Pre school reading: The Pre-K Years: Getting Ready to Read and Write
The Pre-K Years: Getting Ready to Read and Write
Creating literacy-rich environments
There’s no doubt that building skills in a few areas during the preschool years can make a huge difference when a child enters school. Browse through to learn more about helping preschool children learn about language, letters, sounds, and how print works. Finally, learn how to choose and read children’s books that will help you enjoy reading together for years to come.
Learn about each of these key areas
Letters and the alphabetic principle
The best predictor of success in reading is a child’s familiarity with the the alphabet. This includes knowing a letter’s name, shape, and sound. A child who can name the letters and their sounds accurately and quickly have an easier time learning how to read. Let’s watch some activities that help children learn their ABC’s.
The Importance of the Alphabetic Principle
Renowned reading researcher Dr. Louisa Moats explains the need for understanding the alphabetic principle.
The Building Blocks of Reading
In Baltimore, a pre-kindergarten program called Children’s Literacy Initiative helps at-risk children meet the school’s high expectations.
Teaching the Alphabetic Principle
In Houston, the teacher of an advanced kindergarten class connects letters and sounds in a systematic and explicit way.
Children’s Books to Read Aloud
Sounds in speech
Babies, toddlers, and preschoolers can learn to have fun with sounds! Figuring out words that rhyme, coming up with words that share a beginning sound, and saying silly words all help build a child’s phonological awareness; that is, the ability to notice, think about, and play with sounds in words. These skills will be used every time your child reads and writes!
Fun with Phonemes
One family in Raleigh, North Carolina, shows how playing word and rhyming games puts their child on the road to reading success.
Babies Tune in to Speech Sounds
At a baby speech lab at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, psychologist Janet Werker studies how babies develop skills that distinguish speech sounds of their native language.
Children’s Books to Read Aloud
Oral language and vocabulary
Unlike reading, babies and young children are wired to learn how to speak. From birth to 5 years old, children learn to communicate and acquire a sophisticated vocabulary. This foundation of spoken language forms the bedrock that supports their future reading and writing skills. Let’s learn some ways to support children’s budding language skills and explore some activities for the early childhood classroom.
Having fun with words
This brief Parenting Minute video from WNET talks about how parents and caregivers can help build their children’s language skills through storytelling, talking, singing, playing rhyming games, as well as by pointing out and discussing things throughout the day. (Video also available in Spanish, Bengali, and Chinese)
Encouraging Young Storytellers
Two- and three-year-olds benefit from a project based in Washington, D.C., called STORIES, which is built on the premise that when adults respond to a toddler’s efforts to communicate, they increase conversational skills, boost vocabulary, and propel toddlers towards literacy.
Exposing Pre-K Children to Big Words
In this clip from our webinar, Babbling to Books, early literacy expert Dr. Sharon Ramey talks about the importance of exposing very young children to rich language and big words.
Children’s Books to Read Aloud
Print awareness is understanding that print is organized in a particular way — for example, knowing that print is read from left to right and top to bottom. It is also knowing that print communicates meaning. Watching your child scribble and ask you to “read” it back. Sharing a book together as you point out the title and pictures versus the print. Activities that adults may take for granted, such as finding letters, words, and spaces in books. These are all examples of concepts of print.
Parents can support print awareness by pointing to words as you read and stopping a few times during the story to ask questions, make a comment, or to point to something in the text you want your child to notice. Justice and Ezell (2004) call this strategy print referencing and suggest adults stop and make 3-5 verbal or nonverbal references to the print during read alouds. Understanding how print works puts children on the path to learning to read and write.
Becoming Aware of Print
Mira is two-and-a-half years old. Watch how Mira’s parents help her become aware of print.
Concepts of print and letter recognition assessments
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Children’s Books to Read Aloud
Sharing books with your child can be among the most special moments of the day. These moments with books teach your child many reading readiness skills. Our resources in this section describe the why’s and how’s of reading with even the youngest child.
House Calls for Literacy
Watch as an early literacy educator visits a family at home to demonstrate and support interactive readalouds.
Bringing Up Baby
Parents are a child’s first teachers and those early years are key to creating a strong foundation for later reading. The Reach Out and Read program works with pediatricians across the country to help parents and kids start off on the right foot.
Reading as Dialogue
In a Long Island Head Start classroom, children who are at risk for reading failure boost their reading skills using a technique called “dialogic reading.”
Children’s Books to Read Aloud
Children, even our youngest learners, enjoy putting crayon to paper. What often starts as scribbling ends up being important clues to a child’s understanding that print carries meaning. Four-year olds often enjoy “writing” their name and other special words like Mom, Dad, love, and you. Helping your child develop writing readiness skills includes making the most out of everyday writing and providing lots of opportunity to practice!
Writing expert Dr. Jane Hansen describes how powerful it is for very young children to realize that they can communicate through oral language — and by making “marks” on a piece of paper.
Let’s watch classroom teachers demonstrate effective writing instruction for young children in this video by the Northeast Florida Educational Consortium.
Children’s Books to Read Aloud
Find out what language accomplishments are typical for most children from birth to age three. If you have questions or concerns about your child’s progress, talk with your child’s doctor, teacher, or a speech and language therapist. For children with any kind of disability or learning problem, the sooner they can get the special help they need, the easier it will be for them to learn.
If You Have Concerns
High-quality preschool programs
Strong preschool programs are lively places — there’s lots of conversation, active play, interactive read alouds, adults listening to and responding to the kids, all with full attention to each child’s social and emotional needs. A high-quality pre-k curriculum sets goals specific to pre-k and uses learning and developmental standards that are research-based, age-appropriate, and aligned with your state’s K-12 standards. And families are valued — high-quality programs respect and support each family’s home language and at-home teaching efforts.
Master teacher Dr. Rebecca Palacios runs a dual-language immersion preschool in Corpus Christi, Texas. While teaching her kids, she also mentors teachers-in-training on how to provide top-notch teaching in a preschool environment.
30 Non-Traditional Preschool Reading Activities
7. Story Sequencing Cards
Sequencing is a crucial reading skill, but it can be difficult to learn. To prepare your preschooler for reading, use story sequencing cards from their favorite books. this will keep them engaged and show them concepts of first, before, and after. These cards can have words, or only pictures depending on your preschooler’s literacy level. Either way, your child can develop their narrative skills with this fun activity.
Learn more: Lakeshore Learning
8. Sight Word Jumping
If you are looking to get your child moving while reading, then use sight word jumping! All you need is some chalk and a place to write! Sight words prepare each child for reading and this gross motor game will make learning even more fun!
Learn more: Fun Learning for Kids
9. Moveable Alphabet
The moveable alphabet is similar to magnetic letters, yet they are put on the floor. Students can begin this activity by looking at an object and trying to spell it based on their letter knowledge. After they have mastered object spelling, they can do picture spelling, and then spell words of their choice! This Montessori activity is teacher recommended and can be integrated into almost any activity.
Learn more: The Prepared Nest
10. I Spy
There are thousands of beginning sounds activity, but your preschoolers will love to learn about them in this special version of I Spy. This fun game gets kids up and moving while practicing their letter sounds, letter names, and other pre-reading skills.
Learn more: Fun Early Learning
11. Story Bags!
Story bags are the ultimate way to improve your preschooler’s narrative skills! These child-led stories give your child opportunities to create their own story based on their own imagination from what is in the bin! Perfect for circle time or an aftercare activity, your preschoolers will never stop learning!
Learn more: Teaching English
12. Match the Rhymes!
If your preschooler hasn’t started to read yet, that doesn’t mean you can’t teach about rhymes and phonemic awareness. Pull together some objects that rhyme and put them in a box. Have them practice their vocabulary and literacy skills by finding the objects that rhyme!
Learn more: Youtube
Bingo is the perfect activity to increase student vocabulary and reading skills. Students have to read each card and find the picture on their bingo cards. Once you start, they won’t want to stop!
Learn more: Amazon
14. Alphabet Box
If you are looking to practice your child’s beginning sound skills, then prepare an alphabet box! Place a letter in each box and have the children sort small objects based on their beginning or ending sounds!
Learn more: How we Montessori
15. Picture Word Matching
Picture word matching is a Montessori recommended activity that helps preschoolers match CVC words while expanding their vocabulary. The pink set is the first level, but advanced readers can move on to the blue level.
Learn more: Montessori Equipment
16. Letter Treasure Hunt
If you are looking for a hands-on learning activity, then try the letter treasure hunt! This sensory activity will prepare your child, for reading as they have to dig and identify letters as they find them!
Learn more: Mama of Joy Sensory Play
17. Create a Story
If you are looking to practice your preschooler’s writing and reading skills, have them create their own story with a dice! Not only will they have to use their imagination, but they will be able to narrate and practice story-telling!
Learn more: 123 Home School 4 Me
18. Write the Room!
If you are looking to get your preschoolers moving around the room while practicing the alphabet, then try this write the room! Students will practice their writing and letter recognition skills and have fun at the same time!
Learn more: Teachers pay teachers
19. Nursery Rhymes and Fingerplays
Preschoolers love story time, but some may find it hard to focus. Help them stay engaged by using nursery rhymes, finger plays, or puppets as you read! These are perfect for students from the baby to the preschool years.
Learn more: Empowered Parents
20. Magical Alphabet Letters
Magical Alphabet Letters is an excellent alphabet activity that can help your preschoolers with their letter recognition. Kids won’t believe their eyes as the letters appear on each blank paper!
Learn more: No Time for Flash Cards
21. Vowel Tree!
If your preschooler has mastered the letter sounds and names, they may be ready for the vowel tree! This activity is recommended by teachers for teaching short and long vowel sounds. Gather a bunch of letters and place two consonants on each side of the letter in the tree. Then read to see how we distinguish each vowel.
Learn more: Facebook
22. Letter Slap
Letter slap is an awesome activity for preschoolers to learn their letter sounds and names. Call out a letter and have your child slap the letter! This letter activity will have your preschoolers super excited about learning!
Learn more: The Playful Scholar
23. Sight Word Chalk
Sight word chalk is an excellent activity for practicing word and letter recognition. Students can either write the words, or match their sight word cards to each bubble!
Learn more: The Educators Spin on it
24. Alphabet Chalk
If you are looking for a pre-reading activity that gets your preschooler outside, then do alphabet chalk! There are so many variations of this game, but you can have them fill in the missing letters, hop to each one and say them, and more! This is the perfect child activity to practice letter recognition, letter names, and writing skills.
Learn more: Buggy and Buddy
25. Roll and Read
If you are looking for a fun independent reading activity, try roll and read! All you need is a dice and a roll and read the printout. Preschoolers can practice various reading skills like identifying word families, long and short vowels, and consonant digraphs through this hands-on activity.
Learn more: Etsy
26. Letter Matching Push
Identifying uppercase letters and lowercase letters can be a difficult task for young readers. Create your own letter matching game to develop these abilities as well as their fine motor skills. You can use cereal boxes, cardboard, or anything else that you can punch a hole into.
Learn more: School Time Snippets
27. Word Family Sliders
If you child is ready to start reading, then prepare some word family hats! This reading skill is essential for preschoolers and easy to make! Slide down a consonant, say the sound and then the sound of the word family and you’re good to go!
Learn more: Make take teach
Charades is one of the best activities for preschoolers learning to read. Not only will they be able to identify different actions and practice their body awareness, but they will be able to see how each word is spelled as they look at the picture while building their vocabulary.
Learn more: Twinkl
29. Car Letter Blending
If your child demonstrates knowledge of letter sounds, then they should be ready to learn about blending and forming words. Preschool teachers recommend this fun car letter blending activity to show preschooler’s that each letter has its own sound in a word!
Learn more: Teachers Pay Teachers
30. Decodable Books
Decodable books are perfect for children that are learning to read. Students can identify word families, and then apply their knowledge as they read the story! This type of story gives children the opportunity to take charge of their learning.
Learn more: Reading A-Z
Preschool reading – a series of books published by AST
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The series presents individual works and collections of famous children’s writers. They were selected by teachers to help parents, kindergarten teachers, librarians, children’s reading leaders for classes with preschoolers and younger students. Among them are “Bad Advice” and “Petka the Microbe” by Grigory Oster, “Crocodile Gena and His Friends” and “Uncle Fyodor, Dog and Cat” by Eduard Uspensky, “The Kingdom of Crooked Mirrors” by Vitaly Gubarev, “Filipok” by Leo Tolstoy, “ Undersand” by Yuri Koval, “The Train from Romashkovo” by Gennady Tsyferov, “The Wizard of the Emerald City” by Alexander Volkov, “The Snow Queen” by Hans Christian Andersen, “Uncle Styopa” by Sergei Mikhalkov, “Nils’ Wonderful Journey with Wild Geese” by Selma Lagerlöf and more.
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Extracurricular reading: list of books for teenagers
Extracurricular reading for people aged 12-14 and over. List of books for teenagers! A separate place in it is occupied by graphic novels (comics), which are so different. One of them is about the Lithuanian peasants deported to Siberia, the other is the diary of a Jewish girl. who lived during the 2nd World War in France.
Photo by @nome_books
The goalkeeper and the sea
The continuation of the legendary “Waffle Heart” on the one hand and a completely different story about teenagers, the first feeling and feat – on the other.
Lena and Trille from Shchepka-Matilda Bay have grown up – they are already twelve years old, and at this age everything is not easy. The year is not easy for them, it will bring love and jealousy, fear of death and despair, courage in difficult times and perseverance on the way to the goal.
Keystone Kingdom. Crash master. Book 1
1 100₽ Buy
Exciting fantasy saga for teenagers and adults.
The story of the Kingdom of the prince, and then King Thibault is a Reading-escape to another reality, the plot captivates from the first lines. There is a mysterious Forest, kings, princesses, sages and of course magic.
The book, which has gone through numerous reprints, is being staged at the RAMT Theatre.
Why many educated, sensible people in Germany in the 1930s and 40s, at best, tacitly disapproved, and some openly supported the fascist regime, genocide, aggression. Today’s children, separated from the war by more than one generation, cannot imagine how this can happen. To explain to his high school students what supported fascism in Germany, history teacher Ben Ross starts an experiment in his class by creating a movement called The Wave. With astonishing obedience, the students join the game.
Sound search. Curds
650₽ 325₽ Buy
About the search for sound in oneself and in the world, about teenagers who need it so much, it is vital to find it.
The protagonist of the story, Ivan Tvorogov, believes that he doesn’t need anything and that he’s too lazy. Too lazy to study normally, even too lazy to be interested. In general, everything is lazy. Or maybe this search for sound is masked under laziness…
1 150₽ Buy
Victorian novel written by a contemporary French writer.
Little Charity Tiddler lives on the fourth floor of a London mansion. On the calendar – the end of the XIX century, and, therefore, all the goals in the life of a young lady are predetermined: a decent education – singing, dancing, music, drawing, embroidery – and a successful marriage. But Charity is not one of them. From an early age, she lives alone, but not at all boring. After all, there are so many interesting things around: toads, and mice, and snails, and hedgehogs, and birds … Thanks to curiosity, sanity and a sense of humor, as well as mastery of watercolor, Charity becomes a children’s writer and illustrator – like the famous Beatrix Potter, whose life inspired Marie-Aude Murail to write this novel.
Julie Biye, Fauvel Claire
War Catherine. Graphic novel
1 300₽ Buy Now
A graphic novel about the war, in which there is not a single military scene.
The story of the occupation of France is told from the perspective of a Jewish girl who was forced to change her name and seek refuge from the Nazis in different parts of the country. Of the valuable things she only has a camera with her. She captures all the people who sheltered her and thus constitutes a gallery of evidence of the Second World War. Her camera lens focuses on the good, and through it we see France 1940s through the eyes of a teenager growing up in the war.
Vile Jurga, Itagaki Lina
1 400₽ 1 120₽ Buy now
A graphic novel about a deported Lithuanian family that reflects thousands of other family stories of the 20th century.
“I am Algis, but more often they call me Algukas. I have always dreamed of traveling. It just didn’t happen the way I imagined. At dawn on June 14, 1941, soldiers broke into our house and ordered us to get ready for the road. Leaving our native Lithuania, we did not know that ahead of us was hard work, hunger and angry biting parasites in a cold barrack – our new home in Siberia.
Island in the sea. Pond of white lilies. Annika Thor. Volume 1
900₽ Buy Now
A poignant story of growing up teenagers torn from their families.
Sisters Steffi and Nelli have to flee to Sweden to escape the persecution of Jews in their native Austria. This means that the girls will have to live here – on the edge of the earth, in different families, and then – in cities. Hundreds of miles from parents. It is not known how long this will last. It seems that here – only the sea and stones. There is no war here, no persecution of Jews, but there are people who support fascism… And Steffi and Nelli themselves remain ordinary girls, albeit in a foreign country.
Tetralogy of Annika Tor is reprinted in Russia in two volumes, two books in each volume.