Family day care benefits: National Resources about Family Child Care
National Resources about Family Child Care
Family child care (FCC) has many unique qualities that sets it apart from other early care and education settings. A FCC setting offers several benefits to families. Some benefits include a neighborhood-based home environment, smaller groups of children, mixed-age groups so that siblings can be together, a consistent caregiver, and greater flexibility in hours of operation. However, FCC providers may face challenges, such as a sense of isolation, limited resources when working longer hours, no support staff, and less business expertise. Stakeholders strive to understand these issues as they develop ways to support and increase the success and stability of FCC providers. Many resources address health, safety, and quality improvement systems across all early childhood settings, including FCC. However, the following online resources and written products more specifically address FCC settings.
Resources about Supports and Systems for Improving Quality in Family Child Care
Peer Support as a Strategy for Enhancing Home-Based Child Care Providers’ Well-Being and Equitable Engagement in Publicly Funded Systems, Quality Improvement and Leadership (July 2023)
This brief discusses the role peer support can play in enhancing home-based child care (HBCC) providers’ well-being and increasing providers’ equitable engagement in publicly funded systems, quality improvement, and leadership. This brief also examines the ways staffed family child care (FCC) networks and FCC provider-led associations use peer support and suggests promising peer support strategies that state agencies may consider for increasing equity for HBCC providers.
Addressing the Decreasing Number of Family Child Care Providers in the United States (Revised March 2020)
This brief examines the reasons family child care homes close and offers information that your state, territory, or tribe can use to solve this problem. Action is needed to ensure that family child care remains a strong, healthy component of the early childhood education system.
Engaging Family Child Care Providers in Quality Improvement Systems (November 2017)
This brief is for local, regional, and state stakeholders invested in engaging FCC and family, friend, and neighbor (FFN) providers in quality improvement initiatives and supporting these sectors of the early childhood professional community. It presents outreach strategies and efforts to engage FCC and FFN providers, and highlights how considering these providers’ unique characteristics can positively influence their ability and willingness to participate in quality improvement efforts.
Supporting Access to High-Quality Family Child Care: A Policy Assessment and Planning Tool for States, Territories, and Tribes (November 2017)
FCC plays a big role in meeting families’ early care and education needs, and is important for states, territories, and tribes to promote access to high-quality FCC options. This tool provides a framework for assessing local, regional, and state policies and practices to ensure they support access to high-quality FCC options.
Staffed Family Child Care Networks: A Research-Informed Strategy for Supporting High-Quality Family Child Care (September 2017)
This brief includes a description of FCC networks and addresses the support a staffed FCC network can provide, particularly to special populations: family, friend, and neighbor care providers; license-exempt providers; English language learners; and dual language learners. It also describes the essential elements of an effective network and the value networks bring to the FCC profession.
Developing a Staffed Family Child Care Network: A Technical Assistance Manual (September 2017)
This manual is for leaders and stakeholders at the state, regional, and local levels who are planning to support the FCC provider community through staffed FCC networks. It provides key considerations and questions necessary to effectively implement networks. The first section explores the rationale for adopting networks to improve FCC quality and the role of FCC in serving a range of diverse populations. The second section explores the critical components of a staffed FCC network. The third section outlines the four stages of successful network implementation—exploration, installation, initial implementation, and full implementation.
Staffed Family Child Care Network Cost Estimation Tool and User’s Guide (September 2017)
The Family Child Care Network Cost Estimation Tool (CET) helps state, regional, and local organizations better understand the costs of operating a staffed FCC network. The CET can be used to estimate the operating costs for services offered by a staffed FCC network. This document is a user’s guide that provides instructions for the CET. The calculator tool, which is a Microsoft Excel file, is available from the National Center on Early Childhood Quality Assurance by emailing [email protected].
Early Care and Education Program Characteristics: Effects on Expenses and Revenues (October 2016)
The brief demonstrates how the Provider Cost of Quality Calculator can be used to understand the impact of program characteristics on the revenue and expenses of an early childhood center or FCC home. For example, it measures factors such as participation in the Child and Adult Care Food Program, program size and ages of children accepted into care, enrollment efficiency, and bad debt or uncollected revenues.
Caring for Our Children Basics Health and Safety Standards Alignment Tool for Child Care Centers and Family Child Care Homes (June 2016)
Caring for Our Children Basics (CFOCB) represents the minimum health and safety standards experts believe should be in place where children are cared for outside their own homes, whether in home-based programs or center-based facilities. Although use of CFOCB is voluntary, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) hopes CFOCB will help states and territories as they work to improve health and safety standards in both licensing and quality rating and improvement systems. This tool provides a simple format for users to compare their current early childhood program requirements and standards against the recommended health and safety standards in CFOCB.
Caring for Our Children Basics: Program Review Tool for Center-Based Programs and Family Child Care Homes (2018)
This Program Review Tool lists the minimum health and safety standards for child care settings outside of the home. Centers and family child care home providers can use this tool to assess their current health and safety practices, identify where practices should be stronger, and develop strategies and plans for professional development.
State Policies that Support Business Practices of Child Care Providers (June 2016)
This brief provides an overview of strategies that states and territories can use to promote and strengthen business practices and leadership in early childhood settings. This resource, which includes state examples, is divided into four key sections: licensing, quality rating and improvement systems, professional development, and resources. It includes examples of states that require preservice training in business administration as part of the qualifications for family and/or group child care home providers.
QRIS Resource Guide
The QRIS Resource Guide is a tool for that helps states and communities explore key issues and decision points during the planning and implementation of a quality rating and improvement system (QRIS). The “search” function allows users to identify topics that are specific to FCC, such as participation, standards, and use of assessment tools.
Provider Cost of Quality Calculator (PCQC)
This tool calculates the cost of care based on provider data for FCC homes and centers. The tool can help state policymakers, child care providers, and other stakeholders understand the costs associated with delivering high-quality care. It can also show whether there is a gap between a program’s cost of care and the revenue sources available to support the program.
National Program Standards Crosswalk Tool
This tool supports the alignment of program standards for licensing, quality rating and improvement systems, and prekindergarten programs. It is prepopulated with national early childhood program standards, including accreditation standards from the National Association for Family Child Care, Caring for Our Children Basics, and Head Start Performance Standards..
Data Explorer and State Profiles
This database allows users to search for information about various early care and education topics, including FCC demographic information, data on licensing requirements, program quality improvement activities, and professional development and workforce initiatives.
National Database of Child Care Licensing Regulations
This tool helps users find state and territory child care licensing regulations and agency contact information. It includes licensing regulations for child care centers and FCC homes.
Products from the Child Care Licensing Studies
Trends in Family Child Care Home Licensing Requirements and Policies for 2017: Research Brief #2 (March 2020)
This brief describes licensing requirements and policies for family child care homes in 2017 and identifies trends from previous years of data collection. The data in this brief was collected from state child care licensing regulations by the National Center on Early Childhood Quality Assurance and the National Association for Regulatory Administration’s survey of state licensing agencies. The findings provide evidence that states are making positive changes in their licensing requirements and policies to protect the health and safety of children in family child care homes.
Trends in Group Child Care Home Licensing Requirements and Policies of 2017: Research Brief #3 (March 2020)
This brief describes licensing requirements and policies for group child care homes in 2017 and identifies trends from previous years of data collection. The data in this brief was collected from state child care licensing regulations by the National Center on Early Childhood Quality Assurance and the National Association for Regulatory Administration’s survey of state licensing agencies. The findings provide evidence that states are making positive changes in their licensing requirements and policies to protect the health and safety of children in group child care homes.
Research Brief #2: Trends in Family Child Care Home Licensing Regulations and Policies for 2014 (November 2015)
This brief examines the state of licensing family child care homes in 2014 and identifies trends that have become apparent during several years of data collection. Data are from state child care licensing regulations and the results of the National Association for Regulatory Administration’s survey of state licensing agencies. The findings provide evidence that states are making positive changes in their licensing requirements and policies to protect the health and safety of children in out-of-home care.
Research Brief #3: Trends in Group Child Care Home Licensing Regulations and Policies for 2014 (November 2015)
This brief examines the state of licensing group child care homes in 2014 and identifies trends that have become apparent during several years of data collection. Data are from state child care licensing regulations and the results of the National Association for Regulatory Administration’s survey of state licensing agencies. The findings provide evidence that states are making positive changes in their licensing requirements and policies to protect the health and safety of children in out-of-home care.
Resources about License-Exempt Family Child Care
Monitoring License-Exempt CCDF Homes (November 2015)
This issue brief explores factors to consider when developing a monitoring system, including requirements, inspections, and processes for responding to violations, complaints, referrals, and appeals. The brief also shares factors that influence the cost of implementing a monitoring system: caseloads, number of providers, and compensation and support systems for monitors and supervisors. Four monitoring models are described and state examples are provided. It is one of a series of three issue briefs that offer insights into how states and territories have improved their systems with new requirements, monitoring policies, and support systems for exempt providers.
Supporting License-Exempt Family Child Care (November 2015)
This issue brief aims to help Child Care and Development Fund Administrators and their partners in their work to support license-exempt FCC homes. States and territories can better support the children and families served by FCC care when they address the unique needs of exempt FCC homes. This brief is organized into two sections: the first provides an overview of terminology, characteristics, parental preferences, and child care assistance data; and the second provides examples of several state and national initiatives to support exempt FCC. It is one of a series of three issue briefs that offer insights into how states and territories have improved their systems with new requirements, monitoring policies, and support systems for exempt providers.
Monitoring and Supporting License-Exempt Care: Case Studies (November 2015)
This issue brief shares the experiences of six states (AR, AZ, IN, ND, NM, and UT) that have started to address the challenges of monitoring exempt care. The brief describes the different state structures, highlights states’ different needs, presents cultural diversity and compliance levels, illustrates efforts to retain exempt home providers, shares lessons learned, and describes how states cultivated support for policy changes. Though the issue brief is primarily focused on exempt homes, it also provides information about how these states oversee exempt centers. It is one of a series of three issue briefs that offer insights into how states and territories have improved their systems with new requirements, monitoring policies, and support systems for exempt providers.
Products from the National Survey of Early Care and Education
Characteristics of Home-Based Early Care and Education Providers: Initial Findings from the National Survey of Early Care and Education (March 2016)
This report, funded by the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE), provides a nationally representative estimate of all home-based care to children ages birth through 5 years and not yet in kindergarten as of 2012, using data from the National Survey of Early Care and Education. Home-based providers discussed in the report include both paid and unpaid providers. The report describes the characteristics of the providers themselves and the care they provide.
Fact Sheet: Who Is Providing Home-Based Early Care and Education? (May 2015)
This fact sheet is based on data from the National Survey of Early Care and Education. It is the first nationally representative portrait of home-based early care and education providers. It describes those who care for other people’s children, age 5 years and younger, in home-based settings. Key characteristics reported include the numbers of such providers, numbers of children cared for, whether providers are paid/unpaid for care, and what if any prior personal relationships existed between providers and the children for whom they care.
Webinars and Presentations
Strategies for Strengthening Family Child Care: Using Data to Inform Policy Change
This first webinar in the Strengthening Family Child Care series explores strategies for understanding your family child care (FCC) population and reaching out to and engaging FCC providers; and, outlines supports and services that can help improve the access to and sustainability of FCC.
Strategies for Strengthening Family Child Care: Addressing the Decreasing Number of FCC Providers
This second webinar in the Strengthening Family Child Care series explores possible reasons behind the decrease in family child care (FCC) providers, and strategies that states and territories can use to address challenges with the availability of FCC providers.
Supports and Systems for Improving Access to and Sustainability of Family Child Care
This webinar introduces two new resources—Supporting Access to High-Quality Family Child Care: A Policy Assessment and Planning Tool for States, Territories, and Tribes and Engaging Family Child Care Providers in Quality Improvement Systems. These provide promising strategies to improve the quality of care, engage FCC providers, and sustain provider participation in regulatory systems and quality improvement initiatives.
Staffed Family Child Care Networks: Improving Access, Quality, and Sustainability
This webinar introduces three resources that focus on building the supply of high-quality FCC through staffed FCC networks. Supporting the development of staffed FCC networks is a promising strategy that states, territories, and tribes can use to engage FCC providers and sustain provider participation in regulatory systems and quality improvement initiatives. Presenters discussed the role that FCC networks can play in supporting providers, shared key considerations for developing a staffed network, and demonstrated use of a tool designed to estimate the cost of operating a FCC network.
Supporting School-Age Children in Family Child Care Interactive Webinar
The National Center on Afterschool and Summer Enrichment and the National Center on Early Childhood Quality Assurance came together to offer an interactive webinar session to better understand state, territory, and tribe needs regarding school-age children in FCC. The National Association for Family Child Care presented an overview of the current status of FCC and supports for providers.
Resources to Support Family Child Care Providers Who Support Infants and Toddlers
This webinar examines trends in FCC, as well as strategies for tailoring training and technical assistance to FCC providers. It also provides information about states’ recruiting and retention policies and shares resources to support FCC providers and families of infants and toddlers.
Health and Safety Requirements: How Do You Maintain Compliance?
This presentation at the 2016 National Association for Family Child Care’s Family Child Care Institute included a dialogue about the various types of state, national, and federal standards that providers are required to meet. Presenters from the National Center on Early Childhood Quality Assurance and the National Center on Early Childhood Health and Wellness provided an overview of trends in licensing, subsidy, Head Start, and quality rating and improvement system standards.
Monitoring and Supporting License-Exempt Child Care
This PowerPoint presentation from a regional webinar includes an overview of licensing thresholds, common exemptions, national data on monitoring, cost of monitoring, and supports for exempt FCC, including training.
Bringing License-Exempt Family Child Care into the Quality Improvement System
This presentation by the National Center on Early Childhood Quality Assurance at the 2016 QRIS National Meeting focuses on strategies for including license-exempt FCC in the quality improvement system. It provides an analysis of states’ existing support systems and opportunities for improvement.
Strengthening Family Child Care Webinar Series
Strategies for Strengthening Family Child Care: Using Data to Inform Policy Change
This webinar explores strategies for understanding your family child care (FCC) population and reaching out to and engaging FCC providers; and, outlines supports and services that can help improve the access to and sustainability of FCC..
Strategies to Strengthen Family Child Care: Addressing the Decreasing Number of FCC Providers
This second webinar in the Strengthening Family Child Care series explores possible reasons behind the decrease in family child care (FCC) providers, and strategies that states and territories can use to address challenges with the availability of FCC providers.
Other Federal Resources
The Office of Child Care Family Child Care web page includes a brief about why OCC supports FCC and a resource list.
Child Care & Early Education Research Connections promotes high-quality research in child care and early education and the use of that research in policymaking. It has a comprehensive resource list on quality improvement in home-based child care settings. Resources include those with research on license-exempt child care as well as licensed and regulated FCC.
The Benefits of Family Child Care Homes
Family child care homes, also known as home-based child care or family day care, are small-scale child care facilities that operate out of a caregiver’s home. Family child care homes are a popular option for parents who are looking for a more personalized and intimate child care experience for their children. There are many benefits to choosing a family child care home for your child, including:
- Small Group Sizes: Family child care homes typically care for a small group of children, usually no more than 6 to 8 children at a time. This small group size allows for more individualized attention and care, as the caregiver can focus on the needs of each child.
- Flexible Hours: Family child care homes often have more flexible hours than traditional child care centers. This can be particularly beneficial for parents who work non-traditional hours or have unpredictable schedules. Many family child care providers are willing to work with parents to accommodate their scheduling needs.
- Home-like Environment: Family child care homes provide a warm and welcoming environment that is similar to a home. This can help children feel more comfortable and at ease, especially if they are transitioning from being at home with a parent to being in child care.
- Consistent Caregiver: In a family child care home, children are cared for by the same caregiver on a regular basis. This consistency can help children form strong bonds with their caregiver, which can have a positive impact on their social and emotional development.
- Mixed Age Groups: Family child care homes often care for children of different ages. This mixed age group can be beneficial for children, as it allows them to learn from and interact with children who are at different stages of development.
- Lower Cost: Family child care homes are often less expensive than traditional child care centers. This can be particularly beneficial for families who are on a tight budget.
- Personalized Care: Family child care providers are often able to provide more personalized care for each child, as they get to know each child’s unique needs and interests.
- Family-like Setting: Family child care homes provide a family-like setting that can be particularly beneficial for younger children. The home-like environment can help children feel more comfortable and at ease, which can be especially important for children who are still adjusting to being away from their parents.
- Nutritious Meals: Family child care providers often prepare nutritious meals and snacks for the children in their care. This can be particularly beneficial for parents who are concerned about their child’s diet and nutrition.
- Individualized Learning: Family child care providers are often able to provide individualized learning opportunities for each child. This can be particularly beneficial for children who may need extra help or who may be ahead of their peers in certain areas.
In conclusion, family child care homes offer many benefits for parents and children. From small group sizes and flexible hours to a home-like environment and individualized care, family child care homes provide a personalized and nurturing child care experience that can have a positive impact on children’s social, emotional, and cognitive development.
All child benefits in 2023: how to get and apply
mother of two children
This article contains all the main federal payments and benefits that families with children can receive.
Here are the amounts you can count on and what you need for this.
Payments and benefits for a child in 2023
- Unified allowance for registration in early pregnancy
- Maternity allowance
- One-time allowance for the birth of a child 9003 0
- Monthly allowance for caring for a child up to one and a half years old
- Monthly payment for the first child up to three years old
- Monthly payment from maternity capital up to three years old
- Unified allowance for children up to 17 years old
- Maternity capital
- Table of lump-sum payments for children
- Table of monthly payments
Unified allowance for a pregnant woman when registering up to 12 weeks
It is beneficial for the state that children are born healthy. For this, a pregnant woman needs to visit a doctor, take tests, do an ultrasound – all this helps to detect and eliminate problems in the development of the child in time. So that pregnant women do not delay a visit to the doctor, the state is ready to pay them money for early registration for pregnancy – up to 12 weeks, but only for those who have a low level of income.
How much. 50, 75 or 100% of the subsistence level of the able-bodied population in the region. On average, from 8,000 to 16,000 R per month, but depending on the region, the amount will be more or less. For example, the maximum amount in the Belgorod Region is 13,162 RUR, in the Krasnoyarsk Territory — 17,392 RUR, and in Chukotka — 39,172 RUR. Pregnant women can count on this benefit if the following conditions are met:
- Russian citizenship.
- A woman was registered with a medical organization before 12 weeks of pregnancy. And visits a doctor at 10-12, 18-22 and 30-32 weeks.
- The average per capita income for each family member does not exceed the subsistence level per capita in the region.
- The list of property of family members fits within the established limits. For example, you can have an apartment, a car, and a house at the same time. But if there are two cars in the family and she does not have many children, there will be a refusal.
- Adult family members have earned income or objective reasons for their absence. This is called the “zero income rule”: helping those who are trying to provide for themselves and their families, and not striving to live only on benefits. The list of good reasons is approved by the government. For example, this is caring for a child up to three years old or the status of a parent with many children.
Self-employed women and the self-employed can also receive this allowance if they meet the above conditions.
How to get. Before 12 weeks, you need to register. Then you will need to submit an application through the public services website or in person to the SFR office in your region.
In most cases, no proof of pregnancy or income is required. The FIS will request information itself, but sometimes confirmation is required if there is not enough information in the databases. For example, it is not possible to verify the fact of full-time education or treatment for more than three months to confirm the reasons for zero income.
You can apply from 12 weeks pregnant. This should be done by the woman herself, not the husband. The allowance is assigned from the month of registration, but not earlier than six weeks. You can get it before childbirth – always a full month in advance.
There are two ways to receive a unified pregnancy allowance:
- to a bank account – linked to the Mir card or without a card at all;
- through the post office.
All benefits for pregnant women in 2023
Details must be specified in the application. You can change them if you wish.
Additional benefit in Moscow for pregnant women. In the capital, pregnant women with a Moscow residence permit who are registered with Moscow medical organizations up to 20 weeks of pregnancy will receive a lump sum payment of 759 RUR from social security.
Moscow has its own conditions for a single allowance for pregnant women. A lot of things differ from federal rules – from the list of objective reasons for zero income to the rules for accounting for property. Muscovites must apply for a unified allowance through the Mos-ru website, and not through public services.
In everyday life it is called “maternity leave”. The allowance is paid to employed women once before going on maternity leave to compensate for the loss of wages before and after the birth of a child.
According to the law, you can go on maternity leave at 30 weeks – this is the seventh month of pregnancy. In some cases, earlier. An electronic sick leave certificate will be issued at the antenatal clinic, which will automatically go to the employer and to the SFR.
How to apply for maternity leave
How much. The minimum amount of maternity leave for those working under an employment contract at the beginning of the decree in 2023 is 74,757. 2 R for the entire period of sick leave, the maximum for 140 days of the decree is 383,178.6 R.
Maternity leave can be obtained in only three ways:
- 9 0029 On the “World” map.
- To a bank account to which no card is linked.
- By postal order.
Who is supposed to. To all pregnant women working under an employment contract, full-time students, female civil servants, municipal employees, military personnel and individual entrepreneurs with voluntary contributions for the past year.
From 2023, maternity benefits can also be received by women who work under civil law contracts without individual entrepreneur status, but only if contributions for the previous year have been paid. In 2022, such contributions could be voluntary or as part of an employment contract. And in 2023, the customer pays social insurance contributions for all contractors under GPC agreements.
Women who have been laid off can receive the benefit if their employer ceased operations and laid off employees, and they were registered with the employment service within a year. True, the amount in this case will be quite symbolic – less than 900 R per month.
How to get. The allowance is assigned on the basis of a sick leave issued by a medical organization. A woman must write an application addressed to the employer. He will transfer the necessary information to the SFR. And the sick leave data is in the database of the department in electronic form.
How to get paid while on maternity leave. You cannot be on maternity leave and work under an employment contract at the same time. You need to choose one thing. A woman may not go on maternity leave if she does not want to. Or get out of it even immediately after giving birth – if, for example, you are ready to work remotely.
A woman with IP status can also receive maternity leave if she entered into a voluntary social insurance relationship with the SFR and paid contributions. This must be done in the previous year before the year of the decree.
How to go on maternity leave from abroad
Voluntary contributions = minimum wage on January 1 × 2. 9% × 12
To go on maternity leave in 2023 and receive benefits, you need to pay 4833.72 R to the Social Insurance Fund in 2022
In districts and localities where district coefficients are applied to wages, they are also taken into account when calculating the payment in the SFR.
The contribution can be paid in one payment, or in installments, but not before December 31, 2022. When the time comes to apply for maternity leave, the entrepreneur will send an application for the assignment of benefits and sick leave to the SFR, and in return will receive 74,757.2 rubles on the card.
What to do? 07/15/19
How can an individual entrepreneur receive maternity payments?
Maternity benefits are not subject to personal income tax – the expectant mother will receive the entire amount without deducting 13%.
How to get maximum maternity pay
- You need to work under an employment contract, and the salary should be white, not gray.
- The average monthly salary for 2021 and 2022 should be about 85,000 R before personal income tax. Then the daily earnings will be the maximum possible.
- If you work in several places at the same time, each employer will pay maternity leave, but on the condition that you have worked at another place of work for at least two years. In this case, ask the antenatal clinic to write out a sick leave for each place of work.
- If you have changed jobs in the last two years, take a certificate of salary from your previous job in form 182n. The FIS will take this earnings into account when calculating maternity leave.
- If the maternity pay period fell on another maternity or parental benefit period, you can replace it with previous years to account for wages and get more money.
Certificate of average salary in the form 182nDOC, 74 KB
We have a detailed article on how to independently calculate maternity payments. But you need to do this only for verification, because the SFR is responsible for all accruals. His calculations can be checked in your personal account.
One-time allowance at the birth of a child
When a child is born, the state compensates parents for part of the costs. Moreover, one of the parents can receive this money, regardless of who exactly goes on parental leave.
The size of the salary doesn’t matter either. Even the unemployed will be paid.
How much. From February 1, 2023 – 22,909.03 R. Guardians, trustees or adoptive parents will receive the same amount. When adopting a child over seven years old, brothers and sisters, or a child with a disability, the amount of the payment is 175,043.67 R.
Regional allowances. Regions add their own payments to the lump-sum allowance at the birth of a child. To receive them, one of the parents and the child must be registered in this region.
For example, in the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Yugra, when registering the birth of a child in the registry office of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, the region pays 20,000 RUR.
In St. — 52 191 R, for the third and subsequent children – 65 232 R. This card can be used to pay for the purchase of children’s goods in most large stores in the city.
How to receive payments at the birth of a child
Who is entitled to. One of the child’s parents. If both work – dad or mom, by choice. If the parents are unemployed, you can also choose who exactly will apply. If only one person works, he will receive the money, there are no options. For example, dad has an employment contract, but mom doesn’t. The allowance will be paid to the father of the child, but the mother will not be able to issue it.
If the parents are not married, the person with whom the child lives will receive the money, regardless of employment.
How to get. The payment is made by one of the parents at the place of work. It must be listed according to the birth registration data from the registry office.
If both parents are unemployed, the allowance is issued through public services or in the SFR.
Additional payments in Moscow
Newborn box. In Moscow, they give a “Sobyanin box” to all parents, regardless of their place of residence, but subject to two conditions:
- Their children were born in Moscow maternity hospitals.
- They received their birth certificate in Moscow.
From February 18, 2020, instead of a set of things, parents can receive compensation – 20,000 RUR.
One-time allowance. One of the parents can issue a compensation payment for reimbursement of expenses in connection with the birth. To do this, you need to have a Moscow residence permit. For the first child they will pay 6313 R, for the second and following – 16 642 R. At the birth or adoption of three or more children at the same time, they will pay 57 383 R.
Luzhkov’s payments to a young family. If both parents are under 36 at the time of the birth of the child and the family income per person is not more than the subsistence level, the city will pay an additional 108,590 R for the first child, 152,026 R for the second, 217,180 R for the third and subsequent. Citizens registered in New Moscow will also receive these payments.
UNTIL 1.5 years
Benefit for caring for a child up to one and a half years
When a mother’s maternity leave is over, the next one can begin – to care for a child. During this period, a parent or other person who sits with a child is assigned an allowance – but only up to one and a half years. Leave with the preservation of the workplace and position can last up to three years.
Benefits can be received not only by the employed, but also by the unemployed: difference in amounts and execution. And you can also combine child care and work duties and, in addition to payments from the budget, receive a salary at work.
How to get out of the decree
How much. 40% of the average salary for the previous two years. The minimum is 8591.47 R. The maximum in 2023 is 33,281.8 R: such a benefit will be paid if your average salary for 2021 and 2022 is more than 85,000 R. In fact, when assigning benefits, they calculate the average daily earnings – the same way as well as for maternity leave.
If there is no employment contract, care allowance up to one and a half years is assigned in the minimum amount. But it can only be received for children born before 2023. If a child was born in 2023 or later, a single allowance can be issued for him from birth, taking into account the need. That is, a family with two cars or no labor income may not receive state support at all for up to a year and a half, even the minimum. But if there is a right to a single allowance, its amount may be much higher than the care payments under the old rules.
Who is supposed to. Mother, father or other adult caring for the child. It could also be a grandmother. Only one person will receive the benefit. Vacation can be taken in turn: for example, first mom, then father, and then grandmother.
The unified allowance for children born since 2023 can only be received by a legal representative. Grandmother will not appoint him.
How to get. Make payments at the place of work. If the mother or father is unemployed, an application for a care allowance for up to a year and a half can be issued at public services or at the SFR.
How to get a job and keep your monthly allowance
During parental leave, the mother cannot work full time or she will lose her monthly allowance. At the same time, the law allows you to work part-time or work from home. And there is one trick here.
Judging by article 93 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, part-time work can be considered both part-time and part-time work.
Since a full working day is 8 hours and a full working week is 40 hours, the parties must find an option for the employee to work a little or the prescribed 8 hours every day, but not on all days of the week.
Here it is necessary to take into account the position of the Social Insurance Fund and the Supreme Court – the child care allowance compensates for lost earnings. If the mother has not lost her earnings, then she has nothing to compensate. Sometimes the assigned allowance is even cancelled.
I was laid off on maternity leave, but I was able to keep the amount of the allowance
Therefore, bearing in mind that the child care allowance is 40% of earnings, the employer and employee should calculate the number of working hours so that the woman earns 60% from the previous salary. More about this has already been written in the article “How to reduce the working day and receive benefits.”
Instead of the mother, the father can apply for parental leave plus part-time work in exactly the same way.
If both spouses do not want to lose wages, they can apply for benefits for working grandparents.
UNTIL THREE YEARS
Monthly payment for the first child up to three years from the budget
In 2018, monthly payments for the first and second child up to three years old appeared. They were also called Putin’s. They were assigned to families with incomes below two living wages for the working-age population in the region: for the first – from the budget, for the second – from the capital. According to these rules, payments were made until 2023. But now the rules of appointment have changed.
A monthly payment from the budget up to three years can only be received for the first child born before 12/31/2022. For children born later, you can receive a single allowance and a payment of up to three years from the mother’s capital.
How much. 100% living wage for children in the region. On average in Russia, this is about 15,000 R per month.
Living wages by regions in 2023
Who is supposed to. Families with children born before 2023, whose average per capita income is not more than two living wages of the working-age population in the region. The presence of property and the zero income rule, as in the single allowance, are not taken into account.
A prerequisite is the citizenship of the Russian Federation for the applicant and the child. The average per capita income is determined for the 12 months preceding the month before the date of application:
Income of family members / 12 / Number of family members
How to get. By default, the child’s mother can apply. If she is dead or deprived of parental rights, then the father applies. It is convenient to issue at public services. In case of personal contact – in the client service of the SFR.
Money can now be received only on the Mir card or on an account that is not linked to any cards.
Up to 3 years
Monthly payment for any child up to three years old on the account from the mother’s capital
Until 2023, payments from maternity capital up to three years could only be received for the second child. Now she is assigned to any child in a row – the first, second, third, and so on. And you can receive it simultaneously with a single allowance.
A child can be born before 2023 or after.
How much. 100% regional living wage for children. In Adygea — 12,415 R per month, in Moscow — 18,770 R, in the Sakhalin region — 20,880 R.
Who is supposed to. The conditions are similar to the payment for the first child from the budget, but there are still differences. A family with an income of no more than two living wages per capita in the region can receive money from the mother’s capital every month.
To calculate the average per capita income, you need to divide the income of family members by 12 and by the number of family members. The settlement period for accounting for income is 12 months preceding one month before the month of circulation.
Family property is not taken into account. It is also not necessary to have a confirmed working income.
How to get. The application is submitted by the owner of the certificate for mother capital. Usually this is a woman who gave birth or adopted a child. You can apply for it at public services or in person at the SFR.
UP TO 17
Unified allowance for children under 17 years old
This is a new benefit from 2023. In fact, it combined several payments that were earlier:
- For leaving up to a year and a half unemployed.
- For the first child up to three years old from the budget.
- For the third and subsequent children according to regional rules.
- Payment from 3 to 7 years.
- Benefit from 8 to 17 years.
According to the old rules, these types of state support can be received instead of a single allowance only for the birth of a child until 2023.
Below we will talk about all the conditions for calculating the single benefit, but if you want to quickly figure out whether you are entitled to it and how much you can count on, use our calculator:
So, the main feature of the single benefit is that it is assigned only to needy families. Taking into account income, property and the desire of adults in the family to work. According to such rules, allowances for children from 3 to 7 and from 8 to 17 years old have already been assigned.
How much. 50, 75 or 100% of the subsistence minimum for children in the region – depends on the degree of need.
How the amount of the single benefit is determined
|Subsistence minimum share||Terms of appointment|
|75%||Increased amount – if, when assigning the base amount, the average per capita income did not reach the subsistence level per capita|
|100%||The maximum amount – if, when an increased amount was assigned, the average per capita income still did not reach the subsistence level per capita|
Subsistence minimum share
Conditions of appointment
Increased amount – if, when assigning the base amount, the average per capita income did not reach the subsistence level per capita
The maximum amount – if, when an increased amount was assigned, the average per capita income still did not reach the subsistence level per capita
To whom it is necessary. Families with children under the age of 17, subject to the following conditions:
- The parent is a citizen of the Russian Federation permanently residing in the Russian Federation.
- The child is a citizen of the Russian Federation.
- The average per capita family income is not more than the subsistence minimum per capita in the region.
- The property of the family is not more than the established list.
- Family members had income or objective reasons for their absence in the billing period.
Average per capita income = Family income in the billing period / 12 / Number of family members
For what period income is taken into account
|January 2023||December 2021 – November 2022|
|February 2023||January 2022 – December 2022|
|March 2023||February 2022 – January 2023|
|April 2023||March 2022 – February 2023|
|May 2023||April 2022 – March 2023|
|June 2023||May 2022 – April 2023|
|July 2023||June 2022 – May 2023|
|August 2023||July 2022 – June 2023|
|September 2023||August 2022 – July 2023|
|October 2023||September 2022 – August 2023|
|November 2023||October 2022 – September 2023|
|December 2023||November 2022 – October 2023|
December 2021 – November 2022
January 2022 – December 2022
February 2022 – January 2023
March 2022 – February 2023
April 2022 – March 2023
May 2022 – April 2023
June 2022 – May 2023
July 2022 – June 2023
900 02 September 2023
August 2022 – July 2023
September 2022 – August 2023
October 2022 – September 2023
November 2022 – October 2023
How to get. There is a form for public services to apply for a single allowance. An application can be submitted by one of the parents of a child under 17 years of age. If you do not have an account, you can personally contact the SFR customer service.
The allowance is granted for 12 months, but not later than the month of the child’s 17th birthday. Every year it must be renewed on a new application.
In Moscow, other conditions
Moscow is the only region of Russia where a single allowance is assigned according to its own rules, different from federal ones. The difference is very big. For example, in Moscow, benefits can be received up to 18 years of age, and when assigned, the movement of money through accounts is taken into account. The list of property and the justification for zero income are also different.
All conditions are in the Decree of the Government of Moscow dated April 12, 2022 No. 553-PP.
This type of state support appeared in 2007, and since 2020 it is assigned even for the first child.
The right to maternity capital is confirmed by a personalized certificate. It can be obtained upon application to the FIU or automatically at public services.
Matkapital since February 1, 2023
|When the child was born||Amount|
|Single – from 2020||586,946.72 P|
|First – until 2020, second – from 2020||775 628.25 R for the second|
|First and second – from 2020||586 946.72 R for the first, 188 681.53 R for the second|
|Third or subsequent – from 2020, there was no mother capital before||775,628.25 P|
When the child was born
The only one since 2020
586 946.72 Р
The first – until 2020, the second – from 2020
775 628.25 R for the second
First and second – from 2020
586,946. 72 R for the first, 188,681.53 R for the second
Third or subsequent – from 2020, before there was no mother capital
775 628.25 R
Money can be used only for established purposes:
- Improvement of living conditions.
- Children’s education.
- Monthly payments for the second child.
- Mom’s funded pension.
- Goods for children with disabilities.
If the mother is deceased or deprived of parental rights, the certificate will be given to the father or adoptive parent.
How to get. In the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation or on the public services portal. The certificate comes to your personal account automatically in electronic form – after the registration of the birth of the child by the registry office. To use money, you need to apply for an order.
There is also regional maternity capital.
We have articles on maternity capital to use state support to your advantage:
- How to spend maternity capital on a mortgage
- Where from 2019 it is impossible to spend maternity capital
- How to sell an apartment in which maternity capital was invested
- How to cash out maternity capital
- How to spend maternity capital on building a house
- How to calculate the deduction when buying an apartment with capital
- How to reduce personal income tax when selling an apartment with a capital capital
One-time payments for a child in 2023
|Maternity allowance for 140 days||From 74,757. 2 to 383,178.6 P|
|Payment at birth||22,909.03 R|
|Maternity capital||188 681.53 R, 586 946.72 R or 775 628.25 R|
Maternity benefit for 140 days
From 74,757.2 to 3 83 178.6 R
Payment at birth
188,681.53 R, 586,946.72 R or 775,628.25 R
9000 8 Monthly payments and child benefits in 2023
|When registering before 12 weeks of pregnancy||50, 75 or 100% of the regional subsistence minimum for the working population|
|Caring for a child up to one and a half years old||Minimum – 8591.47 R, maximum – 33 281.8 R|
|For the first child up to three years old from the budget||100% regional living wage for children|
|For any child up to three years old from the mother’s capital||100% regional living wage for children|
|For children under 17||50, 75 or 100% of the regional subsistence minimum for the working population|
When registering before 12 weeks of pregnancy
50, 75 or 100% of the regional subsistence minimum for labor capable population
Caring for a child up to one and a half years old
Minimum — 8591 . 47 R, maximum – 33,281.8 R
For the first child under three years old from the budget
100% of the regional subsistence minimum for children
For any child under three years old from the mother’s capital
100% of the regional subsistence minimum for children
For children under 17
50, 75 or 100% of the regional subsistence minimum for the able-bodied population
A unified allowance for families with children has appeared in Russia: who is entitled to payment
05.01.2023 12:43 900 03
This year the system of child benefits has changed radically: a unified allowance for children has been introduced. Citizens can now apply for the appointment of benefits through the State Services portal. As Nikita Filippov, vice-president of the Guild of Russian Lawyers, head of the bureau of lawyers “De Jure”, emphasized, now the allowance is tied to the subsistence level. Moreover, families in some cases will be able to receive benefits in the amount of up to one hundred percent of the subsistence minimum.
Maria Devakhina/RIA Novosti
According to Nikita Filippov, the new allowance, called “monthly allowance in connection with the birth and upbringing of a child,” will replace five different allowances that previously existed. Namely: benefits for pregnant women who are registered in the early stages of pregnancy; allowance for the unemployed due to leave to care for a child under the age of 1.5 years; monthly payments for the first, second, third or subsequent children under the age of 3; monthly payments for children aged 3 to 7 years; monthly payments for children aged 8 to 17 years.
“The amount of the benefit will be 50, 75 or 100 percent of the regional subsistence minimum for children if the payment is for a child from 0 to 17 years old,” says the lawyer. At the same time, 50 percent is the base amount of the payment. 75 percent is assigned if, when assigning the base amount, the average per capita family income is less than the subsistence level. 100 percent – if when assigning an allowance in the amount of 75 percent of the regional subsistence minimum for a child, the average per capita income of the family is less than the subsistence minimum.
“If the payment is assigned to a woman who registered early for pregnancy, then the allowance is calculated based on the regional subsistence level of an able-bodied citizen and also amounts to 50, 75 or 100 percent of this amount,” explains Nikita Filippov. Previously, expectant mothers received only 50 percent of the living wage.
If there are several children under the age of 17 in the family, the allowance is assigned to each child indicated in the parents’ application.
“The new unified allowance for children and pregnant women will become a unified payment system for families with incomes of less than one regional subsistence minimum per person using a comprehensive means assessment and children from birth to 17 years old, as well as for pregnant women who are registered early pregnancy, – emphasizes the lawyer. – Moreover, in each region, the cost of living is determined individually. In a comprehensive means assessment, it is necessary to take into account the factor that all able-bodied family members must be officially employed and receive income for at least 10 months a year! This is called the rule zero income.For lack of income, good reasons are required, such as being on maternity leave to care for a child, military service, disability, a protracted illness of three months, registered unemployed status in the Employment Center, serving a sentence for criminal offenses.
Another of the important criteria by which the need will be determined (that is, the question of whether the family is entitled to receive benefits or not) is the presence of property in the family. When evaluating this criterion, real estate, transport and interest on deposits are taken into account, moreover, the property of all family members in the aggregate is taken into account, the lawyer explains. If property limits are not met, this is grounds for denial of any income.
“Expanding this criterion, we can give examples,” says Nikita Filippov. “The first example: the family has an apartment, a house, a summer house, a garage, and a car. Property will not be a reason for refusing a single allowance, even if the housing is large. Second example : another family has two apartments – but each family member has 15 m². This is less than the limit, there are no grounds for refusal. Third example: the third family has two cars and one apartment in a mortgage. She will be denied benefits because of transport: two Only people with many children can have cars.
The allowance will be provided by the Social Fund of Russia on the basis of uniform rules. The application can be issued from January 1, 2023 on the State Services portal. The payment will be made for 12 months. At the end of the term, a new application must be submitted.
You can also apply at the social fund client services and at the MFC. But due to the holidays, offline methods will become available only from January 9, but an online application can be submitted right now, experts emphasize. The term of consideration is up to 35 working days. If documents are needed, they must be brought in person within 10 working days. Nothing can be attached to public services. “Therefore, carefully indicate the address: if there is a permanent and temporary registration, choose the region where you can come in person,” advises the lawyer. “Transfer of benefits – before the 25th day of the next month: to the Mir card, an account without a card or by postal order.”
A transitional period is provided for when the single benefit is introduced. Families with children born before December 31, 2022 inclusive have the right to choose whether to switch to a new allowance or maintain the same conditions. Moreover, the opportunity to use the old rules for payments is preserved until the moment of re-registration. If the child is born in 2023, then such a family can only qualify for payments under the new rules.
Average per capita income = Income of all family members in the billing period / 12 / Number of family members
The most important change: the billing period for the single benefit is 12 months preceding one month before the month of application. For example, when applying in January 2023, income for the period from December 2021 to November 2022 is taken into account. Previously, four months were counted – and parents complained: the financial situation worsened, and the remote settlement period does not give the right to benefits.
According to federal rules, the following incomes are taken into account when assessing means
- Salary, bonuses, allowance, payment for services – before taxes.
- Pensions and allowances.
- Scholarships and payments on academic leave for medical reasons.
- Alimony received.
- Payment to successors under pension insurance.
- Dividends and interest on operations with securities and derivative financial instruments – net of expenses.
- Interest on bank deposits.
- Compensation for state and public duties.
- Business income – net of expenses and earmarked grants.
- Income from the sale and lease of property.
- Income from contracts of author’s order.
- Income from self-employment and patent – without deducting expenses.
- Retired judges for life.
- One-time allowance upon dismissal from military service.
- Income from sources abroad.
- Income from winnings in lotteries and sweepstakes.
Income is taken into account before taxes. Income in foreign currency is converted into rubles at the exchange rate of the Central Bank on the day of receipt.
Means assessment does not take into account such income of family members
- Monthly allowance for a pregnant woman for past periods.
- Monthly care allowance up to a year and a half for the unemployed.
- Monthly allowance for children under 3 years old.
- Monthly payments from 3 to 7 and from 8 to 17 for previous periods for the same child.
- Single allowance for past periods for the same child.
- One-time financial assistance from local budgets in connection with emergencies or terrorist attacks.
- Benefits for the care of children with disabilities and disabled since childhood of the first group.
- Allowances and alimony for children from 18 or 23 years old – according to the conditions of the regions.
- Payments under the social contract.
- Target funds for full payment for housing or transport within the framework of social support.
- Capital to pay for housing or rehabilitation facilities.
- Regional maternity capital.