graphics and fun word puzzles to bring sight words and short sentences to life for early readers. The app offers a pack of six words for kids to learn, with additional “Reader Packs” available to buy within the app ($4.99 per pack; $11. 99 for a bundle of packs). This app is best for ages 4 and up, and it is for iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch.

            18. Duolingo

            Your youngster will be speaking Spanish (or French, German, Portuguese, Italian, and much more) in no time! PC Magazine awarded this app the Editors’ Choice for Language Learning. It’s full of bite-sized lessons geared toward visual learners. Kids (and adults) win badges for words learned and other achievements. Some languages even include conversation exercises with Duolingo’s bots to help learn speaking skills. This app is best for ages 6 and up, and it is available as a website and for Android and iOS.

            19. SAT Word Slam Free

            Gearing up for the SATs can be tricky! Help build her SAT vocabulary with this interactive app based on the popular book The SAT Word Slam. It provides helpful mnemonic hints in the form of rhymes, audio, and signature “Remember This” clues that help users recall word meanings for years to come. This app is recommended for ages 14 & up, and it is for iOS.

            20. Epic

            Epic does have a cost, but many families can access it for free through their school systems. Educators can also access the app for free. Epic helps to personalize daily reading with age and level appropriate recommendations fueled by kids’ interests. There are endless books, videos, and more to fuel their curiosity and love of reading. This app is for kids 12 and under. You can use it as a website or you can download it on the Apple App Store or on Google Play.

            21. The Very Hungry Caterpillar & Friends – Play and Explore

            The beloved characters of Eric Carle are now available in The Very Hungry Caterpillar & Friends – Play & Explore, a stunning 3D pop-up app featuring games and activities for tablet and mobile phone. Younger kids will love seeing all of their favorite characters from the Eric Carle books, and they will also learn counting, sorting, and memory skills. This app is for little ones, and is available on iOS.

            Parenting and learning can sometimes be tricky, but luckily there are all these free apps out there! Looking for more free parent-approved content? Check out 10 Podcasts for Kids that Parents Will Enjoy Too.

            ‎Toddler game for 2-4 year olds on the App Store


            Educational kids games for preschoolers. The app has 64 activities for toddlers that will help your baby develop basic skills like hand eye coordination, fine motor, logical thinking and visual perception. These games are suitable for both girls and boys and can be a part of preschool education for kids.

            Bimi Boo will visit 8 different locations such as jungle, sea, city, space, desert and Arctic that contain 64 levels with the following types of activities:
            Size game: Understand differences in sizes by sorting items into correct slots.
            123 game: Counting for toddlers to learn numbers 1, 2 and 3.
            Puzzle game: A simple puzzle for kids to improve hand eye coordination.
            Logic game: Develop memory and logic.
            Shape games: Sort items by their shape to develop visual perception and hand eye coordination.
            Color games: Sort items by their color.
            Logic game: Develop visual perception by sorting items with different meaning.
            Memory game: Memorize and find items shown earlier.

            All the activities were developed with participation of experts in the field of children education.
            Ages: 2, 3, 4 or 5 years old pre-kindergarten and kindergarten children.

            You will never find annoying ads inside our app. We are always glad to receive your feedback and suggestions.

            Version 2.68

            Thank you for using our apps. Here are some details of this update:
            – fixed bugs with visual effects occurred with the latest update.

            Ratings and Reviews

            47.2K Ratings

            Under the se🏝

            Hi there I hope your appointment day was perfect and your last time has been good and good luck and your family has also made our progress together and will continue with the new family we will have our house and our church in the

            Good but.


            Our daughter loves the Bimi boo games we decided to finally buy a full game and picked this one since we thought it would include the most games as it has different worlds.
            However it was not clear that each world is just the same games over and over nothing different except the style. They are cute but repeating the same games again and again we could have just done with out buying….actually I would have rather paid for two of the other game full versions with the price of this one. So yea feel like I wasted 8 bucks.

            Dear customer, thank you for the review. We will carefully consider your opinion for future updates.

            Awesome app for preschoolers! ***** 5 stars out of 5 stars

            I have been teaching educational apps to preschoolers for 30+ years. Bimi Boo apps are by far some of the BEST educational apps for preschoolers that I have ever used. I like how the Bimi Boo apps teach skills according to “themes”.

            In-App Purchases

            Full version

            7 packs with 56 games


            Wild West

            8 Wild West games



            8 Arctic games


            8 Sea games



            8 Desert games


            8 City games


            The developer, Bimi Boo Kids Learning Games for Toddlers FZ LLC, indicated that the app’s privacy practices may include handling of data as described below. For more information, see the developer’s privacy policy.

            Data Not Collected

            The developer does not collect any data from this app.

            Privacy practices may vary, for example, based on the features you use or your age. Learn More


            Bimi Boo Kids Learning Games for Toddlers FZ LLC

            6 megabytes”>169.6 MB



            Age Rating
            4+, Made for Ages 0–5

            © Bimi Boo Kids Learning Games for Toddlers


            • Developer Website

            • App Support

            • Privacy Policy


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            ‎Toddler Games For 2 Year Olds. on the App Store


            ***** Brought to you by 22LEARN, the creator of Abby Basic Skills Preschool – a winner of Parents‘ Choice Awards
            ***** A title from our extremely successful Abby series — all TEN (!) RANKED #1 APP FOR KIDS on APP Store in many countries.

            Baby Bubble School provides the most wonderfully bubbleful educational experience for kids!
            Teaching names and recognition of LETTERS, NUMBERS, SHAPES, COLORS, TOYS, ANIMALS, FRUITS, VEGETABLES and more.

            * 10 Educational Learning Categories (full version)
            * 220 Interactive First Words Flash Cards (full version)
            * 3 Engaging Game Modes

            Baby Bubble School is a colorful, wonderfully bubbleful educational experience for curious young minds. Teaching names and recognition of LETTERS, NUMBERS, SHAPES, COLORS, TOYS, ANIMALS, FRUITS, VEGETABLES and more, Bubble School makes learning awesome for all TODDLERS and PRESCHOOLERS. The application was developed by an award-winning education studio, 22learn, the creator of the best-selling Abby Basic Skills app in cooperation with educational experts to ensure the application is suitable for this very special age category.

            ***** 10 Educational Learning Categories (full version) *****
            * Uppercase Letters
            * Lowercase Letters
            * Numbers
            * Shapes
            * Colors
            * Toys
            * Farm Animals
            * Zoo Animals
            * Fruits
            * Vegetables

            Baby Bubble School offers the following THREE ENGAGING GAME MODES in which you can play all of the aforementioned learning categories:

            Let’s Pop: Children will love this free exploratory learning mode! Full of bubbles with objects whose name is pronounced once the child pops the bubble, Let’s Pop is a fun little game where children can explore on their own pace.

            Let’s Learn: In Let’s Learn, children systematically learn the names of objects by browsing through them in either alphabetical or random order.

            Let’s Play: In this mode, children test their skills by tapping on bubbles filled with objects whose name is called.

            APP FEATURES:
            * 10 Educational learning categories (full version)
            * 220 Interactive first words flash cards (full version)
            * 3 Engaging game modes
            * Appealing, child-friendly interface with adorable animated animal characters
            * Possibility to choose uppercase / lowercase / or capitalized words
            * Hints option for Let’s Play mode to help parents tailor difficulty for their child
            * Option to turn on / off sounds and music
            * All pronunciation done by professional voice-over actors

            Bubbly bubbles are fun and the app’s interface is simple enough even for the youngest learners — as simple as popping a bubble! With appealing design and broad educational content, this bubbleful app is sure to provide an experience your children will love.

            Privacy policy:
            Terms of use:

            Version 4.0.8

            Bubble School provides the most wonderfully bubbleful educational experience for kids!
            Teaching names and recognition of LETTERS, NUMBERS, SHAPES, COLORS, TOYS, ANIMALS, FRUITS, VEGETABLES, WEATHER and more.
            HUGE UPDATE! 500+ educational activities for kids! The best way to prepare your kids for SUCCESS in PRESCHOOL CURRICULUM.
            647 Interactive First Words Flash Cards
            16 Educational Learning Categories

            Ratings and Reviews

            68.8K Ratings

            We think it is pretty neat!

            We picked this app up for our little man and he seems to like it a lot. The app has a sort of initial free-trial period where your kids can try it out and, if they like it, you then purchase the full content in the app. So there is nothing to really think about and you can just give it a try with no commitments. The animals are pretty cute and the voice actors and sounds are all very pleasant. It does not share the shortcoming of some games where the repetitive noises start to become irritating to hear, but that may just be a personal preference and slight bonus for us. What is really important is, as we said earlier, our little man really seems to enjoy it and his opinion is what really matters! Makes for one happy boy and his parents!

            Great app for my toddler!

            We’ve been using this app for a couple of months now and my daughter (age 2) LOVES this app! Bright, fun graphics and adorable animals. It’s simple enough for her to navigate on her own and she’s able to choose which games she wants to play. I think the educational content is also good. She seems to master the levels with ease, and enjoys the bubbles she gets as a reward. I always hear a lot of giggling when she’s tapping them (I might occasionally tap the bubbles too–they have quite a satisfying pop sound). I went ahead and added this app on my phone so that I don’t have to bring my iPad when we’re on the go. The app doesn’t have any annoying music or distracting ads so that is a plus for me as a parent. Well worth purchasing.

            Simple but Cute

            There isn’t a lot to this game, but there are enough features to entertain a toddler for a little while. The music, voices, and artwork are pleasant—not weird or annoying like some games these days.

            My two and four year old granddaughters seemed to enjoy it and best of all, there was no subscription fee! These days, it’s difficult to find a game that doesn’t inundate you with ads or demand a high-priced subscription. My thanks to the game developers!

            The developer, 22learn, LLC, indicated that the app’s privacy practices may include handling of data as described below. For more information, see the developer’s privacy policy.

            Data Not Linked to You

            The following data may be collected but it is not linked to your identity:

            Privacy practices may vary, for example, based on the features you use or your age. Learn More


            22learn, LLC

            417 MB



            Age Rating
            4+, Made for Ages 0–5

            © 22learn, LLC


            • Developer Website

            • App Support

            • Privacy Policy


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            13 best apps for toddlers that are educational and fun | Reviews

            Though we can understand your reservations about getting your little one addicted to mobile-media before they’re out of nappies, with the right toddler-friendly apps you can help your child learn, as well as develop their motor skills, problem-solving and reaction times.

            Related: Tablets for kids: the best children’s tablets for 2021

            And while it’s important to limit screen time and give your child plenty of other outlets to channel their imagination and energy, there’s no denying that in this digital age, early mobile literacy will be a valuable skill.

            13 educational apps for toddlers round-up:

            • Best language app: First Words UK

            • Best problem solving app: Elmo Loves 123s Lite

            • Best alphabet​ app: ABC Kids Tracing & Phonics

            • Best storytelling app: Jack and the Beanstalk

            • Best observation skills app: Disney Junior Play

            • Best logic development app: Gruffalo Games

            • Best reading app: Teach Your Monster to Read

            • Best reading and interaction app: Cbeebies Storytime

            • Best counting app: 123 Numbers

            • Best self-expression app: Playtime Island

            • Best musical app: EasyXylo Xylophone

            • Best motor skills app​: Hey Duggee: The Big Badge app

            • Best creative app: Peppa Pig: Paintbox

            Now that you know which apps are well designed, educational and can be counted in your guilt-free screen-time quota, it’s time to find out more about them. ..

            13 toddler-friendly apps:

            Slide 2 of 14

            • 1) First Words UK, Free, Google Play

              If you’re looking for a resource to help your tot with their speech or to teach them different words, then you must download this app. Not only does it have UK spelling and pronunciations of over 110 words, but all of these are clear for your little one to understand. It boasts amazing features, including two-gender voice recordings, resizable text that is easy to read, a quiz mode to test their learning and even autoplay, so your tot doesn’t have to worry about navigation. 

              We love that you can change how the photo images appear, changing from cartoon to real-life images. It’s also a great app for little ones with autism, as you can turn off the background colours and animation to make it a calmer learning experience. 

              Buy the £1.99 version for over 360 words and a lot more fun!

            • 2) Elmo Loves 123s Lite, Free, iTunes

              This colourful app is free to download and is full of games, activities and videos which help your child’s development. The games include number tracing, counting objects and problem-solving. It’s suitable for ages 4+ and you can download the full version for just £4.99.

            • 3) ABC Kids Tracing & Phonics, Free, Google Play

              A simple education game that’s suitable for ages 5 and under. This kid-friendly app is brightly coloured to teach your toddler how to trace the alphabet and learn phonics.

            • 4) Jack and the Beanstalk, £4.99, iTunes

              From British books and apps publisher Nosy Crow, this fairytale makes reading all the more fun by actively encouraging children to make up their own ending!

            • 5) Disney Junior Play, Free, iTunes

              With over 20 games, this magical app encourages problem-solving, imaginative play and observation skills. The ‘Disney Juniors Pack’ is completely free; if you want more Disney content, then in-app purchases are available, which only adults can purchase. This app is also available on Google Play.

            • 6) Gruffalo Games, £2.99, iTunes

              With six Gruffal- themed mini-games, this educational app is designed to develop logic, problem-solving and reaction time for children aged three and above. There are no in-app purchases, so your kids can enjoy everything on the app.

            • 7) Teach Your Monster to Read, £4.99, Google Play

              This award-winning game is designed to help your kids to read! Let them create their own monster and play games that help their understanding of phonics and word blends. It covers the first two years of learning to read, from matching letters and sounds to enjoying little books. Also available on iTunes.

            • 8) CBeebies Storytime, Free, iTunes

              Discover free books with CBeebies characters that parents and children can enjoy together, with guided interaction points that your children will love.

            • 9) 123 Numbers, Free, Google Play

              This fun app teaches little ones how to count and trace numbers and learn shapes, with no in-app purchases!

            • 10) Playtime Island, Free, iTunes

              There is something for everyone on CBeebies Playtime Island and it’s jam-packed full of fun games for kids – for free. With games from all the CBeebies characters, this app is suitable for ages 4+ and is available on Google Play.

            • 11) EasyXylo Xylophone App, Free, iTunes

              This is suitable for kids from one and up. If your little one is showing signs of being the next Mozart, then give them a headstart with this fun-to-use app. Beware of in-app purchases and tutting fellow bus passengers.

            • 12) Hey Duggee: The Big Badge app, £2.99 Google Play

              We all know how obsessed kids can get with their favourite TV characters, so it’s great news that apps offer up a whole new way to engage with their friends from their favourite shows. This Hey Duggee one is great for problem-solving and virtual ‘collecting’.

            • 13) Peppa Pig: Paintbox, Free, Google Play

              Similarly, this is a great way for your kids to get creative without the added hassle of cleaning up after them.


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            1) First Words UK, Free, Google Play

            If you’re looking for a resource to help your tot with their speech or to teach them different words, then you must download this app. Not only does it have UK spelling and pronunciations of over 110 words, but all of these are clear for your little one to understand. It boasts amazing features, including two-gender voice recordings, resizable text that is easy to read, a quiz mode to test their learning and even autoplay, so your tot doesn’t have to worry about navigation. 

            We love that you can change how the photo images appear, changing from cartoon to real-life images. It’s also a great app for little ones with autism, as you can turn off the background colours and animation to make it a calmer learning experience. 

            Buy the £1.99 version for over 360 words and a lot more fun!

            More related articles from Mother & Baby:

            • The very best parenting apps every mum needs to download

            • The best mud kitchens for making the ultimate mud pies

            • The best craft kits for kids to keep them entertained for hours (or three minutes)

            • The best trampolines for toddlers and children​

            How much screen time should my child have?

            “By its very nature, the internet provokes what we call a ‘Butterfly mentality’; where the brain flits from thing to thing without having to focus for very long,”says Martina Barrett, Managing Director at VAKS: Tuition & Revision Centers.

            “When children are constantly on iPads and smartphones, it’s no surprise they find it increasingly difficult to sit in a classroom and concentrate for up to an hour at a time. We are finding that children become tired quicker, their engagement with printed texts is not as great, and even their motor skills are suffering from the constant use of touch screens as opposed to toys and tools that require manual manipulation.”

            For more information about what’s healthy for your child in terms of screen time, click here.

            Just so you know, whilst we may receive a commission or other compensation from the links on this website, we never allow this to influence product selections – read why you should trust us

            Best Learning Apps For Toddlers & Preschoolers + FREE educational apps 2020

            Updated March 2020

            If you are wondering, ‘What are the best learning apps for toddlers and preschoolers?’ then look no further as we have tried and researched this guide for you! Whether you are at home, waiting at an airport or trying to educate your toddler and buy yourself a few moments to get a few chores done, these educational and learning apps for toddlers and preschoolers will help.

            Included, is also a comprehensive list of the best free educational apps for toddlers to use at home or when travelling. (There may be some in app purchases for a few).

            If you are planning on flying with toddler at some point, many major airlines on long haul flights have a dedicated children’s channel and sometimes games channels on board, but these are not always age appropriate for your child or available throughout the flight. For some airlines, you may need to download their airline app using reliable WiFi, before you travel in order to access any of their inflight entertainment.

            Even some large scheduled airlines do not provide any in-flight entertainment system for short-haul flights, so it is best to be prepared and bring your own back up, plus you never know when you might need to avert a meltdown at the airport or elsewhere. Below you’ll find some recommended best apps for your techno savvy baby/toddler for any situation!

            Google Play and Amazon are a good alternative if you are using an android tablet or phone. If you are looking for some screen free ways to entertain a toddler or pre-schooler, I’ve also a bumper guide on age appropriate travel toys, which are equally usefully to use at home or in a hotel room. There are also some great indoor toddler activities where a lot of the mess-free fun can be made from items you may have ready have at home or in the kitchen cupboard.

            Setting Limits on Screen Time

            When we are traveling with kids, our screen time rules go out of the window, especially on long haul flights to Australia. If you are reading this because you need to work and homeschool, then again you may wish to use screen time for over the one hour screen limit recommendation for this age group. Screen time is helpful in moderation and sometimes a necessity to get things done, so don’t feel judged or stressed about it and use the hour as a guideline. A balance of other activities and moderation of screen-time is fine in an ideal world, but sometimes real life situations don’t warrant that.

            Baby View is great for younger babies with black and white images.

            Listed below are some general recommended apps for toddlers and preschoolers followed by best educational apps, best for kids aged between two and four, best reading apps and a round up of the best free apps for kids. Whether you are searching for the best iPad apps for toddlers or Android, there is a good choice to keep your little one engaged below.

            Best Apps for Preschoolers and Toddlers

            Table of Contents – Click to jump to a section

            • PBS Kids (Free) All of your child’s favorite characters on PBS’s kid-friendly programs (including Arthur, Sesame Street and WordGirl)
            • 123 Numbers, Free, Google Play. This fun app teaches little ones how to count and trace numbers and learn shapes, with no in-app purchases!
            • Intro to Math, by Montessorium ($5) for early maths skills
            • Disney Junior Appisodes is full of educational games, videos and colouring, and it’s free!
            • Mr Potato Head (£3. 99) The classic game .
            • My First 101 Words (£1.49) – This educational app helps to teach first words, with video clips which help to engage your little one- iPhone / iPad by
            • World of Peppa Pig (Free)
            • Fun For Toddlers (Free) Fun for toddlers is a fun sounds and puzzle game. Each puzzle have 7 items that make funny sounds over 80 different sounds play it as a puzzle game or like a sound game – by Weedo.

            Best Educational Apps for Toddlers & Pre-schoolers

            Here are a few favourites which get our vote as the best apps for toddlers and pre-schoolers. They have been tried and tested by myself and fellow mums. Please feel free to suggest in the comments below any of your recommended best educational apps for kids that work for you (bonus if they are STEM apps), and please mention the age of your child, so I can add it to this growing list.

            Best Apps For 2 year olds – 4 year olds

            These educational apps for preschoolers are ideal for play, fun and prepping kids for real life activities. The best learning apps for toddlers or the best educational apps for 2 year olds are ones that don’t demand a lot of screen time and are helping to cement knowledge.

            The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) announced children between the ages of two and five should be exposed to only one hour of high-quality media per day. Quality apps should be engaging, fun and educational. If they have a strong link to Science, Technology, Engineering or Maths (STEM) then they fit this bill as a good examples of quality educational apps for preschoolers.

            • Lego Duplo series (free toddler apps for Google Play and iOS) I especially like the train and ice-cream app, both a toddlers dream which they can recreate with play with Duplo Lego bricks.
            • World of Peppa Pig
            • Toca Boca. (Some are free with in app puchases, others are about $3.99)This series is a huge favorite in our house. Choose from a wide variety of scenerios such as: Kitchen, Doctor Pets, Farm, Vacation, Stable. Toca Boca captures the power of play but virtually. There is no “right” or “wrong” way to play and kids get to explore these virtual worlds of make believe and role play and learn different names and how things work.
            •  Breathe, Think, Do A free Sesame Street app for teaching kids “chill skills” and how to think their way through a tough situation.
            • The Very Hungry Caterpillar. (Free demo or £5.99/$5.99) If your toddler loves The Very Hungry Caterpillar book then they will love the app too. Using the familiar images from Eric Carle’s books, early learning skills are taught in a simple and fun manner.
            • Scribbaloo Train
            • Intro to Math, by Montessorium ($5) for early maths skills
            • ABC Mouse – a subscription based educational fun app. It begins in a virtual classroom where your kids can select from a number of different adventures. There are many lessons to choose from that teach reading, math, coloring, counting, and music skills.
            • Moose Math – (free Android and iOs) A USA app for early numbers and math learning.
            • Gruffalo Games, £2.99, iTunes and Google Play. This is another firm favourite of ours with the popular Gruffalo characters. The mini-games in this educational app for kids has no in – app purchases and is designed to develop logic and problem solving.
            • Toca Life:City (£3.99/$3.99) Kids visit different locations around the city and interact with everything.
            • My Town – (free) this is just brilliant and immersive where kids can explore different lands and environments, including the farm, under the sea, the airport, the dentist and so many more.

            Best Reading Apps for Toddlers

            These are some of the best reading apps for kids that myself and other parents have used.

            • First Words UK, Free, Google Play This is for the UK readers. It has UK spellings and pronunciations that are clear for your little one to understand. It also includes a quiz mode to test their learning and even autoplay so your tot doesn’t have to worry about navigation. There is the option to turn off background colours and animation if it is too distracting.
            • Epic! is an app for kids with an e-book library that contains over thousands of children’s books (and it includes a read-to-me feature for little ones who are still learning to read).
            • ABC Kids Tracing & Phonics, Free, Google Play This is a simple education game that will help your toddler how to learn phonics and trace letters of the alphabet. It’s suitable for ages 5 and under.
            • Cbeebies Storytime, Free, iTunes Free books with the BBC Cbeebies characters that parents and children can enjoy together, with guided interaction points.

            Best Story Apps for Toddlers

            • Disney Story Central (free) The app comes with four free books to start, but you can find codes for free books online.
            • Dr. Seuss Treasury is free with in app puchases
            • Pango Lets readers drive the story by shaking and touching the characters. There are stories as well as other games.
            • Little Stories Bedtime Books– you can personalise traditional tales with your child’s name.

            Round up of the Best Free Educational Apps for Toddlers

            These free educational apps for kids are full of fun too!

            • Breathe, Think, Do A free Sesame Street app for teaching kids “chill skills” and how to think their way through a tough situation.
            • My Town – (free) this is just brilliant and immersive where kids can explore different lands and environments, including the farm, under the sea, the airport, the dentist and so many more.
            • PBS Kids (Free) All of your child’s favorite characters on PBS’s kid-friendly programs (including Arthur, Sesame Street and WordGirl)
            • 123 Numbers, Free, Google Play. This fun app teaches little ones how to count and trace numbers and learn shapes, with no in-app purchases!
            • First Words UK, Free, Google Play This is for the UK readers. It has UK spellings and pronunciations that are clear for your little one to understand. It also includes a quiz mode to test their learning and even autoplay so your tot doesn’t have to worry about navigation. There is the option to turn off background colours and animation if it is too distracting.
            • World of Peppa Pig (Free)
            • Disney Junior Appisodes is full of educational games, videos and colouring, and it’s free!
            • ABC Kids Tracing & Phonics, Free, Google Play This is a simple education game that will help your toddler how to learn phonics and trace letters of the alphabet. It’s suitable for ages 5 and under.
            • Cbeebies Storytime, Free, iTunes Free books with the BBC Cbeebies characters that parents and children can enjoy together, with guided interaction points.

            Have you any more suggestions to add to this best free learning apps for toddlers list?

            Best Apps for 5 year olds

            • Dr. Panda’s Restaurant. My two adore this game and the whole Dr Panda series. The restaurant game allows kids to choose what dishes they want to prepare and how they like to cook it.

            Even More Toddler Apps

            The majority of these are free toddler games apps:

            • Candy crush
            • Color drops
            • Peekaboo Barn
            • ABC Toddler
            • Mouse Maze
            • Duck Duck Moose apps
            • Piano band

            Remember lots of shows are on Netflix too and available to download before you go and watch at your leisure.

            Have I missed any of your favourite or recommended best learning apps for kids that have worked for you? Please do comment below so I can add them.

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            15 games and apps your kids need to download for the summer

            It’s summer time, the big school holidays, when all parents try to send their kids somewhere far away from home. These days, a lot of things change in a child’s life – the environment, the climate, he moves to other cities and villages, meets a lot of previously unfamiliar people, even parents are often replaced by grandparents. One thing remains the same these days — having your own mobile phone.

            Tlum.Ru offers you a selection of 15 free games and applications for a smartphone or tablet that will not only brighten up and diversify the long road and summer holidays for children, but also, most importantly, will help their parents to worry a little less about their treasures.

            12 cartoons of this summer

            School of Arkady steam locomotive Free

            and we begin our review, of course, from the most important children’s rescuer of the country – the incomparable Arkady Parovozov, who is in a hurry to help all Sashas, ​​Mashas and are in a hurry. other kids in trouble. In this application, fans of the Russian superhero are waiting for the 100 best cartoon series, as well as many interesting and simple educational games.
            Google play/App Store

            Alphabet game: alphabet for kids

            A simple, bright and colorful game will help children brighten up a long road to rest, and at the same time learn and learn the entire alphabet, and not only in Russian. All letters are locked, in order to move on to the next letter, you need to complete a few simple tasks from the previous one, and at the same time earn sweets. The tasks are as follows: trace the contour of the letter with your finger, find the correct picture and combine the contour with the drawing.
            Google play/App Store

            Safety on the road: for children

            Safety is a vital issue in raising children. This game was created to help parents teach their children the rules of conduct and safety in a big city. Together with baby Panda and his friends, the guys will learn and try to apply the rules of behavior at a pedestrian crossing, in a supermarket, when meeting strangers and many others in the game!
            Google play/App Store

            Drawing! Toddler games

            In this game, every child can draw a cute character step by step, such as a butterfly, a frog or a hedgehog. Each drawing, after being drawn, as if by magic, comes to life. The butterfly starts fluttering merrily, the hedgehog curls up into a ball, the rocket flies into space, and the frog jumps amusingly. Great voice acting, funny animations and funny sound effects – all this will surely appeal to little artists.
            Google play/App Store

            What grows in the forest child’s play

            A small interactive colorful encyclopedia of plants, trees and fruits with mushrooms in central Russia. It will be very useful and interesting for children going to their grandmothers in the village or to the country to get acquainted with all the pictures presented. After playing with the children, it will be possible to conduct a botany lesson right on the spot, in the nearest forest.
            Google play/App Store


            Another app that brings you fairy tales beautifully designed as games. A large section here presents everyone’s favorite Be-be-bears with their games and photo books. It is worth noting that most of the books are paid. Local gold coins are accepted as payment here, which can be bought for real money or earned by talking about the application on social networks, or saved up.
            Google play


            Papers is a real creative studio based on the popular animated series. Elk Aristotle and Woodpecker Tuk-Tuk will lead the child through the paper forest to a real paper adventure! Here, each place is unique and filled with items that you can: turn on, put on characters, combine and get not always predictable results.
            Google play/App Store

            Magic Lantern: Tales

            Little fans of filmstrips, adventures and the animated series “Magic Lantern” will meet their favorite characters. “Treasure Island”, “Little Captain”, “The Ship with Scarlet Sails” and other interactive stories will not only introduce children to the plots of classical works, but also make them full participants in the events described.
            Google play/App Store

            Be-be-bears Planet of creativity

            Before us is the second part of the interactive game of the Interactive Mult studio, created based on the be-be-bears animated series. Fun and interesting educational adventures in the fairy forest are waiting for your children. Here, little players will be surrounded by many objects with which they can interact. Thus, the child will be able to explore and learn about the world around him.
            Google play/App Store

            Animation Desk — Sketch & Draw

            An app that aspiring artists will absolutely love! It’s all about cute design, hand-drawn graphics, as well as the ability to create not only individual drawings, but also real animation masterpieces! Of course, these will not be full-length paintings, but mini-lengths, but here everything is limited only by the imagination and skill of the artist. The tools presented in the application will make the life of a young master easier, because in skillful and creative hands they will help to create real miracles.
            Google play


            Cartoon – children’s cartoons

            The application for children from the studio “Interactive cartoon” is without a doubt one of the most popular in the Russian-speaking space today! And all because it allows you to watch many domestic cartoons in high quality both online and offline (for offline mode, you need to buy a subscription and download selected cartoons)! For the holidays, the editors of the application prepare special collections, and premieres here appear earlier than on TV screens.
            Google play/App Store

            KIDOZ Protect your kids

            The app turns your phone or tablet into a safe environment for kids. KIDO’Z brings together the best content available for kids in an intuitive interface, including apps, entertaining and educational videos, websites and games. All of them are adapted taking into account age, gender and language.

            Just as importantly, the app will protect the device from problems that may arise when using it by children (for example, application deletion, calls or unintentional purchases).
            Google play

            Family GPS tracker KidControl

            With this application, you can control the location of a child’s phone or even several children for 24 hours. If you create special “Places” – geofences, for example “School” or “Home”, then you can receive automatic notifications by phone and mail when children visit them.

            In the “Battery and Internet” menu, you can see how often the child puts the phone on charge, how quickly the battery is used up, what time the child takes the phone off the charger. Based on these data, it is possible to judge when the child goes to bed and what time he gets up. Other useful features include the SOS button and the ability to search for a lost phone.
            Google play/App Store

            LEARNING TO LOSE WITHOUT hysterics and tears

            Parent. Screen Time control

            Screen Time will help parents control the amount of time their children spend on tablets and smartphones. Using the application, you can remotely set time limits that will prevent the child from sitting in the specified applications longer than the time set per day. Here are some more useful actions available:

            • Block games at bedtime but allow book reading apps
            • Block social media and games while in school without affecting learning apps
            • Reward kids with extra minutes for doing something like cleaning the room, doing homework on time, or washing the dishes
            • You will have access to the full history of actions with applications on the child’s phone

            Google play/

            Good night

            Our review ends with an app that helps kids get into bed and fall asleep wherever they are. This is a small masterpiece from Oscar nominee Heidi Witlinger. Everything here is built on interactivity – the children will take turns looking at different animals on the farm, putting them to bed and wishing them good night. Each animal has three animations that will introduce the kids to how they behave and talk.
            Google play/App Store

            Interesting on the topic:
            11 Children’s Mobile Games for Victory Day
            9 Games and Applications for young astronomers
            9 Games and Applications for Fans of Star Wars ,000

            TOP 10 Games FOR KIDS ON ANDROID

            The use of gadgets by children is a frequent subject of controversy. Can I give my child a phone? And how much time to allow him to deal with?

            Pediatricians state that the allowed time for play should not exceed two hours for children under five years of age. Then games on the phone will not harm either the eyesight or the child’s psyche. But what applications to choose for such leisure is a question that requires parental attention.

            The best games for kids on your phone and tablet are not just interesting, but with bright pictures. In addition to entertaining, such games have a positive effect on the development of the child. Presented in the top, applications train children’s attention, memory, form responsibility, consciousness.

            Read: The best kind games: 14 top games for all ages

            My Little Pony: coloring

            An excellent program for young fans of the cartoon of the same name about “ponies”. The game consists in coloring cards, which depict the adventures of familiar characters. Also, the player needs to complete various tasks to complete the levels.

            Vibrant colors, crisp graphics, and plenty of image options are sure to please kids. To create a unique picture, in addition to the usual palette of colors, there are virtual markers with sparkles of different shades. The young artist will be able to show his imagination as much as possible.

            My Little Pony has a high rating and many positive reviews from users. Gamers of all ages can play it on a smartphone. Developers regularly add new pictures and tasks.

            Toca Kitchen

            This fun kitchen is one of the top apps in the top Android games for kids. It won the Parents’ Choice Award in 2012.

            With a fun, intuitive interface and plenty of game options, Toca Kitchen has won the love of young gamers and their parents.

            The rules of the game are in the absence of rules. The child prepares dishes from the selected products, which he will treat the characters to. The task is to mix everything you want, treat the hero and look at his reaction.

            The application has a wide range of products and cooking options: frying, boiling, stewing, baking in a microwave oven. Children learn the basics of cooking by playing on a smartphone.

            Users say that the main advantage of the virtual kitchen is that there are no ads and no need for additional purchases in the game. It also has no age restrictions. It will be interesting to everyone without exception.

            Be-be-bears: Multi-Know

            Does your child like Be-be-bears? Excellent. So he will like to play the game of the same name on a smartphone.

            Mini-games are available in this educational app to help you learn reading, counting, drawing and even basic English skills. The application introduces children to the basics of geography and animals that inhabit the regions of the country.

            Learning in this application will allow the child to get a significant amount of knowledge in various school subjects by the first grade. The best children’s games for Android are those that give the child useful knowledge and skills in an unobtrusive way.

            Experienced little gamers and their parents highly appreciate the application and enjoy using it. This is evidenced by more than 1 million downloads of the game.

            This is interesting: The most powerful smartphones of 2021: Top 5

            Hot Wheels Unlimited

            This game will become a favorite for fans of Hot Wheels fast cars. The little racer will definitely appreciate the large selection of tracks, connecting which, you can build a city full of adventures and tasks.

            In the application, the player will have to create his own unique super track from the proposed routes, along which high-speed cars will drive. As well as on the tracks of the same name, in the virtual Hot Wheels City, the player is expected to test different levels of difficulty with famous monsters: a shark, a cobra, a bat and many others.

            This application is fun and interesting to spend time with, it helps the young player to develop attention, dexterity and foresight. You can also play Hot Wheels Unlimited on your tablet or phone with a friend as you race through dangerous tracks.

            LEGO Friends: Heartlake Rush

            Racing LEGO Heartlake is another interesting runner for fans of fast driving through city streets. In this game, the player can:

            • Drive around the virtual city as your favorite hero.
            • Collect bonuses in the form of fruits, coins, ice cream, flowers and gifts.
            • Unlock new levels by completing missions and earning extra coins.
            • Decorate and upgrade your car with stickers and designs.
            • Avoid pursuers at high speed.

            As the player progresses through the levels, they can also unlock new characters and vehicles to build their own collection.

            Users are satisfied with this application because it does not contain third-party ads. The game will appeal to children from 9 to 12 years old, it will help them have a fun and dynamic time.

            Did you know: Why the smartphone is not charging: 4 problems + solutions

            Pet Bingo by Duck Duck Moose

            This app is an effective learning program for kids from preschool to fourth grade. The game was developed with the participation of scientists from Stanford University. Studying with funny cartoon characters, the child learns the basics of mathematics: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division.

            The application has a kind of curriculum, consisting of levels, as you progress through which the child masters new skills. A report card is provided that contains information about the levels passed, and parents can see what the baby has learned.

            Users rate the game highly, calling it “a brilliant app for learning basic math.”

            Three cats. Educational games

            Fans of the cartoon about three funny kittens and their adventures will like this bright educational game from the first minute. The application contains 25 different games that will help the child:

            • Develop attention, observation.
            • Learn numbers and basic math.
            • Improve fine motor skills with coordination games.
            • Learn new words and repeat letters.
            • Develop your ear for music by writing your own melodies on the virtual piano.
            • Train visual memory and visual perception.

            The application is free, with a child-friendly interface and high-quality graphics. Together with Korzhik, Caramel, Compote and other favorite characters, the child will develop and gain knowledge in a playful way. The age category of young gamers is from 2 to 8 years.

            Minion Rush

            Adults and children know funny yellow minions from the cartoon “Despicable Me”. The developers offer to have fun playing a colorful endless runner with your favorite characters.

            The action takes place in the locations of the cartoon. The player’s task is to run, collect bonuses, complete tasks and receive rewards.

            The yellow babies love to change outfits, and the player has to help them choose. Bright graphics, dynamic races and humor will make the young gamer return to the application again and again to have fun.

            Such a game for a tablet or phone will bring benefits to the child in the form of training mindfulness, dexterity, speed of reaction. Adults will also have fun playing this runner.

            Top 10 featured games received a high score from players. Let’s take a look at the average rating of each app on Google Play:

            Smartphone games are not always a waste of time. Many of them are able to help young players acquire new knowledge and master skills. The main thing is to dose screen time and consciously approach the choice of programs. Then leisure with a gadget will only benefit the inquisitive children’s mind.

            Useful info: How to wipe the gadget screen: 3 working ways to fight germs and dirt

            “Do you know that the main (and first) source of a child’s communicative experience is his family, which is a “guide” to the world of knowledge, values, traditions and experience of modern society. It is from parents that you can learn the rules of communication with peers, learn to communicate freely. A positive socio-psychological climate in the family, a warm homely atmosphere of love, trust and mutual understanding will help the baby adapt to life and feel confident.”

            Stages of social development of a child

            1. Infancy. Social development begins in a preschooler as early as infancy. With the help of a mother or another person who often spends time with a newborn, the baby learns the basics of communication, using communication tools such as facial expressions and movements, as well as sounds.
            2. Six months to two years. The baby’s communication with adults becomes situational, which manifests itself in the form of practical interaction. A child often needs the help of parents, some joint actions for which he applies.
            3. Three years. In this age period, the baby already requires society: he wants to communicate in a team of peers. The child enters the children’s environment, adapts to it, accepts its norms and rules, and parents actively help in this. They tell the preschooler what to do and what not to do: is it worth taking other people’s toys, is it good to be greedy, is it necessary to share, is it possible to offend children, how to be patient and polite, and so on.
            4. Four to five years. This age segment is characterized by the fact that babies begin to ask an infinite number of questions about everything in the world (which are not always answered even by adults!). Communication of a preschooler becomes brightly emotionally colored, aimed at cognition. The speech of the baby becomes the main way of his communication: using it, he exchanges information and discusses with adults the phenomena of the world around him.
            5. Six to seven years. The child’s communication takes on a personal form. At this age, children are already interested in questions about the essence of man. This period is considered the most important in the formation of the personality and citizenship of the child. A preschooler needs an explanation of many life moments, advice, support and understanding from adults, because they are a role model. Looking at adults, six-year-olds copy their style of communication, relationships with other people, and the peculiarities of their behavior. This is the beginning of the formation of your personality.

            Social factors

            What influences the baby’s socialization?

            • family
            • kindergarten
            • child’s environment
            • children’s institutions (kindergarten, development center, circles, sections, studios)
            • child activities
            • television, children’s press
            • literature, music
            • nature

            All this makes up the child’s social environment.

            Raising a child, do not forget about the harmonious combination of various ways, means and methods.

            Social education and its means

            Social education of preschoolers is the most important aspect of a child’s development, because preschool age is the best period for a child’s development, development of his communicative and moral qualities. At this age, there is an increase in the volume of communication with peers and adults, the complication of activities, the organization of joint activities with peers. Social education is interpreted as the creation of pedagogical conditions for the purpose of positive development of a person’s personality, his spiritual and value orientation.

            Let’s list the main means of social education of preschoolers :

            1. Game.
            2. Communication with children.
            3. Conversation.
            4. Discussing the actions of the child.
            5. Exercises for the development of horizons.
            6. Reading.

            The main activity of preschool children and an effective means of social education is role-playing game . By teaching the kid such games, we offer him certain patterns of behavior, actions and interactions that he can play. The child begins to think about how relations between people take place, realize the meaning of their work. In their games, the baby most often imitates the behavior of adults. Together with his peers, he creates game-situations where he “tryes on” the roles of fathers and mothers, doctors, waiters, hairdressers, builders, drivers, businessmen, etc.

            “It is interesting that by imitating different roles, the child learns to perform actions, coordinating them with the moral norms prevailing in society. So the baby unconsciously prepares himself for life in the world of adults.

            Such games are useful in that while playing, a preschooler learns to find solutions to various life situations, including conflict resolution.

            “Council. Conduct exercises and activities for the child more often that develop the horizons of the baby. Introduce him to the masterpieces of children’s literature and classical music. Study colorful encyclopedias and children’s reference books. Do not forget to talk with the child: kids also need an explanation of their actions and advice from parents and teachers.

            Social development in kindergarten

            How does kindergarten influence successful socialization of a child?

            In the kindergarten:

            • a special social-forming environment was created
            • organized communication with children and adults
            • organized gaming, labor and educational activities
            • civil-patriotic orientation is being implemented
            • organized interaction with the family
            • introduced the principles of social partnership.

            The presence of these aspects determines the positive impact on the child’s socialization.

            There is an opinion that going to kindergarten is not necessary at all. However, in addition to general developmental activities and preparation for school, a child who goes to kindergarten also develops socially. All conditions for this have been created in the kindergarten:

            • zoning
            • play and educational equipment
            • games
            • didactic and teaching aids
            • the presence of a children’s team
            • communication with adults.

            All these conditions simultaneously include preschoolers in intensive cognitive and creative activities that ensure their social development, form communication skills and the formation of their socially significant personal characteristics.

            It will not be easy for a child who does not attend kindergarten to organize a combination of all the above developmental factors.

            Development of social skills

            The development of social skills in preschool children has a positive effect on their activities in life. General upbringing, manifested in graceful manners, easy communication with people, the ability to be attentive to people, try to understand them, sympathize, and help are the most important indicators of the development of social skills. Also important is the ability to talk about your own needs, set goals correctly and achieve them. In order to direct the upbringing of a preschooler in the right direction of successful socialization, we suggest following the aspects of developing social skills:

            1. Show your child social skills. In the case of babies: smile at the baby – he will answer you the same. This will be the first social interaction.
            2. Talk to the baby. Answer the sounds made by the baby with words, phrases. This way you will establish contact with the baby and soon teach him to speak.
            3. Teach your child to be attentive. It is not necessary to bring up an egoist: more often let the child understand that other people also have their own needs, desires, concerns.
            4. When educating, be kind. In upbringing, stand on your own, but without shouting, but with love.
            5. Teach your child respect. Explain that objects have value and should be treated with care. Especially if it’s someone else’s stuff.
            6. Learn to share toys. This will help him make friends faster.
            7. Create a social circle for your baby. Strive to organize the communication of the baby with peers in the yard, at home, in a children’s institution.
            8. Praise good behavior. The child is smiling, obedient, kind, gentle, not greedy: why not praise him? He will consolidate the understanding of how to behave better, and acquired the necessary social skills.
            9. Talk to your child. Teach preschoolers to communicate, share experiences, analyze actions.
            10. Encourage mutual assistance, attention to children. Discuss situations from the child’s life more often: in this way he will learn the basics of morality.

            Social adaptation of children

            Social adaptation is a prerequisite and the result of successful socialization of a preschooler.

            It occurs in three areas:

            • activity
            • consciousness
            • communication.

            Field of activity implies a variety and complexity of activities, a good command of each of its types, its understanding and possession of it, the ability to carry out activities in various forms.

            Indicators of a developed sphere of communication are characterized by the expansion of the child’s circle of communication, the deepening of the quality of its content, the possession of generally accepted norms and rules of behavior, the ability to use its various forms and types suitable for the child’s social environment and society.

            The developed sphere of consciousness is characterized by work on the formation of the image of one’s own “I” as a subject of activity, understanding one’s social role, and the formation of self-esteem.

            During the socialization of a child, along with the desire to do everything as everyone else does (mastering the generally accepted rules and norms of behavior), a desire is manifested to stand out, to show individuality (development of independence, one’s own opinion). Thus, the social development of a preschooler occurs in harmoniously existing directions:

            • socialization
            • individualization.

            In the case when a balance is established between socialization and individualization during socialization, an integrated process takes place aimed at the successful entry of the child into society. This is social adaptation.

            Social maladaptation

            If, when a child enters a certain group of peers, there is no conflict between generally accepted standards and individual qualities of the child, then it is considered that he has adapted to the environment. If such harmony is violated, then the child may show self-doubt, isolation, depressed mood, unwillingness to communicate, and even autism. Children rejected by a certain social group are aggressive, non-contact, inadequately evaluating themselves.

            It happens that the socialization of a child is complicated or slowed down due to physical or mental reasons, as well as as a result of the negative influence of the environment in which he grows up. The result of such cases is the appearance of asocial children, when the child does not fit into social relations. Such children need psychological help or social rehabilitation (depending on the degree of complexity) for the proper organization of the process of their adaptation to society.


            If you try to take into account all aspects of the harmonious upbringing of the child, create favorable conditions for all-round development, maintain friendly relations and promote the disclosure of his creative potential, then the process of social development of the preschooler will be successful. Such a child will feel confident, which means he will be successful.

            How to make a child’s social development harmonious and comprehensive?


            Knowledge base

            Social development of a preschooler: stages and tips

            • What is social development?
            • Stages of social development of a preschooler
            • Socialization up to three years
            • Socialization of children from 3 to 7 years old

            The social development of a preschool child is an important task for parents, because socialization is one of the main skills for a harmonious existence in society. A socialized person feels more confident, he is more successful in any situation, he develops a basic trust in the world.

            What is social development?

            Social development is part of the overall development of the child. It includes not only the ability of the baby to communicate, but also acquaintance with the culture and traditions of society, the development of emotional intelligence, the ability to resolve conflict situations in a peaceful way. This is a multifaceted skill that begins to form in children from birth.

            Stages of social development of a preschooler

            The first natural environment for social development is the family. Here, even in infancy, the baby receives the first lessons of communication, learns to recognize emotions by facial expressions, intonations, gestures.

            Until the age of two, children are completely dependent on their parents. And although at this age they can already communicate with their peers, purposeful play does not work. Children often play side by side, but not together.

            From the age of three, a child begins to consciously communicate with other children, learns to play. During this period, it is important to pay more attention to the development of emotional intelligence and learn to build relationships with others. To do this, it is useful to send the child to a developmental center for children.

            From 5 to 7 years old, a preschooler begins to be interested in the essence of a person, a breakthrough occurs in the mental development of the child. At this age, it is especially important to set a positive example of family relationships. Now, behavioral patterns are being laid that will guide the child in the future.

            Socialization up to three years

            From an early age, it is worth explaining to the baby the rules of safe functioning in the outside world. It is useful to play situations at home, for example, with the help of toys. A role-playing game is one of the best ways to introduce a child to the laws of the world and the spectrum of emotions experienced by a person.

            Socialization of children from 3 to 7 years old

            • Teach your child to talk calmly about his desires. Learn to negotiate in controversial situations without conflicts. To do this, speak calmly and confidently yourself, do not raise your tone.
            • It is important to establish social boundaries by explaining what is allowed and what is not. The concept of “impossible” needs to be deciphered and an answer to the question “why not?” This will save the baby to check the ban on himself.
            • Teach your child to be attentive to others – create situations in which he can take care of his neighbor.
            • Respect the interests, hobbies and desires of children.
            • It is useful to talk with an older preschooler and analyze his actions and the actions of those around him. Ask his opinion about why the person did this? What feelings moved them? This teaches children to better understand others.
            • Give the preschooler more independence.
            • Encourage contact with other children and do not criticize friends. You can express disapproval of the actions of another child, but at the same time you need to give an objective explanation.
            • For the socialization of the child, harmonious conditions for the development of the child in the family are necessary, but communication with peers is also necessary. Therefore, choose a good kindergarten and preschool center.

            The children’s center “Imena Production” invites your children to classes for preschoolers. With us, children not only master intellectual and creative disciplines, but also learn to communicate, make new friends. For the little ones, we have an early development course, an important task of which is the adaptation and socialization of children. We invite older children to the discipline of integrated development. Here the child reveals his talent in choreography, acting, vocals, and also develops morally and spiritually in Sunday school.

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            Social development of preschool children in the process of interaction between the preschool educational organization and the family

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            Social development of preschool children in kindergarten


            1. The role of kindergarten in the social development of preschool children
            2. The main directions and types of work on social development in a preschool institution
            3. Interaction of a preschool institution and parents in the implementation of the social development of a child 9001 9002 Each person is a separate person with his own beliefs, interests, values. But he does not live in isolation, but in society – in direct relationships with other people, determined, in turn, by uniform living conditions, moral norms and cultural traditions.

              The socialization of a child begins from the first days of his life and is realized through communication with parents. Mom’s touch, word, her smile teach the baby to trust the world around him, to learn the elementary rules of behavior. In the future, other family members, outside adults and peers are involved in this process. By the age of one, a child has mastered such necessary social skills as: making eye contact, openly expressing emotions, asking for someone else’s toy, sharing one’s own, saying hello, saying goodbye, and more.

              Children receive the basics of communication in kindergarten

              The role of kindergarten in the social development of a preschooler

              By the age of two, a new stage begins in a child’s life, due to an important event – he begins to go to kindergarten.

              Preschool educational institution (DOE) is one of the most important institutions of socialization. If before this the process of the child’s social development took place to a greater extent situationally and spontaneously, then within the walls of the preschool educational institution it becomes purposeful and systematic.

              The goal of a child’s social development in a preschool institution is to form a full-fledged personality with experience in interacting with other members of society within acceptable norms and rules of conduct.

              Social development – definition

              Implemented through tasks:

              1. To give the child the necessary knowledge: to introduce the acceptable rules of behavior in a preschool institution and a group;
              2. To teach the child to behave in accordance with generally accepted norms;
              3. To help the child to self-determine within the given society;
              4. Help the child to have a positive experience in the garden with children and adults

              The tasks set are carried out as follows:

              1. Favorable conditions are created for involving a preschooler in social interaction;
              2. Special methods and techniques are used:
              • observation;
              • questioning;
              • conversation, explanation;
              • training, training;
              • individual correctional work;
              • creation of educational situations;
              • emotional impact, encouragement.

              Joint activities of parents and children help socialization

              Main directions and types of work on social development in a preschool institution specific methods, forms and types of work:

              • Involvement in socially useful activities (occupational therapy).
              • Listening to music (music therapy).
              • Drawing, viewing illustrations and reproductions of paintings (art therapy).
              • Reading pedagogical literature (fairy tales, children’s poems, stories).
              • Role-playing games.

              Matinee in the garden – one of the types of art therapy

              Art therapy – an effective method of forming a preschooler’s worldview, social self-determination, adequate self-esteem. It is used, first of all, at the diagnostic stage: according to a child’s drawing, one can determine the psychological climate in the family, asocial and antisocial tendencies. For example, the image of a criminal or a policeman is a sign of a deviation in the social development of the child.

              At the next stage, through visual activity, the preschooler gets rid of hidden negative factors, increases self-esteem, and resolves intrapersonal and interpersonal conflicts.

              The work of a teacher is as follows:

              • Creation of a trusting and psychologically comfortable environment for the lesson.
              • Analysis of children’s work (all corrections are made only in words and in the correct form).
              • Setting before the child feasible tasks to perform, providing the necessary assistance.
              • Organization of exhibitions of children’s work in the garden.

              Parents can be involved in these activities to make them more effective.

              Basic concepts of social development

              Joint art therapy will help to establish interpersonal relationships and solve existing or emerging problems in the family.

              Fairy tale therapy in social development is a method of psychological influence on a child through reading and analyzing fairy tales. The uniqueness and effectiveness of this method are due to vivid memorable characters, illustrative examples of behavior patterns of heroes.

              In the fairy tale there is a close connection between the social and the moral: a clear distinction between good and evil, what is good and what is bad, how one can and cannot act.

              Fairy tale therapy is a favorite pastime for children

              Sample list of fairy tales for preschool reading: “Gingerbread man”, “Turnip”, “Teremok”, “Cat, rooster and fox”, “Two greedy bear cubs”, “Geese-swans”, “Zayushkina hut” ”,“ Chanterelle with a rolling pin ”,“ Cuckoo ”,“ Ayoga ”,“ Winged, furry, oily ”(arranged by A. Tolstoy),“ Hare-boast ”,“ Chanterelle-sister and wolf ”,“ Twelve months ”( in the processing of S. Marshak), “The Ugly Duckling” by G.Kh. Andersen.

              Role-playing game is one of the main and most significant tools for the social development of preschoolers.

              In its essence, it is a modeling of social relationships in which there are participants who perform specific joint actions within the framework of established rules to achieve certain goals.

              This unique type of activity enables the child to get a positive experience of social interaction in two planes: between the participants of the game and between its characters.

              Role-playing game “In the hospital”

              Playing, preschooler:

              • Masters the norms of social behavior and communication skills.
              • Learns to get out of a particular life situation (modeled in a game form).
              • Realizes his need for self-determination within the framework of the children’s society.
              • Increases the level of self-esteem.

              Systematic plot-role-playing game activity in a preschool educational institution is the key to successful socialization of a child at school and in later adult life.

              Approximate topics of the games: “At the doctor’s appointment”, “Riding the bus”, “Going to visit”, “Daughters-mothers”, “In the hairdresser”, “In the store” and more.

              Interaction of a preschool institution and parents in the implementation of the child’s social development

              To increase the effectiveness of the process of social development of a preschooler, the coordinated work of the kindergarten and the family on the basis of mutual trust is necessary.

              Joint work of parents and children is a good method of social education

              As part of this interaction, the following is provided:

              • Joint assistance to the child during the period of adaptation to a preschool institution: observance of uniform regime moments, creation of the most favorable psychological environment in the family.
              • Individual work with the parents of a child who has difficulties in successfully mastering the norms of social behavior.
              • In difficult pedagogical cases – the involvement of a psychologist in this work.
              • Making stands with useful information: a recommended list of children’s and pedagogical literature, themes of role-playing games and joint creative activities in the family.
              • Involving parents in leisure activities: quizzes, games, relay races, matinees.
              • Organization of receiving active feedback.

              The ability to live in society is one of the most important components of a full-fledged, harmoniously developed personality.

              A preschool institution has a unique opportunity to carry out both a natural and a specially organized process of social development of its pupils. Through classes, using pedagogical methods and types of work, the child develops a model of positive and productive interaction with other members of society, which was formed in a kindergarten. Successful mastery of this model at preschool age is the key to the future interesting, bright and happy life of the child.

              Social development of preschool children

              “Childhood is the period of a person’s life from newborn to psychological maturity, during which his social development takes place, becoming a member of human society.
              Social development is a process during which a child learns the values, traditions, culture of the society in which he lives. Playing, studying, communicating with adults and peers, he learns to live next to others, take into account their interests, rules and norms of behavior in society, that is, he becomes socially competent. (1

              What influences the social development of a small citizen?
              Undoubtedly, this process takes place, first of all, in the family. After all, it is the family that is the main transmitter of knowledge, values, relationships, traditions from generation to generation. The atmosphere of the family, the warm relationship between the child and parents, the style of upbringing, which is determined by the norms and rules adopted in the family and which parents pass on to their children – all this has a huge impact on the social development of the baby in the family.
              But, if a child attends a preschool institution, then he spends most of his time in a kindergarten, and then educators and other workers are included in the process of his socialization.

              “A teacher in a group is the most important person for a child. The child recklessly trusts the educator, endows him with unquestioned authority and all conceivable virtues: intelligence, beauty, kindness. This is not surprising, since the entire life of a child in kindergarten depends on the Primary Adult. In the eyes of the child, it is he who determines when you can play or go for a walk, draw or run, and when you need to sit quietly and listen. He arranges all sorts of interesting games, dances, classes, performances, reads wonderful books, tells fairy tales, stories. He acts as the last resort in resolving children’s conflicts, he sets the rules, he knows everything and can help, support, praise, or maybe not notice, and even scold. (2)

              Since the educator is a rather significant figure for the child, the educator bears the main responsibility for shaping the child’s personality, his thinking and behavior.
              In addition, he can largely compensate for the unfavorable influence of the family by choosing the right tactics for interacting with the child and ways to control his behavior.
              One of the main components of a child’s social development is the development of communication, the establishment of relationships, the formation of friendly ties with peers.

              Communication is a process of interaction between people. Today we will talk about pedagogical communication, which is understood as a system of interaction between a teacher and children in order to get to know children, provide educational influences, organize pedagogically appropriate relationships, and form a microclimate favorable for the mental development of a child in a group.

              “Experimental studies conducted under the guidance of M.I. Lisina showed that during the first seven years of life, several forms of communication between children and adults consistently arise and replace each other” (3).

              Initially, arises directly – emotional communication with loved ones adults . It is based on the child’s need for attention and a benevolent attitude towards himself from others. Communication between an infant and adults proceeds outside of any other activity and constitutes the leading activity of a child of this age. The main means of communication are facial movements.

              From 6 months to two years there is a situational-business form of communication between children and adults. The main feature of this type of communication should be considered the practical interaction of a child and an adult. In addition to attention and benevolence, the child also begins to feel the need for the cooperation of an adult (a request for help, an invitation to joint actions, etc.). This helps children recognize objects, learn how to act with them.

              Extra-situational-cognitive form of communication is present from 3 to 5 years. Signs of the manifestation of the third form of communication can be the emergence of questions in the child about objects, their various relationships. The most important means of communication at this stage is speech, because it alone opens up opportunities to go beyond the private situation. In this type of communication, the child discusses objects and phenomena of the world of things with adults. This includes news reports, cognitive questions, requests to read, stories about what they have read, seen, fantasies. The main motive for this type of communication is the desire of the child to communicate with adults in order to obtain new information or discuss with them the possible causes of various phenomena of the surrounding world.

              1. relationship between teacher and children;
              2. relationships between the children themselves.

              A positive group climate occurs when children feel free to retain their individuality, while also respecting the right of others to be themselves. The teacher significantly influences the microclimate of the group. In fact, it is he who creates this climate, an atmosphere of looseness, sincerity, taking the position of an equal partner. Undoubtedly, we are not talking about absolute equality, but about equivalence. The organization of space is of great importance for equal communication. In particular, when interacting with a child, it is desirable for the educator to use the “eyes on the same level” position, which excludes the spatial dominance of the teacher. In addition, when organizing classes, talking with children, it makes sense to sit or stand in such a way that all partners can see each other’s eyes (the circle shape is optimal).

              In order to establish a good microclimate in a group, it is necessary to be sincerely interested in children as individuals, in their thoughts, experiences, and mood. We ourselves should not be indifferent to how children treat us, and in turn, we should treat them with respect, since respect for children is a signal that they are good, that they are loved.
              A teacher in communication with children is not just a person who knows how to communicate Competence in communication is an indicator of the professionalism of a teacher.
              How to contribute to the social development of the child?
              First, encourage different forms of play. After all, “at preschool age, play is the leading activity, and communication becomes a part and condition of it. At this age, that relatively stable inner world is acquired, which gives grounds for the first time to call the child a personality, although not fully developed, but capable of further development and improvement ”(4).

              It is in the game that a child develops powerfully: all mental processes, emotional sphere, social skills and abilities. The difference between the game and other types of activity is that it is focused on the process, not on the result, and the child in the game enjoys this process itself. The game is attractive enough for him. Often we see how preschool children play the same game for a very long time, continuing or starting it again and again, this happens over the next day, week, month after month and even after a year.
              The plot-role-playing game for preschool children allows you to create the world around you in a visually effective form, which goes far beyond the limits of the child’s personal life. This activity reproduces the work and life of adults, relationships between them, customs, traditions, bright events in their lives, etc.

              From the point of view of D. B. Elkonin, “the game is social in its content, in its nature, in its origin (5).
              The sociality of a plot-role-playing game is due to the sociality of motives and the sociality of the structure. A preschooler cannot participate in the production activities of adults, which gives rise to the child’s need to reproduce this activity in a playful way. The child himself wants to build houses, treat people, drive a car, etc., and this is thanks to the game, he can do it.
              By creating an imaginary situation, using toys, substitute objects, in actions with which relationships between adults are recreated, the child joins social life, becomes its participant. It is in the game that children work out positive ways of resolving conflicts, find their position in communicating with their peers, give themselves and receive support, approval or dissatisfaction from partners, i.e. children develop ways of adequate interaction.

              The game educates children not only by its plot side. When it originates and unfolds, real relationships arise between children regarding the idea, the course of the game: children discuss the content, roles, select game material, etc., they thereby learn to take into account the interests of others, to yield, to contribute to the common cause and etc. Relationships about the game contribute to the development of children’s moral motives for behavior, the emergence of “an internal ethical authority (6).

              Play activity will indeed become a means of socialization if our children are able to play, i.e. they will know what and how to play, they will have different game material. And our task is to provide them with a play space and paraphernalia, as well as teach them to play, encourage joint play with a kind word, a smile, and involve less popular children in joint activities. A large role in the organization of the game is played by the children’s community, in which the game rules, roles, ways of their distribution, storylines, etc. transmitted like fire flames. However, if children do not play, do not know how to take a role, develop a plot, the teacher should think. The game is the result of the entire educational process, it is the face of the educator, an indicator of his work, his professionalism.

              Activities, games, exercises, playing situations, conversations aimed at studying society, getting to know literature, art, music, discussing interpersonal conflicts, encouraging moral deeds of children, cases of cooperation, mutual assistance, control over the behavior of the child, which in any case should not infringe on his dignity.

              Assimilation by a child of ethical norms and requirements, the formation of a humane attitude towards nature and the people around him – this is the social development of the child, which covers all his life in kindergarten.
              Therefore, it is important for the teacher to remember that this process is long, complex and multifaceted: the tasks of developing the intellect, feelings, moral foundations of the personality are solved in a complex and require from the teacher not only skill, but also his own experience, a pronounced attitude, because the teacher’s story about kindness, beauty, examples of mutual assistance, playing moral situations with a bad or indifferent mood is unlikely to evoke reciprocal feelings and form an appropriate attitude. This is our responsibility to the child.

              But the educator is not a well-functioning machine, not a judge or a magician, but no one except the educator will do this job better, the educator is a person walking next to the child and leading him by the hand into the big world, this is the closest in kindergarten human.


              1. Yudina E.G., Stepanova G.B., Denisova E.N. Pedagogical Diagnostics in Kindergarten: A Handbook for Teachers of Preschool Educational Institutions. – M.: Enlightenment, 2003. – p.91.

              2. Yudina E.G., Stepanova G.B., Denisova E.N. Pedagogical Diagnostics in Kindergarten: A Handbook for Teachers of Preschool Educational Institutions. – M .: Education, 2003. – p.34.
              3. Dubrova V.P., Milashevich E.P. Organization of methodological work in a preschool institution. – M.: New School, 1995. – p. 81

              4. Panfilova M.A. Game therapy of communication. Tests and corrective games. A practical guide for psychologists, teachers and parents. – M .: “Publishing house Gnome and D”, 2002. – p.15.

              5. Elkonin D.B. Psychological games. – M .: Pedagogy, 1978, p.32.

              6. Karpova S.N., Lysyuk L.G. Game and moral development. – M .: Education, 1986, p.17.

              Social development of the child. Are there any problems?

              Social development is all about learning to communicate, play and build relationships with other people. Although this process, like emotional development, develops throughout life, the first year of a child’s life is an exciting and important time when he will quickly develop these skills.

              When children lack social confidence, this can lead to difficulties in relationships with parents and later with friends. Fortunately, most problems of social development are easily solved.

              Until the child is about two years old, he will not need to make friends; you will be his main playmates. But even as a newborn, he is learning social skills. When he grows up, he will begin to learn to communicate by making eye contact, smiling and chatting.

              You will soon discover that the child has a unique personality of its own. As you grow into the role of a parent, it is important that you let him know that you accept him for who he is.

              Signs that the child has problems with social development

              It is quite natural for a child to experience separation anxiety at about eight months.

              But if your child seems to be anxious for a long time or in various social situations, this may be a sign that he is experiencing social difficulties.

              You may notice that he:

              • does not smile at others
              • cannot maintain eye contact with someone else
              • looks away or turns away from others
              • cries more than usual in new situations involving other people or unfamiliar places
              • Flushing or flushing of the face and neck when in public situations
              • enjoys going only to places where a small number of people
              • gets tense with others
              • he is difficult to console in social situations

              What can be done to help a child’s social development?

              Spend a lot of time looking at and interacting with your child. You are his role model when it comes to social situations, so give him many opportunities to learn from you. If you find that your child is less socially confident than others, it is important to give him even more opportunities to try out different and new social situations.

              The following methods can help your child feel more comfortable around people:

              • Take the opportunity to chat with your child while changing diapers, dressing and bathing. Talk about what he does and also what you do. You can also talk about how you both may be feeling to help him begin to connect feelings and behaviors.
              • When the child enjoys playing, use this time to sing children’s songs and action rhymes, play hide and seek and tickle. Not only is it great fun for both of you, but it also gives your child a chance to work on their social skills.
              • Introduce your child to various social situations, making sure you are there for safety. Going out for coffee, trying different playgroups, joining music or children’s groups can all help your little one learn to deal with unfamiliar situations. They are also a great opportunity for you to create your own social network.
              • Children do not really learn to play with other people their own age until the third year of life. However, playing with other children is an important part of social development. Give your child many opportunities to be with other children of the same age. By practicing sharing attention, toys and food, he will acquire important social skills that will be useful throughout his life.
              • Eating is an important social event. Use it to spend time together. The child learns about what is socially acceptable at meal times, which will make future trips to the cafe more enjoyable.
              • Pay attention to the child’s reactions in social situations and find out how he likes to be comforted. It can be gentle strokes, strong hugs, soothing words in your ear, milk feeding or your favorite toy.

              What if I think my child is having social development problems?

              As a parent, you are your child’s expert. Pay special attention to his eye contact, the sounds he makes, and any signs of anxiety in social situations. If you notice a consistent and noticeable difference between your child and other children of the same age, talk to your pediatrician.

            Child care in clarksville tn: THE Top 10 Daycares in Clarksville, TN | Affordable Prices

            Опубликовано: August 28, 2021 в 11:12 am


            Категории: Child

            THE Top 10 Daycares in Clarksville, TN | Affordable Prices

            Daycares in Clarksville, TN


            Glenn Family Child Care provides care for infants, toddlers, and school-age children. My program is licensed with the State of Tennessee and affiliated with Fort Campbell Army Child Care in Your Neighborhood(ACCYN-NACCRRA). I also accept state certificates. We ensure that the children we care for feel safe, protected, and nurtured in a loving home environment where children will have the opportunity to engage in play and learning experiences that is developmentally appropriate and enhances their imagination. I have a state and federal (done yearly) background check paid for by both military and the state. So one is not provided on References are available upon request. I look forward to hearing from you and meeting your child care needs….

            With Open Arms

            Clarksville Area, Clarksville, TN 37042

            Costimate: $133/day


            With Open Arms is where love and care are No. 1. We are a in-home daycare available all shifts and provide care for newborn-school age. We also offer custom fit programs and or services that assist workingclass families and single parents. May 1st, we will be accepting new applications, pre-register now, seats are filling fast….


            We offer a full range education experience, we pride ourselves in teaching our children to read at 4yrs. We also THINK LEARN and GROW everyday in a fun exciting way, whereas our students are top learners andhave leadership skill by the time they are ready for kindergarten.
            I have been in Daycare Business for 36yrs. I LOVE CHILDREN. We offer yoga, meditation, science, math, reading and computer classes….


            *Mudd Pie’s & More Daycare
            *Located Seconds away from Planet Fitness Gym.
            *Serving Children ages 12 Months-13 Years Of Age.
            *Please call for additional Enrollment Information.

            Recent Review:

            Paralyzed 3-year-old baby needs to find a safe place

            Reviewed by Mong N

            Ms Trina’s Tots

            3417 Mallard Dr, Clarksville, TN 37042

            Costimate: $128/day


            2724 Trenton Rd, Clarksville, TN 37040

            Costimate: $115/day


            THE SETTLEMENT INC in Clarksville, TN uses a developmentally appropriate educational curriculum while teaching the children in ways that will best match their learning and development. They believe that thestudents will learn best by doing and experiencing hands-on approach. They assist the children in developing their language, social, cognitive, emotional, and physical areas….


            Kid’s Corner Child Development Center is a family owned childcare and learning facility located at 2430 Old Russellville Pike, Clarksville, Tennessee. It provides a fun and educational environment wherechildren can play, discover and learn. The center offers Preschool, After School Care, Learning Center, Before School Care, Child Care, Summer Programs and Babysitting….


            Established in 2001, Special Little Ones Child Care is a child care facility located at 531 Caskey Dr. Clarksville, TN. They provide a safe, secure and healthy environment for children. They seek to improve andenhance the child’s mental, physical, emotional, intellectual and social behavior….


            In-home based daycare that cares for children ages 2-5. Willing to assist Parents by preparing nutritional meals for children- breakfast, lunch and two snacks for full day care. Responsible for maintainingchildrens hygiene, monitoring their health both physical and emotional, provide age-appropriate instruction working with parents to ensure the children are learning and socializing in a positive way….


            Now Enrolling Children Ages 3 to 5!
            Your Children in Capable Hands
            Preschool Openings Available for ages 3 to 5 years. Full (Play-Based) curriculum delivered through hands-on investigative studies andassessments. Lesson developed to explore real-life experiences and cultural diversity. Nutrition and Menus follow USDA guidelines with emphasis placed on the “Nurture to Grow” garden program. Services are offered Monday through Friday from 6:00 am to 6:00 pm. Full-Day Pre-K Program with the end of the year celebration. Beautiful Beginnings Preschool has over 7 years of Military (FCC) and Center-based (CDC) experience. All training and background checks are maintained and current with the Tennessee Department of Human Services. Teachers hold valid CDC certifications and/ or degrees….


            I prepare kids for Pre-k and Kindergarten(Colors, Shapes, Numbers, Name Etc, Potty Train, Arts and crafts, story time, play time, puzzles, Finger paint, play dough Etc.


            Hello! I’m Emmalee Willingham, I am 19 years old and I have been babysitting for 6+ years! I have watched children for families as well as in a daycare setting as a teacher. I have cared for up to 12 childrenat once and between ages 0 months and 12 years. I am a kind and gentle care giver that does well with play as well as homework! I am happy to help with meals and/or housework. I love working with children and helping them grow, learn, and enjoy being a kid!…


            Offering affordable In Home Childcare Services for children ages 6 months – 5yrs. old in my home. Serving families in the Clarksville TN area. Experience working with children – over 30 years. I am not alicensed provider, due to the limit of 4 children in my home. I did however complete the pre-orientation training for a licensed provider and received a certificate. Looking forward to providing a safe, loving, caring, clean environment for your child….

            Parent’s TimeOut

            3862 Trenton Rd, Clarksville, TN 37040

            Costimate: $124/day


            Drop-In Childcare $6 per hour per child
            Hours are 7:30am-11pm Monday-Thursday, Friday 7:30am-11:45pm Saturday10am-11:45 pm
            Date night starts at 6p-Midnight on Friday and Saturday. Sunday closed
            We arelicense and we have cameras available for parents to download the app to their phone to watch their kids play. Visit our website for an application and more information…


            I am a childcare provider in the Kenwood Area, off Peachers Mill road. I have been in childcare for over 13 years. I am CPR/First aid certified. We offer potty training, curriculum and USDA approved meals andsnacks are available everyday included in my rates. I have openings for all ages. My hours are from 5am until 6pm Monday through Friday. Extended hours are offered to parents in need. Military and Mid Cumberland accepted. To keep my parents’ mind at ease I offer cameras so you can see what’s going on at any time from your smart phone. Enroll your child today. Contact me @ 931-233-0118 or 931-338-1125. You can also visit my website at….


            Carousel Cottage Child Development Center in Clarksville, Tennessee is a Child Care provider that can accommodate up to 210 children from six weeks to twelve years of age. Their curriculum seeks to provide ahigh quality, nurturing, fun and safe learning environment that is appropriate for the child’s overall growth and development….


            Aiesha’s Childcare Center provides a full-time childcare program in Clarksville, Tennessee. They encourage the children’s holistic growth through play-based and child-centered activities. They also aim todevelop the children’s social skills, emotional growth, and physical coordination. Aiesha’s Childcare Center welcomes infants through school-aged children and is open Mondays to Fridays from seven AM to five thirty PM….


            We provide non-medical, in-home care to seniors, disabled adults, those recovering from surgery, illness, or injury, or anyone who needs help with the activities of daily living–those routine things we doevery day to care for ourselves and others. Our trustworthy care professionals provide personal care and homemaking services in your home whenever needed–around the clock, for just a few hours, weekends and holidays. We accept most insurances, VA, and private pay.
            Because we are guests in your home, your comfort and trust are paramount to us. Caregivers are bonded, insured, and subjected to a rigorous screening process, including background and reference checks and verification of credentials. We match caregivers to clients for compatibility. Ongoing supervisory visits by management help ensure that our care continues to meet your expectations.
            Lastly, we are always looking for kind, caring and personable individuals who desire to provide non-medical in-home care to the elderly and disabled. We welcome the opportunity to speak to you concerning employment opportunities. We are currently located in TN, TX, and GA….

            Showing 1 – 20 of 76

            FAQs for finding daycares in Clarksville

            In 2022 what type of daycare can I find near me in Clarksville, TN?

            There are a variety of daycares in Clarksville, TN providing full time and part-time care. Some daycares are facility-based and some are in-home daycares operated out of a person’s home. They can also vary in the degree of education and curriculum they offer. Additionally, some daycares offer bilingual programs for parents that want to immerse their children in multiple languages.

            How can I find a daycare near me in Clarksville, TN?

            If you are looking for daycare options near you, start several months in advance of when you need care for your child. has 707 in Clarksville, TN as of September 2022 and you can filter daycares by distance from Clarksville or your zip code. From there, you can then compare daycare rates, parent reviews, view their specific services, see their hours of operation and contact them through the website for further information or to request an appointment.

            What questions should I ask a daycare provider before signing up?

            As you visit daycare facilities in Clarksville, TN, you should ask the providers what their hours are so you can be prepared to adjust your schedule for drop-off and pick-up. Ask what items you are responsible for bringing for your child and what items you may be required to provide that will be shared among other children or the daycare staff. Also, make sure to check directly with the business for information about their local licensing and credentials in Clarksville, TN.

            Child Care Centers and Preschools in Clarksville TN

            Child development centers in Clarksville vary in size as well as in scope. While some offer progressive curriculums and the latest advancements for preschools, others are more intimate daycare centers that take a more relaxed approach to childcare.
            Whatever your priorities, finding the right daycare center for your child is important. We’ve made the seemingly overwhelming task easier by collecting basic information such as size, location, and licensing information for child development centers in Clarksville into a single location.
            Simply click on the links below to learn more about Clarksville childcare centers that are dedicated to providing families with safe, quality childcare.
            You can also read reviews about various childcare providers to learn more about which is the right choice for your family. We always welcome comments and corrections, to better the browsing experience on our site.

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            Clarksville, TN 37043 | (931) 920-3931

            Our hours of operations are from 6am to 6pm. We enroll children from 6 weeks to 12 years of age. We offer: Individual Classrooms for each age group Part-time Care 9 AM – 2 PM Structured, activity-based curriculum Hot Meals Weekly Chapel Time Before a …


            Clarksville, TN 37043 | (931) 358-3994

            Kiddie College is our pride and joy. We opened our first center in 1988 on a rental property, we have been fortunate enough to grow into two locations designed to fit the needs of the children. We are very thankful that so many parents share our goal …


            Clarksville, TN 37042 | (931) 431-3749

            Kiddieland Child Care Centers has been in business since 1965. Over the years, we’ve established ourselves as the oldest and most trusted child care center in the area. We employ a highly trained and qualified staff that goes rigorous interviews in …


            Clarksville, TN 37042 | (931) 802-5979

            Child care center serving children 6 weeks to 12 years.


            Clarksville, TN 37043 | (931) 358-0078

            Our mission is to love, teach, and positively influence the children who spend time in our facility, and to provide parents with peace of mind that their child is in excellent care. We are quaintly located in the Sango area of Clarksville, situated o …


            Clarksville, TN 37043 | (931) 494-5857

            The Primary Mission of The Village is to positively impact the quality of life for children who spend their time in our program. Children need a creative, active, stimulating, and nurturing environment. We strive to provide superior childcare for chi …


            Clarksville, TN 37043 | (931) 648-4370

            The Primary Mission of The Village is to positively impact the quality of life for children who spend their time in our program. Children need a creative, active, stimulating, and nurturing environment. We strive to provide superior childcare for chi …


            Clarksville, TN 37044 | (931) 221-6234

            The Child Learning Center enhances the growth, development and performance of APSU students and other parents by maintaining a campus children’s center whose primary objective is to promote the continuous well-being of the children and adults it serv …


            Clarksville, TN 37042 | (931) 896-2013


            CAROUSEL COTTAGE, C.D.C., INC.

            Clarksville, TN 37042 | (931) 648-3908

            Our program ensures that your child will receive a combination of academics, creative enrichment, physical activity, and center time


            Clarksville, TN 37040 | (931) 648-5785

            Head Start is a nationally recognized child development program designed to meet the educational, mental, nutritional, and social needs of 3 and 4 year olds and their families. Head Start helps all children succeed. Special Services are offered to me …


            Clarksville, TN 37042 | (931) 552-4047

            Head Start is a nationally recognized child development program designed to meet the educational, mental, nutritional, and social needs of 3 and 4 year olds and their families. Head Start helps all children succeed. Special Services are offered to me …


            Clarksville, TN 37040 | (931) 645-0313

            FPC has fully licensed (Three Star Rating from the State of Tennessee Department of Human Services) weekday preschool program located within the church’s Educational Building. Class Offerings : Classes for children ages one through pre-kindergart …

            JUST FOR KIDS

            Clarksville, TN 37043 | (931) 905-2525

            Just For Kids Early Learning Centers offer a premier learning experience for children ages six weeks through 12 years. We are committed to the families we serve and the children we care for. At Just For Kids Early Learning Center, we focus on the “ …

            JUST FOR KIDS II LLC

            Clarksville, TN 37043 | (931) 245-1460

            At Just For Kids Childcare, we focus on the “whole child.”  We believe that by working closely with our parents, we can ensure that the children we service will one day become productive members of society.


            Clarksville, TN 37040 | (931) 320-3640

            The mission of Little Scholars is to enrich and educate the children enrolled in our program utilizing the Montessori method of learning. We guide children from distraction to concentration, from dependency to self-sufficiency, and from self-centered …

            THE GIVING TREE

            Clarksville, TN 37043 | (931) 358-0028

            The Giving Tree Child Care Center, Inc. is the brand new, state-of-the-art child care center in Clarksville, TN! We are very proud to be a 3 STAR CENTER that provides the most innovative facilities and effective educational programs for children 6 we . ..


            Clarksville, TN 37042 | 615-259-3418 ext. 72516

            YMCA Fun Company is an out-of-school care program provided by the YMCA of Middle Tennessee. It is a child-centered, discovery-based activity time that incorporates volunteers, parents and school staff to help strengthen family life and supplement you …


            Clarksville, TN 37043 | (931) 647-2376

            n all that we do, our YMCA is guided by these core character values: Caring, Honesty, Respect & Responsibility.


            Clarksville, TN 37040 | (931) 648-5695

            Our Mission: A worldwide charitable fellowship united by a common loyalty to Jesus Christ for the purpose of helping people grow in spirit, mind and body.

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            Thank you for using We are constantly enhancing our website to better service you.
            Please check back frequently for more updates. If you have any suggestions, please contact us.
            We appreciate your business and feedback very much.

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            Clarksville TN Daycare | The Settlement Preschool & Kindergarten

            State-Certified Childcare

            Tennessee Department of Education childcare and Kindergarten

            Healthy Snacks & Meals

            We strive to feed our children food that is healthy and nutritious.

            Age-Appropriate Activities

            Our activity programs are custom-designed for each age-group that we care for at our daycare.

            Strict Safety Policies

            Our comprehensive safety policies are available for your review at any time in our office.

            Learning For All Ages

            We believe and teach positive reinforcement in our daily curriculum at our daycare.

            We have 3 & 4 yr old full-time slots open now!…

            Private Kindergarten Program

            Full for 2022 – 2023 school year


            General enrollment criteria:


            – Age requirement for children entering Kindergarten per the State Department of Education, (T.C.A. 49-6-201 (b) (3), “children entering kindergarten shall be five (5) years of age on or before August 15th of the current kindergarten term”. No exceptions to this rule!

            – Testing of enrolled children will be accomplished during the first week of class. All testing is based off of Brigance testing criteria.

            – The class schedule is not as our public system, for when the children begin their first day of classes, they will continue without interruption. We will follow Clarksville Montgomery School System’s fall/spring break schedule and any inclement weather days (snow day). For Settlement holidays, see calendar.

            – Enrollment registration $450; weekly fees $165.

            Kindergarten hours of operation:

            – 08:30am – 3:30pm daily.


            – If extended care is needed, it will be provided in the School Age building (at the following times ONLY) for the Settlement’s Kindergarten student’s 06:00-8:30am and 3:30-6:00 pm. This service is part of the kindergarten fees; at no cost to you.



            WE ARE HIRING!

            Preschool teacher


            School age Assistant 

             w/ class F endorsement license to drive small 15 passenger bus.

            Hours are Monday – Friday; approximately 33+ hours a week.

            Please apply directly at the school.


            Welcome to The Settlement Preschool & Kindergarten

            The Settlement was established in 1986. Our mission is to provide the best in early childhood education and childcare services for each of our enrolled children. We understand that parents need to follow their daily pursuits knowing that their children are safe and are enjoying their day in a safe developmentally appropriate environment.

            In recognition of our high quality environment, programs and staff we qualified as Montgomery County Tennessee’s first nationally accredited childcare facility. In 1996 we received accreditation from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), the oldest and most highly regarded childcare authority in the U.S. This accreditation serves as a clear statement to the quality of the service we provide. What this accreditation means for you and your child is that our standards in all areas of childcare services far exceed the basic licensing requirements of the Tennessee Department of Human Services.

            As part of the Settlement’s continuous emphasis to improve our childcare and educational services, we have officially become a Tennessee Department of Education (TDOE) affiliated learning facility. The primary reason for the move was based on the fact that we will be providing a private kindergarten to our community. In essence, we follow the same educational and childcare guidance set by the State of Tennessee for our local school system.

            Our preschool/childcare programs begin at age 18 month and continue through pre-kindergarten. All children are grouped by age (18-24 months, 24-36 months, etc.) in individual classrooms. Our programs are designed to be age appropriate, with a focus on group social skills, academic concepts, creative thinking and problem solving. We often hear praise from local public school kindergarten teachers regarding how well prepared our children are when they begin their public school experience.

            We also provide childcare services for school age children (kindergarten through the summer following 5th grade). Our before and after school program is for children attending our nearby elementary schools (Northeast, Glenellen, and Oakland). The program extends through the summer public school break as a summer day camp.

            Our staff has worked together for many years. Our lead teachers and director’s average over 10 years experience in childcare…most of that time at The Settlement.

            We take great pride in our school, our staff and our accomplishments and would enjoy having the opportunity to share our success with you and your family. We invite you to learn more about us and to visit the Settlement.





















































































































            Home – The Youth Academy Clarksville

            Thank you for voting The Youth Academy Best Childcare/Preschool of 2020

            The Youth Academy Difference


            The Youth Academy meets the growing necessity for upscale child care in our community. We are an advocate for the working family. Extended hours and days of care, provide our parents with more options for their children. We provide a unique service and a secure, nurturing environment, children will relish and excel in.

            Serving Multiple Age Groups


            Full-Time Infants (Monday through Friday) 6 weeks old – 12 months old

            Daytime Toddler Care

            • 5:30 a.m. to 6:00 pm
            • Late Pick Up (6:00 pm to 8:30 pm)
            • Late Pick Up (after 8:30 pm)

            Evening Care

            • 2:30 pm to 12:00 am


            Full-Time Toddlers (Monday through Friday) 12 months old – 2 years old

            Daytime Toddler Care

            • 5:30 a.m. to 6:00 pm
            • Late Pick Up (6:00 pm to 8:30 pm)
            • Late Pick Up (after 8:30 pm)

            Evening Care

            • 2:30 pm to 12:00 am


            Full-Time Preschool – (Monday through Friday) 3 years old – 5 years old


            • 5:30 am to 6:00 pm
            • Late Pick Up (6:00 pm to 8:30 pm)
            • Late Pick Up (after 8:30 pm)

            Evening Care

            • 2:30 pm to 12:00 am

            School Age

            School Age – (Monday through Friday) 5 years old – 12 years old

            Evening Care

            • 2:30 pm to 12:00 am

            Summer Camps

            What Parents Are Saying…

            Every experience I’ve had here has just been excellent. Whitney Shuton

            I love these teachers, I don’t want them to go anywhere else. Period.Raquanda Seavey

            It feels like they love your kids as much as you love them.Alyssa Ohmes

            What We Do

            to Serve You.

            From CPR classes to school bus shuttles, we are here to help with a variety of services offered to every member of your family.